NWSA Journal

NWSA Journal
Volume 17, Number 3, Fall 2005
Special Issue: States of Insecurity and the Gendered Politics of Fear Contents

CONTENTS

Introduction

    Stabile, Carol A.
    Rentschler, Carrie.
  • States of Insecurity and the Gendered Politics of Fear
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • War on Terrorism, 2001-
    • Women and war.
    • National security -- United States.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 2001-

Articles

    Wood, Jennifer Kay.
  • In Whose Name? Crime Victim Policy and the Punishing Power of Protection
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Victims of crimes -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States.
    • Punishment -- Social aspects -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This essay analyzes crime policies enacted on behalf of, and often named for, particular victims of crime. This article argues that this naming reinforces a persistent and troubling image of the crime victim as young, white, female, and middle class. This image of victimization has so dominated and distorted discourse about crime in the United States that it is almost impossible to recognize and even harder to discuss how punishing these policies are not only for those accused and convicted of crime, but for most crime victims as well. As this essay argues, these crime victim policies often harm the very people they are supposed to protect.
    Keywords:
      Laci and Conner's Law / Megan's Law / AMBER Alert / symbolic violence / crime victims / crime policy
    Oxford, Connie G.
  • Protectors and Victims in the Gender Regime of Asylum
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women immigrants -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States.
    • Victims of crimes -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States.
    • Asylum, Right of -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Gender-based persecution is one way that immigrant women can seek political asylum and gain legal entry into the United States. Gender-based persecution includes harm such as female circumcision, rape, domestic violence, coercive family planning, honor killings, forced marriage, and repressive social norms. Legal scholars and immigrant advocates herald gender-based persecution laws and policies for advancing female asylum seekers' ability to gain asylum based on gendered harm. While gender-based persecution laws and policies offer optimism for women fleeing gendered harm, the implementation of these laws and policies may reproduce victimization for migrant women. A study of the implementation of gender-based persecution laws and policies makes visible assumptions about masculinity, femininity, sexuality, essentialism, women's agency, and authority that asylum seekers, immigration attorneys, service providers, immigration judges, and asylum officers engage. In this article, I find that protectionism and victimization, based on insecurity and fear, structure the legal institution of asylum.
    Keywords:
      asylum / gender-based persecution / victimization / human rights abuses
    Mason, Carol, 1964-
  • The Hillbilly Defense: Culturally Mediating U.S. Terror at Home and Abroad
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Abortion -- Law and legislation -- United States.
    • Abortion -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States.
    • Iraq War, 2003- -- Prisoners and prisons -- Abuse of.
    • Torture -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States.
    Abstract:
      The dichotomous images of Jessica Lynch, a West Virginia soldier who was rescued from an Iraqi hospital in 2003, and Lynndie England, another West Virginia soldier whose picture became synonymous with prison abuse in Iraq in 2004, have necessitated a feminist contribution to the theorizing of the hillbilly as a cultural icon. This article examines historical, political, and literary contexts for diverting attention to the hillbilly as a defense against criticism of America as an uncivilized nation, connecting the narratives of Lynch and England with accounts of Eric Rudolph, a supposed mountaineer survivalist who in 2005 was convicted of bombing abortion clinics, a lesbian bar, and an Olympic celebration. In each case, the hillbilly—that liminal, primitive white icon of ambivalence about modernity's "progress" and its American discontents—is deployed culturally to mediate American military extremism, religious retribution, and terror.
    Keywords:
      hillbilly / modernity / torture / anti-abortion / war on terror / Appalachia
    Soderlund, Gretchen.
  • Running from the Rescuers: New U.S. Crusades Against Sex Trafficking and the Rhetoric of Abolition
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Prostitution -- Government policy -- United States.
    • Women immigrants -- Crimes against.
    • Organized crime -- United States -- Prevention.
    Abstract:
      This article analyzes recent developments in U.S. anti-sex trafficking rhetoric and practices. In particular, it traces how pre-9/11 abolitionist legal frameworks have been redeployed in the context of regime change from the Clinton to Bush administrations. In the current political context, combating the traffic in women has become a common denominator political issue, uniting people across the political and religious spectrum against a seemingly indisputable act of oppression and exploitation. However, this essay argues that feminists should be the first to interrogate and critique the premises underlying many claims about global sex trafficking, as well as recent U.S.-based efforts to rescue prostitutes. It places the current raid-and-rehabilitation method of curbing sex trafficking within the broader context of Bush administration and conservative religious approaches to dealing with gender and sexuality on the international scene.
    Keywords:
      sex trafficking / social movements / prostitution / journalism / violence against women / evangelism
    Sharma, Nandita.
  • Anti-Trafficking Rhetoric and the Making of a Global Apartheid
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Prostitution -- Government policy.
    • Organized crime -- Prevention.
    • Women immigrants -- Crimes against.
    Abstract:
      This essay critically examines the historical and contemporary discursive practices of anti-trafficking campaigns. I argue that such campaigns within the global North, often led by feminists, constitute the moral reform arm of contemporary anti-immigrant politics that targets negatively racialized migrants. As in the past, current campaigns collude with a state-backed international security agenda aimed at criminalizing self-determined migrations of people who have ever-less access to legal channels of migration. I argue that only by recognizing the agency, however constrained, of illegalized migrants can we come to understand how processes of capitalist globalization and the consequent effects of dislocation and dispersal shape the mobility of illegalized migrants. Within the current global circuits of capital, goods, and people, I argue that along with a call to end practices of displacement, a demand to eliminate immigration controls is necessary if feminists are to act in solidarity with the dispossessed in their search for new livelihoods and homes.
    Keywords:
      trafficking / nation-state / immigration controls / global apartheid / illegalization
    Ayotte, Kevin J.
    Husain, Mary E.
  • Securing Afghan Women: Neocolonialism, Epistemic Violence, and the Rhetoric of the Veil
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women -- Violence against -- Afghanistan.
    • Women -- Afghanistan -- Social conditions.
    • Women's rights -- Afghanistan.
    Abstract:
      In the wake of the "war on terrorism," feminist analyses of international relations must broaden the concept of security to consider forms of violence beyond the statist security framework of realpolitik. This article argues that U.S. representations of the burqa rhetorically construct the women of Afghanistan as gendered slaves in need of "saving" by the West, increasing women's insecurity by promoting various forms of neocolonial violence. In negotiating a middle ground between poststructuralist and materialist methods, this essay also argues for a feminist postcolonial criticism that will provide a more nuanced understanding of the nature of gender insecurity in the post-cold war world.
    Keywords:
      Afghanistan / burqa / international relations / postcolonialism / veil / violence
    Brooten, Lisa.
  • The Feminization of Democracy Under Siege: The Media, "the Lady" of Burma, and U.S. Foreign Policy
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Aung San Suu Kyi -- In mass media.
    • Mass media -- Political aspects -- United States.
    • United States -- Foreign relations.
    • Democracy -- Burma.
    • Feminism -- Burma.
    Abstract:
      This study explores representations of Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi in three major U.S. newsmagazines—Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News & World Report—analyzing her symbolic role as arguably the most powerful feminine personification of besieged democracy alive today. The coverage examined here employs an Orientalist framework that underpins media representations of both a threat to democracy worldwide and a set of differing national competencies available to deal with this threat. Media representations of Aung San Suu Kyi and Burma invoke a "protection scenario," which positions the United States as a comparatively mature, masculine form of democracy run by highly competent yet compassionate leaders working to promote freedom and democracy worldwide. This case study demonstrates that within a larger, Orientalist framework, enacting a protection scenario provides a great degree of flexibility for symbolically coding the complex geopolitical environment that has emerged in the aftermath of the cold war.
    Keywords:
      Burma / Myanmar / Aung San Suu Kyi / media / democracy / gender / Orientalism

