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Ermengarda of Narbonne and Beatrice of Este: A Study in Contrasts

From: Tenso
Volume 10, Number 1, Fall 1994
pp. 9-17 | 10.1353/ten.1994.0018

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1. In medieval Occitan, only the meaning "protector" seems to be attested; see Guillem Molinier's Leys d'Amors (Toulouse, between 1325 and 1356): "Castels d'onor. . . / De vos lauzar me conosc trop novici, / Pero granre donatz de parc servici, / Quar de totz etz gloriosa patrona" (Levy 6: 16b) ("Castles of honor . . . to praise you I am too much a novice, but you give greater ones [gifts] for little service, because you are above all a glorious patron").

2. Bezzola (Part 3, 2:334-35) does not mention any patronage by the Viscountess.

3. Regarding Ermengarda and the troubadours, see also Nicholson, Appendix II: "Ermengarda, Viscountess of Narbonne, and her Relations with Other Troubadours" (pp. 160-64).

4. Gemmola is located at the top of one of the Euganean Hills north of Este, above Baone, to the east of Calaone, the Este court town; the convent is today converted into a private villa. Concerning Beatrice of Este's life and admiration by the contemporary troubadours see also Bergert (81-85).

5. The body of the Blessed Beatrice was transferred in 1578 to the church of St. Sophia in Padova; it has reposed since 1956 in the church of St. Tecla in Este.

6. A detailed study of Airneric's admiration for Beatrice is found in Folena (484-88).

7. Regarding Beatrice and Buvalelli, see Melli (61-73) and Folena (488-92).

8. There are still other allusions by troubadours to a Beatrice, but their attribution is difficult, see Chambers 68 s.v. Comtessa Beatritz (8); it seems impossible to identify them with the older Beatrice of Este.

Works Cited

Andreas Capellanus. Andreae Capellani regii Francorum De Amore libri tres, E[mil] Trojel, ed. Rpt. Munich: Eidos, 1964.
Bergert, Fritz. Die von den Trobadors genannten oder gefeierten Damen. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie, 46. Halle: Niemeyer, 1913.
Bezzola, Reto R. Les origines et la formation de la littérature courtoise en Occident (550-1200). 3 tomes. Paris: Champion, 1963.
Blasi, Ferruccio, ed. Le poesie di Guilhem de la Tor. Geneva-Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 1934.
Boutière, Jean, and Alexander Schutz, eds. Biographies des troubadours. Textes provençaux des XIIIe et XIVe siècles, 2nd ed. Paris: A. Nizet, 1964.
Cavaliere, Alfredo, ed. Le poesie di Peire Raimon de Tolosa. Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 1935.
Chabaneau, Camille. "Poésies inédites des troubadours du Périgord." Revue des langues romanes 25 (1884): 218-19.
Chambers, Frank M. Proper Names in the Lyrics of the Troubadours. University of North Carolina Studies in the Romance Languages and Literatures, 113. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1971.
Del Monte, Alberto, ed. Peire d'Alvernha. Liriche. Turin: Loetscher-Chiantore, 1955.
Devic, Cl[aude] and J[oseph] Vaissète. Histoire générale de Languedoc. 6 vols. Toulouse: Privat, 1872-79.
Dimier, M.-Anselme. "Fontfroide," in L'art cistercien, vol. 1, 3rd ed. Pierre-Qui-Vire, Yonne, 1982.
Folena, Gianfranco. "Tradizione e cultura trobadorica nelle corti e nelle città venete," in Storia della cultura veneta, vol. 1: Dalle origini al Trecento. Vicenza: Neri Pozza, 1976: 383-92.
Hall, Phyllis. "Ermengarde of Narbonne, an Important Noblewoman of Twelfth-Century Southern France." Maryland Historian 10/2 (1979): 19-26.
Levy, Emil. Provenzalisches Supplement-Wörterbuch. Leipzig: O.R. Reisland, 1910.
Melli, Elio, ed. Ramberto Buvalelli. Le poesie. Testi e Saggi di Letteratura Moderna, Sezione di letteratura francese, occitanica e letteratura francofone, Testi, 2. Bologna: Patròn, 1978.
Nicholson, Derek E.T., ed. The Poems of the Troubadour Peire Rogier. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1976.
Random House Dictionary of the English Language. 2nd ed., unabridged. New York: Random House, 1987.
Copyright © 1994 Societe Guilhem IX
Project MUSE® - View Citation
Hans-Erich Keller. "Ermengarda of Narbonne and Beatrice of Este: A Study in Contrasts." Tenso 10.1 (1994): 9-17. Project MUSE. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. <http://muse.jhu.edu/>.
Keller, H.(1994). Ermengarda of Narbonne and Beatrice of Este: A Study in Contrasts. Tenso 10(1), 9-17. Société Guilhem IX. Retrieved January 27, 2013, from Project MUSE database.
Hans-Erich Keller. "Ermengarda of Narbonne and Beatrice of Este: A Study in Contrasts." Tenso 10, no. 1 (1994): 9...

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