Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies

Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies
Volume 21, Number 2, Winter 2003


Contents

Articles

    Feldman, Louis H.
  • Moses in Midian, According to Philo
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    Subject Headings:
    • Philo, of Alexandria. De vita Mosis.
    • Moses (Biblical leader)
    • Bible. O.T. Exodus -- Criticism, interpretation, etc., Jewish.
    Abstract:
      In his De Vita Mosis Philo, by building up the personality of Moses, seeks to answer antisemitic charges, notably that the Jews had produced no great men. He defends Moses against the charge that he had not sufficiently helped the Israelites during their oppression in Egypt and justifies his slaying of an Egyptian overseer. While emphasizing the value of his career as a shepherd in preparing him for the role of leadership of the Israelites, he adds that he also devoted himself in Midian to the study of philosophy. In his aid to Jethro's daughters in drawing water for their sheep Philo's Moses, prophetically inspired, shows his tremendous concern for justice. To make the account of the burning bush more credible Philo presents it as a vision and the bush itself as symbolizing the oppressed Israelites. He is careful to omit Moses' self-doubt. When Moses draws his hand from his bosom it is whiter than snow, according to Philo, but not leprous, as in the Bible. He presents a more scientific interpretation of the miracle of turning water into blood. He explains Moses' speech impediment as due to his view that he considered human eloquence to be dumbness as compared with G-d's. For apologetic reasons Philo omits Moses' failure to circumcise his son.
    Ward, Seth, 1952-
  • The Presentation of Jesus: Jewish Perspectives on Luke 2:22-24
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bible. N.T. Luke II, 22-24 -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    • Jesus Christ -- Presentation.
    • Judaism -- Customs and practices -- History -- To 70 A.D.
    Abstract:
      Luke's narrative of the presentation of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:22-24) conflates into one occasion the mother's sacrifice after childbirth and the redemption of the firstborn. This paper traces the literature and traditions of these rituals and finds no indication in Jewish sources that these biblical mandates were ever performed together.
    Ehrman, Esther.
  • Introduction to Erich Unger's A Restatement of Judaism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Unger, Erich, 1887-1950.
    Unger, Erich, 1887-1950.
  • A Restatement of Judaism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Judaism -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Unger's "Restatement of Judaism" sets out a possible rescue operation to revitalize the Jewish People as bearers of Judaism's world view. Unger argues that the process that led a people to lose its distinctive culture and integrated religious ethos could be reversed. Defining Western civilization in terms of (1) science and technology, (2) Christianity, and (3) nationhood and politics, Unger shows where the relationship of Judaism to these three dominant perceptions of society needs to change radically. Unger takes into account the impact of antisemitism both in its classic and its post-emancipation form. His concern is the Judaism of the Jewish people—this includes but does not focus on the Jewish State; it is "a political and religious view of the world with a vision of the future course of the world and of the people in it."
    Divine, Donna Robinson, 1941-
  • Exiled in the Homeland
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zionism -- Palestine -- History -- 1917-1948.
    • Jews -- Attitudes toward Israel.
    • Jews -- Palestine -- Identity.
    Abstract:
      No idea is more fundamental to the Zionist sense of mission than the ending of exile for the Jewish people. But the in-gathering of Jews in their homeland acquired its meaning as an antidote to exile rather than as an act with its own defined essence. This essay analyzes how exile functioned not only as a contrast to the society created in Palestine during the period of British rule but also and more importantly, as a controlling metaphor of Zionist discourse. Exile was a powerful linguistic tool justifying a particular distribution of resources and legitimizing a political hierarchy. Exile's rhetorical force often had a profoundly unsettling impact on many immigrants unprepared for the experience of living in a Jewish homeland only to be told that they had not yet been liberated from the undesirable effects of exile.
    Miles, William F. S.
  • Mid-Life Crisis, Kibbutz Style
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kibbutzim -- Psychological aspects.
    • Group identity -- Israel.
    • Reform Judaism -- Israel.
    Abstract:
      Yahel and Lotan, two Reform kibbutzim founded in the late 1970s and early 1980s, constitute the focus of this paper. Although the two shared identical ideological and religious goals from the outset, the succeeding (and significant) differences between the two kibbutzim may be attributed largely to the few years separating their respective age cohorts. Under consideration here is the phenomenon of the mid-life crisis, which in the collective society takes on collective import, and in which the age-skewed demography ensures that virtually the entire cadre of "elders" undergoes the same psychological process at the identical time. Yahel members have become more open to institutional compromise. It is hypothesized that Lotan, a few years behind Yahel in collective age, will undergo a similar significant transformation in ideology and administration as it, too, approaches the mid-life years.
    Perko, F. Michael (Francis Michael)
  • Education, Socialization, and Development of National Identity: The American Common School and Israel Defense Forces in Transnational Perspective
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    Subject Headings:
    • Education -- Social aspects -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
    • Israel. Tseva haganah le-Yisrael -- History.
    • Education -- Social aspects -- Israel -- History.
    Abstract:
      The experiences of the nineteenth-century American common school and the twentieth century Israel Defense Forces as educational agencies provide a rich ground for the sort of comparative analysis undertaken by the burgeoning field of transnational history. While American historians have pointed out that a major purpose of common schooling in America was the socialization of immigrants into American life and culture, and Israelis have commented in similar fashion about education undertaken by the Israel Defense Forces, little attempt has been made to compare and contrast the experiences..

