Southeastern Geographer

Southeastern Geographer
Volume 45, Number 2, November 2005
Special Issue: The Caribbean
Guest Editor: Rebecca Maria Torres

CONTENTS

    Torres, Rebecca Maria.
  • Introduction: Globalization, Development and Environmental Change in the Caribbean
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    Mills, Beth H.
  • The Transnational Community as an Agent for Caribbean Development: Aid from New York City and Toronto to Carriacou, Grenada
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    Subject Headings:
    • Economic assistance, American -- Grenada -- Carriacou Island.
    • Economic assistance, Canadian -- Grenada -- Carriacou Island.
    • Carriacou Island (Grenada) -- Emigration and immigration -- Economic aspects.
    Abstract:
      Small island economies of the Caribbean have traditionally relied on remittances from family members working abroad to sustain them in their limited circumstances. The responsibility to provide for those back home has evolved as the communities of Afro-Caribbean people in North America have prospered. For some islands, like Grenada and its dependencies of Carriacou and Petite Martinique, the present transnational network has become a complex and sophisticated vehicle for initiating and completing development projects in the Caribbean. Community social organization abroad, as well as access to the Internet as an organizing tool, allow transnational connections to flourish and provide much needed aid to the home community. Although these islands have a long history of migration and remittances, the transnational network fosters an organized and effective way of providing development aid at a larger, community-wide scale. This article uses examples, including interviews, from New York City and Toronto to give voice to these connections and projects.
    Keywords:
      Caribbean, transnationalism, development
    Pugh, Jonathan, 1974-
  • Environmental Planning in Barbados: A Confident State, Isolated Environmental Movements, and Anxious Development Consultants
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    Subject Headings:
    • Environmental policy -- Barbados -- Citizen participation.
    • Nationalism -- Barbados.
    Abstract:
      This paper explores the 'confidence' that different groups have during environmental planning in Barbados. It shows how anxious donor agencies and Western consultants have been accused of projecting their vision of development onto the country. I examine how isolated environmental movements act unaccountably on behalf of a disengaged population. As a result, with the legacy of independence still in people's memories, the State of Barbados speaks with a certain amount of legitimacy when undertaking environmental planning.
    Keywords:
      anxious donors, anti-development, Barbados, Caribbean, environmental planning
    Momsen, Janet Henshall.
  • Caribbean Peasantry Revisited: Barbadian Farmers over Four Decades
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Barbados -- History.
    • Land use -- Barbados -- History.
    • Tourism -- Economic aspects -- Barbados.
    Abstract:
      Peasantries are often seen as both unchanging and disappearing. This paper traces the transformation of the Barbadian peasant farm over four decades based on three repeat surveys undertaken in 1963, 1987 and 2003. It suggests that although the peasant farm acreage has fallen significantly over the period, the remaining farms have been transformed both in terms of crops grown and the markets served. Over a period during which Barbados has changed from an archetypal colonial sugar island to one whose economy is now dominated by tourism, small scale agriculture both reflects these changes and has adapted to them.
    Keywords:
      Barbados, peasantries, crop mixes, land use, tourism
    Rodgers, John Clair.
  • The Distribution of Casuarinas on San Salvador Island, The Bahamas
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    Subject Headings:
    • Casuarina -- Bahamas -- San Salvador Island -- Geographical distribution.
    Abstract:
      This study investigates the distribution of Casuarinas, a noxious invasive plant species, on San Salvador Island, The Bahamas. The location of Casuarina individuals, clumps (4-20 individuals), and stands (>20 individuals) were mapped using a global positioning system. These locations were then compared to human settlement patterns. Casuarina distribution is strongly associated with human habitation. They had the highest abundance and the largest number of stands in the most populated areas, such as the western and northern regions of the island. They had the lowest abundance in the least populated areas, such as the eastern and southern regions of the island. The presence of individual Casuarinas and clumps of Casuarinas along roadsides in unpopulated regions suggests that they may be spreading without the aid of people into areas that are undeveloped. This migration is possibly occurring along roadways where favorable conditions (more light and less competition) may be providing footholds.
