Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies

Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies
Volume 21, Number 3, Spring 2003
Special Issue: The New York Intellectuals and Beyond
Guest Editor: Ethan Goffman


Contents

Articles

    Goffman, Ethan, 1961-
  • The New York Intellectuals and Beyond: Editor's Introduction
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    Subject Headings:
    • Intellectuals -- New York (State) -- New York.
    • Jews -- New York (State) -- New York -- Intellectual life.
    Goodheart, Eugene.
  • Jew d'Esprit
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    Subject Headings:
    • Goodheart, Eugene -- Religion.
    • Jews -- United States -- Identity.
    Schwarz, Daniel R.
  • Eating Kosher Ivy: Jews as Literary Intellectuals
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schwarz, Daniel R.
    • Jewish college teachers -- United States.
    • English literature -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This essay considers the place of the Jewish literary intellectual, the Diaspora of Jewish public intellectuals from New York urban culture to the American universities, and the consequent transformation of public intellectuals into literary intellectuals. The beginning section, entitled "Situating Myself," discusses my own diaspora from a suburban enclave into the academic world and how I, like many Jews, have been a not always comfortable guest in the house of English Literature.

      "Eating Kosher Ivy" considers the discomfort Jews felt with New Criticism and its emphasis on an ideal gentile reader, and the importance of the work of Leslie Fiedler in freeing Jews from the shackles of New Criticism. It stresses the work of important Jewish scholars who emphasized representation rather than aesthetics and proposed major synthe sizing visions of how literary periods functioned in terms of history and philosophy. The role of Jews as public intellectuals is considered at a time when Jews were still having difficulties finding a place in prestigious universities, especially those in the Ivy League. Jewish Studies was a way for scholars to rediscover themselves both as Jews and public intellectuals.

    Krupnick, Mark, 1939-
  • Jewish Intellectuals and the Deep Places of the Imagination
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    Subject Headings:
    • Trilling, Lionel, 1905-1975 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Kazin, Alfred, 1915- -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Howe, Irving -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Jews -- New York (State) -- New York -- Intellectual life.
    Abstract:
      This essay considers whether American Jewish intellectuals have achieved the sublime combination of emotion and intellect characteristic of the very greatest art. Lionel Trilling is a keystone figure here, one cut off from his Jewish past by assimilationist tendencies and tied to an unfulfilling middle class liberalism. Trilling's only novel, The Middle of the Journey, succeeds as an intellectual exploration yet fails in portraying full-bodied characters emblematic of the "deep places of the imagination." Only occasionally does Trilling begin to touch upon the fullest artistic vision, notably in his short story "Of This Time of That Place," and in his literary-critical discussion of Isaac Babel.

      The essay argues that Trilling's lack of artistic success is emblematic of those who followed in his wake. One such figure is Alfred Kazin, a writer of potent emotion but limited intellectual achievement. Irving Howe, another metaphorical son of Trilling, is comparable intellectually, but, like Trilling, is emotionally detached from his roots. As celebrated as the New York intellectuals may be, the essay argues that they fail to achieve works of lasting artistic greatness.

