portal: Libraries and the Academy

portal: Libraries and the Academy
Volume 3, Number 1, January 2003


Editorial Statement

Articles

    Werking, Richard Hume.
  • "Vessels and Voyagers: Some Thoughts on Reading and Writing, Books and Libraries"
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Libraries and society.
    Abstract:
      This travelogue is intended as a reminder of certain fundamental matters specified or implied in the title. Readers will quickly discern that it was written for oral presentation; that tone is retained here intentionally. An earlier version of the essay was delivered as the keynote address at the third annual Timberline Acquisitions Institute, Mt. Hood, Oregon, in May 2002. It was dedicated to the memory of Kathryn A. Soupiset, the author's colleague and friend, who was the longtime Head of Acquisitions at Trinity University.
    Sapp, Gregg.
    Gilmour, Ron.
  • A Brief History of the Future of Academic Libraries: Predictions and Speculations from the Literature of the Profession, 1975 to 2000--part two, 1990 to 2000
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      During the last quarter of the twentieth century, the literature of academic librarianship was replete with articles predicting, anticipating, speculating, and/or cautioning about future possibilities for the field. The seminal works of F. W. Lancaster, who was one of the early predictors and enthusiasts of "paperless information systems," are the key points of departure for this literature. This article (which covers the period of time from 1990 to 1999), as well as its first part (1975 to 1989), employ a citation-tracking method for gathering and reviewing this literature. Each work discussed in this article either cites Lancaster's work, or another that cites it, so that the resulting literature review has grown from a common source of thought. The aim is to provide an analytical overview on how academic librarians saw and attempted to shape the future of their field during a period of unprecedented change.
    Saunders, E. Stewart.
  • The Effect of Bibliographic Instruction on the Demand For Reference Services
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Library orientation.
    • Reference services (Libraries)
    Abstract:
      If the effect of bibliographic instruction is to create a more self-reliant library user and information-seeker, does this mean that bibliographic instruction programs lead to a decline in the demand for reference services? This research analyzes the data for eighty-three ARL academic libraries over a six-year period. A regression equation fitted the data. Each student receiving bibliographic instruction increased the reference demand by two to seven questions.
    Davis, Philip M.
  • Effect of the Web on Undergraduate Citation Behavior: Guiding Student Scholarship in a Networked Age
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • College students -- United States.
    • Report writing.
    • Bibliographical citations.
    Abstract:
      This article provides the last update to a longitudinal study tracking the research behavior of a multi-college undergraduate course in microeconomics from 1996 to 2001. Student term paper bibliographies grew between 1996 and 2000 but included fewer scholarly resources. In 2001, students tended to cite scholarly sources when the professor provided clear and enforceable guidelines in his class assignment. The accuracy and persistency of cited Web documents also increased as a result.
    Raschke, Gregory K.
  • Hiring and Recruitment Practices in Academic Libraries: Problems and Solutions
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • College librarians -- Recruiting -- United States.
    • College librarians -- Selection and appointment -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Academic libraries need to change their recruiting and hiring procedures to stay competitive in today's changing marketplace. By taking too long to find and to hire talented professionals in a tight labor market, academic libraries are losing out on top candidates and limiting their ability to become innovative and dynamic organizations. Traditional, deliberate, and risk-averse hiring models lead to positions remaining open for long periods, opportunities lost as top prospects find other positions, and a reduction in the overall talent level of the organization. To be more competitive and effective in their recruitment and hiring processes, academic libraries must foster manageable internal solutions, look to other professions for effective hiring techniques and models, and employ innovative concepts from modern personnel management literature.
    Weiner, Sharon Gray.
  • Resistance to Change in Libraries: Application of Communication Theories
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Library administration.
    Abstract:
      Libraries are affected by discontinuous change caused by the type and rapidity of technological innovations. By examining the theories of structuration, diffusion of innovation, and contingency, change in libraries can be better understood, thus easing its adoption and assimilation. There is a need to reconceptualize libraries.
    Warnement, Mary.
  • Size Matters: The Debate Over Reference Desk Height
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Library architecture.
    • Academic libraries -- Reference services.
    Abstract:
      This article summarizes the debate concerning use of desks versus counters in reference areas of academic libraries. Librarians argued whether patrons were more likely to approach a standing or a sitting librarian. In general, patrons preferred approaching a standing librarian (or one seeming to stand because sitting on a stool at a counter); however, only small studies were conducted. In practice, libraries are designed in almost equal number with one or a combination of both. This debate over the height of reference desks informed the broader debate concerning reference service models.
    Ou, Carol.
  • Technology and Copyright Issues in the Academic Library: First Sale, Fair Use and the Electronic Document
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Copyright -- United States.
    • Electronic reserve collections in libraries.
    • Digital libraries.
    Abstract:
      First sale and fair use are two copyright principles of use in academic libraries that need to be reexamined in an information age offering the possibilities of universal access and perfect distribution in the electronic document. This technology has the potential to upset the traditional balance between the public and private spheres that have governed copyright doctrine. The library services that are perhaps most affected by these concerns are in the provision of electronic reserves and collections.
    Millard, Donna M.
  • Why Do We Stay? Survey of Long-Term Academic Librarians in Canada
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • College librarians -- Job satisfaction -- Canada.
    Abstract:
      A survey of long-term academic librarians at English language Canadian universities attempts to determine which of four factors has the strongest influence over long-term careers: career commitment, organizational commitment, personal factors, or economic factors. Findings show that career commitments far outweigh any of the other three factors, proving, in this situation, that academic librarians stay because they enjoy what they do in the profession. However, rather low scores for organizational commitment brings to light such problems as lack of communication and lack of trust.
    Cook, Colleen.
    Heath, Fred M., 1944-
    Thompson, Bruce.
  • "Zones of Tolerance" in Perceptions of Library Service Quality: A LibQUAL+TM Study
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Libraries -- User satisfaction.
    • Libraries -- Evaluation.
    Abstract:
      One of the two major ways of interpreting LibQUAL+TM data involves placing perceived service quality ratings within the "zones of tolerance" defined as the distances between minimally-acceptable and desired service quality levels. The present study compared the zones of tolerance on the 25 LibQUAL+TM items across undergraduate, graduate student and faculty groups, and across institution types (i.e., community college, health science setting, four-year non-ARL university, and four-year ARL university). These data were generated during the 2002, third-phase of the LibQUAL+TM study. Data were provided by 63,285 students and faculty.
    Rogers, Sally A.
  • Developing an Institutional Knowledge Bank at Ohio State University: From Concept to Action Plan
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Ohio State University.
    • Libraries and distance education -- Ohio -- Columbus.
    • Digital libraries.
    Abstract:
      There is a growing interest among academic institutions in collecting, preserving, and creating value-added services from digital content produced in teaching and research. Ohio State University plans to build on existing initiatives to create an institutional repository called the Knowledge Bank. An implementation plan and cost assessment are in preparation.

