NCFS: Nineteenth Century French Studies

Nineteenth Century French Studies
Volume 33, Number 1&2, Fall-Winter 2004-2005

CONTENTS

Articles

    Letzter, Jacqueline.
    Adelson, Robert, 1967-
  • The Legacy of a One-woman Show: A Performance History of Julie Candeille's Catherine, ou la belle fermière
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    Subject Headings:
    • Candeille, Julie, 1767-1834. Catherine [music]
    • Candeille, Julie, 1767-1834 -- Performances -- France -- Paris -- History.
    • Opera -- France.
    Abstract:
      Recent research has demonstrated that a central feature of many women's operatic creations from late eighteenth-century and early nineteenth-century France was a marked autobiographical element. Although this autobiographical style resulted in numerous box-office successes, it also limited the lifespan of these successes because it linked the works too closely with their authors. This article will discuss a work that appears to be an exception to this rule: Julie Candeille's Catherine, ou la belle fermière, a musical comedy that became the longest-running operatic work by a woman in history, playing virtually uninterruptedly between 1792 and 1839. In fact, the work and the title role remained intimately connected to the person of Candeille, who could never rid herself of the curiosity engendered by the public image she had earlier created for herself. (Jl and RA)
    Bocquillon, Michèle.
  • Le "Portrait parlant" de Jean-Baptiste Belley
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    Subject Headings:
    • Girodet-Trioson, Anne-Louis, 1767-1824. Portrait de Jean-Baptiste Belley, député de Saint-Domingue [visual works]
    • Belley, Jean-Baptiste, b. 1747 -- Portraits.
    • Masculinity in art.
    • Blacks in art.
    Abstract:
      This essay focuses on the "construction" of masculinity in two of Anne-Louis Girodet's paintings: Portrait de Jean-Baptiste Belley (1797) and Portrait de Chateaubriand (1811). While the representation of Chateaubriand draws simply on an idealist classical model, which has never been challenged (indeed, at the time, Winckelmann's writings on the "beau idéal" were very influential), the realist representation of Belley allows the visibility of what was then the "irreprésentable." I argue that this is not a mere fixation on the sexuality of the black man, but rather a subtly representation of an unconscious "beau idéal," which could only appear/materialize via transgression of the classical model and transference on the exotic Other. (in French MB)
    Cropper, Corry.
  • Prosper Mérimée and the Subversive "Historical" Short Story
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mérimée, Prosper, 1803-1870. Chronique du régne de Charles IX.
    • Mérimée, Prosper, 1803-1870. Mateo Falcone.
    • Mérimée, Prosper, 1803-1870. Tamango.
    • French literature -- Political aspects.
    Abstract:
      In December, 1829, Mérimée wrote to Mme Récamier: "Etranger toute ma vie à la politique, dans mes liveres j'ai montré (et peut être trop crûment) mon opinion. J'ai pensé que sous l'administration actuelle, accepter des fonctions quelque peu importantes qu'elles soient, serait n'être pas d'accord avec moi-même" (Correspondance générale 1: 51). In his novel and short stories published in 1829, Mérimée allegorically shows his political opinion and works to un-dermine the "administration actuelle," that is, the Restoration government of Charls x. He questions the regime's representation of history and reminds readers of the Revolution and its effects. Instead of literature written by a bureaucrat faithful to the ruling establishment, Mérimée's fiction may be seen as an outlet for his frequent disgust with these regimes, as signs of his resistance to order, and as attacks targeting the dominant historical discourse of the nineteenth century.
    Dubois, Philippe C.
  • Savarin/BalZac: Du goût des excitants sur líécriture moderne
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brillat-Savarin, 1755-1826. Physiologie du goût.
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850. Physiologie du mariage.
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850. Traité des excitants modernes.
    Abstract:
      This article offers a comparative analysis of the pairing of two critical texts on food: the 1839 re-edition of Brillat-Savarin's Physiologie du goût, and Balzac's Traité des excitants modernes, which appeared at the end of Brillat-Savarin's book. Situated within the burgeoning gastronomic context of the time, Balzac's renowned obsession with the culinary is examined as a creative decoction made at the intersection of alimentation, generation, and textual production. (in French PCD)
    Vatan, Florence.
  • The "Poet-Philosopher" and the "Physician-Philosopher": A Reading of Baudelaire's Prose Poem "Assommons les pauvres!"
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lélut, F. (François), 1804-1877. Du démon de Socrate.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867. Assommons les pauvres!
    • Physicians in literature.
    Abstract:
