portal: Libraries and the Academy

portal: Libraries and the Academy
Volume 3, Number 3, July 2003


Contents

Editorial Statement

Articles

    Stoffle, Carla J.
    Allen, Barbara.
    Morden, David.
    Maloney, Krisellen.
  • Continuing to Build the Future: Academic Libraries and their Challenges
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- Aims and objectives -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This article is based on presentations by Carla J. Stoffle at the Ontario Library Association, January 31, 2002, and the Rare Book and Manuscripts Section Pre-Conference, American Library Association Conference, June 12, 2002.
    Yoder, Amanda R.
  • The Cyborg Librarian as Interface: Interpreting Postmodern Discourse on Knowledge Construction, Validation, and Navigation within Academic Libraries
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    Subject Headings:
    • Postmodernism and higher education -- United States.
    • Knowledge, Theory of.
    • College librarians -- United States.
    • Academic libraries -- Aims and objectives -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This paper explores the implications of postmodernism upon a historically modern institution by articulating and applying three components of postmodernity to the academic library: the rise of local narratives, the performativity of knowledge, and the notion of the cyborg, a human-machine hybrid inhabited, in many ways, by the academic librarian.
    Voelck, Julie.
  • Directive and Connective: Gender-Based Differences in the Management Styles of Academic Library Managers
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- Administration.
    • Management -- United States -- Sex differences.
    • Sex discrimination against women -- United States.
    Abstract:
      To explore gender-based differences in management style, semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-eight managers in the libraries of thirteen publicly-assisted universities in Michigan. The research design incorporated both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Results revealed statistically significant differences by sex in the scale responses on several management traits, as well as differences in responses to open-ended interview questions. Possible connections between these gender-related differences in management style and the disproportionate representation of women in the highest administrative positions in libraries are discussed.
    Leon, Lars E.
    DeWeese, June L.
    Kochan, Carol Ann.
    Peterson-Lugo, Billie.
    Zillig, Brian L. Pytlik.
  • Enhanced Resource Sharing Through Group Interlibrary Loan Best Practices: A Conceptual, Structural, and Procedural Approach
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- Interlibrary loans -- United States -- Evaluation.
    • Academic libraries -- Aims and objectives -- United States.
    • Greater Western Library Alliance. Interlibrary Loan Committee.
    Abstract:
      Members of the Greater Western Library Alliance Interlibrary Loan Committee have spent more than two years developing a Best Practices model for Interlibrary Borrowing and Lending for consortia and local operations. The model includes the practices to be followed, a monitoring plan, and a process for regular evaluation. The GWLA Interlibrary Loan Committee has not yet determined the regular evaluation process, including the timeline. We anticipate that process being established in Spring 2003.
    Hoggan, Danielle Bodrero.
  • Faculty Status for Librarians in Higher Education
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    Subject Headings:
    • College librarians -- United States -- Faculty status.
    • College librarians -- Job stress -- United States.
    • Career development -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The ACRL Standards for Faculty Status for College and University Librarians state that library faculty should have the same privileges and responsibilities as other faculty on campus. However, some conditions, such as tenure and equitable salaries, are often withheld from library faculty. When faculty status is implemented by ACRL standards, it is associated with better job satisfaction, improved status, higher salaries, and more opportunities for professional development. However, faculty status librarians face pressure to do research, publish, and attend meetings. These responsibilities detract from time spent on traditional librarianship duties and often from personal time as well. In addition, economists believe that faculty status will eventually lead to a decreased demand for librarians because of the diversion of energy away from librarianship. Faculty status for librarians is positively correlated with indicators of student achievement, such as graduation rates and pursuit of graduate-level education. However, it is interesting to note that librarian faculty status is also associated with decreased research output of the institution as a whole.
    Adler, Rebecca.
  • The Librarians in the Trenches: The Workaday Impact of Information Literacy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Information literacy -- New York (State) -- New York.
    • College librarians -- Job stress -- United States.
    • Library orientation for college students -- New York (State) -- New York.
    • Universities and colleges -- Curricula -- New York (State) -- New York.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines the way the information literacy project is functioning day to day at a number of representative undergraduate campuses in the greater New York City area. It does so by reporting on information culled from face-to-face interviews conducted with the librarian coordinating the program. The information, though anecdotal in nature, is nonetheless of considerable value, inasmuch as the personal interview appeared to elicit from interviewees the kinds of responses that were unlikely to have been so nuanced (and so detailed) in a more formal, impersonal type of questionnaire amenable to statistical analysis. Thus new insights are obtained into the manner in which library personnel are dealing with the added responsibilities the information literacy boom has conferred upon them. In addition, the answers to the series of questions asked are informally analyzed and provide a sense of the way some of the problems are being handled that have arisen as a result of the strong college-wide emphasis on achieving universal information literacy.
    Kushkowski, Jeffrey D.
    Parsons, Kathy A.
    Wiese, William H.
  • Master's and Doctoral Thesis Citations: Analysis and Trends of a Longitudinal Study
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dissertations, Academic -- United States -- Bibliography -- Methodology -- Longitudinal studies.
    Abstract:
      This article reports the results of a longitudinal study of over 9100 citations from 629 master's and doctoral theses written between 1973 and 1992 at a large midwestern land-grant university. The results of this study suggest that graduate students writing theses favor current research regardless of disciplinary affiliation. The length of theses increased over time and the number of citations in thesis bibliographies varied by discipline. Implications of the results for collection development and scholarship as well as areas for future research are discussed.
    Heintz, John P.
  • Migration of Government Information Products to the Internet
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    Subject Headings:
    • Government information -- Digitization -- United States.
    • Depository libraries -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Government information traditionally published in printed form is increasingly appearing on federal agency websites. This transition generally results in better access to information. However, these changes raise a variety of bibliographic control and access problems for the Federal Depository Library Program. This article provides an overview of these issues, examines responses to date, and provides the perspective of a government manager on some of the access issues, arguing that rather than fighting the changes librarians need to help the system evolve by embracing proactive solutions.
    Elteto, Sharon.
    Frank, Donald G.
  • The Politics Of Survival In The Postmodern Library
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- Aims and objectives -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The vitality and relevance of academic libraries are at stake as a result of dramatic budget reductions and ongoing changes in the use of libraries. Academic librarians who are more aware of the realities and uncertainties of the political context in which their libraries exist are more likely to succeed. This article explores the ambiguities, realities, and implications of the academic library's political environment and suggests strategies to be politically effective.
    Nowicki, Stacy.
  • Student vs. Search Engine: Undergraduates Rank Results for Relevance
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    Subject Headings:
    • Search engines -- United States.
    • Computer literacy -- United States.
    • Library orientation for college students -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This study investigated six popular search engines to determine their effectiveness in returning results relevant to college students' information needs. Though the search engines generally performed poorly, a lack of computer skills and an inability to construct appropriate search statements limited students' success. Keywords: search engines, World Wide Web, relevance, college students, information literacy, computer literacy.
    Keywords:
      search engines, World Wide Web, relevance, college students, information literacy, computer literacy
    Cohen, Laura B.
  • A Two-Tiered Model for Analyzing Library Web Site Usage Statistics, Part 2: Log File Analysis
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- Use studies.
    • Internet searching -- United States.
    • Academic libraries -- Aims and objectives -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The author proposes a two-tiered model for analyzing website usage statistics for academic libraries: one tier for library administrators that analyzes measures indicating library use, and a second tier for website managers that analyzes measures that aid in server maintenance and site design. The author discusses the technology of website usage statistics, including several caveats about the accuracy of derived counts, and recommends important measures for each tier. Part 1 describes Web server logs and the challenges inherent in their analysis. Part 2 presents recommendations for conducting log file analysis to obtain meaningful information, benefiting administrators and site managers.