      Situated within the framework of contemporary understandings of modern nation-state formation, this essay explores historical similarities and differences in the manner in which the socialization of youth and immigrants into each society was carried out by these educational agencies. Additionally, it examines ways in which each contributed to the formation of a national identity in the early years of their respective state's development.

    Kaufmann, David, 1958-
  • Archie Rand's The Eighteen and Postmodern (Mis)Recognition
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rand, Archie, 1949- Eighteen [visual works]
    • Judaism in art.
    Abstract:
      Archie Rand's series of paintings, The Eighteen, presents an interesting test for the supposed inclusiveness of "postmodern" theory. A frankly redemptive investigation of Jewish prayer, it rejoices in the freedoms of postmodern figuration, but because it offers neither critique nor an account of identity formation, it is not—or rather cannot be—recognized as a "valid" postmodern work. In the end, this judgment says less about the quality of the work than it does about the limits of postmodernism as it has been construed.

Review Essay

    Magid, Shaul, 1958-
  • And They Created Him in Their Image: David Hartman's Soloveitchik and the Battle for a Teachers Legacy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hartman, David, 1931- Love and terror in the God Encounter: the theological legacy of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik.
    • Soloveitchik, Joseph Dov -- Teachings.

Book Reviews

    Levin, Leonard.
  • Essential Judaism: A Complete Guide to Beliefs, Customs, and Rituals (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Robinson, George, 1953- Essential Judaism: a complete guide to beliefs, customs, and rituals.
    • Judaism.
    Weisberg, Dvora E.
  • Gender Issues in Jewish Law: Essays and Responsa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jacob, Walter, 1930-, ed. Gender issues in Jewish law: essays and responsa.
    • Zemer, Moshe, 1932-, ed.
    • Jewish law.
    Baskin, Judith Reesa, 1950-
  • Menstrual Purity: Rabbinic and Christian Reconstructions of Biblical Gender (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fonrobert, Charlotte Elisheva. Menstrual purity: rabbinic and Christian reconstructions of Biblical gender.
    • Ritual purity -- Judaism.
    Cahan, Jean Axelrad.
  • Lebendige Schrift: Repräsentation und Idolatrie in Moses Mendelssohns Philosophie und Exegese des Judentums (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hilfrich, Carola. Lebendige Schrift: Repräsentation und Idolatrie in Moses Mendelssohns Philosophie und Exegese des Judentums.
    • Mendelssohn, Moses, 1729-1786 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Morris, Daniel.
  • Interim Judaism: Jewish Thought in a Century of Crisis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Morgan, Michael L., 1944- Interim Judaism: Jewish thought in a century of crisis.
    • Judaism -- 20th century.
    Cohen, Richard A., 1950-
  • The Jewish Derrida (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ofrat, Gideon. Jewish Derrida.
    • Kidron, Peretz, tr.
    • Derrida, Jacques.
    Kahn, Brian B.
  • Conversations with Elie Wiesel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wiesel, Elie, 1928- Conversations with Elie Wiesel.
    • Heffner, Richard D.
    • Vinciguerra, Thomas J., ed.
    • Wiesel, Elie, 1928- -- Interviews.
    Lerner, Saul.
  • Primo Levi and the Politics of Survival (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Homer, Frederic D. Primo Levi and the politics of survival.
    • Levi, Primo -- Political and social views.
    Gubar, Susan, 1944-
  • The Terror of our Days: Four American Poets Respond to the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parmet, Harriet L. Terror of our days: four American poets respond to the Holocaust.
    • American poetry -- 20th century -- History and criticism.