    Keywords:
      Casuarinas, Australian pine, human disturbance, San Salvador Island, Bahamas
    Berry, M. Victoria, 1956-
  • Exploring the Potential Contributions of Amerindians to West Indian Folk Medicine
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    Subject Headings:
    • West Indians -- Medicine -- Montserrat -- History.
    • Medicinal plants -- Montserrat -- History.
    Abstract:
      This paper is an initial examination of possible Amerindian contributions to West Indian folk medicine using Montserrat as a case study. Montserratian folk medicine is compared with Dominican Carib, a surrogate for Amerindian data. Despite limitations in the comparison, the data suggest that perhaps 15% of the Montserratian pharmacopoeia may derive from Amerindian sources. It calls for particular searching of Spanish, French, and Dutch historical documents in sorting out cultural information. It suggests "repeat ethnobotanies" be used to document and analyze culture change, especially in an ever increasing age of globalization and commodification of knowledge, as seen in the evolving debates of intellectual property.
    Keywords:
      Carib ethnobotany, intellectual property, Montserrat, neotropical medicinal plants, West Indies
    Kingsbury, Paul.
    Klak, Thomas, 1957-
  • Riddims of the Street, Beach, and Bureaucracy: Situating Geographical Research in Jamaica
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    Subject Headings:
    • Geography -- Research -- Jamaica -- Methodology.
    • Geography -- Jamaica -- Field work.
    • West Indies -- Geography.
    Abstract:
      This paper is motivated by a concern about the limited critical attention directed toward the methodological challenges of conducting geographical research in the Caribbean. Drawing on social theories and our empirical experiences with doing qualitative research in Jamaica, we present a variety of methodological conundrums associated with three distinctive contexts: the street, the beach, and the bureaucracy. Such contexts in Jamaica, we argue, should be understood and approached by researchers with respect to their 'riddims,' that is, their distinctive socio-spatial textures and cultural expressions. We seek to foster critical discussion of how methodological problems can result from contextually and spatially insensitive research. This paper contributes to the critical literature on methodology in the Caribbean by showing how certain epistemological and methodological frameworks may hinder research in Jamaica. We do this by explaining how various micro-scale inter-personal dynamics between the researcher and the researched in Jamaica are shaped by the meso-scale riddims of the street, beach, and bureaucracy.
    Keywords:
      Caribbean, Jamaica, fieldwork, qualitative methods, social theory
    Mullings, Beverley.
  • Commentary: Post-Colonial Encounters of the Methodological Kind
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kingsbury, Paul. Riddims of the street, beach, and bureaucracy: situating geographical research in Jamaica.
    • Klak, Thomas, 1957-
    • Geography -- Research -- Jamaica -- Methodology.
    • Geography -- Jamaica -- Field work.
    • West Indies -- Geography.
    Pulsipher, Lydia M. (Lydia Mihelic)
  • Commentary: Learning the Rhythms of a Place
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kingsbury, Paul. Riddims of the street, beach, and bureaucracy: situating geographical research in Jamaica.
    • Klak, Thomas, 1957-
    • Geography -- Research -- Jamaica -- Methodology.
    • Geography -- Jamaica -- Field work.
    • West Indies -- Geography.
    Carr, Edward R.
  • Commentary: Riddim Me This, Riddim Me That
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kingsbury, Paul. Riddims of the street, beach, and bureaucracy: situating geographical research in Jamaica.
    • Klak, Thomas, 1957-
    • Geography -- Research -- Jamaica -- Methodology.
    • Geography -- Jamaica -- Field work.
    • West Indies -- Geography.
    Klak, Thomas, 1957-
    Kingsbury, Paul.
  • Reply: Dialogue on Methodologies for Caribbean Geographic Research
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mullings, Beverley. Commentary: post-colonial encounters of the methodological kind.
    • Pulsipher, Lydia M. (Lydia Mihelic) Commentary: learning the rhythms of a place.
    • Carr, Edward R. Commentary: riddim me this, riddim me that.
    • Geography -- Research -- Jamaica -- Methodology.
    • Geography -- Jamaica -- Field work.
    • West Indies -- Geography.

Report

    Butefish, Kurt.
  • Report on the Cultural Diversity of the American South Institute
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    Subject Headings:
    • Multiculturalism -- Study and teaching -- United States.

Manuscript Reviewers




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