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Monumenta Nipponica

Vol. 60 (2005) through current issue

Monumenta Nipponica was founded in 1938 by Sophia University, Tokyo, to provide a common platform for scholars throughout the world to present their research on Japanese culture, history, literature, and society. One of the oldest and most highly regarded English-language journals in the Asian studies field, it is known not only for articles of original scholarship and timely book reviews, but also for authoritative translations of a wide range of Japanese historical and literary sources. Previously published four times a year, since 2008 the journal has appeared semiannually, in May and November.

Published by: Sophia University

Current Issue: Volume 69, Number 2, 2014

E-ISSN: 1880-1390
Print ISSN: 0027-0741

Submission Guidelines

Monumenta Nipponica
Sophia University
7-1 Kioi-chō
Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo 102-8554 Japan
fax: 81-3-3238-3835
e-mail: mnoffice@sophia.ac.jp

Articles submitted for publication should be printed double-spaced (on only one side of the page) with the right-hand margin unjustified; this applies also to indented quotations and notes. As manuscripts under consideration for publication are reviewed anonymously, the author’s name should not appear on the title page or in the headers or footers. Only one printed copy need be supplied. In addition to the hard copy, authors should also send a digital version of the text as an email attachment saved as a Word file (1997 or later). Send manuscripts and books for review to the address above.

For style and format, refer to The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition, and to the MN style sheet, available in printed form on request and in digital form on the MN website. Kanji for Japanese and other East Asian names and terms should be included at the time of initial submission, and if the piece to be considered is a translation, a copy of the original Japanese text should also be provided.

Editorial Board

Volume 69, Number 2, 2014

Institute Director

Angela Yiu

Editors

Richard A. Gardner

Caroline Hirasawa

Book Review Editor

Shion Kōno

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Advisory Board

Mikael S. Adolphson, University of Alberta

Bruce Batten, J. F. Oberlin University

C. Andrew Gerstle, SOAS, University of London

Bettina Gramlich-Oka, Sophia University

Helen Hardacre, Harvard University

Hayashi Michio, Sophia University

James W. Heisig, Nanzan University

Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin

R. Keller Kimbrough, University of Colorado, Boulder

Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley

Matsuda Kōichirō, Rikkyo University

Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen University

Joshua S. Mostow, University of British Columbia

Mark R. Mullins, University of Auckland

Kate Wildman Nakai, Sophia University, Emerita

Nakano Kōichi, Sophia University

Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia

Fabio Rambelli, University of California, Santa Barbara

Sven Saaler, Sophia University

Shimazono Susumu, Sophia University

Haruo Shirane, Columbia University

M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford

Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris

Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College

Volume 69, Number 1, 2014

Institute Director

Angela Yiu

Editors

Richard A. Gardner
Caroline Hirasawa

Book Review Editor

Shion Kōno

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Advisory Board

Mikael S. Adolphson, University of Alberta
Bruce Batten, J. F. Oberlin University
C. Andrew Gerstle, SOAS, University of London
Bettina Gramlich-Oka, Sophia University
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Hayashi Michio, Sophia University
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
R. Keller Kimbrough, University of Colorado, Boulder
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley
Matsuda Kōichirō, Rikkyo University
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen University
Joshua S. Mostow, University of British Columbia
Mark R. Mullins, University of Auckland
Kate Wildman Nakai, Sophia University, Emerita
Nakano Kōichi, Sophia University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
Fabio Rambelli, University of California, Santa Barbara
Sven Saaler, Sophia University
Shimazono Susumu, Sophia University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College

Volume 68, Number 2, 2013

Institute Director

Angela Yiu

Editors

Richard A. Gardner
Caroline Hirasawa

Book Review Editor

Shion Kōno

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Advisory Board

Mikael S. Adolphson, University of Alberta
Bruce Batten, J. F. Oberlin University
C. Andrew Gerstle, SOAS, University of London
Bettina Gramlich-Oka, Sophia University
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Hayashi Michio, Sophia University
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
R. Keller Kimbrough, University of Colorado, Boulder
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley
Matsuda Kōichirō, Rikkyo University
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen University
Joshua S. Mostow, University of British Columbia
Mark R. Mullins, University of Auckland
Kate Wildman Nakai, Sophia University, Emerita
Nakano Kōichi, Sophia University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
Fabio Rambelli, University of California, Santa Barbara
Sven Saaler, Sophia University
Shimazono Susumu, Sophia University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College

