Transactions of the American Philological Association

Transactions of the American Philological Association
Volume 132, Number 1-2, Autumn 2002


Contents

I. Presidential Address

II. Papers

    Pantelia, Maria C.
  • Helen and the Last Song for Hector
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    Subject Headings:
    • Homer. Iliad. Book 24.
    • Helen of Troy (Greek mythology) in literature.
    • Hector (Legendary character) in literature.
    • Mourning customs in literature.
    Abstract:
      This article examines the order of the three laments in Iliad 24 and especially the significance of Helen's prominent position as the last mourner of Hector. The article suggests that Helen's position in the trio of mourning women is dictated not by ritual form or by her relation to Hector but by virtue of her particular understanding of the importance of heroic kleos and poetry as the means for conferring it.
    Kirkpatrick, John.
    Dunn, Francis M.
  • Heracles, Cercopes, and Paracomedy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Euripides. Heracles.
    • Heracles (Greek mythology)
    • Cercopes (Legendary characters)
    Abstract:
      At Euripides, Her. 1380­81 Heracles imagines his weapons talking to him in direct speech, and rebuking him for the murder of his wife and children. Such a conceit is out of place in tragedy. The authors suggest that it is best explained as an allusion to the Cercopes, who figure prominently, and utter stinging rebukes, in one of Heracles' comic exploits. The distinctive moment in Euripides' play is read as representing and reevaluating the hero's complex and unfinished identity. Finally, the authors trace the effect of this allusion after Euripides, situating the reassessment of the hero within a larger dialogue involving sculpture, vase-painting, comedy, and satyr-drama.
    Tieman, William.
  • "Cause" in History and the Amnesty at Athens: An Introduction
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    Subject Headings:
    • Athens (Greece) -- History -- Thirty Tyrants, 404-403 B.C. -- Historiography.
    • Amnesty -- Greece -- Athens.
    • Causation.
    Abstract:
      Introduction to a set of papers on the Athenian Amnesty of 403 B.C.
    Quillin, James M.
  • Achieving Amnesty: The Role of Events, Institutions, and Ideas
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    Subject Headings:
    • Greece -- Politics and government -- To 146 B.C.
    • Athens (Greece) -- History -- Thirty Tyrants, 404-403 B.C.
    • Amnesty -- Greece -- Athens.
    • Democracy -- Greece -- Athens.
    Abstract:
      This paper offers a causal explanation for why the democratic majority in Athens for the most part did not exploit the power it held in the People's Courts and dokimasia proceedings to drive former oligarchic collaborators out of public life in the years following the fall of the Thirty. A model, based on decision theory, of the decision-making process under the Athenian democracy is developed. Its predictions are assessed against the extant speeches of the period. The author argues that the success of defendants was made possible by common perceptions of recent events, by features of Athens' legal institutions, and by the ingenuity of the speechwriters.
    Wolpert, Andrew, 1965-
  • Lysias 18 and Athenian Memory of Civil War
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lysias. Speeches.
    • Athens (Greece) -- History -- Thirty Tyrants, 404-403 B.C.
    • Democracy -- Greece -- Athens.
    • Amnesty -- Greece -- Athens.
    Abstract:
      Attempts to explain the success of the Athenian reconciliation in 403 b.c.e. are easily frustrated because the evidence is incomplete and because the conditions of postwar Athens were not exceptional. Peace was not imposed on the Athenians through rules and regulations; rather, it was constructed in civic discourse. The Athenian reconciliation can, therefore, be better appreciated if studied as a cultural construct that was ultimately negotiated on the plane of ideology. Using Lysias 18 as a case study, the author shows how civil war confounded the identity of Athenian citizens. Although discursive analysis cannot explain why the Athenians avoided further civil war, it does allow us to contextualize the disputes of the restored democracy, to appreciate how Athenians remembered defeat and civil war, and to understand how the past either united or divided them.
    Ober, Josiah.
  • Social Science History, Cultural History, and the Amnesty of 403
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    Subject Headings:
    • Athens (Greece) -- History -- Thirty Tyrants, 404-403 B.C.
    • Amnesty -- Greece -- Athens.
    • Historiography.
    Abstract:
      Response to a set of papers on the Athenian Amnesty of 403 B.C.
    Houston, George W.
  • The Slave and Freedman Personnel of Public Libraries in Ancient Rome
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    Subject Headings:
    • Libraries -- Rome -- Employees.
    • Slaves -- Employment -- Rome.
    • Freedmen -- Employment -- Rome.
    Abstract:
      The lower-level personnel in Roman public libraries of the early Empire were part of the emperor's domestic staff, just as they had been household slaves in late Republican libraries. This observation carries important implications. The book collections, at least in origin, were the emperor's private possessions, not public services like the roads, and he might closely control their use. His slave vilici, not equestrian procurators, ordinarily directed the daily work of the staff, and the commissioners of all the libraries (originally Greek intellectuals, and not always procurators) may have served primarily as scholarly advisers. No evidence supports the idea of a centralized library administration.

III. Vice-Presidential Panel 2002

    Kitchell, Kenneth.
  • Navigating the Shoals: Teacher Training in our Graduate Programs
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    Subject Headings:
    • Classical philology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
    • Language teachers -- Training of -- United States.
    Cape, Robert W.
  • Teachers at the Helm or Teachers Adrift? Results of the APA Survey on T.A. Teacher Training
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    Subject Headings:
    • Classical philology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
    • Language teachers -- Training of -- United States.
    Pittenger, Miriam R. P.
  • Navigating the Shoals at Home: Establishing a T.A. Training Course
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    Subject Headings:
    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign -- Graduate students.
    • Classical philology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Illinois.
    • Language teachers -- Training of -- Illinois.
    Houston, George W.
  • The Ideal of Teacher Training within the Reality of the Ph.D. Program
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    Subject Headings:
    • Classical philology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
    • Language teachers -- Training of -- United States.
    Kitchell, Kenneth.
  • Quis docebit doctores? Proposed Models for Change
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    Subject Headings:
    • Classical philology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
    • Language teachers -- Training of -- United States.

IV. Paragraphoi

    Harrison, S. J.
  • A. E. Housman's Latin Elegy to Moses Jackson
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    Subject Headings:
    • Housman, A. E. (Alfred Edward), 1859-1936 -- Friends and associates.
    • Jackson, Moses John, 1858-1923 -- Friends and associates.
    • Elegiac poetry, Latin (Medieval and modern) -- History and criticism.



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