      In the second half of the nineteenth century, French alienists, imbued with the ambitions of the emerging psychiatric discipline, often regarded themselves as public figures. They did not hesitate to speak to philosophical, social, political, and even aesthetic matters. Louis François Lélut is a case in point: in Du démon de Socrate (1836) he used his medical expertise to diagnose Socrates as a lunatic. In the wake of the Revolution of 1848, he launched a fierce critique against proponents of equality such as Proudhon (Egalité, 1849). Through an analysis of Baudelaire's prose poem "Assommons les pauvres!" this essay explores Baudelaire's subversive critique of Lélut's intellectual claims. Baude-laire depicts a narrator who displays similarities with the allegedly "lunatic" Socrates and yet defies any simplistic equation between philosophical "genius" and pathology. Baudelaire's parody is directed at Lélut's medical and political views: the narrator's stand on equality overtly challenges Lélut's inegalitarian beliefs. (FV)
    Scott, Maria.
  • Baudelaire's Canine Allegories: "Le Chien et le flacon" and "Les Bons Chiens"
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867. Chien et le flacon.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867. Bons chiens.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867 -- Symbolism.
    Abstract:
      This piece argues that Baudelaire's two dog-centered prose poems covertly invite an allegorical reading of his collection. After briefly outlining the poet's understanding of allegory, it identifies, in both "Le Chien et le flacon" and "Les Bons Chiens," a network of allusions to Rabelais's Gargantua prologue and to Cynic philosophy. The hypothesis that these allusions point to the presence of hidden, ironic allegories in Le Spleen de Paris is then contextualized by reference to Baudelaire's interest in duplicitousness, to current criticism of the collec-tion, and to the poet's association of allegory and anamorphosis. (MS)
    Lunn-Rockliffe, Katherine, 1974-
  • Paris as Bazaar: Tristan Corbière's Poetry of the City
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    Subject Headings:
    • Corbière, Tristan, 1845-1875. Amours jaunes.
    • City and town life in literature.
    • Paris (France) -- In literature.
    Abstract:
      This article shows how Corbière's Paris poetry in Les Amours jaunes (1873) evokes the destabilizing quality of city life. Combining close textual analysis with examination of the socio-economic context, it surveys his parodic versions of stereotypical prostitute and flâneur figures, and shows how his condensed urban landscapes reflect his fragmented subjects, particularly his poet personae. It then focuses on his representation of the difficulties facing poets in the marketplace, and argues that his ironic clash of discourses represents both conflict between value-systems and contradictions within the bohemian milieu. It concludes that Corbière conveys the underlying workings of urban society by dramatizing the sensation of doubt about values. (JL-R)
    Ashley, Katherine, 1974-
  • Policing Prostitutes: Adaptations and Reactions to Edmond de Goncourt's La Fille Elisa
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    Subject Headings:
    • Goncourt, Edmond de, 1822-1896. Fille Élisa.
    • Prostitutes in literature.
    Abstract:
      No legal action was taken against Edmond de Goncourt's prostitute-prisoner novel, La Fille Elisa (1877); however, three adaptations of it ­ "La Fille Elisabeth" (1877), La Fille Elisa: scène d'atelier (c. 1880), and La Fille Elisa: pièce (1890) ­ were repressed. The two former ignored the issue of prisons, but attacked the portrayal of prostitutes. The latter was praised for its description of prisons, but repressed because of its depiction of prostitutes. In each case, La Fille Elisa was used as a scapegoat for more general complaints about Naturalist themes, even when public tastes, along with Naturalism itself, were evolving. (KA)
    Paton, Tracy L.
  • Marie Krysinska's Poetics of Parody: Figures of the Woman Artist
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    Subject Headings:
    • Krysinska, Marie, 1857-1908 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Abstract:
      Marie Krysinska's "Symphonie des Parfums" reveals that she was aware of her role as the only woman artist at the Chat Noir cabaret. She employed her free verse techniques in conjunction with the parodic mode of self-expression popularized at the cabaret to reject the feminine ideal and legitimate her status as an original poet. Krysinska parodies descriptions of imaginary women associated with flowers in conventional poetry by revising synaesthesic analogies and tropes of women's adornments that Baudelaire designated as symbols of alluring signifying power to represent a multiform "feminine" subjectivity in figures of women performing various, interrelated genres of art. (TLP)
    Grenaudier-Klijn, France.
  • Jouissance des vierges: La topique de la virginité dans deux romans de Marcelle Tinayre
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tinayre, Marcelle, b. 1877. Avant l'amour.
    • Tinayre, Marcelle, b. 1877. Hellé.
    • Virginity in literature.
    Abstract:
      In both Avant l'amour (1897) and Hellé (1899), Marcelle Tinayre (1872-1948) investigates the discursive, narrative, and ideological extrapolations offered by female virginity. In both cases, virginity allows a discourse of opposition to normative patriarchal preconceptions, and a discourse of repossession of female sensuality, freedom and independence to emerge. Thus apprehended, the preserved hymen symbolizes the temporal, spatial, physical, and ideological threshold where the heroines stand. (in French FG-K)

