NWSA Journal

NWSA Journal
Volume 15, Number 1, Spring 2003


Contents

Introduction

Articles

    Brown, Caroline.
  • The Representation of the Indigenous Other in Daughters of the Dust and The Piano
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Dash, Julie, dir. Daughters of the dust [film]
    • Campion, Jane, dir. Piano [film]
    • Sex discrimination in motion pictures.
    • Indigenous peoples in motion pictures.
    Abstract:
      This article examines two films, Daughters of the Dust, by Julie Dash, and The Piano, by Jane Campion. While both are subversive tales that rely on unconventional narrative techniques to examine and challenge female subordination and ethnocentric ideological systems, they are simultaneously "foundational" epics that mythologize this subordination even as they attempt to resist it. Key to this process is each film's reliance on native Others to both create and sustain a space of individuality and revolt for the female protagonist. Despite significant differences in the structure and perspective of each production, in both, the indigenous characters are silenced in order to permit non-native women the right to speak and affirm themselves and their embattled identities. This article analyzes both the tensions and forms of novel representation arising from this process.
    Keywords:
      aesthetics / African American / film / Maori / Native American / Polynesian / representation / women directors
    Belcastro, Sarah-Marie.
    Moran, Jean Marie.
  • Interpretations of Feminist Philosophy of Science by Feminist Physical Scientists
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women physical scientists.
    • Science -- Philosophy.
    • Feminist theory.
    Abstract:
      Critiques of science by feminist scholars and philosophers have focused primarily on the social and biological sciences. Comparatively little has been done to extend this work to the physical sciences, and relatively few practicing scientists have been involved in the dialogue. Our paper encourages an interdisciplinary feminist analysis of the physical sciences and reviews how we became interested in evaluating feminist science philosophies.
    Keywords:
      feminism / feminist theory / interdisciplinary studies / physical science / philosophy of science / scientists
    Boushey, Heather, 1970-
    Cherry, Robert D., 1944-
  • The Economic Boom (1991-1997) and Women: Issues of Race, Education, and Regionalism
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Income distribution -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Wages -- Women -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • United States -- Economic conditions -- 1981-2001.
    Abstract:
      This essay considers changes in various earnings ratios between 1991 and 1997. The female-to-male earnings ratio increased in every region primarily because of the wage growth of women in occupations that required some college education and the disproportional growth of women employed in those occupations. The earnings gap between those working in college-required and those working in no-college-required occupations grew among women but decreased among men. By 1997, this gap was greater among women than men in every region. The black-to-white earnings ratio among women fell primarily because of the faster wage growth of white rather than black women in the college-required occupations. It fell most in the Midwest where the entry of many less educated black women into the labor market depressed the average wage growth among black women in the no-college-required sector. These findings suggest that equal employment opportunity policies should be strengthened, especially in jobs that primarily hire less-educated workers.
    Keywords:
      college / earnings / gender inequality / occupations
    McGuire, Gail M.
    Reger, Jo.
  • Feminist Co-Mentoring: A Model for Academic Professional Development
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Mentoring in education -- United States.
    • Women college teachers -- Professional relationships -- United States.
    • Career development -- United States.
    Abstract:
      In this paper, we critique the traditional model of mentoring in academia and offer an alternative model, co-mentoring, grounded in feminist principles. Our conception of co-mentoring challenges masculinist values of hierarchy, competition, and objectivity by emphasizing the importance of cooperative, non-hierarchical relationships for learning and development. Feminist co-mentoring seeks to dispel the view of the disembodied intellectual by attending to academics' familial, personal, and emotional needs. While co-mentoring is valuable for all academics, we argue that underrepresented groups can especially benefit from this type of relationship.
    Keywords:
      co-mentoring / feminist / mentoring / peer relationships / professional development
    Buker, Eloise A.
  • Is Women’s Studies a Disciplinary or an Interdisciplinary Field of Inquiry?
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women's studies -- United States.
    • Interdisciplinary approach to knowledge.
    Abstract:
      This essay explores the question of whether Women's Studies is a discipline or an interdisciplinary activity by comparing the structure of knowledge in Women's Studies to Political Science, which is established as a discipline. The comparison proceeds by defining a discipline as an intellectual practice with several features: 1) a shared narrative of identity and community, 2) a common vocabulary and set of concepts, 3) a set of questions that guide inquiry, 4) a set of methods or strategies of interpretation, which construct what counts as evidence. The essay then makes the case for Women's Studies as a disciplined mode of inquiry that draws from an interdisciplinary knowledge base, a base embodying both social scientific and humanities analytical approaches.
    Keywords:
      administrative structure / discipline / epistemology / feminism and interdiscipline / interdisciplinary / Political Science / Women's Studies
    Gilmore, Stephanie.
  • The Dynamics of Second-Wave Feminist Activism in Memphis, 1971-1982: Rethinking the Liberal/Radical Divide
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • National Organization for Women. Memphis Chapter (Tenn.) -- History -- 20th century.
    • Women's rights -- Tennessee -- Memphis -- History -- 20th century.
    • Feminism -- Tennessee -- Memphis -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This article presents a history of the Memphis chapter of the National Organization for Women (NOW) that challenges traditional analyses of second-wave feminist activism as either liberal or radical. Through examples of feminist activism on behalf of the Equal Rights Amendment, rape and wife-abuse awareness and prevention, and pornography, the author illustrates how one chapter of NOW, which is typically identified as a liberal organization, was simultaneously liberal and radical. In addition, the author calls for more attention to location in order to understand second-wave feminists' tactics, styles, and structures as well as to make more prominent the nuances and complexities of a movement often obscured by the liberal/radical divide.
    Keywords:
      feminism / feminist activism / Memphis, Tennessee / National Organization for Women