Volume 68, Number 1, 2013

Institute Director

Angela Yiu

Editors

Richard A. Gardner
Caroline Hirasawa

Book Review Editor

Shion Kōno

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Advisory Board

Mikael S. Adolphson, University of Alberta
Bruce Batten, J. F. Oberlin University
C. Andrew Gerstle, SOAS, University of London
Bettina Gramlich-Oka, Sophia University
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Hayashi Michio, Sophia University
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
R. Keller Kimbrough, University of Colorado, Boulder
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley
Matsuda Kōichirō, Rikkyo University
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen University
Joshua S. Mostow, University of British Columbia
Mark R. Mullins, University of Auckland
Kate Wildman Nakai, Sophia University, Emerita
Nakano Kōichi, Sophia University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
Fabio Rambelli, University of California, Santa Barbara
Sven Saaler, Sophia University
Shimazono Susumu, Sophia University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College

Volume 67, Number 2, 2012

Editor

Mark R. Mullins

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Associate Editors

Richard Gardner
Nakano Kōichi
Bettina Gramlich-Oka
Sven Saaler
Hayashi Michio
Angela Yiu

Advisory Board

Bruce Batten, J.F. Oberlin University
Kate Wildman Nakai, Editor,1997-2010
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Shimazono Susumu, University of Tokyo
Ikegami Yoshimasa, Komazawa University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Richard Jaffe, Duke University
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley

Volume 67, Number 1, 2012

Editor

Mark R. Mullins

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Associate Editors

Richard Gardner
Nakano Kōichi
Bettina Gramlich-Oka
Sven Saaler
Hayashi Michio
Angela Yiu

Advisory Board

Bruce Batten, J.F. Oberlin University
Kate Wildman Nakai, Editor,1997-2010
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Shimazono Susumu, University of Tokyo
Ikegami Yoshimasa, Komazawa University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Richard Jaffe, Duke University
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley

Volume 66, Number 2, 2011

Editor

Mark R. Mullins

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Associate Editors

Richard Gardner
Nakano Kōichi
Bettina Gramlich-Oka
Sven Saaler
Hayashi Michio
Angela Yiu

Advisory Board

Bruce Batten, J.F. Oberlin University
Kate Wildman Nakai, Editor,1997-2010
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Shimazono Susumu, University of Tokyo
Ikegami Yoshimasa, Komazawa University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Richard Jaffe, Duke University
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley

Volume 66, Number 1, 2011

Editor

Mark R. Mullins

Managing Editor

Esther Sanders

Associate Editors

Richard Gardner
Nakano Kōichi
Bettina Gramlich-Oka
Sven Saaler
Hayashi Michio
Angela Yiu

Advisory Board

Bruce Batten, J.F. Oberlin University
Kate Wildman Nakai, Editor,1997-2010
Helen Hardacre, Harvard University
Peter Nosco, University of British Columbia
James W. Heisig, Nanzan University
Shimazono Susumu, University of Tokyo
Ikegami Yoshimasa, Komazawa University
M. Antoni J. Üçerler, S.J., University of Oxford
Richard Jaffe, Duke University
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Dennis Washburn, Dartmouth College
Gregory P. Levine, University of California, Berkeley

Volume 65, Number 2, 2010

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 65, Number 1, Spring 2010

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 64, Number 2, Autumn 2009

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 64, Number 1, Spring 2009

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 63, Number 2, Autumn 2008

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 63, Number 1, Spring 2008

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 62, Number 4, Winter 2007

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 62, Number 3, Autumn 2007

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 62, Number 2, Summer 2007

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 62, Number 1, Spring 2007

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 61, Number 4, Winter 2006

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 61, Number 3, Autumn 2006

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 61, Number 2, Summer 2006

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 61, Number 1, Spring 2006

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 60, Number 4, Winter 2005

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 60, Number 3, Autumn 2005

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 60, Number 2, Summer 2005

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

Volume 60, Number 1, Spring 2005

Editor

Kate Wildman Nakai

Managing Editor

Lynne E. Riggs

Advisory Board

W. J. Boot, Leiden University
Michael Cooper, Editor,1971-1997
Richard Gardner, Sophia University
Irmela Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Freie Universität Berlin
Hiraishi Naoaki, University of Tokyo
Kobayashi Hiromitsu, Sophia University
Kurozumi Makoto, University of Tokyo
Miyazaki Fumiko, Keisen Jogakuen University
Haruo Shirane, Columbia University
Henry D. Smith II, Columbia University
Sueki Fumihiko, University of Tokyo
Hitomi Tonomura, University of Michigan
Charlotte von Verschuer, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris
Yonekura Michio, Sophia University

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