Book Reviews

Art, Culture, History

    Rifelj, Carol de Dobay, 1946-
  • Desiring the Dead: Necrophilia and Nineteenth-Century French Literature (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Downing, Lisa. Desiring the dead: necrophilia and nineteenth-century French literature.
    • Necrophilia.
    White, Laura Mooneyham.
  • Eavesdropping in the Novel from Austen to Proust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gaylin, Ann Elizabeth. Eavesdropping in the novel from Austen to Proust.
    • English fiction -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Huebner, Steven.
  • Opera, Liberalism, and Antisemitism in Nineteenth-Century France: The Politics of Halévy's La Juive (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hallman, Diana R. Opera, liberalism, and antisemitism in nineteenth-century France: the politics of Halévy's La juive.
    • Halévy, F., 1799-1862. Juive.
    Benert, Britta.
  • Leibhaftige Dekadenz: Studien zur Körperlichkeit in ausgewählten Werken von Joris-Karl Huysmans und Oscar Wilde (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Klee, Wanda G., 1970- Leibhaftige Dekadenz: Studien zur Körperlichkeit in ausgewählten Werken von Joris-Karl Huysmans und Oscar Wilde.
    • Huysmans, J.-K. (Joris-Karl), 1848-1907 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Mickel, Emanuel J., 1937-
  • Transposing Art into Texts in French Romantic Literature (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Majewski, Henry F. Transposing art into texts in French romantic literature.
    • French literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Lehning, James R., 1947-
  • From Revolutionaries to Citizens: Antimilitarism in France, 1870-1914 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miller, Paul B., 1964- From revolutionaries to citizens: antimilitarism in France, 1870-1914.
    • Peace movements -- France -- History -- 19th century.
    Kadish, Doris Y.
  • The Jew of Seville, and: The Fortune-Teller (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Séjour, Victor, 1817-1874. Jew of Seville.
    • Shapiro, Norman R., tr.
    • Séjour, Victor, 1817-1874. Fortune-teller.
    • Shapiro, Norman R., tr.
    • French drama -- 19th century -- Translations into English.

Balzac Studies

    Goffette, Jean-Dominique.
  • Balzac, la duchesse et l'idole: Poétique du corps aristocratique (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Labouret-Grare, Mireille, 1956- Balzac, la duchesse et l'idole: poétique du corps aristocratique.
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850 -- Characters -- Women.

Baudelaire Studies

    Raser, Timothy Bell.
  • Baudelaire devant l'innombrable (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Compagnon, Antoine, 1950- Baudelaire devant l'innombrable.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Patty, James S.
  • Unne femme trop gaie: Biographie d'un amour de Baudelaire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Savatier, Thierry. Femme trop gaie: biographie d'un amour de Baudelaire.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867 -- Relations with women.