Report

    O'Barr, Jean F.
    Shields, Stephanie A.
  • The Women’s Studies Ph.D.: An Archive
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Women's studies -- United States.
    • Doctor of philosophy degree -- United States.
    • Universities and colleges -- Curricula -- United States.

Voices from the Economic South

    Lebbie-Moebiyor, Margaret.
  • Sierra Leone: A Country Report
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • War and society -- Sierra Leone.
    • Women -- Violence against -- Sierra Leone.
    • Women's rights -- Sierra Leone.
    Abstract:
      In this brief report on the status of women in war-torn Sierra Leone, Margaret Lebbie-Moebiyor utilizes data gathered between 1994 and 2001 in the Tonkolili District, Northern Sierra Leone. By raising the question of war and its role in violence on women, Lebbie-Moebiyor hopes to mobilize support and assistance for these and other women.

Review Essays

    White, Barbara Anne.
  • The Lives of Nineteenth-Century American Women
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902. Selected papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.
    • Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906.
    • Gordon, Ann D. (Ann Dexter), ed.
    • Edwards, Linda McMurry. To keep the waters troubled: the life of Ida B. Wells.
    • Duniway, Abigail Scott, 1834-1915. "Yours for liberty": selections from Abigail Scott Duniway's suffrage newspaper.
    • Ward, Jean M., ed.
    • Maveety, Elaine A., ed.
    • McDowell, Katherine Sherwood Bonner, 1849-1883. Sherwood Bonner sampler, 1869-1884: what a bright, educated, witty, lively, snappy young woman can say on a variety of topics.
    • Gowdy, Anne Razey, ed.
    • Barrows, Robert G. (Robert Graham), 1946- Albion Fellows Bacon: Indiana's municipal housekeeper.
    • Lindenmeyer, Kriste, 1955-, ed. Ordinary women, extraordinary lives: women in American history.
    • Feminists -- United States -- Archives.
    • Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931.
    Gardiner, Judith Kegan.
  • Gender and Masculinity Texts: Consensus and Concerns for Feminist Classrooms
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kimmel, Michael S. Gendered society.
    • Ferree, Myra Marx, ed. Revisioning gender.
    • Lorber, Judith, ed.
    • Hess, Beth B., 1928-, ed.
    • Cohen, Theodore F., ed. Men and masculinity: a text reader.
    • Kimmel, Michael S., ed. Gendered society reader.
    • Aronson, Amy., ed.
    • Kimmel, Michael S., ed. Men's lives.
    • Messner, Michael A., ed.
    • Richardson, Laurel, ed. Feminist frontiers.
    • Taylor, Verta A., ed.
    • Whittier, Nancy, 1966-, ed.
    • Kimmel, Michael S., ed. Men's lives.
    • Messner, Michael A., ed.
    • Richardson, Laurel., ed. Feminist frontiers.
    • Taylor, Verta A., ed.
    • Whittier, Nancy, 1966-, ed.
    • Sex role.
    • Feminist theory.

