Creative and compelling theoretical formulations
of the archive have emerged from a host of disciplines in the last
decade. Derrida and Foucault, as well as many other humanists and social
scientists, have initiated a broadly interdisciplinary conversation
about the nature of the archive. This literature suggests a confluence
of interests among scholars, archivists, and librarians that is fueled
by a shared preoccupation with the function and fate of the historical
and scholarly record. The following essay provides an exploration and
overview of this archival discourse.
Association of College and Research Libraries. Characteristics of programs of information literacy that illustrate best practices: a guideline.
Information literacy -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
Academic libraries -- Standards -- United States.
The authors discuss the application of the Association
of College and Research Libraries' (ACRL) "Characteristics of Programs
of Information Literacy that Illustrate Best Practices: A Guideline" to
develop a successful post-secondary information literacy program. Drawing
on personal experience and the literature, they examine several of
the key characteristics with the intention of raising questions and
exploring issues. ACRL recognized their work with information literacy
at Zayed University, UAE, selecting it as one of the ten institutions
in the world demonstrating best practices.
This article discusses and illustrates selected changes
and trends in the way academic libraries are programmed and designed in
response to changes in teaching techniques in higher education. The author
draws particular attention to the new requirements for collaborative
study in technology-rich spaces and makes detailed recommendations for
those preparing library space programs.
A basic tenet of information literacy programs is
that the skills needed to use computers and the skills needed to find
and evaluate information are two separate sets of skills. Outside the
library this is not always the view. The claim is sometimes made that
information skills are acquired by learning computer skills. All that
is needed is a computer lab and someone to teach computer skills. This
study uses data from a survey of computer and information skills to
determine whether or not these skills are separate entities. The survey
was given to incoming freshmen at Purdue University in 1999 and 2000. A
factor analysis of the data supports the assumption that the two skills
are different. The factors are interpreted as the learning experiences
that lead to the two sets of skills.
Academic librarians -- Selection and appointment -- United States.
Academic librarians -- Faculty status -- United States.
Continued rapid change in higher education and in
academic librarianship calls for flexibility in offering and managing
professional appointments to meet organizational needs and objectives, as
well as to provide career options for librarians seeking a professional
model suitable to personal needs and objectives. A literature review
focused on appointment types highlights the variety of existing positions
for faculty and academic professionals. Expansion of appointment options
is suggested for consideration, particularly in light of recruitment
and retention concerns in the profession. Most institutions restrict
the power of choice to management, but there are some that offer choice,
thereby allowing candidates to select a preferred appointment according to
personal and professional career goals. Examination of two institutions
that offer a choice track for librarians points to the necessity for
further investigation of the benefits of expanded appointment options
to the individual, the institution, and the profession.
Academic libraries segregate their personnel into
professional and supportive categories almost exclusively on the
basis of the American Library Association's (ALA) accredited master's
degree. This article surveys the professional discourses of academic
librarians and adopts a critical theory methodology to critique this
practice. The authors recommend a refined classification of personnel
without repudiating professionalism.
The use of numeric data has historical significance
in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is
burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item
questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the
interactions between academic business libraries and other local units
supplying numeric data services. In addition to observations about
physical location and administrative oversight, special attention is given
to the coordination and promotion of data services between the business
library and research data service centers. This pilot study reveals
some interesting and surprising trends confronting academic libraries
and research data centers, while opening new avenues for further research.
Librarians use subject guides to introduce students
to library materials. Surveys, usability tests, and usage statistics
demonstrate that students do not relate well to subject guides. We suggest
that library resources organized or delivered at a course level are more
in line with how undergraduate students approach library research.
Cortez, Edwin M.
Dutta, Sanjay K.
Kazlauskas, Edward John.