Theatre 

Journal

Theatre Journal
Volume 55, Number 1, March 2003


Contents

Articles

    Ormand, Kirk, 1962-
  • Oedipus the Queen: Cross-gendering without Drag
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    Subject Headings:
    • Theater -- Greece -- Athens.
    • Transvestism -- Greece -- Athens.
    • Sex role -- Greece -- Athens.
    Abstract:
      All roles on the Athenian stage were played by men. It has been generally overlooked in this context that the sex/gender system of ancient Athens was not the same as our own. I provide a new framework for understanding the tradition of transvestite theatre in Athens by looking at three moments when Sophoclean heroes are made feminine. Each of my texts demonstrates an understanding of cross-gendering that is not linked to homosexuality and establishes a broader semantic range for the practice of cross-gendering than does modern drag performance.
    Fletcher, Judith.
  • Women and Oaths in Euripides
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    Subject Headings:
    • Euripides. Medea.
    • Euripides. Hippolytus.
    • Euripides. Iphigenia in Tauris.
    • Women in literature.
    • Oaths in literature.
    Abstract:
      The plots of three Euripidean tragedies, the Medea, the Hippolytus, and the Iphigenia at Aulis, are driven by oaths sworn by men to women. Women gain control not only of men's language and action, a distortion of the normative social hegemony, but also of the script itself. In all three plays women's power is substantiated by additional oaths of solidarity sworn by female choruses. The catastrophes of the Medea and the Hippolytus are direct consequences of women's control of language, while the twinned oaths of Pylades and Iphigenia dilute this control and contribute to the salutary outcome of the Iphigenia.
    Davis, C. B.
  • Distant Ventriloquism: Vocal Mimesis, Agency and Identity in Ancient Greek Performance
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    Subject Headings:
    • Theater -- Greece.
    • Voice.
    Abstract:
      This essay presents evidence from mostly non-dramatic sources that provides relevant cultural context for the problem of voice characterization in ancient theatre. The exposed cultural codes show that vocal difference often signified a change of speaker, whether from one represented character to another, or from the human medium to the possessing demon or spirit. A deep and even sentimental linking of voice, identity, and agency in Greek culture suggests that vocal difference was important in signifying character identity and the agency behind speech.
    Campbell, Constance.
  • The Uncompleted Theatres of Rome
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    Subject Headings:
    • Theaters -- Italy -- Rome.
    Abstract:
      As many as three permanent theatres were commissioned in the city of Rome in the second century BCE and never completed. Although many have cited ancient writers on the moral and political opposition to permanent theatres at this and later times, the fact that permanent theatres could be officially approved but not completed has never been satisfactorily explained. The evidence we have concerning the uncompleted theatres indicates that at least two of them were meant to be free-standing. The only feasible way to build a Roman-style free-standing theatre is by using concrete vaulting to support the seating area. An analysis of the remains of surviving concrete structures from the second century BCE indicates that the concrete would not have been strong enough to support the necessary seating. Therefore, it is likely that the faction who would have opposed the construction of permanent theatres in Rome seized on the impracticality of the structures for an excuse to ban them.
    Kottman, Paul A.
  • Memory, Mimesis, Tragedy: The Scene Before Philosophy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Theater -- Political aspects -- Greece.
    • Greek drama (Tragedy)
    • Phrynichus, fl. 5th cent. B.C. Taking of Miletus.
    Abstract:
      Through an interpretation of a well-known incident from Herodotus—the Athenian reception of the early tragedy The Fall of Miletus by Phrynicus—Kottman argues that the origins of tragedy lie not, as Vernant, Segal and others have suggested, in a mimetic presentation of political life or in a consciously fictional questioning of the city. Rather, by focusing on the singular reaction of the Athenians to The Fall of Miletus, Kottman posits a "pre-philosophical" approach to the origins of theatre, one that stresses the shared, living memory of the spectators. Instead of witnessing the mimesis of a legendary figure, the audience instead partakes of a mimesis of quite a different sort. Through this more originary mimesis, Kottman argues for a re-evaluation of the relationship between mimesis and politics more generally, in light of this early attempt by Phrynicus to stage the political prior to the philosophical.
    Favorini, Attilio, 1943-
  • History, Collective Memory, and Aeschylus' Persians
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aeschylus. Persae.
    • Phrynichus, fl. 5th cent. B.C. Taking of Miletus.
    • Greece -- History -- Persian Wars, 500-449 B.C. -- Theater and the wars.
    Abstract:
      Aeschylus' The Persians (472 BCE) affords an example of the interplay of history and memory, as these concepts have been articulated by twentieth-century historiographers such as Patrick Hutton and Pierre Nora. The play's diction links it to the oral memorialist tradition of epic exultation, while the spectacle of its defeated Persians offers a historical lesson to Athens and suggests empathy with all who mourn for loss in war. Twentieth-century productions of the play have tended to dissovle its carefully crafted ambiguity.
    Damen, Mark.
  • French Scenes in Greek Tragedy: The Scenic Structure of Classical Drama
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    Subject Headings:
    • Theater -- Production and direction -- Greece.
    • Greek drama (Tragedy)
    Abstract:
      When measured in "French scenes" (dramatic units demarcated by the entrances and exits of speaking characters), the surviving corpus of Greek tragedy shows that, as ancient dramatists gained a better understanding of their craft, there is a general trend toward shorter, faster scenes. But contrary to expectation, the average length of scenes in Sophocles' and Euripides' surviving plays gradually increases over time, dropping only during the last decade of their careers. The reason for this appears to be the tragedians' reaction to the rising popularity of Old Comedy, a theatrical form which naturally turns over scenes quickly.

