Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies

Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies
Volume 23, Number 4, Summer 2005
Special Issue: Race and Jews in America
Special Issue Editor: Daniel Itzkovitz

CONTENTS

Articles:

    Melnick, Jeffrey Paul.
  • Some Notes on the Erotics of "Black-Jewish Relations"
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    Subject Headings:
    • African Americans -- Relations with Jews.
    • Himes, Chester B., 1909- Lonely crusade.
    Abstract:
      In this essay Melnick plots a "hidden" history of Black-Jewish relations organized around the alternating currents of homerotic attraction and homophobic repulsion. Focusing on Chester Himes's underappreciated novel Lonely Crusade, this essay invites readers to move beyond the more traditional alliance-building narratives of Black-Jewish relations that have dominated critical studies.
    Bronski, Michael.
  • The Return of the Repressed: Leo Frank Through the Eyes of Oscar Micheaux
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    Subject Headings:
    • Micheaux, Oscar, 1884-1951, dir. Murder in Harlem [film]
    • Frank, Leo, 1884-1915 -- Trials, litigation, etc.
    • Phagan, Mary, d. 1913.
    • African Americans -- Relations with Jews.
    Abstract:
      This article examines how pioneer African American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux, in his 1935 film Murder in Harlem, radically altered the traditional understanding of the 1913 murder of Mary Phagan and the ensuant trial, conviction, and lynching of Leo Frank. By rejecting the accepted—racist—preconceptions of the case, and by using the genre of the detective story to retell, and reexamine, this material, Micheaux made a unique and vital contribution to how issues of racism as well as antisemitism affected not only the Leo Frank trial but the literature surrounding it as well.
    Kun, Josh.
  • Bagels, Bongos, and Yiddishe Mambos, or The Other History of Jews in America
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    Subject Headings:
    • Music -- United States -- Latin American influences.
    • Jews -- Music -- History and criticism.
    • Latin Americans -- Music -- History and criticism.
    Abstract:
      "Bagels, Bongos, and Yiddishe Mambos" focuses on Jewish-Latin recordings of the 40s–60s. Arguing that standard models of understanding Jews and race are inadequate in thinking about the mid-century Jewish-Latin interchange, this essay suggests that Jews were drawn to Latin music neither to demonstrate their whiteness, nor to pretend to be Latin, but rather to find new ways of being Jewish.
    Freedman, Jonathan, 1954-
  • Transgressions of a Model Minority
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- United States -- Public opinion.
    • Asian Americans -- United States -- Public opinion.
    • Stereotype (Psychology) -- United States.
    • Public opinion -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Jewish- and Asian-Americans have recently found themselves classed as "model minorities," examples of upward mobility allegedly achieved through thrift, family cohesion, and educational achievement. This ascription has a long history, one dating back at least to nineteenth century America, when Asians—especially Chinese—and Jews were viewed in strikingly similar terms. Defined as outsiders to the black/white binary that governed American race ideology, Jews and Asians were also constructed as money-mad traders and outsiders to assertive norms of Anglo-Saxon masculinity. These negative stereotypes gradually turned, in the last years of the twentieth century, into positive ones: first Jews and then Asians came to model economic self-sufficiency and braininess as means to social success (albeit also as de-masculinized neurotics). But for many Asian-American intellectuals, these comparisons proved—and prove—irritating, and a number of contemporary South- and East Asian-American writer writers like Bharathi Mukherjee and Gish Jen have engaged with the tropes and narrative structures of Jewish-American fiction in order to contest these identifications. No writer has done so more successfully than Lan Samantha Chang, and the essay concludes with a reading of her novella Hunger as a critique of the narratives of aspiration and achievement that fuel the model minority mythos for both Jews and Asians living in the U.S.
    Rubinstein, Rachel.
  • Nathanael West's Indian Commodities
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    Subject Headings:
    • West, Nathanael, 1903-1940. Cool million.
    Abstract:
      If the imaginary Indian, from the moment of the nation's founding, served as a flexible figure through which to work out questions of "American" identity, Indianness came to serve in the early twentieth century as a category through which Americans could also define what it meant to be modern. American modernism had nativist and nationalist inflections; American moderns demonstrated their commitment to a national artistic culture through their "Indianness," which was cast as fundamentally opposed to Jewishness. This discussion seeks to address Jewish American literary response to this nativist modernism through a discussion of Nathanael West, whose ambivalent relationship with both Jewishness and aesthetic modernism continues to preoccupy and vex his critics. This essay reads West's preoccupations with Indians, Jews, and the marketplace through the unfixable Jewishness dramatized in his 1934 novel A Cool Million, whose modernist parody of racial and ethnic typologies succeeds in thoroughly undermining them.

