NWSA Journal

NWSA Journal
Volume 15, Number 2, Summer 2003


Contents

Introduction

Articles

    DeShazer, Mary K.
  • Fractured Borders: Women's Cancer and Feminist Theatre
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cancer -- Social aspects -- United States.
    • Women -- Diseases -- Social aspects -- United States.
    • Feminist theater -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This essay analyzes four plays from the 1990s that represent women's cancer from feminist perspectives: Margaret Edson's Wit, Maxine Bailey and Sharon M. Lewis's Sistahs, Susan Miller's My Left Breast, and Lisa Loomer's The Waiting Room. It argues that women's performance narratives differ from other cancer narratives by employing "explicit bodies" onstage to mark cancerous breasts, ovaries, and wombs as transgressive sites of social meaning; by challenging the capacity of a spectatorial gaze to appropriate women's ill bodies; and by fostering reciprocity among playwrights, actors, and audience. To elaborate on these points, the essay examines the diverse representations of body politics and medical politics in the plays under consideration and discusses how and why feminist theatre can move audiences toward activism.
    Keywords:
      body politics / explicit bodies / feminist body theory / feminist theatre / illness testimonials / medical politics / reciprocity / spectatorial gaze / women and cancer
    Specht, Neva Jean.
  • Women of One or Many Bonnets?: Quaker Women and the Role of Religion in Trans-Appalachian Settlement
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    Subject Headings:
    • Collins, Esther, 1751-1820.
    • Quaker women -- Appalachian Region -- History -- 18th century.
    • Kinship -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
    • Race relations -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
    Abstract:
      The early American backcountry has received increased attention by historians in the last decade and a half. However, the role of ordinary families, as well as the study of religion, has received less attention than economic or political behavior. This article examines a specific group of westerly settled women who belonged to the Society of Friends. In particular it focuses on one Quaker woman, Esther Hunt, to show how religion defined and influenced the lives and choices of trans-Appalachian women and their families. It argues that religious belief was part of neither the private nor the public spheres but was intertwined and connected with all activities carried out by women such as Esther and her co-religionists. While the religious community could provide both spiritual and temporal assistance and a way to move beyond traditional gender roles, it could also limit a woman's choices and force her to decide between family and religion.
    Keywords:
      discipline / disownment / eighteenth century / Native American / Quaker / Society of Friends / trans-Appalachia / women
    Younger, Beth.
  • Pleasure, Pain, and the Power of Being Thin: Female Sexuality in Young Adult Literature
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    Subject Headings:
    • Young adult literature, American -- History and criticism.
    • Femininity in literature.
    • Body image in literature.
    • Sex in literature.
    Abstract:
      Analysis of Young Adult literature spanning 1975-1999 reveals an imbedded link between body image, weight, and sexuality: thinner young women are portrayed as powerful and in control, while larger women are depicted as sexually passive and irresponsible. Young Adult fiction, often maligned or ignored by literary critics, is an important body of work that should be studied by women's studies scholars, literary critics, and educators.
    Keywords:
      body image / female sexuality / fiction / weight / Young Adult literature
    Shoos, Diane.
  • Representing Domestic Violence: Ambivalence and Difference in What's Love Got to Do with It
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gibson, Brian, 1944-, dir. What's love got to do with it (Motion picture)
    • Turner, Tina -- In motion pictures.
    • Family violence in motion pictures.
    • African American women in motion pictures.
    Abstract:
      This article investigates the problems of visibility, ambivalence, and difference as they relate to our ways of "seeing" domestic abuse. The focal point of this investigation is the 1993 Brian Gibson film, What's Love Got to Do with It, based on Tina Turner's autobiography. In this essay I "re-view" What's Love in order to consider how the complexities of gender, race, and class construct popular cinematic representations of abusive relationships and how these representations can offer us comfortable positions from which to "see" what we already assume about men as abusers, women as victims, and the racial and class politics of violence.
    Keywords:
      abuse / class / difference / domestic violence / gender / popular cinematic representation / race
    Vanita, Ruth.
  • The Self Is Not Gendered: Sulabha's Debate with King Janaka
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    Subject Headings:
    • Manu (Lawgiver) Manavadharmasastra.
    • Mahabharata.
    • Feminist theology -- India -- Early works to 1800.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- India -- Early works to 1800.
    • Hindu law -- Early works to 1800.
    Abstract:
      This essay highlights the debate on women and gender in ancient Indian texts. Neither the popular nor the scholarly debate in modern India has paid sufficient attention to unmarried learned women in ancient Hindu texts. I examine the recurrent figure of Sulabha, a single woman and an intellectual-renunciant; I focus on her debate with philosopher-king Janaka in the epic Mahabharata. When Janaka uses anti-women arguments to critique Sulabha's unconventional behavior, Sulabha successfully establishes, on the basis of Hindu philosophical principles, that there is no essential difference between a man and a woman; she also demonstrates by her own example that a woman may achieve liberation by the same means as a man. In the same epic, a married woman wins her debate with a male sage, proving that even a woman following the conventional path of wifely devotion may equal or outdo a sage in wisdom and virtue.
    Keywords:
      antiquity / gender / Hinduism / India / Mahabharata / Manusmriti / women

