Bertran, de Born, seigneur de Hautefort, 1140?-1215 -- Criticism and interpretation.
Exile (Punishment) in literature.
Thanks to his close connections to the Plantagenets and his surviving poems, the twelfth-century troubadour Bertran de Born is a figure of interest to historians and literary scholars alike. In two poems addressed to Matilda, daughter of Henry II, Bertran examines themes of separation, dislocation, and exile in the context of what at first appears to be a standard 'courtly love' text. The idea of exile recurs at several other points in his work alongside his more obvious concerns of love, feudal politics, and crusading, providing an interesting angle for a fresh assessment of Bertran's poetic corpus.
Masculine desire in trouvère song is a product of generic differentiation, posed as opposition. The generic affiliation of a song is linked to the relation of the lyric subject to the object of his desire, in particular through the difference made by the inclusion or exclusion of narrative elements in songs. Two songs, representative of two trouvère genres, the chanson and the pastourelle, are examined in some detail, with the aim of distinguishing between the claims of the lyric subject and the hidden desire which emerges against his claims. Lacanian psychoanalytic theory assists in bringing these hidden desires to the light.
The presence of dogs in medieval literary texts frequently attracts comment for reasons of symbolism or illustration, but rarely has the specifically narrative function of this creature been subjected to critical analysis. Cultural conceptions of the dog during the medieval period are characterized by a fundamental ambiguity; it is represented either as an unclean, quasi-heretical hell-hound, or else gentrified and even partly humanized as man's best friend. This paradox might invite a reading of the dog as something liminal or undecidable, an abjection which contaminates those literary texts in which the dog has a specific narrative function. Using examples from a number of mostly Old French texts, it is argued that this function often reveals a chaotic current in the text, demonstrating the workings of a disruptive underside of language which cannot be properly represented, but which disturbs the ordered system of the narrative.
The Middle English romance Ywain and Gawain elaborates its primary theme, a concern with trowth and luf, through its depiction of the friendship between two women – the aristocratic heroine Alundyne and her faithful maidservant Lunet. Their relationship generates the main components of the chivalric plot and grounds the thematic agenda of the romance in private female speech, thus presenting an alternative to the competitive male ethos of the chivalric romance.
English literature -- Middle English, 1100-1500 -- Political aspects.
Law in literature.
Treason in literature.
The Middle English romance Athelston deals with an issue that was extremely topical to the time of writing at the end of the fourteenth century, that is, treason. Two concepts of treason, personal and institutional, are opposed in the text. The work seeks to retrieve the Anglo-Saxon past through the operation of historical nostalgia in which Saxon history shown as a time of divine blessing and intervention. It also speaks directly to contemporary concerns by establishing an opposition between established English custom and foreign innovation in terms of royal power and prerogative. This is done through the treatment of the law and legal procedure, specifically surrounding the issue of treason. As a result the work can be read as an assertion of English national identity through the deployment of Anglo-Saxon history and the affirmation of English law in comparison to French models.
Christine, de Pisan, ca. 1364-ca. 1431 -- Criticism and interpretation.
Christine, de Pisan, ca. 1364-ca. 1431 -- Political and social views.
Christine, de Pisan, ca. 1364-ca. 1431 -- Sources.
Feminism and literature -- France -- History -- To 1500.
Three cases where Christine de Pizan seems to have transformed her sources are discussed. The first involves a fusion of the Tiburtine and Cumean sibyls, the second Christine's treatment of the poetic muses, and the third the image of felicité humaine introduced at the beginning of Le Livre du corps de policie. It is argued that where Christine transforms her sources she is making a distinct philosophical point. In the third of these transformations she shows a subtle appreciation of the sexism of a traditional philosophical metaphor, which she cleverly undermines and subverts.
Lisle, Honor Plantagenet, Viscountess, ca. 1493-1566.
Pregnancy -- Social aspects -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century.
Material culture -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century.
Master and servant -- Social aspects -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century.
One of the preparations for early modern childbirth was obtaining the necessary material goods for the pregnancy, birth, and lying-in. Indeed, for noble families, childbirth was marked by the increase in bought and borrowed possessions surrounding and enclosing the body of the pregnant woman. Traditionally and historically, both mother and father had defined roles to play in preparing for the birth of a child. But it was not just parents who participated in the materiality of childbirth rituals; servants, too, had their part to play. Through the objects and clothes that male servants provided, men were able to prepare for pregnancy in ways that broader society deemed legitimate and necessary. The role of Lord Lisle's man, John Husee, in procuring bedding and clothing for Lady Lisle's lying-in reveals a crucial episode in the material and emotional construction of early modern maternity.
Glimp, David. Increase and multiply: governing cultural reproduction in early modern England.
English literature -- Early modern, 1500-1700 -- History and criticism.
Jack, Sybil M.
Discourse to Lady Lavinia His Daughter Concerning the Manner in Which She Should Conduct Herself When Going to Court as Lady-in-waiting to the Most Serene Infanta, Lady Caterina, Duchess of Savoy (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Guasco, Annibale, d. 1619. Discourse to Lady Lavinia his daughter: concerning the manner in which she should conduct herself when going to court as lady-in-waiting to the Most Serene Infanta, Lady Caterina, Duchess of Savoy.