portal: Libraries and the Academy

portal: Libraries and the Academy
Volume 4, Number 1, January 2004

CONTENTS

Editorial Statement

Guest Editorial

Articles

    Manoff, Marlene.
  • Theories of the Archive from Across the Disciplines
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    Subject Headings:
    • Archives.
    • Learning and scholarship.
    Abstract:
      Creative and compelling theoretical formulations of the archive have emerged from a host of disciplines in the last decade. Derrida and Foucault, as well as many other humanists and social scientists, have initiated a broadly interdisciplinary conversation about the nature of the archive. This literature suggests a confluence of interests among scholars, archivists, and librarians that is fueled by a shared preoccupation with the function and fate of the historical and scholarly record. The following essay provides an exploration and overview of this archival discourse.
    Hunt, Fiona.
    Birks, Jane.
  • Best Practices in Information Literacy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Association of College and Research Libraries. Characteristics of programs of information literacy that illustrate best practices: a guideline.
    • Information literacy -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
    • Academic libraries -- Standards -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The authors discuss the application of the Association of College and Research Libraries' (ACRL) "Characteristics of Programs of Information Literacy that Illustrate Best Practices: A Guideline" to develop a successful post-secondary information literacy program. Drawing on personal experience and the literature, they examine several of the key characteristics with the intention of raising questions and exploring issues. ACRL recognized their work with information literacy at Zayed University, UAE, selecting it as one of the ten institutions in the world demonstrating best practices.
    Foote, Steven M.
  • Changes in Library Design: An Architect's Perspective
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    Subject Headings:
    • Library architecture.
    Abstract:
      This article discusses and illustrates selected changes and trends in the way academic libraries are programmed and designed in response to changes in teaching techniques in higher education. The author draws particular attention to the new requirements for collaborative study in technology-rich spaces and makes detailed recommendations for those preparing library space programs.
    Pask, Judith M.
    Saunders, E. Stewart.
  • Differentiating Information Skills and Computer Skills: A Factor Analytic Approach
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    Subject Headings:
    • Computer literacy.
    • Information literacy.
    Abstract:
      A basic tenet of information literacy programs is that the skills needed to use computers and the skills needed to find and evaluate information are two separate sets of skills. Outside the library this is not always the view. The claim is sometimes made that information skills are acquired by learning computer skills. All that is needed is a computer lab and someone to teach computer skills. This study uses data from a survey of computer and information skills to determine whether or not these skills are separate entities. The survey was given to incoming freshmen at Purdue University in 1999 and 2000. A factor analysis of the data supports the assumption that the two skills are different. The factors are interpreted as the learning experiences that lead to the two sets of skills.
    Ruess, Diane E.
  • Faculty and Professional Appointments of Academic Librarians: Expanding the Options for Choice
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic librarians -- Selection and appointment -- United States.
    • Academic librarians -- Faculty status -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Continued rapid change in higher education and in academic librarianship calls for flexibility in offering and managing professional appointments to meet organizational needs and objectives, as well as to provide career options for librarians seeking a professional model suitable to personal needs and objectives. A literature review focused on appointment types highlights the variety of existing positions for faculty and academic professionals. Expansion of appointment options is suggested for consideration, particularly in light of recruitment and retention concerns in the profession. Most institutions restrict the power of choice to management, but there are some that offer choice, thereby allowing candidates to select a preferred appointment according to personal and professional career goals. Examination of two institutions that offer a choice track for librarians points to the necessity for further investigation of the benefits of expanded appointment options to the individual, the institution, and the profession.
    Jones, Phillip J.
    Stivers, James.
  • Good Fences Make Bad Libraries: Rethinking Binary Constructions of Employment in Academic Libraries
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- Employees.
    • Library employees -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Academic libraries segregate their personnel into professional and supportive categories almost exclusively on the basis of the American Library Association's (ALA) accredited master's degree. This article surveys the professional discourses of academic librarians and adopts a critical theory methodology to critique this practice. The authors recommend a refined classification of personnel without repudiating professionalism.
    Bennett, Terrence B.
    Nicholson, Shawn.
  • Interactions Between the Academic Business Library and Research Data Services
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    Subject Headings:
    • Business libraries -- Reference services.
    Abstract:
      The use of numeric data has historical significance in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the interactions between academic business libraries and other local units supplying numeric data services. In addition to observations about physical location and administrative oversight, special attention is given to the coordination and promotion of data services between the business library and research data service centers. This pilot study reveals some interesting and surprising trends confronting academic libraries and research data centers, while opening new avenues for further research.
    Reeb, Brenda.
    Gibbons, Susan (Susan L.), 1970-
  • Students, Librarians, and Subject Guides: Improving a Poor Rate of Return
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- Reference services.
    • Library orientation.
    Abstract:
      Librarians use subject guides to introduce students to library materials. Surveys, usability tests, and usage statistics demonstrate that students do not relate well to subject guides. We suggest that library resources organized or delivered at a course level are more in line with how undergraduate students approach library research.
    Cortez, Edwin M.
    Dutta, Sanjay K.
    Kazlauskas, Edward John.
  • What the Library and Information Professional Can Learn from the Information Technology and Project Management Knowledge Areas
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    Subject Headings:
    • Information technology.
    • Project management.
    • Library science.

Features
Strategic Visioning

    McKay, Richard.
  • Flying the Colors: Coping Successfully with Site Visits from Accrediting Agencies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Universities and colleges -- Accreditation.
    • Accreditation (Education)

Reviews

    Tomer, Christinger.
  • Dimensions and Use of the Scholarly Information Environment: Introduction to a Data Set Assembled by the Digital Library Federation and Outsell, Inc. (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Friedlander, Amy. Dimensions and use of the scholarly information environment: introduction to a data set assembled by the Digital Library Federation and Outsell, Inc.
    • Academic libraries -- Use studies.
    Gerhard, Kristin H.
  • Electronic Resources and Collection Development (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lee, Sul H., ed. Electronic resources and collection development.
    • Academic libraries -- Collection development -- United States -- Congresses.
    Laskowski, Mary S.
  • The Enduring Library: Technology, Tradition, and the Quest for Balance (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gorman, Michael, 1941- Enduring library: technology, tradition, and the quest for balance.
    • Libraries and society.
    Preer, Jean L.
  • Libraries, Museums, and Archives: Legal and Ethical Challenges in the New Information Era (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lipinski, Tomas A., 1958-, ed. Libraries, museums, and archives: legal and ethical challenges in the new information era.
    • Library legislation -- United States.
    Mizzy, Danianne.
  • The Virtual Reference Librarian's Handbook (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lipow, Anne Grodzins, 1935- Virtual reference librarian's handbook.
    • Electronic reference services (Libraries) -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
    Duck, Pat.
  • The Visible Librarian: Asserting Your Value with Marketing and Advocacy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Siess, Judith A. Visible librarian: asserting your value with marketing and advocacy.
    • Libraries -- Public relations.

Briefly Noted

  • Briefly Noted
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reilly, Bernard. Developing print repositories: models for shared preservation and access.
    • Council on Library and Information Resources. Emerging visions for access in the twenty-first century library.
    • Arant, Wendi, ed. Image and role of the librarian.
    • Benefiel, Candace R., ed.
    • Niemeyer, Daniel Charles. Hard facts on smart classroom design: ideas, guidelines and layouts.
    • Janes, Joseph. Introduction to reference work in the digital age.

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