Rhetoric & Public Affairs

Rhetoric & Public Affairs
Volume 8, Number 3, Fall 2005

CONTENTS

Articles

    Engels, Jeremy.
  • "Equipped for Murder": The Paxton Boys and "the Spirit of Killing all Indians" in Pennsylvania, 1763-1764
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    Subject Headings:
    • Indians of North America -- Violence against -- Pennsylvania -- History -- 18th century.
    • Rhetoric -- Political aspects -- Pennsylvania -- History -- 18th century.
    Abstract:
      In the winter of 1763, dozens of Western Pennsylvanians calling themselves the Paxton Boys murdered 21 Native Americans, a politically charged action that nearly embroiled the colony in civil war and altered the colony's election in 1764. This essay examines the Paxton Boys' justifications and also the failed rhetorical strategies developed by Quakers for defending Native Americans. . . As the Paxton Boys demonstrated the interrelationship between colonial violence and rhetoric, they set the precedent for future violence targeting Native Americans in Pennsylvania and beyond.
    Lynch, John.
  • Institution and Imprimatur: Institutional Rhetoric and the Failure of the Catholic Church's Pastoral Letter on Homosexuality
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    Subject Headings:
    • Catholic Church. National Conference of Catholic Bishops. Bishops' Committee on Marriage and Family. Always our children: a pastoral message to parents of homosexual children and suggestions for pastoral ministers.
    • Rhetoric -- Religious aspects -- Catholic Church.
    • Homosexuality -- Religious aspects -- Catholic Church.
    Abstract:
      This essay examines the Catholic Church's pastoral letter on homosexuality, Always Our Children. While its primary audience was the parents of gays and lesbians, the letter also had to address gay and lesbian Catholics and conservative bishops. A key task for the letter was acquiring the imprimatur, or silent assent, of bishops. The letter used three strategies to attain this assent: strict definition of purpose, an almost exclusive use of previous institutional rhetoric as supporting material, and the deflection of responsibility for the issue at hand onto outside groups. The letter ultimately failed to persuade its audiences and was revised because of tensions in its characterization of gays and lesbians.
    Tonn, Mari Boor.
  • Taking Conversation, Dialogue, and Therapy Public
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conversation.
    • Conflict management.
    • Democracy.
    Abstract:
      This essay interrogates "conversation," "dialogue," and the language of therapy as framing devices for various public deliberative processes in the 1990s and since. Although "conversation" and "dialogue" are often trumpeted as a means to restore civility, egalitarianism, and community into the public sphere, this essay argues that these communication modes, coupled with the language of therapy in which they frequently have been couched, are problematic as paradigms for conflict and problem resolution on public issues. The essay argues, first, that a conversational model for deliberation may impede rather than further democratic goals, and, second, that conversation may function as a therapeutic substitute for policy formation necessary to remedy social ills.
    Brands, Hal.
  • Rhetoric, Public Opinion, and Policy in the American Debate over the Japanese Emperor during World War II
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hirohito, Emperor of Japan, 1901- -- Public opinion.
    • Public opinion -- United States.
    • Rhetoric -- Political aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      During World War II, American public observers debated the Japanese emperor's political and social role, his culpability in Japanese "aggression," and his proper status in the postwar settlement. Reflecting broader themes and developments of war and diplomacy, the focus of this discussion shifted at various points between December 1941 and August 1945, alternating between different levels of hostility toward the emperor. Though this public debate was often prominent in the minds of U.S. officials, the effects of the discussion on American policy were uneven. This being the case, the emperor question provides an excellent opportunity to study the complex relationship between rhetoric, policy, and public opinion.

Forum

Book Reviews

Review Essay

    Hartnett, Stephen J.
    Larson, Daniel Mark.
  • Moving Beyond the Rhetorics of Dignity and Depravity; Or, Arguing About Capital Punishment
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    Subject Headings:
    • Banner, Stuart, 1963- Death penalty: an American history.
    • Bedau, Hugo Adam, ed. Death penalty in America: current controversies.
    • Galliher, John F. America without the death penalty: states leading the way.
    • Hood, Roger G. Death penalty: a worldwide perspective.
    • Jonnes, Jill, 1952- Empires of light: Edison, Tesla, Westinghouse, and the race to electrify the world.
    • King, Rachel, 1963- Don't kill in our names: families of murder victims speak out against the death penalty.
    • Lifton, Robert Jay, 1926- Who owns death?: capital punishment, the American conscience, and the end of executions.
    • Mitchell, Greg, 1947-
    • Linebaugh, Peter. London hanged: crime and civil society in the eighteenth century.
    • Capital punishment -- United States -- History.

