NCFS: Nineteenth Century French Studies

Nineteenth-Century French Studies
Volume 30, Numbers 1&2, Fall-Winter 2001-2002


Articles

    Sainson, Katia.
  • "Le Régénérateur de la France": Literary Accounts of Napoleonic Regeneration 1799-1805
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    Subject Headings:
    • French literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    • Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821 -- In literature.
    • Regeneration in literature.
    Abstract:
      This article examines the earliest stages of the Napoleonic legend, as it took shape in the immediate post-Revolutionary era. In particular it focuses on what would later become a central theme in the Romantic-era cult of Napoleon - the theme of regeneration. The concept of regeneration with both its physiological and spiritual connotations was already a moral imperative of the Revolutionary period. However, the imagery linked to regeneration is still very much in evidence in a variety of little known texts glorifying Napoleon as a source of agriculture revitalization, demo-graphic renewal, national renaissance and spiritual rebirth. We also see evidence of a catastrophic form of literary regeneration in such works as Le Dernier homme by Grainville (1805) in which the figure of Napoelon is overshadowed by an annihilating form of regeneration that puts into question any dream of rebirth in the post-Revolutionary world. (KS)
    Cambien, Michel.
  • Vérité de l'art et rhétorique du vraisemblable: une (re)lecture de Cinq-Mars
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vigny, Alfred de, 1797-1863. Cinq-mars.
    Abstract:
      La théorie de la vérité dans l'art que Vigny expose dans la préface de Cinq-Mars s'inscrit dans la tradition d'une rhétorique du vraisemblable qui exclut les descriptions gratuites. Aussi celle du roman concerné sont-elles toutes textuel-lement motivées et relèvent-elles d'un système de signification solidement structuré. La conciliation des exigences liées au respect du dénouement d'un événement historique et des finalités d'une pratique rhétorique entraîne sans doute un infléchissement de la thèse que devait initialement soutenir le roman: de politique, celle-ci devient philo-sophique. Mais Cinq-Mars acquiert ainsi la cohérence qui lui est parfois contestée. (in French) (MC)
    Lastinger, Michael.
  • The CAPital Letter: Balzac's Le Colonel Chabert and the Names of a Rose
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    Subject Headings:
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850. Colonel Chabert.
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850 -- Language.
    Abstract:
      This article examines sounds, names, and the writing of them in Le Colonel Chabert in order to uncover a subtext of primitive nightmare and fairy tale. The primary phonic clues are condensed into the names of the two central characters, Colonel Chabert and Rose Chapotel, and they echo the roots /kab/ and / ap/ found in words evoking the horse and the head. These phonemes and sememes point beyond the verbal narrative to the bodily relation of the protagonists to their most intimate fears and desires, and ultimately to the triumph of feminine desire over the laws/loss of the father. (ML)
    Hadlock, Philip G.
  • The Other Other: Baudelaire, Melancholia, and the Dandy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867.
    • Dandies.
    • Melancholy.
    Abstract:
      Charles Baudelaire, one of nineteenth-century France's most prominent dan-dies, cites melancholia as one of the most striking features of dandyism. The dandy's melancholia seems to acquire special connotations in Baudelaire's typology: it takes form as a symbolic crisis that coincides with the phallicization of the male body. The connotations of this crisis are perhaps best illustrated in Baudelaire's prose poem, "Assommons les pauvres." The poem's confrontation between two dimensions of male selfhood signals a displacement and obfuscation of masculine desire in phallic culture. The confusion integral to phallic culture's conception of the masculine fur-ther resonates in Baudelaire's sometimes startling attitudes regarding women, fashion, and cosmetics. (PGH)
    Prévost, Maxime.
  • La Symphonie politique: Notes sur le Beethoven de Victor Hugo
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hugo, Victor, 1802-1885 -- Knowledge -- Music.
    • Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827 -- Appreciation -- France.
    Abstract:
      This paper attempts to show that while the young Victor Hugo proved oblivious to music in general and that of Beethoven in particular, the mature writer of William Shakespeare (1864) tried to make amends for reasons having more to do with politics than musicology. Indeed, Victor Hugo may have included Beethoven in his artistic pantheon so as to better exclude Goethe, the other "great German" whose anti-democratic and aristocratic stance clashed with Hugo's republican ideals. (MP)
    Harismendy-Lony, Sandrine.
  • Entre paraître et disparaître: Le "Testament" de Nina de Villard
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    Subject Headings:
    • Callias, Nina de -- Will.
    Abstract:
      The eclipse of Nina de Villard and the paradoxical petrification of her image (she is better known as Manet's "La Dame aux éventails") is explicable in terms of the social and artistic environment of the second half of the nineteenth century. Her "Test-ament," both by dint of its position at the head of a collection of poems (Feuillets parisiens) and by its choice of themes (art, artifice, representation, greenhouse), takes up the exposition motif so central to the whole fin-de-siècle period. Moreover, a close reading of the poem reveals the anguish of a female voice smothered by an excess of representation. In an age of exhibitions, collections and various bric-à-brac, it would appear that Nina de Villard's overvisibility caused her to disappear from view. (In French) (SH-L)
    Rollins, Yvonne Bargues.
  • Le Ventre de Paris de Zola: Il y a eu un mort dans la cuisine
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zola, Emile, 1840-1902. Ventre de Paris.
    Abstract:
      Si dans ce roman de la dévoration le mythe de l'Ogre apparaît, entre autres, dans l'image de Quenu vendant de la chair humaine après la mort de son oncle sur la planche à hacher, il n'en est pas moins évident que la vraie victime du hâchoir des Halles, Florent, est détruit, non seulement par la rage des Gras contre les Maigres, mais surtout par les paroles mauvaises et mensongères du quartier, savamment orchestrées par la vieille Saget. Commérages et histoires font pendant aux notes recueil-lies par Logre, le "lieutenant" de Florent, contribuant à sa chute. Le pouvoir des mots finit donc par détruire le rêveur, l'idéaliste, ces mots auxquels il a cru, dans sa naïveté révolutionnaire. (In French)
    Hart, Kathleen.
  • Oral Culture and AntiColonialism in Louise Michel's Mémoires (1886) and Légendes et chants de gestes canaques (1885)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Michel, Louise, 1830-1905. Mémoires.
    • Michel, Louise, 1830-1905. Légendes et chants de gestes canaques.
    • Michel, Louise, 1830-1905 -- Political and social views.
    Abstract:
      In order to understand Louise Michel's support for the 1878 Kanak revolt, we must consider her aesthetics of oral culture in Mes Mémoires and Légendes et chants de gestes canaques. Michel was acquainted from an early age with the oral culture of her native Haute-Marne. Moreover, it was in the context of oral culture that she was able to assume a socially significant role: that of a great orator who spoke in defense of the oppressed. Her sense of community thus depended greatly upon her identification with pre-industrial peoples for whom the spoken word was the primary mode of communication. (KH)
    Smeets, Marc.
  • La Proie et l'ombre. Durtal et la confusion gastro-sexuelle
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    Subject Headings:
    • Huysmans, J.-K. (Joris-Karl), 1848-1907. Bas.
    Abstract:
      In this article, we argue that the familiar conception of food as a prelude to the sexual act assumes obsessive and problematic proportions in Huysmans's 1891 novel Là-Bas. Durtal, a somewhat misplaced Casanova, seems to suffer from what we would call a gastro-sexual pathology and is therefore unable to enjoy sex or food. But there is a way to cure this "anomaly," and it is to be found in Catholicism, or perhaps rather, "decadence?" (In French) (MS)
    White, Nicholas, 1967-
  • Paternal Perspectives on Divorce in Alphonse Daudet's Rose et Ninette (1892)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Daudet, Alphonse, 1840-1897. Rose et Ninette.
    • Divorce in literature.
    Abstract:
      This short novel represents Alphonse Daudet's general reflection on family life since the advent of the Loi Naquet of 1884 which reinstated the possibility of divorce, and his particular warning to his son, Léon, whose stormy marriage to Jeanne Hugo was indeed to end in divorce by January 1895. A cautionary tale exposes the paternal alienation experienced by Régis de Fagan in the wake of his staged flagrant délit and subsequent divorce from not only his wife but consequently his beloved children, Rose and Ninette.This alienation is encoded in the intertextual references to Verdi's Hugolian opera, Rigoletto, and a proposal to rewrite Balzac's novel as Le Divorce du père Goriot. Régis is thus caught between models of excessive intervention and subservience on the part of fathers. (NW)
    Ziegler, Robert, 1947-
  • The Seasons of the Soul in J.-K. Huysman's La Cathédrale
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    Subject Headings:
    • Huysmans, J.-K. (Joris-Karl), 1848-1907. Cathédrale.
    • Religion in literature.
    Abstract:
      Through an examination of the use of plant imagery, this essay argues that, of all of Huysmans's novels, La Cathédrale is the most concerned with processes of artistic rarefaction, converting things into symbols, and stone into air. In La Cathédrale, the virignal lily assumes as important a position as the ridiculous pumpkin, the fruit of human vice combining the baseness of carnality with the lofty immodesty of self-satisfaction. Huysmans fixes the axis of his book on the issue of positional inverstion, making high what is low, orienting his text up, like a vine climbing the supportive scaffolding of Catholic teaching. From the wallowing horizontality of lust, pride rises until grace purifies it and carries it to the level of the angels. (RZ)

