Southeastern Geographer

Southeastern Geographer
Volume 44, Number 2, November 2004

CONTENTS

    Harrison, Michael.
  • ENSO-based Spatial Variability of Florida Wildfire Activity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wildfires -- Florida.
    • Climatic changes -- Florida.
    • El Niño Current.
    • Southern oscillation.
    Abstract:
      Wildfires in Florida represent a significant natural hazard to the region, both in terms of environmental impacts and damage to the cultural and economic infrastructure of the region. Previous studies that examined the state as a whole indicate that climate variability (specifically, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation or ENSO) plays a role in wildfire location and intensity. Statewide, there is a marked change in wildfire activity associated with ENSO, and these changes are even more significant when examining the number and intensity of wildfires in years following these ENSO-designated years. However, little work has been done in determining the spatial variability of wildfire occurrence during these periods.

      This study uses a GIS to examine wildfire locations as they relate to the status of ENSO. Fires tend to concentrate in a handful of areas and each of these areas show different responses to the ENSO status. In particular, fires in the southwestern Florida area (Ft Myers/Port Charlotte) increase following La Niña years, while they decrease in years following El Niño. The northeastern part of the state (Jacksonville to Daytona Beach), in contrast, displays increases in fire frequency following both El Niño and La Niña years, and decreases following neutral years. This implies that the association between fire frequency and ENSO is more complex than at first believed, and needs to be examined in greater detail.

    Keywords:
      wildfire, ENSO, Florida, quantitative analysis.
    Aycock, William C.
    Wang, Yong.
  • Comparison of the New Digital Flood Insurance Map (DFIRM) with the Existing FIRM, Wilson, North Carolina
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    Subject Headings:
    • Insurance, Flood -- North Carolina -- Wilson -- Maps.
    • Floodplains -- North Carolina -- Wilson -- Maps.
    • Digital control systems.
    Abstract:
      The 100-yr floodplain on new Digital Flood Insurance Rate Maps (DFIRMs) for the city of Wilson, North Carolina, were compared with the floodplain defined by the existing Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) and validated against two recent flood events. Of the 16,776 ha in the study area, 16% and 79% were delineated as areas within and outside of the 100-yr floodplain on both flood maps, respectively. In the remaining 5% of the study area, areas located within the 100-yr floodplain (based on the DFIRMs) increased by 2.8%. The 100-yr floodplain on both flood maps was also compared to the September 1999 and August 2002 flood events. For the 1999 flood, only 67% and 62% of the flooded parcels were within the 100-yr floodplain on the DFIRMs and FIRMs, respectively. Of the 29 street intersections flooded during the 2002 flood, 52% were identi- fied by the DFIRMs, and 38% by the FIRMs. Although the 100-yr floodplain on the DFIRMs performed a better overall job of delineating the flooded parcels and intersections, it did miss a portion of the flooded areas.
    Keywords:
      DFIRM, FIRM, floodplain, North Carolina.
    Dittmer, Jason.
  • Assessing School Assessment: A Case Study of the Geographic Implications of the "A+ Plan" in Jacksonville, Florida
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    Subject Headings:
    • Educational evaluation -- Florida -- Jacksonville.
    • Educational vouchers -- Florida -- Jacksonville.
    • Education and state -- Florida.
    • Discrimination in education -- Florida -- Jacksonville.
    • Education, Elementary -- Florida -- Jacksonville.
    Abstract:
      In 1999, Florida instituted a performance-based school accountability program for K-12 public schools that tied state funds to a formula heavily weighted towards standardized test scores. This paper discusses the educational and political issues in the debate and then quantitatively compares the stated goals with the program's actual award money flows through a combination of univariate and multivariate measures. This case study of the elementary schools in Jacksonville, Florida finds that the new system allocated public funds with a bias against predominantly African- American and poor neighborhoods while not necessarily meeting its own objectives of encouraging better teaching.
    Keywords:
      education, school testing, assessment, segregation, Jacksonville
    Cobb, Sharon C.
  • Commentary: Leaving Children Behind? Depends on Where You Live
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dittmer, Jason. Assessing school assessment: a case study of the geographic implications of the "A+ plan" in Jacksonville, Florida.
    • Education and state -- Florida.
    • Discrimination in education -- Florida -- Jacksonville.
    • Education, Elementary -- Florida -- Jacksonville.
    Webster, Gerald R.
    Webster, Roberta H.
  • Taxing Issues: Geography, Politics and the 2003 Tax Reform Referendum in Alabama
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    Subject Headings:
    • Income tax -- Law and legislation -- Alabama.
    • Referendum -- Alabama.
    • Political geography.
    Abstract:
      In 2002, conservative Republican Bob Riley was elected governor of Alabama on a platform of cutting spending and freezing taxes. But within weeks of taking office, Riley proposed a tax reform package which promised to increase the state's tax receipts and reduce its tax code's highly regressive character. The tax reform package was submitted to the voters in September 2003, and rejected by more than a two to one margin. This article examines the electoral politics and geography of Riley's efforts to reform Alabama's tax system including the spatial pattern of voting on the reform package. It finds that Riley's political base of Christian conservatives was substantially responsible for the reform package's defeat. Conversely, those counties providing a majority of their support for the Governor's effort were nearly all substantially African American, and had voted for Riley's opponent in the 2002 gubernatorial election.
    Keywords:
      tax reform, electoral geography, Alabama
    Smith, Heather Anne.
    Furuseth, Owen J., 1949-
  • Housing, Hispanics, and Transitioning Geographies in Charlotte, North Carolina
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hispanic Americans -- Housing -- North Carolina -- Charlotte.
    • Migration, Internal -- North Carolina -- Charlotte.
    • Land settlement patterns -- North Carolina -- Charlotte.
    Abstract:
      Over the past decade, Charlotte, North Carolina has been socially and economically transformed by incipient Latino migration. Labeled one of the nation's Hispanic "hyper-growth" cities, Charlotte may be seen as illustrative of the new Latino immigrant and settlement geographies. Traditional models of immigrant settlement in central city neighborhoods have not been followed here. Latino migrants to this new south city have moved directly to maturing suburbs at a distance from both the urban core and its sprawling fringe. The availability of apartment style rental housing is an important factor steering residential choice. Ethnic self-selectivity in housing location and the social reproduction of place among maledominated immigrant streams may also play a role. As Charlotte's Latino population grows and matures, the development of expansive, suburban enclaves seems plausible.
    Keywords:
      Latino migration, residential choice, middle suburbs, Charlotte, North Carolina
    Leib, Jonathan I.
  • Robert E. Lee, 'Race,' Representation and Redevelopment along Richmond, Virginia's Canal Walk
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    Subject Headings:
    • Monuments -- Virginia -- Richmond -- Public opinion -- History -- 20th century.
    • Public opinion -- Virginia -- Richmond -- History -- 20th century.
    • Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870 -- Monuments.
    • Landscape -- Symbolic aspects -- Virginia -- Richmond -- History -- 20th century.
    • Richmond (Va.) -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      The past decade has witnessed numerous disputes concerning the South's symbolic landscapes. While many of these debates have centered on whether and where to add Civil Rights icons or remove Confederate ones, a debate took place in Richmond, Virginia in 1999 over whether to add a new Confederate symbol to the landscape of this African-American majority city. That year the city opened its new Canal Walk development project, aimed at revitalizing the city's waterfront. Among the historical displays along the Canal Walk was a large portrait of Robert E. Lee. The debate centered on whether Lee, "the white South's favorite icon," should hang on the Canal Walk's floodwall, or whether the portrait should be removed because it represented an affront to African Americans as a reminder of the Civil War and slavery. The Lee mural dispute thus continues the debate in Richmond and the South over public memory, the Civil War, power, and symbolic landscapes.
    Keywords:
      symbolic landscape, 'race,' reputational politics, public memory, Robert E. Lee
    Havlick, David G.
    Kirsch, Scott.
  • A Production Utopia? RTP and the North Carolina Research Triangle
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    Subject Headings:
    • Research Triangle Park (N.C.) -- History.
    • Research parks -- North Carolina -- History.
    • Research, Industrial -- North Carolina -- History.
    • City planning -- North Carolina -- History.
    Abstract:
      The effort to cast the central Piedmont region of North Carolina as the Research Triangle has been promoted since the mid-1950s. It has relied, in particular, on the development of a 7,000-ac science and high-tech research complex—the Research Triangle Park (RTP)—as the region's geographic, economic, and symbolic core. This paper explores cultural and material constructions of place and region that have evolved with, and in some ways driven, this project. Depictions of the RTP site's historical emptiness, in this sense, beckoned for replacement with a more modern economic and cultural geography of science and technology. The purpose of the paper is thus to raise questions about the outcomes of this local and regional transformation by examining the interplay of the idea and reality of RTP as a "production utopia" built around notions of a prosperous modernity with a basis in the work of knowledge production.
    Keywords:
      Research Triangle Park, science parks, North Carolina, urban development, landscape