    Kimmage, Michael.
  • Lionel Trilling's The Middle of the Journey and the Complicated Origins of the Neo-Conservative Movement
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    Subject Headings:
    • Trilling, Lionel, 1905-1975. Middle of the journey.
    • Politics in literature.
    • Conservatism -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      The Middle of the Journey (1947) contains the ideological dilemmas out of which the neo-conservative movement would grow in the 1970s. The origins of this movement lie in the novel's subject, the break with communism. Trilling was himself Jewish, as were many neo-conservative intellectuals, but his novel is conspicuous for its lack of Jewish characters. The novel's ideological content helps to explain this. Trilling made a stark separation between religious conservatism and the secular liberalism to which he personally adhered. He foresaw the ways in which anti-communism would legitimate both liberalism and conservatism, yet his novel offered no room for its characters fo synthesize ethnicity or religion with involvement in the modern world. The absence of Jewish characters allowed Trilling to explore a liberalism uncomplicated by religion or ethnicity. Jewish neo-conservatives perpetuated the anti-communist world of Trilling in 1947, but they dis covered within it the possibility of being Jewish, conservative, and modern; hence the com plexity of Trilling's relationship to them.
    Abrams, Nathan.
  • A Profoundly Hegemonic Moment: De-Mythologizing the Cold War New York Jewish Intellectuals
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    Subject Headings:
    • Intellectuals -- New York (State) -- New York.
    • Jews -- New York (State) -- New York -- Intellectual life.
    • New York (N.Y.) -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Since a mythology has been grown to such an extent around "the New York (Jewish) Intellectuals," Nathan Abrams examines their history in order to re-evaluate it anew, from a perspective that has not been shaped entirely by them. In doing so, he takes a new angle on the subject by extensively subjecting them to a theoretical analysis, utilizing different models of the intellectual. Abrams looks at the changing function of the New York Intellectuals, as public intellectuals, beginning in the 1930s through the forties and fifties, and paying specific attention to the period known as the Cultural Cold War. Using the work of, in particular, Antonio Gramsci and Michel Foucault, he concludes that, through their alliance with the anticommunist hegemony, many of them lost their original functions as "organic" and "universal" intellectuals and instead became "traditional" and "specific."
    Klingenstein, Susanne, 1959-
  • It's Splendid When the Town Whore Gets Religion and Joins the Church: The Rise of the Jewish Neoconservatives as Observed by the Paleoconservatives in the 1980s
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- United States -- Intellectual life.
    • Conservatism -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989.
    • United States -- Politics and government -- 1989-
    Abstract:
      During the Reagan administration a new group of consevative intellectuals, with deep roots in the anti-Stalinist left and Jewish New York, was gaining influence in Washington. Their ascent was observed with ill-concealed envy by older conservatives who themselves had only recently gained a foothold in Washington. As the marginalization of the paleoconservatives by the neoconservatives became irreversible, the paleos lashed out in rhetoric subtly laced with antisemitic stereotypes.
    Stavans, Ilan.
    Dickstein, Morris.
  • Nostalgia and Recognition: Ilan Stavans and Morris Dickstein in Conversation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- Intellectual life.
    • United States -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
    Brantlinger, Patrick, 1941-
  • Professors and Public Intellectuals in the Information Age
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    Subject Headings:
    • United States -- Intellectual life -- 21st century.
    • Civilization, Modern -- 21st century.
    • Education, Higher -- Aims and objectives.
    Abstract:
      The argument that public intellectuals have disappeared into the academy is compounded by the threatened disappearance of the professoriat. Tenure and tenure-track positions are eroding, giving way to the cheap labor of part-time faculty. Even more troubling is increasing reliance on computers and "virtual" or "distance" education. In his influential "report on knowledge," The Post-Modern Condition, Jean-François Lyotard argued that the computer meant "the death-knell of the age of the professor." This essay examines the relations among public intellectuals, professors, and information technology. It ponders the epistemological consequences of substituting computerized information especially for the forms of critique expected of public intellectuals. It also surveys arguments about the speeding-up and increasing power of computers, especially in regard to higher education. It concludes that there is little if any reason to be optimistic about the futures of either public intellectuals or professors under the relentless impact of the computerization and commodification of knowledge and education.

Review Essay

    Sweeney, Marvin A. (Marvin Alan), 1953-
  • Oxford's New One-Volume Commentary on the Bible: Review Essay
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barton, John, 1948-, ed. Oxford Bible commentary.
    • Muddiman, John, ed.
    • Bible -- Commentaries.

