We are unable to display your institutional affiliation without JavaScript turned on.
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Find using OpenURL

Rent from DeepDyve Rent from DeepDyve

Hindu Avatara and Christian Incarnation: A Comparison

From: Philosophy East and West
Volume 52, Number 1, January 2002
pp. 98-125 | 10.1353/pew.2002.0005

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

2002 by University of Hawai‘i Press changeless, he nonetheless comes into being (sambhava ¯ mi) (4.6, 8), emanates himself (sr ˙ ja ¯ mi) (4.7), has many births (janman) (4.5), and resorts to or assumes (a ¯ s ´ rita) a human (ma ¯ nus ˙ ı ¯ ) form or body (tanu) (9.11). In other words, even though Kr ˙ s ˙ n ˙ ais eternal and changeless as a divine being, he evolves his avata ¯ ra body in the form of a human being. From this it is quite natural to conclude that Kr ˙ s ˙ n ˙ a’s human form is a real body and not an illusory one. 9 Second, we should deduce that the human body of Kr ˙ s ˙ n ˙ a is imperfect, since he comes into being by resorting to (adhis ˙ t ˙ ha ¯ ya) prakr ˙ ti or material nature (4.6). This prakr ˙ ti is made up of the three imperfect gun ˙ as, and hence his form has to be defective. It should be noted that although the three gun ˙ as may be said to be ‘‘perfect’’ insofar as they follow their own nature, they are imperfect in comparison with higher types of being, just as matter, by its...

You must be logged in through an institution that subscribes to this journal or book to access the full text.


Shibboleth authentication is only available to registered institutions.

Project MUSE

For subscribing associations only.