Reviews

    Arsenault, Kathy.
  • Cumberland Island National Seashore: A History of Conservation Conflict (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dilsaver, Lary M. Cumberland Island National Seashore: a history of conservation conflict.
    • Cumberland Island National Seashore (Ga.) -- History.
    Rehder, John B.
  • The Changing Scale of American Agriculture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hart, John Fraser. Changing scale of American agriculture.
    • Farms, Size of -- United States.
    Robinson, P. J. (Peter John), 1944-
  • Contemporary Meanings in Physical Geography (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Trudgill, Stephen T. (Stephen Thomas), 1947-, ed. Contemporary meanings in physical geography.
    • Roy, André, ed.
    • Physical geography -- Philosophy.
    Price, Patricia L.
  • Cultural Geography in Practice (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Blunt, Alison, ed. Cultural geography in practice
    • Human geography.
    Zurick, David.
  • Ecotourism in Appalachia: Marketing the Mountains (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fritsch, Albert J. Ecotourism in Appalachia: marketing the mountains.
    • Johannsen, Kristin, 1957-
    • Ecotourism -- Appalachian Mountains Region.
    Geores, Martha.
  • The Greening of the South (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Clark, Thomas Dionysius, 1903- Greening of the South.
    • Forests and forestry -- Southern States -- History.
    Carbone, Gregory J.
  • Florida Weather (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Winsberg, Morton D. Florida weather.
    • Florida -- Climate.
    Meentemeyer, Vernon.
  • The Greening of Georgia: The Improvement of the Environment in the Twentieth Century (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Brown, R. Harold. Greening of Georgia: the improvement of the environment in the twentieth century.
    • Georgia -- Environmental conditions.



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