Reports

    Braidotti, Rosi.
    Vos, Martine De.
  • The Women's Studies Ph.D. in Europe: An Archive
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women's studies -- Europe -- History -- Sources.
    • Doctor of philosophy degree -- Europe -- History -- Sources.
    Shymchyshyn, Mariya.
  • Ideology and Women's Studies Programs in Ukraine
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women's studies -- Ukraine.
    • Education, Higher -- Ukraine.
    Abstract:
      Introducing and teaching women's studies courses at Ukrainian universities (at least as they function in the United States) is complicated and even impossible today. Every beginning has its obstacles. In the following article I will describe what work has been done in Women's Studies in Ukraine, what problems feminist scholars encounter, and the roots of these problems.
    Keywords:
      Women's Studies in Ukraine / feminist reader-response criticism / American literature in Ukraine / literary canon

Commentary

    Brents, Barbara G.
    Hausbeck, Kathryn M.
    Prokos, Anastasia H.
    Keene, Jennifer Reid.
    Jackson, Crystal.
    Morales, Cristina.
  • Response to Lois Helmbold, "Women's Studies in Sin City: Reactionary Politics and Feminist Possibilities"
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Helmbold, Lois Rita. Women's studies in sin city: reactionary politics and feminist possibilities.
    • Women's studies -- Nevada -- Las Vegas.
    • University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- Curricula.

Review Essay

    Bellwoar, Hannah.
  • Orienting, Disorienting, and Reorienting: Multiple Perspectives on Poststrcturnalist Feminist Pedagogies
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Pitt, Alice J., 1954- Play of the personal: psychoanalytic narratives of feminist education.
    • Gonick, Marnina. Between femininities: ambivalence, identity, and the education of girls.
    • Ropers-Huilman, Becky, ed. Gendered futures in higher education: critical perspectives for change.
    • Young, Michelle D., ed. Reconsidering feminist research in educational leadership.
    • Skrla, Linda, 1957-, ed.
    • Feminism and education.
    • Girls -- Psychology.

Book and Film Reviews

    Kumar, Deepa.
  • Afghanistan Unveiled, and: The Lost Truth (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Brault, Brigitte, dir. Afghanistan unveiled [film]
    • Aina (Organization)
    • Malekhasr, Yassamin, dir. Afghanistan: the lost truth [film]
    • Taliban.
    • Afghanistan -- History -- 2001-
    Basu, Srimati.
  • Violence, Law and Women's Rights in South Asia (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Goonesekere, Savitri, ed. Violence, law and women's rights in South Asia.
    • Women -- Crimes against -- South Asia.
    Totten-Naylor, Lyra.
  • Divided Lives: The Untold Stories of Jewish-Christian Women in Nazi Germany (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Crane, Cynthia A. Divided lives: the untold stories of Jewish-Christian women in Nazi Germany.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Germany -- Personal narratives.
    Bystydzienski, Jill M., 1949-
  • Women Writing Resistance: Essays on Latin America and the Caribbean (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Browdy de Hernandez, Jennifer, ed. Women writing resistance: essays on Latin America and the Caribbean.
    • Social justice -- Latin America.
    Wear, Delese.
  • Bodies in a Broken World: Women Novelists of Color and the Politics of Medicine (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Stanford, Ann Folwell. Bodies in a broken world: women novelists of color and the politics of medicine.
    • American fiction -- 20th century -- History and criticism.
    Seals, Brenda.
  • Indigenous Women's Health Book, Within the Sacred Circle: Reproductive Rights, Environmental Health, Traditional Herbs and Remedies (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Asetoyer, Charon, ed. Indigenous women's health book, within the sacred circle: reproductive rights, environmental health, traditional herbs and remedies.
    • Cronk, Katharine, ed.
    • Hewakapuge, Samanthi, ed.
    • Indians of North America -- Health and hygiene.
    Figart, Deborah M.
  • Feminist Economics Today: Beyond Economic Man (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Ferber, Marianne A., 1923-, ed. Feminist economics today: beyond economic man.
    • Nelson, Julie A., 1956-, ed.
    • Feminist economics.
    Peach, Lucinda J.
  • Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Shrage, Laurie, 1953- Abortion and social responsibility: depolarizing the debate.
    • Abortion -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States.
    Griech-Polelle, Beth A., 1964-
  • Women on War: An International Anthology of Writings from to Present (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Gioseffi, Daniela, ed. Women on war: an international anthology of writings from antiquity to present.
    • Women and peace.

Thanks to Readers for Volume 17

Index for Volume 17




[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]