Book Reviews

    Berger, Alan L., 1939-
  • The Judges (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wiesel, Elie, 1928- Judges.
    • Fiction.
    Knight, Henry F.
  • Common Prayers: Faith, Family and a Christian's Journey Through the Jewish Year (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cox, Harvey Gallagher. Common prayers: faith, family and a Christian's journey through the Jewish year.
    • Fasts and feasts -- Judaism.
    Kasimow, Harold, 1937-
  • Jesus through Jewish Eyes: Rabbis and Scholars Engage an Ancient Brother in a New Conversation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bruteau, Beatrice, 1930-, ed. Jesus through Jewish eyes: rabbis and scholars engage an ancient brother in a new conversation.
    • Jesus Christ -- Jewish interpretations.
    Taggart, Linda S.
  • The Genesis of Perfection: Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Imagination (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Anderson, Gary A., 1955- Genesis of perfection: Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian imagination.
    • Adam (Biblical figure)
    Gruber, Mayer I. (Mayer Irwin)
  • The Creation of Man and Woman: Interpretations of the Biblical Narratives in Jewish and Christian Traditions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Luttikhuizen, Gerard P., ed. Creation of man and woman: interpretations of the biblical narratives in Jewish and Christian traditions.
    • Adam (Biblical figure)
    Carr, David.
  • Song of Songs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Longman, Tremper. Song of Songs.
    • Bible. O.T. Song of Solomon -- Commentaries.
    Otto, Eckart.
  • King Josiah of Judah: The Lost Messiah of Israel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sweeney, Marvin A. (Marvin Alan), 1953- King Josiah of Judah: the lost messiah of Israel.
    • Bible. O.T. Prophets (Neviim) -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    Wright, J. Edward.
  • The Birth of God: The Bible and the Historian (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bottéro, Jean. Birth of God: the Bible and the historian.
    • Bolle, Kees W., tr.
    • Bible. O.T. -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    Wimbush, Vincent L.
  • Other Ways of Reading: African Women and the Bible (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dube Shomanah, Musa W., 1964-, ed. Other ways of reading: African women and the Bible.
    • Bible -- Criticism, interpretation, etc. -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.
    Bowley, James E.
  • Qumran Cave 4, XXI Parabiblical Texts, Part 4: Pseudo-Prophetic Texts (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dimant, Devorah. Qumran cave 4, XXI Parabiblical texts, Part 4: Pseudo-prophetic texts.
    • Dead Sea scrolls. 4Q -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    Omer-Sherman, Ranen.
  • 1492: The Poetics of Diaspora (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Docker, John. 1492: the poetics of diaspora.
    • Jews in literature.
    Ross, Charles.
  • At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and Pagans in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000-c. 1300 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berend, Nora. At the gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and pagans in medieval Hungary, c. 1000-c. 1300.
    • Christianity and other religions -- Hungary -- History.
    Garber, Zev, 1941-
  • The Jews in Sicily, Volume 2, 1302-1391 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Simonsohn, Shlomo, 1923-, ed. Jews in Sicily.
    • Jews -- Italy -- Sicily -- History -- Sources.
    Epstein, David A.
  • The Wandering Jews (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Roth, Joseph, 1894-1939. Wandering Jews.
    • Hofmann, Michael, 1957 Aug. 25-, tr.
    • Jews -- Europe, Eastern -- History -- 20th century.
    Hakak, Lev.
  • New Perspectives on the Haskalah (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feiner, Shmuel, ed. New perspectives on the Haskalah.
    • Sorkin, David Jan, ed.
    • Haskalah -- Congresses.
    Patterson, David (David A.)
  • Holocaust and Memory (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Engelking-Boni, Barbara, 1962- Holocaust and memory.
    • Paulsson, Gunnar S., ed.
    • Harris, Emma, tr.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Poland -- Sources.
    Patterson, David (David A.)
  • Beyond Auschwitz: Post-Holocaust Jewish Thought in America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Morgan, Michael L., 1944- Beyond Auschwitz: post-Holocaust Jewish thought in America.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Influence.
    Conway, John S.
  • Legacies of Dachau: The Uses and Abuses of a Concentration Camp 1933-2001 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Marcuse, Harold, 1957- Legacies of Dachau: the uses and abuses of a concentration camp 1933-2001.
    • Dachau (Concentration camp)
    Barnouw, Dagmar.
  • Hannah Arendt Revisited: Eichmann in Jerusalem und die Folgen (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smith, Gary, 1954-, ed. Hannah Arendt revisited: Eichmann in Jerusalem und die Folgen.
    • Arendt, Hannah. Eichmann in Jerusalem -- Congresses.
    Feinstein, Steve.
  • The Holocaust in the Painting of Valentin Lustig (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Balas, Edith. Holocaust in the painting of Valentin Lustig.
    • Lustig, Valentin, 1955- -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Borchmeyer, Dieter.
    Haberer, Joseph, 1929-, tr.
  • Richard Wagners Das Judentum in der Musik: Eine kritische Dokumentation als Beitrag zur Geschichte Antisemitismus (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fischer, Jens Malte. Richard Wagners Das Judentum in der Musik: eine kritische Dokumentation als Beitrag zur Geschichte Antisemitismus.
    • Wagner, Richard, 1813-1883. Judenthum in der Musik.
    Bohlman, Philip Vilas.
  • Hawa Naschira! Auf! Lasst uns singen! (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Deuring, Dagmar, ed. Hawa naschira! Auf! Lasst uns singen!
    • Jews -- Music.
    Renton, James, 1946-
  • A Broken Trust: Herbert Samuel, Zionism and the Palestinians (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Huneidi, Sahar. Broken trust: Herbert Samuel, Zionism and the Palestinians.
    • Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Palestine.
    Smith, Charles D., 1936-
  • Debating Islam in the Jewish State: The Development of Policy toward Islamic Institutions in Israel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peled, Alisa Rubin, 1965- Debating Islam in the Jewish state: the development of policy toward Islamic institutions in Israel.
    • Palestinian Arabs -- Government policy -- Israel.
    Melnick, Jeffrey Paul.
  • Jazz Age Jews (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Alexander, Michael, 1970- Jazz Age Jews.
    • Jews -- United States -- Biography.



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