    McFall, Kelly.
  • Hitler's Austria: Popular Sentiment in the Nazi Era, 1938-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bukey, Evan Burr, 1940- Hitler's Austria: popular sentiment in the Nazi era, 1938-1945.
    • National socialism -- Austria.
    Kaufman, Alex.
  • The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lewy, Guenter, 1923- Nazi persecution of the gypsies.
    • Romanies -- Nazi persecution.
    Goffman, Ethan, 1961-
  • Second Generation Voices: Reflections by Children of Holocaust Survivors and Perpetrators (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berger, Alan L., 1939-, ed. Second generation voices: reflections by children of Holocaust survivors and perpetrators.
    • Berger, Naomi, ed.
    • Children of Holocaust survivors -- Psychology.
    Rumscheidt, Martin.
  • Good News after Auschwitz? Christian Faith in a Post-Holocaust World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rittner, Carol Ann, 1943-, ed. Good news after Auschwitz? Christian faith in a post-Holocaust world.
    • Roth, John K., ed.
    • Holocaust (Christian theology)
    Bloom, Bob.
  • Hollywood & Anti-Semitism: A Cultural History up to World War II (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carr, Steven Alan, 1964- Hollywood & anti-semitism: a cultural history up to World War II.
    • Motion picture industry -- California -- Los Angeles -- History.
    Brettschneider, Marla.
  • Going South: Jewish Women in the Civil Rights Movement (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schultz, Debra L. Going South: Jewish women in the civil rights movement.
    • African Americans -- Civil rights -- Southern States -- History -- 20th century.
    McGaha, Michael D., 1941-
  • Troubled Souls: Conversos, Crypto-Jews, and Other Confused Jewish Intellectuals from the Fourteenth through the Eighteenth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Meyers, Charles, ed. Troubled souls: conversos, crypto-Jews, and other confused Jewish intellectuals from the fourteenth through the eighteenth century.
    • Simms, Norman Toby, ed.
    • Jews -- Identity.
    Stillman, Norman A., 1945-
  • The Jews of Lebanon: Between Coexistence and Conflict (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schulze, Kirsten E. Jews of Lebanon: between coexistence and conflict.
    • Jews -- Lebanon -- History.
    Bar-Joseph, Uri.
  • The October War: A Retrospective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parker, Richard Bordeaux, 1923-, ed. October War: a retrospective.
    • Israel-Arab War, 1973 -- Congresses.
    Idinopulos, Thomas A.
  • Divided Jerusalem: The Struggle for the Holy City (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wasserstein, Bernard. Divided Jerusalem: the struggle for the Holy City.
    • Jerusalem -- History.
    Sweeney, Marvin A. (Marvin Alan), 1953-
  • The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of its Sacred Texts (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Finkelstein, Israel. Bible unearthed: archaeology's new vision of ancient Israel and the origin of its sacred texts.
    • Silberman, Neil Asher, 1950-
    • Bible. O.T. -- Antiquities.
    Basser, Herbert W.
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Jewish Origins of Christianity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thiede, Carsten Peter. Dead Sea Scrolls and the Jewish origins of Christianity.
    • Dead Sea scrolls.
    Belz, Carl.
  • Complex Identities: Jewish Consciousness and Modern Art (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baigell, Matthew, ed. Complex identities: Jewish consciousness and modern art.
    • Heyd, Milly, 1945-, ed.
    • Art, Jewish.
    Adler, Thomas P.
  • Shiksa Goddess or, How I Spent My Forties (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wasserstein, Wendy. Shiksa goddess or, how I spent my forties.
    • Wasserstein, Wendy.



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