Between 1910 and 1970, African Americans
moved out of the southeastern U.S. in one of the
largest movements in human history. Some estimates
hold that more than 9 million black Southerners
left the South for new lives in the North
and West. The migration reached its peak in the
1950s, and began to slow in the 1960s. In the
early 1970s, these black migrants and their descendants
began coming home to the South, a
trend that continues today. This study looks
at one region to which many African Americans
have returned, the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. Regions
like the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta have been
largely ignored in black return migration studies.
Much of the work that has been done to document
the return migration of blacks to the South has
focused on the South's urban areas. What has
been neglected is the fact that there is also a significant
return of African Americans to the rural
South, a region of chronic economic stagnation.
While the U.S. Census Bureau collects information
on its long forms that can lead the researcher
to a better understanding of African American
migration processes and place attachments, the
data are imperfect and can only provide the backbone
of understanding. In an attempt to dig beneath
the available data, we employ ethnographic
methodology in this study. We focus on the geographic
life history of Mrs. Dorothy Mae Scott.
African American return migration,
Mississippi Delta, ethnography
AIDS (Disease) -- Social aspects -- North Carolina -- Wilmington.
AIDS (Disease) -- North Carolina -- Wilmington -- Psychological aspects.
Stigma (Social psychology) -- North Carolina -- Wilmington.
Stigmatization creates particular spatialities, marginalizes
people with HIV/AIDS and further endangers
those engaged in risky behaviors. While
HIV/AIDS in the American South resembles in
many ways the national picture, there are cultural
aspects specific to the South that make dealing with
the disease particularly challenging and thus perpetuate
the stigmatization process. In Wilmington,
North Carolina, HIV/AIDS—both the disease and
its victims—are stigmatized through various sociospatial
mechanisms that I explore through 63 interviews
with service providers, people with HIV/AIDS
and other community members. Qualitative data
analysis reveals that stigma can undermine efforts
to prevent the further spread of HIV. Also, stigma
can heighten vulnerability to HIV infection because
fear of AIDS stigma and discrimination may
deter people from being tested for the disease and
from seeking information and assistance.
HIV/AIDS, stigma, rural, North
Carolina, medical geography
Developing a Climatology of the South's 'Other' Storm Season: ENSO Impacts on Winter Extratropical Cyclogenesis [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Southern States -- Climate.
Winter storms -- Southern States.
An investigation of extratropical storms in the
southeastern U.S. and adjacent waters of the Gulf
of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean over the winter
half-year (November to April) from 1961 to 1998
reveals a March peak in observations. During El
Niño events the peak in population shifts to February,
and a large number of intense storms are
observed. Also, during El Niño events there are
three hot spots of equally favored extratropical
cyclogenesis east of the Rockies—near the Oklahoma
panhandle, the western coast of the Gulf of
Mexico, and off the coast of North Carolina. During
La Niña and Neutral winters, cyclogenesis primarily
occurs in just the first geographical region.
No significant trend in storm observations was
found in the 38-yr record.
While innovation is generally seen as the engine of
modern economic development, geographers have
paid scant attention to the role of finance as an
element of the innovation infrastructure. This
study explores the availability of venture capital
(a type of finance vital to the creation of modern
firms) in North Carolina. The data reveal that
North Carolina receives below average amounts
of venture capital investment despite its remarkable
success in creating human capital and transferring
research from universities into firms (best
exemplified by the Research Triangle Park). The
scarcity of venture capital has forced the state to
continue to rely on branch-plant facilities for economic
development, a situation that compounds
the capital shortage by extracting locally earned
profits from the state's economy.
Culture, Finance, venture capital,
innovation, economic development
Manufacturing has been in decline throughout
most of the U.S., following a pattern seen in most
industrialized economies. The southeastern states
were once an exception to this trajectory due to
factors such as lower costs and business-friendly
policies; many domestic and international firms
continue to establish operations across the region.
At the same time, most states in the South are
experiencing an overall decrease in manufacturing
employment as production is increasingly relocated
offshore. This paper provides a brief examination
of the manufacturing sector across the
South, including employment and production
trends. Many southern states still retain aboveaverage
concentrations of manufacturing. Overall
employment in this sector is decreasing, yet
value-added from manufacturing shows signs of
increase and perhaps suggests an industrial transition,
especially in many key subsectors. These
potential shifts raise questions about sustainable
regional economic development.
A number of studies of spatial knowledge have
asked people to recall lists of city names. These
studies have used the frequency of a city on lists
from a reference location as a surrogate measure
of the knowledge acquired for that city by the typical
person living at that location. Previous studies
done with children in Sweden and college students
in the United States found acquired knowledge
related to the gravity model variables of population
and distance. This study considered knowledge
acquired for cities in South Carolina from
three locations in the state. A number of formal
models were used to predict acquired knowledge
of cities and consider the effects of gravity model
variables, a spatial competition variable, and
the respondent's home location on variation in
knowledge. Results demonstrated that a neural
network model accounted for more variance than
other models. Population and distance were
found to be the most important variables explaining
The Urban Heat Island and Local Temperature Variations in Orlando, Florida [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Orlando (Fla.) -- Climate.
Urban temperature -- Florida -- Orlando.
Cities artificially alter local climates affecting economic
and biological processes. This study examined
air temperatures in Orlando's urban canopy
layer using a network of twenty-nine fixed-point
stations from September 1999 to December 2001.
Urban Heat Island (UHI) statistics were calculated
using two stations that were representative
of an urban and rural setting. Orlando's UHI develops
best on calm, clear nights during dry
months: its maximum magnitude exceeds 8°C.
Orlando's UHI, however, is predominantly a nocturnal
phenomenon with intense heat islands
sometimes occurring during warm afternoons.
These events are most likely attributable to isolated
thundershowers. Local temperature variations
between urban and rural extremes were examined
by calculating environmental indices for
all stations. The range in monthly cooling degreeday
totals exceeded 100 degree days in six months
of the thirty-six month study period. Heating degree
totals and number of freezing hours were
also highly variable.
urban climate, urban heat island,
temperature variability, Orlando