Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies

Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies 19.3, Spring 2001

Contents

Articles

    Vieira, Nelson.
  • Editor's Introduction: The Jewish Diaspora of Latin America
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    Abstract:
      As a burgeoning and dynamic field, Latin American Jewish Studies represents nearly more than twenty-five years of formal research development and professional activity, marked by the establishment of such international professional associations as AMILAT (1974), the Israeli research association on Latin American Judaism, and LAJSA (1982), the international Latin American Jewish Studies Association. While there have been earlier research activities in this field, the last quarter of this century has witnessed the steady growth of this dynamic area as a professional field of study. Ergo, it is an honor to introduce Latin American Jewish Studies to a wider audience of English speakers by presenting this special issue of SHOFAR, dedicated to the "Latin American Jewish Diaspora."
    Spitzer, Leo, 1939-
  • Rootless Nostalgia: Vienna in La Paz, La Paz in Elsewhere
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- Bolivia -- History.
    • Jews -- Bolivia -- Social conditions.
    • Nostalgia.
    Abstract:
      Starting in the mid-1930s, and up until the end of the first year of World War II, thousands of refugees from Nazi-dominated Central Europe, the majority of them Jews, fled to Bolivia to escape an increasingly vehement persecution. Indeed, in the panic months following the German Anschluss of Austria, Bolivia was one of very few remaining places in the entire world to accept Jewish refugees. But today, few Jews still reside in that country. From the very start of their large-scale inflow in the 1930s, many of the refugees had considered Bolivia only a temporary haven--"Hotel Bolivia," as they described it. The majority emigrated in the years after the war: some back to Austria or Germany, others to the U.S., Israel, or to "less exotic" Latin American countries.
    Agosín, Marjorie.
  • Uncertain Travelers
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agosín, Marjorie -- Family.
    • Jewish travelers.
    • Jews -- Chile -- History.
    Abstract:
      "Uncertain Travelers" narrates multiple and layered stories of Marjorie Agosin's family from war-torn Europe and Russia to the shores of the Chilean Pacific Ocean. This is a lyrical exploration of the meaning of travel during uncertain times for Jews. The story evokes the complexities of the Diasporic imagination.
    Lindstrom, Naomi, 1950-
  • Recent Tendencies in Latin American Jewish Studies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews, Latin American -- Study and teaching.
    • Jews -- Latin America -- Information resources.
    • Jews -- Latin America -- Social conditions.
    Abstract:
      This article presents an overview of recent tendencies in Latin American Jewish Studies (hereafter LAJS). Two major developments will be surveyed. One is the growth of resources for research; these include new publications, reissues and translations of previously difficult-to-access texts, and scholarly associations and other means of main taining contact between researchers with similar concerns. These developments are especially significant since faculty researching and teaching LAJS have often been hindered by the difficulty of gaining access to information and teaching resources.

      Beyond making material available, LAJS researchers have been bringing their own activities more clearly into focus. Scholars have made efforts to identify the direction LAJS is taking and to suggest future directions.