Reviews

    Lynch, Beverly P.
  • Vandals in the Stacks?: A Response to Nicholson Baker's Assault on Libraries (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cox, Richard J. Vandals in the stacks?: a response to Nicholson Baker's assault on libraries.
    • Baker, Nicholson. Double fold.
    Espinal, Isabel.
  • Diversity in Libraries: Academic Residency Programs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cogell, Raquel V., 1968-, ed. Diversity in libraries: academic residency programs.
    • Gruwell, Cindy A., ed.
    • Minority librarians -- Recruiting -- United States.
    Turner, Nancy B.
  • Measures for Electronic Resources (E-Metrics) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Association of Research Libraries. Measures for electronic resources (E-Metrics)
    • Research libraries -- United States -- Statistics.
    Golian-Lui, Linda Marie.
  • Library Evaluation: A Casebook and Can-Do Guide (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wallace, Danny P., ed. Library evaluation: a casebook and can-do guide.
    • Van Fleet, Connie Jean, 1950-, ed.
    • Libraries -- Evaluation.
    Ruppel, Margie.
  • Sociological and Psychological Aspects of Information Literacy in Higher Education (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Neely, Teresa Y. Sociological and psychological aspects of information literacy in higher education.
    • Information literacy -- Social aspects.
    Ward, David.
  • Starting and Operating Live Virtual Reference Services: A How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Meola, Marc, 1968- Starting and operating live virtual reference services: a how-to-do-it manual for librarians.
    • Stormont, Sam, 1951-
    • Internet in library reference services.
    Green, Stephen W.
  • Understanding Reference Transactions: Transforming an Art into a Science (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Saxton, Matthew L. (Matthew Locke), 1969- Understanding reference transactions: transforming an art into a science.
    • Richardson, John V., 1949-
    • Reference services (Libraries)
    Westbrook, Lynn.
  • Evolution in Reference and Information Services: The Impact of the Internet (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Su, Di, ed. Evolution in reference and information services: the impact of the Internet.
    • Internet in library reference services.
    Becker, Patti Clayton.
  • Not Seeing Red: American Librarianship and the Soviet Union, 1917-1960 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Karetzky, Stephen, 1946- Not seeing red: American librarianship and the Soviet Union, 1917-1960.
    • Library science -- Soviet Union -- History.
    Abel-Kops, Chad P.
  • Christian Librarianship: Essays on the Integration of Faith and Profession (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smith, Gregory A., 1972-, ed. Christian librarianship: essays on the integration of faith and profession.
    • Christian librarians -- Religious life.
  • Briefly Noted
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    Subject Headings:
    • Merz, Lawrie H., ed. Assessment in college library instruction programs.
    • Mark, Beth L., ed.
    • Kenney, Anne R., 1950- State of preservation programs in American college and research libraries: building a common understanding and action agenda.
    • Stam, Deirdre Corcoran.
    • Augst, Thomas, ed. Libraries as agencies of culture.
    • Wiegand, Wayne A., 1946-, ed.
    • Swan, James, 1941- Fundraising for libraries: 25 proven ways to get more money for your library.
    • Besek, June M. Copyright issues relevant to the creation of a digital archive: a preliminary assessment.



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