Reports

    García Pinto, Magdalena.
  • The State of NWSA: NWSA Presidential Address
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    Subject Headings:
    • National Women's Studies Association. Conference (23rd : 2002 : Las Vegas, Nev.)
    • Women's studies -- United States -- Congresses.
    Abstract:
      The presidential address given at the National Women's Studies Association Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 2002.

Voices from the Economic South

    Kishwar, Madhu.
  • Laws Against Domestic Violence: Underused or Abused? From Manushi, A Journal About Women and Society, No. 120, September-October 2000, 17-24, New Delhi, India
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    Subject Headings:
    • Family violence -- Law and legislation -- India.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc -- India.

Review Essays

    Teuton, Christopher B.
  • American Indian Women: Nurturing American Indian Cultural and Political Continuance
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bataille, Gretchen M., 1944-, ed. Native American women: a biographical dictionary.
    • Lisa, Laurie, ed.
    • Perdue, Theda, 1949-, ed. Sifters: Native American women's lives.
    • Green, Richard (Richard Walter) Te Ata: Chickasaw storyteller, American treasure.
    • Ruby, Robert H. Esther Ross: Stillaguamish champion.
    • Brown, John Arthur.
    • Allen, Paula Gunn. Off the reservation: reflections on boundary-busting, border-crossing, loose canons.
    • Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth. Anti-Indianism in modern America: a voice from Tatekeya's Earth.
    • Indian women -- North America.
    • Indian women-- North America -- Biography.
    Dallow, Jessica.
  • Rethinking Feminism and Visual Culture
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reckitt, Helena, ed. Art and feminism.
    • Phelan, Peggy, ed.
    • Robinson, Hilary, ed. Feminism-art-theory: an anthology, 1968-2000.
    • Carson, Fiona, ed. Feminist visual culture.
    • Pajaczkowska, Claire, ed.
    • Bloom, Lisa, ed. With other eyes: looking at race and gender in visual culture.
    • Feminism and art.
    • Feminist art criticism.
    Theriot, Nancy M.
  • Gender and Medicine in Nineteenth-Century America
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    Subject Headings:
    • Abel, Emily K. Hearts of wisdom: American women caring for kin, 1850-1940.
    • Groneman, Carol. Nymphomania: a history.
    • Wells, Susan. Out of the dead house: nineteenth-century women physicians and the writing of medicine.
    • Davis, Cynthia J., 1964- Bodily and narrative forms: the influence of medicine on American literature, 1845-1915.
    • Caregivers -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
    • Nymphomania.