Performance Review

    Diamond, Elin.
  • Medea (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Euripides. Medea [performance]
    • McLeish, Kenneth, 1940-, tr.
    • Raphael, Frederic, 1931-, tr.
    • Warner, Deborah, dir.
    • Brooklyn Academy of Music.
    Eckard, Bonnie Jean.
  • Electra (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, 1874-1929. Electra [performance]
    • Suzuki, Tadashi, 1939-, dir.
    • Shizuoka Performing Arts Center.
    • Japan Society (New York, N.Y.)
    Weidman, Mark.
  • Dionysus (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Suzuki, Tadashi, 1939- Dionysus [performance]
    • Euripides.
    • Cal Performances (Organization)
    • University of California, Berkeley. Zellerbach Playhouse.
    Rufolo-Hörhager, Dana.
  • Theban Cycle (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Euripides. Bacchae [performance]
    • Sophocles. Oedipus Rex [performance]
    • Aeschylus. Seven against Thebes [performance]
    • Sophocles. Antigone [performance]
    • Schauspielhaus (Düsseldorf, Germany)
    Brady, Owen Edward, 1946-
  • Henry VI: Revenge in France, and: Henry IV: Revolt in England (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Henry VI: revenge in France [performance]
    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Henry IV: revolt in England [performance]
    • Rubin, Leon, dir.
    • Stratford Festival (Ont.)
    Roessler, Norman.
  • Maria Stuart (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schiller, Friedrich, 1759-1805. Maria Stuart [performance]
    • Bergman, Ingmar, 1918-, dir.
    • Dramatiska teatern (Stockholm, Sweden)
    • Brooklyn Academy of Music.
    Cioffi, Kathleen M.
  • Princess Ivona (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gombrowicz, Witold. Princess Ivona [performance]
    • Theatre Exile (Theatrical company : Philadelphia, Pa.)
    • St. Stephen's Theatre (Philadelphia, Pa.)
    Kimbrough, Andrew.
  • Death of a Salesman (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miller, Arthur, 1915- Death of a salesman [performance]
    • Ingulsrud, Leon, dir.
    • Swine Palace Productions (Theatrical company)
    • Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge, La.). Reilly Theatre.
    Abrams, Joshua.
  • Show People: Downtown Directors and the Play of Time (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frisch, Norman, cur. Show people: downtown directors and the play of time [exhibition]
    • Exit Art (Gallery : New York, N.Y.)
    Medoff, Richard Brad.
  • The Goat or Who Is Sylvia? (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Albee, Edward, 1928- Goat or who is Sylvia? [performance]
    • Esbjornson, David, dir.
    • Golden Theatre (New York, N.Y.)
    Cody, Gaby.
  • To You, The Birdie! (Phedre) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Racine, Jean, 1639-1699. To you, the birdie! [performance]
    • Schmidt, Paul, 1934-, tr.
    • Wooster Group.
    • St. Ann's Warehouse.