    Aizenberg, Edna.
  • How a Samovar Helped Me Theorize Latin American Jewish Writing
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    Subject Headings:
    • Latin American literature -- Jewish authors -- History and criticism.
    • Stilman, Eduardo. Samovar de plata.
    • Jews -- Latin America -- Cultural assimilation.
    Abstract:
      Samovars can be used for brewing more than tea. My essay proposes a theory of Latin American Jewish literature through part serious, part playful commentary on Eduardo Stilman's story, "El samovar de plata" (The Silver Samovar). I suggest that Latin American Jewish Studies forge stronger links with Jewish and Holocaust studies, focus on broad cultural fields, and become multigenerational and multilingual. I call for a pluralization of our discipline to achieve a kaleidosopic diversity within an enveloping oneness.
    Dizgun, John.
  • Rights of Passage: The Struggle over Jewish Intermarriage and Conversion in Colombia
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- Colombia -- Social conditions.
    • Interfaith marriage -- Colombia -- Social aspects.
    • Jews -- Identity.
    Abstract:
      This contribution explores the recent debates over Jewish intermarriage and conversion in Colombia, and the extent to which they revived "Old World" and early-immigrant ethnic identities. To this effect it focuses on Bogotá's Sephardic community and tries to elucidate through the speeches, letters, and resolutions stemming from a 1981 High Holiday controversy the non-linear nature of ethnicity and how ethnicity is transformed through struggle. In doing so, this piece also points to a pattern of gendered relations that crossed ethnic and religious boundaries among Jews in Colombia.
    Goldberg, Paul L.
  • Immigration and Childhood Experience in Two Contemporary Andean Jewish Novels
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    Subject Headings:
    • Goldemberg, Isaac, 1945- Vida a plazos de don Jacobo Lerner.
    • Viga, Diego. Año perdido.
    • Jews -- Andes Region -- Cultural assimilation.
    Abstract:
      In spite of the relatively low numbers of Jews living in Ecuador and Peru, Jewish experience in the Andean region of South America has found literary expression in narrative works by Diego Viga (1907-1977) and Isaac Goldemberg (1945). Through the use of the child narrator, these two novelists represent various processes of cultural adaptation and individual survival. As children of Jewish immigrants to Latin America, these characters frequently cope with the contradictory circumstances that growing up Jewish in Ecuador and Peru often presents. A comparison of Diego Viga's The Lost Year (1963) and Isaac Goldemberg's The Fragmented Life of Don Jacobo Lerner (1977) reveals the kind of confusion and hostility that these children encounter and the strategies they employ for dealing with feelings of isolation, abandonment, and rejection.
    Lesser, Jeffrey.
  • Jewish Brazilians or Brazilian Jews? A Reflection on Brazilian Ethnicity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- Brazil -- Cultural assimilation.
    • Jews -- Identity.
    • Ethnicity -- Brazil.
    Abstract:
      How is ethnic and national identity negotiated in Brazil? By asking how Jews fit into a broadly constructed ethnic Brazil, this article argues that the field of Jewish Studies will benefit more from cross-group comparison. It further argues that feelings of insecurity among Brazilian Jews stem more from a sense that in Brazil ethnicity should be practiced at home than from actual public attacks on Jewish ethnic life.
    Maio, Marcos Chor, 1956-
    Calaça, Carlos Eduardo.
  • New Christians and Jews in Brazil: Migrations and Antisemitism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Antisemitism -- Brazil -- History.
    • Brazil -- Ethnic relations -- History.
    • Jews -- Brazil -- Migrations -- History.
    Abstract:
      This article reviews academic production about antisemitism in Brazil under colonialism and during contemporary times. It identifies the issues found in the literature and argues for the need to advance further in studies of the topic, above all on the influence that antisemitism may have had on Brazilian sociability.
    Orum, Thomas T.
  • The Women of the Open Door: Jews in the Belle Epoque Amazonian Demimonde, 1890-1920
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    Subject Headings:
    • Prostitutes -- Brazil -- Amazon River Region -- History.
    • Jewish women -- Brazil -- Amazon River Region -- History.
    • Amazon River Region -- Social conditions -- History.
    Abstract:
      The forays of white-linen-clad urban gentlemen, visiting seringueiros and other devotees of bohemian life in the bars, brothels, and gambling dens of Belem and Manaus during the rubber boom, are part of the folklore of the era. The legendary bacchanalian soirees and sparkling night life of clubs like the High Life and Moulin Rouge in Belem and Pensao da Mulata and Chalet Jardim of Manaus still echo from today's silent sidewalks.

      Women that lived with an open door in Amazonian parlance meant women that accepted callers for paid sexual liaisons. None were more favored companions in the demimonde than the polacas, Jewesses from the European Pale. Both Belem and Manaus had contingents of European prostitutes attracted by Amazonian prosperity that capitalized on their racial precedents and the overwhelming fascination among the Brazilian middle and upper classes for European culture. The Polish and Russian Jewesses eventually supplanted the traditional French cocotte in the Amazonian demimonde. These courtesans were an anomaly in the large primarily Moroccan Sephardic community of the region. Many were simply exotic birds of passage, alighting only temporarily, while others found permanent relationships on the rubber frontier.

