Sign Language Studies

Sign Language Studies 2.2, Winter 2002



    Arnos, Kathleen S.
  • Genetics and Deafness: Impacts on the Deaf Community
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    Subject Headings:
    • Deafness -- Genetic aspects.
    • Gene therapy.
      Genetics has great relevance to the lives of deaf people. More than half of all deafness that is present at birth or in early childhood is caused by genetic factors. The reaction of deaf people to genetics has depended, in part, on sociohistorical events of the past and, for some, experiences with genetics professionals who have little or no understanding of the cultural aspects of deafness. Genetics technologies in the last few years have led to an explosion in knowledge regarding the genetic causes of deafness and the characteristics of common genes for deafness. Genetic testing for deafness will become more common in the future and has already begun to affect the lives of deaf people. Genetic knowledge can empower deaf people to make decisions that were never before possible. With these technological advances come ethical considerations that should be of concern to medical professionals and deaf people alike. It is imperative for deaf people to become knowledgeable about genetics technologies and the potential impact on the Deaf community in order to fully participate in discussions with family members, medical professionals, genetics researchers, and genetics counselors regarding the appropriate use of the technologies.
    Frankel, Mindy A.
  • Deaf-Blind Interpreting: Interpreters' Use of Negation in Tactile American Sign Language
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    Subject Headings:
    • American Sign Language -- Study and teaching.
    • Interpreters for the deaf -- Training of -- United States.
    • Blind-deaf -- Means of communication -- United States.
      Researchers have recorded linguistic variation in discourse techniques that occur between visual and tactile ASL. Documentation of this kind benefits interpreters in the way they produce material in its target form. This study focuses on negation in tactile interpreting and the way nonmanual signals are transferred from a visual entity to a tactually accessible mode. Several aspects of variation occur during a communicative event that involves deaf-blind individuals, and negation is one element that requires additional consideration when moving between modalities.
    Quartararo, Anne T. (Anne Therese), 1952-
  • The Life and Times of the French Deaf Leader, Ferdinand Berthier: An Analysis of His Early Career
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berthier, Ferdinand.
    • Sign language -- Study and teaching -- France -- History -- 19th century.
    • Deaf -- France -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
      By studying the early career of the deaf intellectual, Ferdinand Berthier, we can better understand the social and cultural interests of the early French Deaf community. Berthier was a pioneer for deaf education and the use of sign language in the 1820s and 1830s. He defended the work of his teacher and mentor, Auguste Bébian, the linguist who systematized the study of French sign language. Berthier was also instrumental in forging a greater Deaf community by instigating the banquet movement that annually celebrated the birthday of Abbé de l’Epée. However, Berthier’s longer-lasting contribution to his community would be to provide French deaf people with a sense of their own history through his diverse writings. It is apparent that Berthier consciously molded a deaf identity for future generations of deaf French people.

Book Review Essays

    Markowicz, Harry.
  • A Kindred Response to a New Annotated Bibliography about CODAs
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bull, Thomas H. On the edge of deaf culture: hearing children/deaf parents.
    • Children of deaf parents -- United States -- Bibliography.

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