portal: Libraries and the Academy

portal: Libraries and the Academy
Volume 2, Number 4, October 2002


Editorial Statement

    St. Clair, Gloriana.
  • Council on Library and Information Resources Internet Use Study
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    Subject Headings:
    • Greenstein, Daniel. Dimensions and use of the scholarly information environment.
    • Healy, Leigh Watson.
    • Internet -- Use studies.

Articles

    Fraser, Bruce T.
    McClure, Charles R.
  • Toward a Framework for Assessing Library and Institutional Outcomes
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    Subject Headings:
    • Research libraries -- United States -- Evaluation.
    • Academic libraries -- Accreditation -- United States.
    • Association of Research Libraries.
    Abstract:
      The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) E-Metrics project sought to understand how academic libraries might specify, produce, and assess institutional outcomes. This paper reviews the findings from a discussion forum, site visits, an analysis and review of accreditation standards, and a survey of ARL member directors, and offers a framework for approaching the outcomes assessment process. The paper concludes by suggesting that much work remains to integrate outcomes assessment successfully in a university setting. Moreover, multiple approaches to assessment, of which outcomes assessment is but one, are still needed for a comprehensive assessment of libraries in the broader university and societal context.
    Kempcke, Ken.
  • The Art of War for Librarians: Academic Culture, Curriculum Reform, and Wisdom from Sun Tzu
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    Subject Headings:
    • College librarians -- United States.
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- Relations with faculty and curriculum.
    Abstract:
      Any campuswide, organizational change has to address the academy culture found at an institution to be successful. In order for librarians to be effective in initiating information literacy or other educational reforms on campus, they must be seen as equals by faculty—as leaders in higher education, as scholars skilled in teaching, and as vital participants in the governance of their institutions. Failure to recognize the strength of the academy culture leads to failure of the initiative.
    Sapp, Gregg.
    Gilmour, Ron.
  • A Brief History of the Future of Academic Libraries: Predictions and Speculations from the Literature of the Profession, 1975 to 2000--part one, 1975 to 1989
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • College librarians -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      During the last quarter of the twentieth century, the literature of academic librarianship was replete with articles predicting, anticipating, speculating, or cautioning about future possibilities for the field. The seminal works of F. W. Lancaster, who was one of the early predictors and enthusiasts of "paperless information systems," are the key points of departure for this literature. This article (which covers the period of time from roughly 1975 to 1989), as well as its second part (1990 to 1999), employs a citation-tracking method for gathering and reviewing this literature. Each work discussed in this article cites either Lancaster's work, or another work that cites it, so that the resulting literature review has grown from a common source of thought. The aim is to provide an analytical overview on how academic librarians saw and attempted to shape the future of their field during a period of unprecedented change.
    Casserly, Mary.
  • Developing a Concept of Collection for the Digital Age
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    Subject Headings:
    • Digital libraries -- United States.
    • Academic libraries -- Collection development -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The author describes how the concept of collection, reflecting the profession's principles, values, and practices as they pertained to print-based (analog) information resources, developed in the pre-World Wide Web environment. She poses five questions related to goals and practices in the analog environment to help libraries develop a concept of the hybrid collection.
    Albitz, Rebecca S.
  • Electronic Resource Librarians in Academic Libraries: A Position Announcement Analysis, 1996-2001
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    Subject Headings:
    • College librarians -- Job descriptions -- United States.
    • Electronic information resources -- Management.
    Abstract:
      This article surveys position announcements for Electronic Resource Librarians that appeared in College and Research Libraries News from January 1996 through December 2001. Utilizing a blend of qualitative and quantitative methodologies, the author reviews reporting structures, responsibilities, and professional experience requirements for these positions.
    Hovde, Marjorie Rush.
    Hovde, David M.
  • Elements of the Expertise Technology Trainers Need to Instruct Academic Library Employees
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic libraries -- Employees -- Training of -- United States.
    • Technology -- Study and teaching -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Although academic library employees use high technology in their work, we know little about the abilities needed by their trainers. This ethnographic, baseline study explores elements of expertise that academic employee library trainers should have, such as knowing 1) how to learn about technology, 2) how to understand information science, 3) how to learn about trainees and develop effective training approaches, and 4) how to negotiate organizational constraints. These findings are useful to academic library employee technology trainers and to those who hire and supervise them.
    University of Iowa. Libraries. User Needs Assessment Group.
    Washington-Hoagland, Carlette.
    Clougherty, Leo.
  • Faculty and Staff Use of Academic Library Resources and Services: A University of Iowa Libraries' Perspective
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    Subject Headings:
    • University of Iowa. Libraries.
    • Academic libraries -- Iowa -- Iowa City -- Use studies.
    • Academic libraries -- Iowa -- Iowa City -- Relations with faculty and curriculum.
    Abstract:
      The current economic and social conditions of the nation have affected significantly the amount of federal funding for higher education. With the prospect of dwindling budgets, potential layoffs, and cutbacks, what can libraries do to continue to support and improve services for faculty and staff (professional and merit/support staff)? One approach is to identify what resources and services faculty and staff currently use for research, teaching, study, and work, in addition to planning for their future needs. Only then can we begin to set priorities and plan for the future. The University of Iowa Libraries developed and implemented a faculty and staff needs assessment with this in mind. The results not only gave the Libraries the empirical support required to justify requests for increased fiscal allocations, but also pinpointed the areas, services, and resources faculty and staff want and expect from the University Libraries. Contrary to popular sentiment, the results revealed that faculty and staff would like the Libraries to invest more in the acquisition of print books and journals, in addition to electronic journals and expanded remote access. Even though faculty and staff are independent users, they rely on and prefer human contact and individual assistance. This study also revealed that faculty and staff underutilized many of the Libraries' resources and services simply because they were not aware of their existence. Like undergraduates and professional students, faculty and staff want expanded study space and improved physical facilities.
    Doty, Paul.
  • Fish, Fire, and Fallacies: Approaches to Information Technology and Higher Education
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    Subject Headings:
    • Education, Higher -- Information technology -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The Scylla and Charybdis of bubbling anxiety and bombastic promise can suck in anyone trying to navigate the controversy surrounding the role of information technology in higher education. This essay will argue that rather than accept the line that institutions must be rebuilt to meet the technological expectations of intractable teenagers, libraries and higher education should work to project themselves as settings where students' technological expertise can move and move through academic circumstance.
    Connors, Thomas James.
  • Papers of the President or of the Presidency: Who Owns Presidential Records? Some Recent History and a Challenge
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    Subject Headings:
    • Public records -- Access control -- United States.
    • Presidents -- United States -- Archives.
    Abstract:
      In November 2001, President Bush issued an executive order removing the power from the archivist of the United States to authorize access to presidential records. Later that month, a group of historians and public interest groups accused the Bush administration of violating the Presidential Records Act and filed suit. Their point was not simply that documents should be released but that the principle of openness governing access to presidential records had been replaced by one of closure. Why exactly is open access to information necessary to the democratic process? What specific kinds of information are we talking about? The author argues that information professionals and scholars who depend on reliable government information must understand theoretical issues and policy implications, and make a concerted effort to insure continued access to our recorded history.