    Cimet, Adina, 1951-
  • Between the Undying Authoritarianism and the Unborn Democracy: Communal Organization in Ashkenazi Mexico -- 1997-1998
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- Mexico -- Politics and government.
    • Ashkenazim -- Mexico -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    • Communal living -- Mexico.
    Abstract:
      The article describes the latest structural changes that the Mexican Ashkenazi communal leaders have undertaken. It describes the interplay of religious and lay leaders in effecting essential changes within the community. At the same time, the political and philosophical implications of the choices taken by this leadership and the passivity of its constituency are brought to the fore in an attempt to highlight the enormously important consequences that specific voluntary living arrangements carry with themselves.
    Baker, Zachary M.
  • Art Patronage and Philistinism in Argentina: Maurycy Minkowski in Buenos Aires, 1930
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    Subject Headings:
    • Minkowski, Maurycy.
    • Jews -- Argentina -- History.
    • Argentina -- Ethnic relations.
    Abstract:
      In August 1930 the Polish-Jewish painter Maurycy Minkowski arrived in Buenos Aires for a well-publicized but commercially unsuccessful exhibition of his artworks. Minkowski's exhibition coincided with the onset of the Great Depression, a military uprising, and a roundup of Jewish procurers associated with the Sociedad Zwi Migdal. Both before and after his accidental death (and "celebrity funeral") in November 1930, his patrons--who included the ambassador from Poland and prominent Jewish cultural figures--denounced what they regarded as the philistinism of Jewish parvenus in Argentina. As memory of the artist lapsed into obscurity, his supporters established the Museo Minkowski, housing it in the Argentine Jewish community building (AMIA). The salvage of this collection from the ruins of the AMIA, following the July 1994 terrorist bombing, has set the stage for the rehabilitation of this neglected artist's reputation.

