The Andes Imagined
Indigenismo, Society, and Modernity
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
TOC, Illustrations and Acknowledgments
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Introduction: Indigenismo, Modernity, Indigenismos, Modernities
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This book explores the contradictions that lie at the center of indigenismo, the cultural, social, and political movement that grew to prominence in the early twentieth century in Latin America. As a constellation of extremely varied practices, including painting, photography, literature, and literary and cultural criticism, as well as diverse...
Chapter One: The Revolutionary Indio: Jos� Carlos Mari�tegui's Indigenismo
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In a brief essay on José Carlos Mariátegui, the well-known Peruvian critic Aníbal Quijano characterizes Mariátegui's work from the 1920s as expressing an “intersubjective universe that is constituted by the proess of Latin American culture of that period, as an alternative to the one imposed by the Creole oligarchy. ...
Chapter Two: A Modern Andean Culture? Jos� �ngel Escalante and the Indigenismo at Odds
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On February 3, 1927, the cusqueño politician and journalist José Ángel Escalante (1883–1965) published an article that precipitated a series of heated exchanges among Peru’s intellectuals. The public discussion that would come to be known as the polémica del indigenismo, an overlooked but highly significant chapter...
Chapter Three: (Un)Happy Endings: Film, Modernity, and Tradition in Carlos Oquendo de Amat
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There is one particular trait of the lettered vanguard that appears to be quite the opposite of the indigenista project, if not its annulment: the cult of technology. The poetry of the historical vanguard, especially those texts produced early in the century, is rife with signifiers that invoke both the idea of technological modernization and its materials...
Chapter Four: An Assembly of Voices: Labor and the Publics of Print
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In the flurry of critical and narratival works that the indigenistas are best known for, such as Mariátegui’s Siete ensayos de interpretación de la realidad peruana, Valcárcel’s Tempestad en los Andes, and Enrique López Albújar’s Cuentos andinos (1920), the conception of a modern Andean region relies on a highly idealized version of the indio. ...
Chapter Five: Photographs at the Edge: Mart�n Chambi and the Limits of Lettered Culture
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This book has turned on the conceit that representations of the indigenous in lettered culture in the early twentieth-century Andes articulated possible local modernities while presuming to portray indios and their culture. The sound and fury of historical indigenismo—to be distinguished from later manifestations, such as the so-called...
Conclusion: Reading Indigenismo, Writing the Indio
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A recent article on the current dynamics of indigenous political representation in Ecuador and Bolivia resonates deeply, in my view, with the circumstances I have commented on in this book. In the text in question, the political scientist José Antonio Lucero recounts how two indigenous organizations, the FEINE (Ecuadorian Evangelical...
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Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 7 b&w Illustrations
Publication Year: 2009
Series Title: Illuminations: Cultural Formations of the Americas
Series Editor Byline: John Beverley and Sarah Castro-Klaren, Editors