Review Essay:

    Wolitz, Seth L.
  • In Search of Marc Chagall: Review Essay
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chagall, Marc, 1887- Marc Chagall: on art and culture.
    • Harshav, Benjamin, 1928-, ed.
    • Harshav, Barbara, 1940-, tr.
    • Harshav, Benjamin, 1928- Marc Chagall and his times, a documentary narrative.
    • Harshav, Barbara, 1940-, tr.
    • Chagall, Marc, 1887- -- Written works.
    • Chagall, Marc, 1887-

Book Reviews

    Mendelsohn, Ezra.
  • The Art and Artists of the Fifth Zionist Congress: Heralds of a New Age (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schmidt, Gilya Gerda. Art and artists of the fifth Zionist Congress: heralds of a new age.
    • Art, Jewish -- 19th century.
    Epstein, David A.
  • The Owl and Other Stories, and: Tales of Grabowski, Transformations, Escape, and Other Stories (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Auerbach, John. Owl and other stories.
    • Auerbach, John. Tales of Grabowski, Transformations, Escape, and other stories.
    • Jews -- Fiction.
    Baker, Zachary M.
  • Yiddish South of the Border: An Anthology of Latin American Yiddish Writing (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Astro, Alan, ed. Yiddish south of the border: an anthology of Latin American Yiddish writing.
    • Yiddish literature -- Translations into English.
    Baumel, Judith Tydor, 1959-
  • My Mother's Voice: Children, Literature and the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kertzer, Adrienne, 1949- My mother's voice: children, literature and the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), in literature.
    Eisenstein, Paul.
  • Committed to Memory: Cultural Mediations of the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stier, Oren Baruch, 1966- Committed to memory: cultural mediations of the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Influence.
    Berenbaum, Michael, 1945-
  • Auschwitz, Poland, and the Politics of Commemoration, 1945-1979 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Huener, Jonathan. Auschwitz, Poland, and the politics of commemoration, 1945-1979.
    • Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
    Nicosia, Francis R., 1944-
  • Antisemitismus in der deutschen Geschichte (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pfahl-Traughber, Armin. Antisemitismus in der deutschen Geschichte.
    • Antisemitism -- Germany -- History.
    Edelheit, Joseph A.
  • After the Evil: Christianity and Judaism in the Shadow of the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harries, Richard. After the evil: Christianity and Judaism in the shadow of the Holocaust.
    • Christianity and other religions -- Judaism.
    Brantlinger, Patrick, 1941-
  • Benjamin Disraeli: The Fabricated Jew in Myth and Memory (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Glassman, Bernard, 1937- Benjamin Disraeli: the fabricated Jew in myth and memory.
    • Disraeli, Benjamin, Earl of Beaconsfield, 1804-1881 -- Influence.
    Kempf, Franz R.
  • Franz Kafkas Sprachen: "... in einem Stockwerk des innern babylonischen Turmes ..." (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nekula, Marek, 1965- Franz Kafkas Sprachen: "... in einem Stockwerk des innern babylonischen Turmes ..."
    • Kafka, Franz, 1883-1924 -- Knowledge -- Language and languages.
    Holmes, Virginia Iris.
  • Leo Baeck Werke 5: Nach der Schoa -- Warum sind Juden in der Welt: Schriften aus der Nachkriegszeit (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck Werke.
    • Friedlander, Albert H., ed.
    • Judaism.
    Faierstein, Morris M.
  • Hasidism on the Margin: Reconciliation, Antinomianism, and Messianism in Izbica/Radzin Hasidism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Magid, Shaul, 1958- Hasidism on the margin: reconciliation, antinomianism, and messianism in Izbica/Radzin Hasidism.
    • Hasidism.
    Stargardt, Ute.
  • Resisting History: Historicism and Its Discontents in German-Jewish Thought (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myers, David N. Resisting history: historicism and its discontents in German-Jewish thought.
    • Cohen, Hermann, 1842-1918 -- Views on historicism.
    Breslauer, S. Daniel.