Flaubert Studies

    Porter, Laurence M., 1936-
  • La Production du descriptif: Exogenèse et endogenèse de L'Éducation sentimentale (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Le Calvez, Eric. Production du descriptif: exogenèse et endogenèse de l'Éducation sentimentale.
    • Flaubert, Gustave, 1821-1880. Education sentimentale -- Criticism, Textual.
    Matthey, Cécile.
  • La Textualisation de Madame Bovary (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • MacNamara, Matthew. Textualisation de Madame Bovary.
    • Flaubert, Gustave, 1821-1880. Madame Bovary -- Criticism, Textual.

Gautier Studies

    Berrong, Richard M., 1951-
  • Lettres à la Présidente & Poésies érotiques (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gautier, Théophile, 1811-1872. Lettres à la présidente & Poésies érotiques.
    • Savatier, Thierry, ed.
    • Gautier, Théophile, 1811-1872 -- Correspondence.

Gourmont Studies

    Goetz, Thomas H., 1936-
  • Remy de Gourmont: L'écriture et ses masques (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boyer, Anne. Remy de Gourmont: l'écriture et ses masques.
    • Gourmont, Remy de, 1858-1915 -- Criticism and interpretation.

Hugo Studies

Huysmans Studies

    Ziegler, Robert, 1947-
  • L'Ecriture comique de J.-K. Huysmans (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bonnet, Gilles, 1972- Ecriture comique de J.-K. Huysmans.
    • Huysmans, J.-K. (Joris-Karl), 1848-1907 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Emery, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Nicole)
  • Huysmans l'inchangé: Histoire d'une conversion (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smeets, Marc. Huysmans l'inchangé: histoire d'une conversion.
    • Huysmans, J.-K. (Joris-Karl), 1848-1907 -- Religion.

Krysinska Studies

    Paliyenko, Adrianna M., 1956-
  • Rythmes pittoresques (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Krysinska, Marie, 1857-1908. Rythmes pittoresques.
    • Whidden, Seth Adam, 1969-, ed.
    • Krysinska, Marie, 1857-1908 -- Criticism and interpretation.

Mallarmé Studies

    Genova, Pamela Antonia, 1961-
  • The Poet in Society: Art, Consumerism, and Politics in Mallarmé (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Catani, Damian, 1973- Poet in society: art, consumerism, and politics in Mallarmé.
    • Mallarmé, Stéphane, 1842-1898.

Maupassant Studies

    Donaldson-Evans, Mary.
  • A Selection of the Chroniques (1881-87) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Maupassant, Guy de, 1850-1893. Selection of the Chroniques (1881-87)
    • Ritchie, Adrian, ed.
    • Maupassant, Guy de, 1850-1893 -- Translations into English.

Rimbaud Studies

    Whidden, Seth Adam, 1969-
  • Oeuvres complètes. Tome IV: Fac-similés (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rimbaud, Arthur, 1854-1891. Oeuvres complètes.
    • Murphy, Steve, ed.
    • French poetry -- 19th century.

Rostand Studies

    Unwin, Timothy A.
  • The Man who was Cyrano: A Life of Edmond Rostand, Creator of "Cyrano de Bergerac" (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lloyd, Susan M. Man who was Cyrano: a life of Edmond Rostand, creator of "Cyrano de Bergerac".
    • Rostand, Edmond, 1868-1918.

Sand Studies

    Levy, Gayle A., 1965-
  • Germaine de Staël, George Sand, and the Victorian Woman Artist (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lewis, Linda M., 1942- Germaine de Staël, George Sand, and the Victorian woman artist.
    • English literature -- Women authors -- History and criticism.

Stendhal Studies

    Lukacher, Maryline, 1946-
  • Stendhal en sa correspondance ou "L'Histoire d'un esprit" (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Diaz, Brigitte. Stendhal en sa correspondance ou "l'histoire d'un esprit".
    • Stendhal, 1783-1842. Correspondence.

Zola Studies

    Santos, José.
  • Les Jardins de Zola, psychanalyse et paysage mythique dans les Rougon-Macquart (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Got, Olivier. Jardins de Zola, psychanalyse et paysage mythique dans Les Rougon-Macquart.
    • Zola, Emile, 1840-1902. Rougon-Macquart.



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