Features

Information Standards

Strategic Visioning

    Hardesty, Larry L.
  • "Best of the Best:" The ACRL Excellence in Academic Libraries Award Program
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- United States.
    • Association of College and Research Libraries -- Awards.

Reviews

    Shill, Harold B.
  • When Change Is Set in Stone: An Analysis of Seven Academic Libraries Designed by Perry Dean Rogers & Partners, Architects (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Crosbie, Michael J. When change is set in stone: an analysis of seven academic libraries designed by Perry Dean Rogers & Partners, architects.
    • Hickey, Damon Douglas.
    • Library architecture -- United States.
    Cox, Richard J.
  • Managing Historical Records Programs: A Guide for Historical Agencies, and: Effective Approaches for Managing Electronic Records and Archives (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Dearstyne, Bruce W. (Bruce William), 1944- Managing historical records programs: a guide for historical agencies.
    • Dearstyne, Bruce W. (Bruce William), 1944-, ed. Effective approaches for managing electronic records and archives.
    • Archives -- United States -- Administration -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
    • Electronic records.
    Weintraub, Jennifer.
  • The Myth of the Paperless Office (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Sellen, Abigail J. Myth of the paperless office.
    • Harper, Richard (Richard H. R.)
    • Office equipment and supplies.
    Ackermann, Eric G.
  • Usage and Usability Assessment: Library Practices and Concerns (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Covey, Denise Troll. Usage and usability assessment: library practices and concerns.
    • Libraries -- Self-evaluation.
    Dockter, Brooke Dykman.
    Brown, William E.
  • Creating a Winning Online Exhibition: A Guide for Libraries, Archives, and Museums (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kalfatovic, Martin R.,1961- Creating a winning online exhibition: a guide for libraries, archives, and museums.
    • Library exhibits -- Design -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
    Jones, William G.
  • Scholarly Work in the Humanities and the Evolving Information Environment (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Brockman, William S. Scholarly work in the humanities and the evolving information environment.
    • Humanities -- Digital libraries.
    Heller, James S.
  • Controlling Voices: Intellectual Property, Humanistic Studies, and the Internet (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Herrington, TyAnna K., 1955- Controlling voices: intellectual property, humanistic studies, and the Internet.
    • Intellectual property -- United States.
    Holden, Maria.
  • An Ounce of Prevention: Integrated Disaster Planning for Archives, Libraries, and Record Centres (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Wellheiser, Johanna G. Ounce of prevention: integrated disaster planning for archives, libraries, and record centres.
    • Scott, Jude, 1951-
    • Libraries -- Canada -- Safety measures.
    Mason, Tina.
  • Book Repair: A How-To-Do-It Manual (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Lavender, Kenneth. Book repair: a how-to-do-it manual.
    • Books -- Conservation and restoration -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
  • Briefly Noted
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hargraves, Ruth. Cataclysm and challenge: impact of September 11, 2001, on our nation's cultural heritage.
    • Association of College and Research Libraries. Ad Hoc Task Force on Recruitment & Retention Issues. Recruitment, retention, and restructuring: human resources in academic libraries.
    • Lazinger, Susan S. (Susan Smernoff) Digital preservation and metadata: history, theory, practice.
    • Harris Interactive (Firm) OCLC white paper on the information habits of college students.



[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]