Book Reviews

    Tronto, Joan C., 1952-
  • Retrieving Experience: Subjectivity and Recognition in Feminist Politics, and: Political Theory and Feminist Social Criticism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kruks, Sonia. Retrieving experience: subjectivity and recognition in feminist politics.
    • Ackerly, Brooke A. Political theory and feminist social criticism.
    • Feminist theory.
    Cole, Alyson M.
  • Has Liberalism Failed Women?: Assuring Equal Representation in Europe and the U.S., and: Debating Women's Equality: Toward a Feminist Theory of Law from a European Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Klausen, Jytte, ed. Has liberalism failed women?: assuring equal representation in Europe and the U.S.
    • Maier, Charles S., ed.
    • Gerhard, Ute. Debating women's equality: toward a feminist theory of law from a European perspective.
    • Brown, Allison, tr.
    • Cooper, Belinda, tr.
    • Women in politics -- Europe.
    • Women's rights -- History.
    Clements, Barbara Evans, 1945-
  • Remembering the Darkness: Women in Soviet Prisons, and: Till My Tale is Told: Women's Memoirs of the Gulag (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shapovalov, Veronica, ed. Remembering the darkness: women in Soviet prisons.
    • Vilenskii, Semen Samuilovich, ed. Till my tale is told: women's memoirs of the Gulag.
    • Crowfoot, John, tr.
    • Women political prisoners -- Soviet Union -- Biography.
    • Soviet Union -- Politics and government -- 1936-1953.
    Donovan, Josephine, 1941-
  • Such News of the Land: U.S. Women Nature Writers, and: In Nature's Name: An Anthology of Women's Writing and Illustrations, 1780-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Edwards, Thomas S., ed. Such news of the land: U.S. women nature writers.
    • De Wolfe, Elizabeth A., 1961-, ed.
    • Gates, Barbara T., 1936-, ed. In nature's name: an anthology of women's writing and illustrations, 1780-1930.
    • American literature -- Women authors -- History and criticism.
    • Nature -- Literary collections.
    Palmer, Phyllis.
  • A Promise and a Way of Life: White Antiracist Activism, and: Deep in Our Hearts: Nine White Women in the Freedom Movement (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thompson, Becky W. Promise and a way of life: white antiracist activism.
    • Curry, Constance, 1933- Deep in our hearts: nine white women in the Freedom Movement.
    • Civil rights workers -- United States -- Interviews.
    • Women civil rights workers -- United States -- Biography.
    Kessler, Carol Farley.
  • "My Heart Is a Large Kingdom": Selected Letters of Margaret Fuller, and: Transfiguring America: Myth, Ideology, and Mourning in Margaret Fuller's Writing (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850. "My heart is a large kingdom": selected letters of Margaret Fuller.
    • Hudspeth, Robert N., ed.
    • Steele, Jeffrey, 1947- Transfiguring America: myth, ideology, and mourning in Margaret Fuller's writing.
    • Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850 -- Correspondence.
    • Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Skinner, Lee.
  • Women in Argentina: Early Travel Narratives, and: Women at Sea: Travel Writing and the Margins of Caribbean Discourse, and: In Praise of New Travelers: Reading Caribbean Migrant Women's Writing (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Szurmuk, Mónica. Women in Argentina: early travel narratives.
    • Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth, ed. Women at sea: travel writing and the margins of Caribbean discourse.
    • Romero-Cesareo, Ivette, ed.
    • Hoving, Isabel. In praise of new travelers: reading Caribbean migrant women's writing.
    • Women -- Argentina -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
    • Caribbean Area -- Description and travel -- History.
    Taylor, Richard C.
  • An Anthology: Life-Writings by British Women, 1660-1815, and: Plotting Women: Gender and Narration in the Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century British Novel, and: Revising Women: Eighteenth-Century Women's Fiction and Social Engagement, and: Hungry Heart: The Literary Emergence of Julia Ward Howe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barros, Carolyn A., ed. Anthology: Life-writings by British women, 1660-1815.
    • Smith, Johanna M., ed.
    • Case, Alison A., 1961- Plotting women: gender and narration in the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British novel.
    • Backscheider, Paula R., ed. Revising women: eighteenth-century women's fiction and social engagement.
    • Williams, Gary, 1947 May 6- Hungry heart: the literary emergence of Julia Ward Howe.
    • English prose literature -- Women authors.
    • English fiction -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    Stearns, Gail J.