Reviews

    Casey, Michael W.
  • Christianity and the Mass Media in America: Toward a Democratic Accommodation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schultze, Quentin J. Christianity and the mass media in America: toward a democratic accommodation.
    • Mass media in religion -- United States.
    Jensen, Robin E.
  • The Politics of American Religious Identity: The Seating of Senator Reed Smoot, Mormon Apostle (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Flake, Kathleen. Politics of American religious identity: the seating of Senator Reed Smoot, Mormon apostle.
    • Smoot, Reed, 1862-1941.
    Hammerback, John C.
  • Holy Terrors: Thinking about Religion after September 11 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lincoln, Bruce. Holy terrors: thinking about religion after September 11.
    • September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001.
    Vinson, Danielle.
  • Culture and Democracy: Media, Space, and Representation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barnett, Clive. Culture and democracy: media, space, and representation.
    • Democracy.
    Ramzy, Rasha I.
  • Shared Land/Conflicting Identity: Trajectories of Israeli and Palestinian Symbol Use (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rowland, Robert C., 1954- Shared land/conflicting identity: trajectories of Israeli and Palestinian symbol use.
    • Frank, David A.
    • Arab-Israeli conflict -- Psychological aspects.
    Engels, Jeremy.
  • Peace Pact: The Lost World of the American Founding (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hendrickson, David C. Peace pact: the lost world of the American founding.
    • United States -- Politics and government -- 18th century.
    Smith, Yancy.
  • Judgment, Rhetoric, and the Problem of Incommensurability: Recalling Practical Wisdom (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Heidlebaugh, Nola J., 1949- Judgment, rhetoric, and the problem of incommensurability: recalling practical wisdom.
    • Reasoning.
    Lamp, Kathleen Suzanne.
  • Quintilian and the Law: The Art of Persuasion in Law and Politics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tellegen-Couperus, O. E. (Olga Eveline), ed. Quintilian and the law: the art of persuasion in law and politics.
    • Quintilian -- Influence.
    Fried, Amy.
  • Collective Preferences in Democratic Politics: Opinion Surveys and the Will of the People (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Althaus, Scott L., 1966- Collective preferences in democratic politics: opinion surveys and the will of the people.
    • Public opinion -- United States.
    Hogan, J. Michael, 1953-
  • The Evolution of Presidential Polling (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Eisinger, Robert M. (Robert Martin), 1965- Evolution of presidential polling.
    • Presidents -- United States.
    Hals, Michelle L.
  • Out of Touch: The Presidency and Public Opinion (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Towle, Michael J., 1962- Out of touch: the presidency and public opinion.
    • Presidents -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Majdik, Zoltan P.
  • Power without Persuasion: The Politics of Direct Presidential Action (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Howell, William G. Power without persuasion: the politics of direct presidential action.
    • Executive orders -- United States.
    Spitzer, Robert J., 1952-
  • Empowering the White House: Governance under Nixon, Ford, and Carter (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hult, Karen Marie. Empowering the White House: governance under Nixon, Ford, and Carter.
    • Walcott, Charles Eliot, 1943-
    • United States -- Politics and government -- 1969-1974.
    Farrar-Myers, Victoria A.
  • The Presidency and Women: Promise, Performance, and Illusion (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Martin, Janet M., 1955- Presidency and women: promise, performance, and illusion.
    • Women in the civil service -- United States.
    Belk, William.
  • HST: Memories of the Truman Years, and: Miracle of '48: Harry Truman's Major Campaign Speeches and Selected Whistle-Stops (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Neal, Steve, 1949-, ed. HST: memories of the Truman years.
    • Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. Miracle of '48: Harry Truman's major campaign speeches and selected whistle-stops.
    • Neal, Steve, 1949-, ed.
    • Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
    • United States -- Politics and government -- 1945-1953.



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