Book Reviews

General Critical Studies

    Le Calvez, Eric.
  • Province Paris: Topographies littéraires du XIXe siècle (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Djourachkovitch, Amélie, ed. Province Paris: topographies littéraires du XIXe siècle.
    • Leclerc, Yvan, ed.
    • Paris (France) -- In literature.
    Spagnoli, Laura.
  • L'Imaginaire des drogues: De Thomas de Quincey à Henri Michaux (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Milner, Max. Imaginaire des drogues: de Thomas de Quincey à Henri Michaux.
    • French literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Ziegler, Robert, 1947-
  • Dieu, la chair et les livres: Une approche de la décadence (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thorel-Cailleteau, Sylvie, ed. Dieu, la chair et les livres: une approche de la décadence.
    • Decadence in literature.

Bibliography

    Goetz, Thomas H., 1936-
  • Bibliographie du dix-neuvième siècle: Lettres, Arts, Sciences, Histoire, année 1999; "Webliographie" par Marianne Pernoo-Bécache (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Duchet, Claude. Bibliographie du dix-neuvième siècle: lettres, arts, sciences, histoire, année 1999.
    • Pety, Dominique.
    • Kim, In-Kyoung.
    • Pernoo-Bécache, Marianne.
    • Nineteenth century -- Bibliography.

Theater Studies

    Le Hir, Marie-Pierre.
  • Politics and Theater: The Crisis of Legitimacy in Restoration France, 1815-1830 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kroen, Sheryl, 1961- Politics and theater: the crisis of legitimacy in restoration France, 1815-1830.
    • France -- History -- Restoration, 1814-1830 -- Political aspects.