Book Review

    Schafer, Carol.
  • Greek Theatre Performance: An Introduction (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wiles, David. Greek theatre performance: an introduction.
    • Theater -- Production and direction -- Greece -- History.
    Cyrino, Monica Silveira.
  • Women on the Edge: Four Plays (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Euripides. Women on the edge: four plays.
    • Blondell, Ruby, 1954-, tr.
    • Euripides -- Translations into English.
    Wiley, Eric.
  • Rites of Passage in Ancient Greece: Literature, Religion, Society (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Padilla, Mark William, ed. Rites of passage in ancient Greece: literature, religion, society.
    • Greek drama (Tragedy) -- History and criticism.
    Williamson, Margaret, 1947-
  • The Athenian Sun in an African Sky (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wetmore, Kevin J., 1969- Athenian sun in an African sky.
    • African drama (English) -- History and criticism.
    McCoskey, Denise Eileen.
  • The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vasunia, Phiroze, 1966- Gift of the Nile: hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander.
    • Historiography -- Greece.
    Goldberg, Sander M.
  • The Boastful Chef: The Discourse of Food in Ancient Greek Comedy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wilkins, John, 1954- Boastful chef: the discourse of food in ancient Greek comedy.
    • Greek drama (Comedy) -- History and criticism.
    Merrill, Lisa.
  • Geographies of Learning: Theory and Practice, Activism and Performance (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dolan, Jill, 1957- Geographies of learning: theory and practice, activism and performance.
    • Gay theater -- United States.
    Johnston, Alexandra F., 1939-
  • Signifying God: Social Relation and Symbolic Act in the York Corpus Christi Plays (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Beckwith, Sarah, 1959- Signifying God: social relation and symbolic act in the York Corpus Christi plays.
    • York plays.
    Ball, John Agee.
  • The Dramatic Art of Athol Fugard: From South Africa to the World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wertheim, Albert. Dramatic art of Athol Fugard: from South Africa to the world.
    • Fugard, Athol -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Troy, Shari.
  • Shakespeare on the American Yiddish Stage (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berkowitz, Joel, 1965- Shakespeare on the American Yiddish stage.
    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 -- Stage history -- United States.
    Harding, James Martin, 1958-
  • American Avant-Garde Theatre: A History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aronson, Arnold. American avant-garde theatre: a history.
    • Experimental theater -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Diamond, Elin.
  • The Haunted Stage: The Theatre as Memory Machine (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carlson, Marvin A., 1935- Haunted stage: the theatre as memory machine.
    • Theater -- Psychological aspects.
    Barnes-McLain, Noreen.
  • Reflecting the Audience: London Theatregoing, 1840-1880 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Davis, Jim, 1949- Reflecting the audience: London theatregoing, 1840-1880.
    • Emeljanow, Victor.
    • Theater -- England -- London -- History -- 19th century.
    Latham, Angela J.
  • Prurient Interests: Gender, Democracy, and Obscenity in New York City, 1909-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Friedman, Andrea. Prurient interests: gender, democracy, and obscenity in New York City, 1909-1945.
    • Erotica -- Social aspects -- New York (State) -- New York -- History -- 20th century.
    Ignatieva, Maria.
  • A History of Russian Theatre (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leach, Robert, 1942-, ed. History of Russian theatre.
    • Borovsky, Victor, 1939-, ed.
    • Theater -- Russia -- History.
    Bennett, Beate Hein.
  • Theatre, History, and National Identities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mäkinen, Helka, ed. Theatre, history, and national identities.
    • Wilmer, S. E., ed.
    • Worthen, William B., 1955-, ed.
    • Theater and society.

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