  • Women and Spiritual Equality in Christian Tradition, and: Women in the Church: Moving Toward Equality, and: Women and World Religions, and: Women, Gender, Religion: A Reader (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ranft, Patricia. Women and spiritual equality in Christian tradition.
    • Massey, Lesly F., 1946- Women in the church: moving toward equality.
    • Peach, Lucinda J. Women and world religions.
    • Castelli, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Anne), 1958-, ed. Women, gender, religion: a reader.
    • Rodman, Rosamond C., ed.
    • Women in Christianity -- History.
    • Women and religion.
    Hedrick, Tace, 1954-
  • Chicana Ways: Conversations with Ten Chicana Writers, and: Telling to Live: Latina Feminist Testimonios (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ikas, Karin. Chicana ways: conversations with ten Chicana writers.
    • Acevedo, Luz del Alba. Telling to live: Latina feminist testimonios.
    • Mexican American authors -- Interviews.
    • Hispanic American women -- Social conditions -- Anecdotes.
    Tiengtrakul, Chanasai.
  • Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration, and Domestic Work, and: The Kitchen Spoon's Handle: Transnationalism and Sri Lanka's Migrant Housemaids (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parreñas, Rhacel Salazar. Servants of globalization: women, migration, and domestic work.
    • Gamburd, Michele Ruth, 1965- Kitchen spoon's handle: transnationalism and Sri Lanka's migrant housemaids.
    • Women domestics.
    • Ethnology -- Sri Lanka -- Naeaegama.
    Kelly, Lori Duin.
  • Measuring Up: How Advertising Affects Self-Image, and: Fashion, Desire, and Anxiety: Image and Morality in the Twentieth Century, and: Body Work: Beauty and Self-Image in American Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shields, Vickie Rutledge. Measuring up: how advertising affects self-image.
    • Heinecken, Dawn.
    • Arnold, Rebecca. Fashion, desire, and anxiety: image and morality in the twentieth century.
    • Gimlin, Debra L., 1967- Body work: beauty and self-image in American culture.
    • Gender identity in mass media.
    • Fashion -- Social aspects.
    Cuklanz, Lisa M.
  • Dinner Roles: American Women and Culinary Culture, and: Welcome to the Dreamhouse: Popular Media and Postwar Suburbs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Inness, Sherrie A. Dinner roles: American women and culinary culture.
    • Spigel, Lynn. Welcome to the dreamhouse: popular media and postwar suburbs.
    • Cookery, American.
    • Television broadcasting -- Social aspects -- United States.
    Kramarae, Cheris.
  • Women, Work and Computing, and: Unlocking the Clubhouse: Women in Computing (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Woodfield, Ruth. Women, work and computing.
    • Margolis, Jane. Unlocking the clubhouse: women in computing.
    • Fisher, Allan, 1956-
    • Women electronic data processing personnel -- Supply and demand -- Forecasting.
    • Computer science -- Vocational guidance.
    Armstrong, Mary A.
  • Wired to the World, Chained to the Home: Telework in Daily Life (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gurstein, Penny. Wired to the world, chained to the home: telework in daily life.
    • Telecommuting.
    Schwartz-Shea, Peregrine.
  • Gender, Power and Organisations: An Introduction, and: Rethinking Organizational and Managerial Communication from Feminist Perspectives (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Halford, Susan. Gender, power and organisations: an introduction.
    • Leonard, Pauline, 1957-
    • Buzzanell, Patrice M., ed. Rethinking organizational and managerial communication from feminist perspectives.
    • Sex role in the work environment.
    • Communication in organizations -- Congresses.
    Ryan, Barbara, 1942-
  • New Millennial Sexstyles, and: Desiring Revolution: Second-Wave Feminism and the Rewriting of American Sexual Thought, 1920 to 1982 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Siegel, Carol, 1952- New millennial sexstyles.
    • Gerhard, Jane F. Desiring revolution: second-wave feminism and the rewriting of American sexual thought, 1920 to 1982.
    • Sex -- United States.
    • Feminism -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Parayre, Catherine.
  • Poignant Relations: Three Modern French Women (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Allen, James Smith. Poignant relations: three modern French women.
    • Feminism -- France -- History -- 19th century.
    Parker, Blaise Astra.
  • Feminisms at a Millennium (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Howard, Judith A., ed. Feminisms at a millennium.
    • Allen, Carolyn (Carolyn J.), ed.
    • Feminist theory -- History.
    Yarbrough, Robert A.
  • Women, Gender, and Human Rights: A Global Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agosín, Marjorie, ed. Women, gender, and human rights: a global perspective.
    • Women's rights.



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