Art, Culture, History

    Noort, Kimberly Philpot van.
  • Visions of War in France: Fiction, Art, Ideology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brosman, Catharine Savage, 1934- Visions of war in France: fiction, art, ideology.
    • French fiction -- History and criticism.
    Pasco, Allan H.
  • Medical Examinations: Dissecting the Doctor in French Narrative Prose, 1857-1894 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Donaldson-Evans, Mary. Medical examinations: dissecting the doctor in French narrative prose, 1857-1894.
    • French fiction -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Donaldson-Evans, Mary.
  • Medical Progress and Social Reality: A Reader in Nineteenth-Century Medicine and Literature (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Furst, Lilian R., ed. Medical progress and social reality: a reader in nineteenth-century medicine and literature.
    • Medicine -- Literary collections.
    Levy, Gayle A., 1965-
  • Streetwalking the Metropolis: Women, the City, and Modernity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parsons, Deborah L., 1973- Streetwalking the metropolis: women, the city, and modernity.
    • Flaneurs in literature.
    Wright, Barbara, 1935-
  • Cooking with Mud : The Idea of Mess in Nineteenth-Century Art and Fiction (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Trotter, David, 1951- Cooking with mud: the idea of mess in nineteenth-century art and fiction.
    • Messes in art.

Balzac Studies

    Goulet, Andrea.
  • Traité de la vie élégante (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850. Traité de la vie élégante.
    • Natta, Marie-Christine, ed.
    • Etiquette -- Europe -- Fiction.
    Moisan, Philippe.
  • L'Année Balzacienne 1999. Lire Balzac en l'an 2000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ambrière, Madeleine, ed. Année balzacienne 1999. Lire Balzac en l'an 2000.
    • Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850 -- Bibliography.

Banville Studies

    Coates, Carrol F., 1930-
  • Oeuvres poétiques complètes. Tome I, Les Cariatides (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Banville, Théodore Faullain de, 1823-1891. Oeuvres poétiques complètes.
    • Edwards, Peter J., 1941-, ed.
    • French poetry -- 19th century.

Barres Studies

    Canovas, Frédéric, 1965-
  • Barrès romancier: une nosographie de la décadence (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wittmann, Jean-Michel. Barrès romancier: une nosographie de la décadence.
    • Barrès, Maurice, 1862-1923 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Lloyd, Rosemary.
  • Les Paradis artificiels, and: Nouvelles Lettres (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867. Paradis artificiels.
    • Steinmetz, Jean-Luc, ed.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867. Nouvelles lettres.
    • Pichois, Claude, ed.
    • Hallucinogenic drugs.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867 -- Correspondence.

Baudelaire Studies

    Lloyd, Rosemary.
  • Baudelaire: Individualism, Dandyism and the Philosophy of History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Howells, Bernard. Baudelaire: individualism, dandyism and the philosophy of history.
    • Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867 -- Philosophy.

Dumas Studies

    Cooper, Barbara T., 1944-
  • Théâtre complet. Fasc. 10: Charles VII chez ses grands vassaux (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dumas, Alexandre, 1802-1870. Théâtre complet.
    • Bassan, Fernande, ed.
    • French drama -- 19th century.

Flaubert Studies

    Israel-Pelletier, Aimée.
  • Flaubert: Une éthique de l'art pur (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Séginger, Gisèle. Flaubert: une éthique de l'art pur.
    • Flaubert, Gustave, 1821-1880 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Le Men, Ségolène.
  • Flaubert and the Pictorial Arts: From Image to Text (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tooke, Adrianne J. Flaubert and the pictorial arts: from image to text.
    • Flaubert, Gustave, 1821-1880 -- Knowledge -- Art.

Maeterlinck Studies

    Wilkinson, Lynn Rosellen.
  • Maurice Maeterlinck and the Making of Modern Theatre (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McGuinness, Patrick. Maurice Maeterlinck and the making of modern theatre.
    • Maeterlinck, Maurice, 1862-1949 -- Criticism and interpretation.

Stendhal Studies

Verlaine Studies

    Whidden, Seth.
  • Verlaine à la loupe: Colloque de Cerisy, 11-18 juillet 1996 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gouvard, Jean-Michel, ed. Verlaine à la loupe: Colloque de Cerisy, 11-18 juillet 1996.
    • Murphy, Steve, ed.
    • Verlaine, Paul, 1844-1896 -- Criticism and interpretation -- Congresses.



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