The Transnational Community as an Agent for Caribbean Development: Aid from New York City and Toronto to Carriacou, Grenada [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Economic assistance, American -- Grenada -- Carriacou Island.
Economic assistance, Canadian -- Grenada -- Carriacou Island.
Carriacou Island (Grenada) -- Emigration and immigration -- Economic aspects.
Small island economies of the Caribbean have traditionally
relied on remittances from family members
working abroad to sustain them in their limited
circumstances. The responsibility to provide
for those back home has evolved as the communities
of Afro-Caribbean people in North America
have prospered. For some islands, like Grenada
and its dependencies of Carriacou and Petite Martinique,
the present transnational network has become
a complex and sophisticated vehicle for initiating
and completing development projects in
the Caribbean. Community social organization
abroad, as well as access to the Internet as an
organizing tool, allow transnational connections
to flourish and provide much needed aid to the
home community. Although these islands have a
long history of migration and remittances, the
transnational network fosters an organized and
effective way of providing development aid at
a larger, community-wide scale. This article uses
examples, including interviews, from New York
City and Toronto to give voice to these connections
Pugh, Jonathan, 1974-
Environmental Planning in Barbados: A Confident State, Isolated Environmental Movements, and Anxious Development Consultants [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
This paper explores the 'confidence' that different
groups have during environmental planning in
Barbados. It shows how anxious donor agencies
and Western consultants have been accused of
projecting their vision of development onto the
country. I examine how isolated environmental
movements act unaccountably on behalf of a disengaged
population. As a result, with the legacy
of independence still in people's memories, the
State of Barbados speaks with a certain amount
of legitimacy when undertaking environmental
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Barbados -- History.
Land use -- Barbados -- History.
Tourism -- Economic aspects -- Barbados.
Peasantries are often seen as both unchanging
and disappearing. This paper traces the transformation
of the Barbadian peasant farm over four
decades based on three repeat surveys undertaken
in 1963, 1987 and 2003. It suggests that although
the peasant farm acreage has fallen significantly
over the period, the remaining farms
have been transformed both in terms of crops
grown and the markets served. Over a period during
which Barbados has changed from an archetypal
colonial sugar island to one whose economy
is now dominated by tourism, small scale agriculture
both reflects these changes and has adapted
Barbados, peasantries, crop mixes,
land use, tourism
Casuarina -- Bahamas -- San Salvador Island -- Geographical distribution.
This study investigates the distribution of Casuarinas,
a noxious invasive plant species, on San
Salvador Island, The Bahamas. The location of
Casuarina individuals, clumps (4-20 individuals),
and stands (>20 individuals) were mapped
using a global positioning system. These locations
were then compared to human settlement patterns.
Casuarina distribution is strongly associated
with human habitation. They had the highest
abundance and the largest number of stands in the
most populated areas, such as the western and
northern regions of the island. They had the lowest
abundance in the least populated areas, such as
the eastern and southern regions of the island. The
presence of individual Casuarinas and clumps of
Casuarinas along roadsides in unpopulated regions
suggests that they may be spreading without
the aid of people into areas that are undeveloped.
This migration is possibly occurring along roadways
where favorable conditions (more light and
less competition) may be providing footholds.
Casuarinas, Australian pine,
human disturbance, San Salvador Island,
Berry, M. Victoria, 1956-
Exploring the Potential Contributions of Amerindians to West Indian Folk Medicine [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
West Indians -- Medicine -- Montserrat -- History.
Medicinal plants -- Montserrat -- History.
This paper is an initial examination of possible
Amerindian contributions to West Indian folk medicine
using Montserrat as a case study. Montserratian
folk medicine is compared with Dominican
Carib, a surrogate for Amerindian data. Despite
limitations in the comparison, the data suggest that
perhaps 15% of the Montserratian pharmacopoeia
may derive from Amerindian sources. It calls for
particular searching of Spanish, French, and Dutch
historical documents in sorting out cultural information.
It suggests "repeat ethnobotanies" be used
to document and analyze culture change, especially
in an ever increasing age of globalization and commodification
of knowledge, as seen in the evolving
debates of intellectual property.
Carib ethnobotany, intellectual
property, Montserrat, neotropical medicinal
plants, West Indies
Klak, Thomas, 1957-
Riddims of the Street, Beach, and Bureaucracy: Situating Geographical Research in Jamaica [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Geography -- Research -- Jamaica -- Methodology.
Geography -- Jamaica -- Field work.
West Indies -- Geography.
This paper is motivated by a concern about the
limited critical attention directed toward the
methodological challenges of conducting geographical
research in the Caribbean. Drawing on
social theories and our empirical experiences with
doing qualitative research in Jamaica, we present
a variety of methodological conundrums associated
with three distinctive contexts: the street,
the beach, and the bureaucracy. Such contexts in
Jamaica, we argue, should be understood and approached
by researchers with respect to their 'riddims,'
that is, their distinctive socio-spatial textures
and cultural expressions. We seek to foster
critical discussion of how methodological problems
can result from contextually and spatially
insensitive research. This paper contributes to the
critical literature on methodology in the Caribbean
by showing how certain epistemological and
methodological frameworks may hinder research
in Jamaica. We do this by explaining how various
micro-scale inter-personal dynamics between the
researcher and the researched in Jamaica are
shaped by the meso-scale riddims of the street,
beach, and bureaucracy.
Caribbean, Jamaica, fieldwork,
qualitative methods, social theory