Book Reviews

    Smooha, Sammy.
  • Palestinian Citizens in an Ethnic Jewish State: Identities in Conflict (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rouhana, Nadim N. Palestinian citizens in an ethnic Jewish state: identities in conflict.
    • Palestinian Arabs -- Israel -- Ethnic identity.
    Touval, Amitai.
  • In Search of Identity: Jewish Aspects in Israeli Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Urian, Dan, ed. In search of identity: Jewish aspects in Israeli culture.
    • Karsh, Efraim, ed.
    • Jews -- Israel -- Identity.
    Goldberg, David Howard.
  • The Elections in Israel 1996 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Arian, Alan, ed. Elections in Israel 1996.
    • Shamir, Michal, 1951-, ed.
    • Elections -- Israel.
    Armstrong, James.
  • Immigration to Israel: Sociological Perspectives (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leshem, Elazar, ed. Immigration to Israel: sociological perspectives.
    • Shuval, Judith T., ed.
    • Israel -- Emigration and immigration.
    Climo, Jacob, 1945-
  • Immigrants and Bureaucrats: Ethiopians in an Israeli Absorption Center (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hertzog, Esther. Immigrants and bureaucrats: Ethiopians in an Israeli absorption center.
    • Jews, Ethiopian -- Israel -- Social conditions.
    Timm, Angelika.
  • Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Eisenberg, Laura Zittrain. Negotiating Arab-Israeli peace: patterns, problems, possibilities.
    • Caplan, Neil, 1945-
    • Arab-Israeli conflict.
    Levenson, Alan T.
  • German-Jewish History in Modern Times (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Meyer, Michael A., ed. German-Jewish history in modern times.
    • Brenner, Michael, ed.
    • Jews -- Germany -- History.
    Bell, Dean Phillip, 1967-
  • Von der Emanzipation zur Entrechtung: Deutsch-Jüdische Lebenswege (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Von der Emanzipation zur Entrechtung: Deutsch-Jüdische Lebenswege.
    • Jews -- Germany -- History -- 1800-1933.
    Bell, Dean Phillip, 1967-
  • Zeitenbruch: Jüdische Existenz in Rheinland-Westfalen, 1933-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sassenberg, Marina, 1958- Zeitenbruch: Jüdische Existenz in Rheinland-Westfalen, 1933-1945.
    • Jews -- Germany -- North Rhine-Westphalia -- Exhibitions.
    Birken, Lawrence, 1951-
  • Holocaust und autoritärer Charakter: Amerikanische Studien der vierziger Jahre vor dem Hintergrund der "Goldhagen-Debatte" (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parge, Martina. Holocaust und autoritärer Charakter: amerikanische Studien der vierziger Jahre vor dem Hintergrund der "Goldhagen-Debatte".
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Historiography.
    Niewyk, Donald L., 1940-
  • Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ericksen, Robert P., ed. Betrayal: German churches and the Holocaust.
    • Heschel, Susannah, ed.
    • Antisemitism -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
    Garber, Zev, 1941-
  • The Banality of Good and Evil: Moral Lessons from the Shoah and Jewish Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Blumenthal, David R. Banality of good and evil: moral lessons from the Shoah and Jewish tradition.
    • Good and evil (Judaism)
    Kren, George M., 1926-
  • Under the Shadow of the Swastika: The Moral Dilemmas of Resistance and Collaboration in Hitler's Europe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bennett, Rab, 1950- Under the shadow of the swastika: the moral dilemmas of resistance and collaboration in Hitler's Europe.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Patterson, David, 1922-
  • Moral Responsibility in the Holocaust: A Study in the Ethics of Character (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jones, David H., 1930- Moral responsibility in the Holocaust: a study in the ethics of character.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Garber, Zev, 1941-
  • Problems Unique to the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cargas, Harry J., ed. Problems unique to the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Riethmüller, Albrecht.
  • Most German of the Arts: Musicology and Society from the Weimar Republic to the End of Hitler's Reich (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Potter, Pamela Maxine. Most German of the arts: musicology and society from the Weimar Republic to the end of Hitler's Reich.
    • Musicology -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
    Heppner, Ernest G., 1921-
  • Strange Haven: A Jewish Childhood in Wartime Shanghai (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tobias, Sigmund. Strange haven: a Jewish childhood in wartime Shanghai.
    • Tobias, Sigmund.
    Rossabi, Morris.
  • The Jews of China: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Goldstein, Jonathan, ed. Jews of China: historical and comparative perspectives.
    • Jews -- China -- History.
    Morris, Daniel.
  • Anselm Kiefer and Art after Auschwitz (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Saltzman, Lisa. Anselm Kiefer and art after Auschwitz.
    • Kiefer, Anselm, 1945- -- Psychology.
    May, Jill P.
  • The Impossible Legacy: Identity and Purpose in Autobiographical Children's Literature Set in the Third Reich and the Second World War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lathey, Gillian, 1949- Impossible legacy: identity and purpose in autobiographical children's literature set in the Third Reich and the Second World War.
    • Children's literature -- History and criticism.
    Dickens, David Bruce.
  • Antisemitismus und Judentum bei Clemens Brentano (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vordermayer, Martina, 1965- Antisemitismus und Judentum bei Clemens Brentano.
    • Brentano, Clemens, 1778-1842 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Bowen, Zack R.
  • James Joyce's Judaic Other (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reizbaum, Marilyn. James Joyce's Judaic other.
    • Joyce, James, 1882-1941 -- Knowledge -- Judaism.
    Brenner, Rachel Feldhay, 1946-
  • Drama and Ideology in Modern Israel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Abramson, Glenda. Drama and ideology in modern Israel.
    • Israeli drama -- History and criticism.
    Breslauer, S. Daniel.
  • Martin Buber: The Hidden Dialogue (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Avnon, Dan. Martin Buber: the hidden dialogue.
    • Buber, Martin, 1878-1965.
    Smith, Michael (Michael B.)
  • New Talmudic Readings (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lévinas, Emmanuel. New Talmudic readings.
    • Cohen, Richard A., 1950-, tr.
    • Talmud -- Theology.
    Haas, Peter.
  • Must a Jew Believe Anything? (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kellner, Menachem Marc, 1946- Must a Jew believe anything?
    • Judaism -- Doctrines.
    Seeskin, Kenneth, 1947-
  • Is There a Jewish Philosophy?: Rethinking Fundamentals (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Roth, Leon, 1896-1963. Is there a Jewish philosophy?: rethinking fundamentals.
    • Philosophy, Jewish.
    Eisen, Robert, 1960-
  • Maimonides' Political Thought: Studies in Ethics, Law, and the Human Ideal (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kreisel, Howard T. (Howard Theodore) Maimonides' political thought: studies in ethics, law, and the human ideal.
    • Maimonides, Moses, 1135-1204.
    Bailey, Randall C., 1947-
  • David: Biblical Portraits of Power (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Steussy, Marti J., 1955- David: biblical portraits of power.
    • David, King of Israel.
    Attridge, Harold W.
  • Josephus's Interpretation of the Bible (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feldman, Louis H. Josephus's interpretation of the Bible.
    • Josephus, Flavius. Antiquitates Judaicae.
    Weingart, Samuel.
  • The Fighting Rabbis: Jewish Military Chaplains and American History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Slomovitz, Albert Isaac. Fighting rabbis: Jewish military chaplains and American history.
    • Chaplains, Military -- Judaism -- History.



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