Book Reviews

    Pearce, Lynne.
  • Beyond the Frame: Feminism and Visual Culture, Britain 1850-1900 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cherry, Deborah. Beyond the frame: feminism and visual culture, Britain 1850-1900.
    • Art, Modern -- 19th century -- Great Britain.
    Torstrick, Rebecca L., 1954-
  • Women and Power in the Middle East, and: Secularism, Gender and the State in the Middle East: The Egyptian Women's Movement, and: Unveiling Traditions: Postcolonial Islam in a Polycentric World (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Joseph, Suad, ed. Women and power in the Middle East.
    • Slyomovics, Susan, ed.
    • Al-Ali, Nadje Sadig. Secularism, gender and the state in the Middle East: the Egyptian women's movement.
    • Majid, Anouar, 1960- Unveiling traditions: postcolonial Islam in a polycentric world.
    • Women in politics -- Middle East.
    • Feminism -- Egypt.
    Quinn, Roseanne Giannini.
  • Claiming a Tradition: Italian American Women Writers, and: Revisionary Identities: Strategies of Empowerment in the Writing of Italian/American Women (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bona, Mary Jo. Claiming a tradition: Italian American women writers.
    • Mannino, Mary Ann Vigilante, 1943- Revisionary identities: strategies of empowerment in the writing of Italian/American women.
    • American literature -- Italian American authors -- History and criticism.
    O'Quinn, Elaine J.
  • Good Girl Messages: How Young Women Were Misled by Their Favorite Books, and: Declarations of Independence: Empowered Girls in Young Adult Literature, 1990-2001 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • O'Keefe, Deborah. Good girl messages: how young women were misled by their favorite books.
    • Brown, Joanne, 1933- Declarations of independence: empowered girls in young adult literature, 1990-2001.
    • St. Clair, Nancy.
    • Children's stories, American -- History and criticism.
    • Young adult fiction, American -- History and criticism.
    Henning, Martha L., 1948-
  • Leaving Lines of Gender: A Feminist Genealogy of Language Writing, and: Pronoun Envy: Literary Uses of Linguistic Gender (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Vickery, Ann. Leaving lines of gender: a feminist genealogy of language writing.
    • Livia, Anna. Pronoun envy: literary uses of linguistic gender.
    • American poetry -- Women authors -- History and criticism.
    • English language -- Gender.
    Martin, Roberta C.
  • Sapphic Slashers: Sex, Violence, and American Modernity (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Duggan, Lisa, 1954- Sapphic slashers: sex, violence, and American modernity.
    • Mitchell, Alice, 19th cent.
    Gravett, Sandie.
  • Sexual Politics in the Biblical Narrative: Reading the Hebrew Bible as a Woman (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Fuchs, Esther, 1953- Sexual politics in the biblical narrative: reading the Hebrew Bible as a woman.
    • Women in the Bible.
    Owen-Smith, Patti L., 1947-
  • Mothers and Children: Feminist Analyses and Personal Narratives, and: The Price of Motherhood: Why Motherhood Is the Most Important--and Least Valued Job in America, and: Mothers and Daughters: Connection, Empowerment, and Transformation (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Chase, Susan E., 1954- Mothers and children: feminist analyses and personal narratives.
    • Rogers, Mary F. (Mary Frances), 1944-
    • Crittenden, Ann. Price of motherhood: why motherhood is the most important--and least valued job in America.
    • O'Reilly, Andrea, 1961-, ed. Mothers and daughters: connection, empowerment, and transformation.
    • Abbey, Sharon, ed.
    • Motherhood.
    • Motherhood -- United States.
    Ashton, Nancy L.
  • Sexuation, and: Gender, and: Fair Sex, Savage Dreams: Race, Psychoanalysis, Sexual Difference (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Salecl, Renata, 1962-, ed. Sexuation.
    • Tripp, Anna, ed. Gender.
    • Walton, Jean, 1957- Fair sex, savage dreams: race, psychoanalysis, sexual difference.
    • Sex role.
    Erchick, Diana B.
  • Imagining Teachers: Rethinking Gender Dynamics in Teacher Education, and: Understanding Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality: A Conceptual Framework (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Fischman, Gustavo. Imagining teachers: rethinking gender dynamics in teacher education.
    • Weber, Lynn. Understanding race, class, gender and sexuality: a conceptual framework.
    • Women teachers -- Training of -- Argentina -- Case studies.
    • Social stratification.
    Clarke, Melissa.
  • Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Warren, Karen, 1947- Ecofeminist philosophy: a western perspective on what it is and why it matters.
    • Ecofeminism.
    Hamington, Maurice.
  • Feminist Interpretations of John Dewey, and: Living Across and Through Skins: Transactional Bodies, Pragmatism, and Feminism, and: Pragmatism, Feminism, and Democracy: Rethinking the Politics of American History (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Seigfried, Charlene Haddock, 1943-, ed. Feminist interpretations of John Dewey.
    • Sullivan, Shannon, 1967- Living across and through skins: transactional bodies, pragmatism, and feminism.
    • Livingston, James, 1949- Pragmatism, feminism, and democracy: rethinking the politics of American history.
    • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
    • Body, Human (Philosophy)



[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]