  • Martin Buber and Feminist Ethics: The Priority of the Personal (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Walters, James W. (James William), 1945- Martin Buber and feminist ethics: the priority of the personal.
    • Buber, Martin, 1878-1965.
    Manekin, Charles Harry, 1953-
  • Maimonides and the Hermeneutics of Concealment: Deciphering Scripture and Midrash in "The Guide of the Perplexed" (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Diamond, James Arthur. Maimonides and the hermeneutics of concealment: deciphering scripture and midrash in "The guide of the perplexed".
    • Maimonides, Moses, 1135-1204. Dalalat al-hairin.
    Wooden, R. Glenn, 1957-
  • Implied Law in the Abraham Narrative: A Literary and Theological Analysis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bruckner, James K. Implied law in the Abraham narrative: a literary and theological analysis.
    • Bible. O.T. Genesis XVIII-XX -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    Crenshaw, James L.
  • Words to God's Music: A New Book of Psalms (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wieder, Laurance, 1946-, ed. Words to God's music: a new book of Psalms.
    • Bible. O.T. Psalms. Wieder. 2003.
    Liss, Hanna.
  • Zephaniah: A Commentary (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sweeney, Marvin A. (Marvin Alan), 1953- Zephaniah: a commentary.
    • Hanson, Paul D., ed.
    • Bible. O.T. Zephaniah -- Commentaries.
    Rashkow, Ilona N. (Ilona Nemesnyik)
  • Finding Morality in the Diaspora?: Moral Ambiguity and Transformed Morality in the Books of Esther (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harvey, Charles D. Finding morality in the diaspora?: moral ambiguity and transformed morality in the books of Esther.
    • Bible. O.T. Esther -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    Harrill, James Albert, 1963-
  • Slavery Metaphors in Early Judaism and Pauline Christianity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Byron, John, 1967- Slavery metaphors in early Judaism and Pauline Christianity.
    • Slavery and Judaism.
    Shaw, Brian J.
  • Ancient Israel and Ancient Greece: Religion, Politics, and Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brown, John Pairman. Ancient Israel and ancient Greece: religion, politics, and culture.
    • Judaism -- Relations -- Greek.
    Lieu, Judith.
  • The Ways that Never Parted: Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Becker, Adam H., 1972-, ed. Ways that never parted: Jews and Christians in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages.
    • Reed, Annette Yoshiko, 1973-, ed.
    • Christianity and other religions -- Judaism -- Congresses.
    Schwartz, Daniel R.
  • Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hayes, Christine Elizabeth. Gentile impurities and Jewish identities.
    • Gentiles in the Old Testament.
    Olyan, Saul M.
  • Wrestling with God & Men: Homosexuality in the Jewish Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Greenberg, Steven, 1956 June 19- Wrestling with God & men: homosexuality in the Jewish tradition.
    • Homosexuality, Male -- Religious aspects -- Judaism.
    Gross, Aaron.
  • Beside Still Waters: Jews, Christians, and the Way of the Buddha (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kasimow, Harold, 1937-, ed. Beside still waters: Jews, Christians, and the way of the Buddha.
    • Keenan, John P., ed.
    • Keenan, Linda Klepinger, 1942-, ed.
    • Buddhism -- Relations.
    Golan, Arnon.
  • Records of Dispossession: Palestinian Refugee Property and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fischbach, Michael R. Records of dispossession: Palestinian refugee property and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
    • Arab-Israeli conflict -- Claims.
    Shuval, Judith T.
  • Immigrants in Turmoil: Mass Immigration to Israel and its Repercussions in the 1950s and After (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hacohen, Dvora. Immigrants in turmoil: mass immigration to Israel and its repercussions in the 1950s and after.
    • Israel and the diaspora.
    Tachau, Frank, 1929-
  • The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ross, Dennis. Missing peace: the inside story of the fight for Middle East peace.
    • Arab-Israeli conflict -- 1993- -- Peace.

Book Notes

Index

Erratum

Books Received




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