Features: Information Standards

    Shepherd, Peter T.
    Davis, Denise M.
  • Electronic Metrics, Performance Measures, and Statistics for Publishers and Libraries: Building Common Ground and Standards
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    Subject Headings:
    • Electronic information resources -- United States.
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- Use studies.

Research: Theory and Applications

    Baughman, M. Sue.
    Kaske, Neal K.
  • Research: Theory and Applications: Impact of Organizational Learning
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    Subject Headings:
    • Organizational learning -- United States.
    • Library education -- United States.

Reviews

    Tucker, John Mark.
  • Intellectual Freedom and Social Responsibility in American Librarianship, 1967-1974 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Samek, Toni, 1964- Intellectual freedom and social responsibility in American librarianship, 1967-1974.
    • Libraries and society -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Blouin, Francis X.
  • The Holocaust and the Book: Destruction and Preservation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rose, Jonathan, ed. Holocaust and the book: destruction and preservation.
    • Book burning -- Germany.
    Eden, Brad.
  • The Nature of "A Work": Implications for the Organization of Knowledge (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smiraglia, Richard P., 1952- Nature of "a work": implications for the organization of knowledge.
    • Information organization.
    Gwinn, Nancy E.
  • The Evidence In Hand: Report of the Task Force on the Artifact in Library Collections (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Task Force on the Artifact in Library Collections. Evidence in hand: report of the Task Force on the Artifact in Library Collections.
    • Nichols, Stephen G.
    • Smith, Abby.
    • Collection management (Libraries)
    Mack, Thura.
  • Intelligent Technologies in Library and Information Service Applications (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lancaster, F. Wilfrid (Frederick Wilfrid), 1933- Intelligent technologies in library and information service applications.
    • Warner, Amy J.
    • Libraries -- Automation.
    Loreman, Diana T.
  • Planning for Integrated Systems and Technologies: A How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cohn, John M. Planning for integrated systems and technologies: a how-to-do-it manual for librarians.
    • Kelsey, Ann L.
    • Fiels, Keith Michael.
    • Integrated library systems (Computer systems) -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
    Mariner, Vince.
  • Usability Assessment of Library-Related Web Sites: Methods and Case Studies (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Campbell, Nicole, ed. Usability assessment of library-related Web sites: methods and case studies.
    • Library Web sites -- Use studies -- Case studies.
    Wagner, A. Ben.
  • Evaluating Networked Information Services: Techniques, Policy, and Issues (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McClure, Charles R., ed. Evaluating networked information services: techniques, policy, and issues.
    • Bertot, John Carlo, ed.
    • Computer network resources -- Evaluation.
    Williams-Hackett, Lamara.
  • Off-Campus Library Services (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Casey, Anne Marie, ed. Off-campus library services.
    • Academic libraries -- Off-campus services -- Congresses.
    Paustenbaugh, Jennifer Ford, 1962-
  • Successful Fundraising: Case Studies of Academic Libraries (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Butler, Meredith A., ed. Successful fundraising: case studies of academic libraries.
    • Academic libraries -- Finance.
  • Briefly Noted
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kister, Kenneth F., 1935- Eric Moon: the life and library times.
    • Jones, Wayne, 1959-, ed. Cataloging the Web: metadata, AACR, and MARC 21.
    • Ahronheim, Judith R., ed.
    • Crawford, Josephine, ed.
    • Junion-Metz, Gail, 1947- Instant Web forms and surveys for academic libraries.
    • Metz, Derrek L.
    • Institute of Museum and Library Services (U.S.) Framework of guidance for building good digital collections.
    • Digital Library Federation. Benchmark for digital reproductions of monographs and serials.
    • Cole, Timothy W. Creating a framework of guidance for building good digital collections.



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