Volume 23, Number 2, Spring 2003



    Savran, George W.
  • Theophany as Type Scene
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    Subject Headings:
    • Theophanies in the Bible.
      A close examination of biblical theophany narratives reveals the existence of a fixed set of elements. The use of the rubric "theophany narrative" allows for a better understanding of the literary dynamics of these texts than the form-critical model, which is usually applied to these stories. As a result, texts that have been traditionally grouped according to a variety of genres—call narratives, annunciation stories, dream reports—are here treated together. This study identifies the following distinct stages in these narratives: (1) separation from society; (2) visual and verbal encounter with the divine; (3) human response to the encounter, ranging from fear to skepticism; and (4) externalization of the experience. Insofar as each of these stages displays a range of literary strategies that highlight the unique concerns of the particular narrative, a type-scene model proves to be most useful as an interpretive key for these texts.
    Stern, Elsie.
  • Transforming Comfort: Hermeneutics and Theology in the Haftarot of Consolation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Haftarot.
    • Judaism -- Liturgy.
    • Consolation (Judaism)
      The selection and arrangement of lectionary texts are powerful tools for the interpretation and transformation of Scripture. The most extensive example of this phenomenon within the Jewish lectionary is the sequence of haftarot surrounding the ninth of Av. The redactors of this haftarah sequence use strategies of selection and arrangement to transform a collection of texts from Isa. 40-66 into a coherent unit with a dialogic structure and a defined sequence. While this new liturgical unit is composed solely of biblical texts, it articulates a theology of consolation that differs from that of its constituent texts in their biblical context. In Isa. 40-66, reconciliation and redemption are inextricably linked to each other. The haftarah sequence unhitches reconciliation from redemption and asserts that even though redemption lies in the future, the reconciliation between God and Israel occurs in the present in the midst of the worshiping community.
    Jelen, Sheila E.
  • She Sermonizes in Wool and Flax: Dvora Baron's Literary Vernacular
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baron, Devorah, 1887-1956. Genizah.
    • Baron, Devorah, 1887-1956. Agunah.
    • Sermons in literature.
      When Dvora Baron sought, in the absence of a Hebrew-speaking culture, to create a vernacular literature, how did her associations and choices differ from those of her male colleagues? How do those differences nuance our understanding of the continuities and discontinuities with traditional Hebrew and religious texts presented by a modern vernacular literature in the making? In her stories "Genizah" (Holy burial, 1921) and "'Agunah" (Abandoned wife, 1920), Dvora Baron's depiction of sermons sheds light both on the stylistic development of a vernacular Hebrew literature at the turn of the twentieth century and on the social implications of the burgeoning vernacular consciousness during that period. Learning traditional Jewish texts orally and aurally, Baron was better equipped than her literary peers to recognize the importance of representing the juncture of voice and text in modern Hebrew literature. In her texts, she posed a number of crucial social questions about Jewish literacy as well as about vernacular literatures. Who is speaking and who is listening in traditional as well as in modern Jewish literary culture? Who chooses to read and who chooses to hear? Who must hear because they cannot read, and what do they lose, or gain, in the process? Baron achieves a fine balance, in her representation of the relationship between textually erudite orators and illiterate auditors, between the oral voice and the literary text.

Book Reviews

    Rosen-Zvi, Ishay.
  • Blood, Identity, and Counter-Discourse: Rabbinic Writings on Menstruation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fonrobert, Charlotte Elisheva. Menstrual purity: rabbinic and Christian reconstructions of Biblical gender.
    • Purity, Ritual -- Judaism.
    Rabin, Elliott.
  • The Eternal Maskil
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pelli, Moshe. Age of Haskalah: studies in Hebrew literature of the Enlightenment in Germany.
    • Pelli, Moshe. Bema'avkei temurah: 'iyunim bahaskalah ha'ivrit begermanyah beshilhei hame'ah hayud het.
    • Pelli, Moshe. Dor hame'asfim beshahar hahaskalah.
    • Pelli, Moshe. Mosheh Mendelssohn: bekhavlei masoret.
    • Pelli, Moshe. Sha'ar lahaskalah: mafteah mu'ar lehame'asef, ktav ha'et ha'ivri harishon.
    • Pelli, Moshe. Sugot vesugyot besifrut hahaskalah ha'ivrit: hag'aner hamaskili va'avizareihu.
    • Haskalah -- Germany.
    • Haskalah -- Germany -- History -- 18th century.
    Gillman, Abigail.
  • Beyond Dialogue: New Scholarship in German-Jewish Studies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grossman, Jeffrey A., 1961- Discourse on Yiddish in Germany: from the enlightenment to the Second Empire.
    • Isenberg, Noah William. Between redemption and doom: the strains of German-Jewish modernism.
    • Krobb, Florian. Selbstdarstellungen: Untersuchungen zur deutsch-jüdischen Erzählliteratur im neunzehnten Jahrhundert.
    • Librett, Jeffrey S. Rhetoric of cultural dialogue: Jews and Germans from Moses Mendelssohn to Richard Wagner and beyond.
    • Massey, Irving. Philo-semitism in nineteenth-century German literature.
    • Mendes-Flohr, Paul R. German Jews: a dual identity.
    • German literature -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    • Jews -- Germany -- Intellectual life.
    Levinson, Julian.
  • Arthur A. Cohen's Resplendent Vision
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cohen, Arthur Allen, 1928- Arthur A. Cohen reader: selected fiction and writings on Judaism, theology, literature, and culture.
    • Stern, David, 1949-, ed.
    • Mendes-Flohr, Paul R., ed.
    • Judaism.

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