Modernism/Modernity

Modernism/modernity
Volume 11, Number 2, April 2004

CONTENTS

    McGann, Jerome J.
  • Swinburne's Radical Artifice; or, The Comedian as A. C.
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    Subject Headings:
    • Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Abstract:
      Though Swinburne achieved an instant notoriety in his early published work, Ruskin and Henry Adams accurately forecast the cultural resistance that his writing would provoke. The reasons were both technical and ideological. Nonetheless, the emergence of many forms of "radical artifice" after 1960 brought a recovery of some essential and neglected resources of the Modernist revolution. In the context of our "late Modernism," Swinburne's brilliant and highly innovative work may begin to come into focus again.
    Rosenberg, Leah.
  • Caribbean Models for Modernism in the Work of Claude McKay and Jean Rhys
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    Subject Headings:
    • McKay, Claude, 1890-1948 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Rhys, Jean -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Sex in literature.
    Abstract:
      Focusing on the representation of artists and their models in the work of Jean Rhys and Claude McKay, I argue that during the interwar years, Caribbean artists produced a modernism that critiqued European modernist aesthetics as complicit in the bourgeois projects of nation and empire. Caribbean artists criticized the merging and sexualizing of black and female identities in European modernism by redefining modernist conceptions of the prostitute and the primitive. Asserting alternative conceptions of the primitive, of sexuality, and of community, they produced aesthetics and politics that challenged European modernism and modernity as well as the anglophone Caribbean nationalisms emerging in the 1930s.
    Schoenbach, Lisi.
  • "Peaceful and Exciting": Habit, Shock, and Gertrude Stein's Pragmatic Modernism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946 -- Aesthetics.
    • Modernism (Aesthetics)
    Abstract:
      This article argues for an alternative modernism, which I call "pragmatic modernism" and define through its affinities with the discursive and philosophical preoccupations of American pragmatism. While histories of modernism have tended to emphasize the "oppositional" legacy of the avant-garde, pragmatic modernism favors recontextualization over revolution, the everyday over the spectacular, and institutions over insurrections. Through the concept of habit, I link the pragmatism of William James and John Dewey to the literary experiments of Gertrude Stein. I argue that gradualism, accretion, continuity, and recontextualization define both Stein's work and pragmatic modernism more generally, and that such an approach suggests both an alternative modernism and an alternative model for contemporary criticism.

Special Section: Modernism and Mass Communications

    Wilson, Sarah.
  • Gertrude Stein and the Radio
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946 -- Views on radio.
    • Radio -- Social aspects.
    Abstract:
      This essay asserts that American radio acted as a powerful formal influence on Gertrude Stein's late writing. The radio provides a suggestive new means of connecting Stein's early aural experimentalism with her later, more popular, idiom. Through the 1930s and 1940s Stein wrestles with the idea of radio as a kind of public sphere--a forum in which self, other, and community can be constituted through talk and listening. Hearing the radio in Stein's late work is an important step toward recognizing the radio's distinct thematic and stylistic contributions to mid-century modernism.
    Peucker, Brigitte.
  • The Fascist Choreography: Riefenstahl-'s Tableaux
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    Subject Headings:
    • Riefenstahl, Leni -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Fascist aesthetics -- Germany.
    Abstract:
      This essay discusses one aspect of Susan Sontag's "fascist choreography"--the alternation of movement and stasis in Riefenstahl's films. It positions aspects of their visual style within a matrix of related cultural and aesthetic practices--including the baroque tragic drama, sculpture and dance, and photography--and reads these against a psychosexual scenario associated with Nazism.
    Kadlec, David.
  • Early Soviet Cinema and American Poetry
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    Subject Headings:
    • American poetry -- 20th century -- Russian influences.
    • Motion pictures -- Soviet Union -- Editing.
    Abstract:
      Early Soviet film developed documentary modes of presentation--particularly that of the worker testimonial--that came to appeal strongly to U.S. poets. Louis Zukofsky and William Carlos Williams, when they were beginning their epics, "A" and Paterson in the 1930s and 1940s, were especially attentive to the films of Eisenstein and Vertov. The quick, choppy cuts in Soviet film were known generally as "Russian montage," and derived from material shortages of film stock in the U.S.S.R. Vertov's approach to documentary materials showed Objectivist poets how to extend the naïve referentiality of Imagism into an account of historical events; Soviet film helped establish history as a fitting subject matter for modernist poetry. Particularly the long montage poems of Zukofsky and Williams owe a debt to Soviet filmmakers, and the forms these poems share indirectly express the utopian spirit of the early Soviet experiment.

Review Essays

    Rainey, Lawrence S.
  • Fables of Modernity: The Typist in Germany and France
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    Subject Headings:
    • Braune, Rudolf. Mädchen an der Orga Privat.
    • Hollender, Martin, 1965- Rudolf Braune: Biographie und Bibliographie.
    • Keun, Irmgard, 1910- Gilgi, eine von uns.
    • Keun, Irmgard, 1910- Kunstseidene Mädchen.
    • Keun, Irmgard, 1910- Artificial silk girl.
    • Ankum, Katharina von, tr.
    • Midgley, David R., 1948- Writing Weimar: critical realism in German literature, 1918-1933.
    • Gardey, Delphine. Dactylographe et l'expéditionnaire: histoire des employés de bureau, 1890-1930.
    • German fiction -- 20th century.
    • Braune, Rudolf.
    Robinson, Benjamin.
  • Planners, Pillars, and Pretenders: Socialism between Enlightenment and Sovereignty
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    Subject Headings:
    • Caldwell, Peter C. Dictatorship, state planning, and social theory in the German Democratic Republic.
    • Epstein, Catherine. Last revolutionaries: German communists and their century.
    • Gray, William Glenn. Germany's cold war: the global campaign to isolate East Germany 1949-1969.
    • Socialism -- Germany (East) -- History.
    • Communists -- Germany -- Biography.
    Conte, Joseph Mark, 1960-
  • The Details Are Kept a Secret
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dewey, Joseph, 1957-, ed. UnderWords: perspectives on Don DeLillo's Underworld.
    • Kellman, Steven G., 1947-, ed.
    • Malin, Irving, ed.
    • Cowart, David, 1947- Don DeLillo: the physics of language.
    • DeLillo, Don. Underworld.
    • DeLillo, Don -- Criticism and interpretation.

Book Reviews

    Spacks, Patricia Ann Meyer.
  • Eavesdropping in the Novel from Austen to Proust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gaylin, Ann Elizabeth. Eavesdropping in the novel from Austen to Proust.
    • English fiction -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Sandhu, Sukhdev.
  • Black Victorians/ Black Victoriana (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gerzina, Gretchen, ed. Black Victorians/ Black Victoriana.
    • Blacks -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    Patke, Rajeev S. (Rajeev Shridhar)
  • Empire, the National, and the Postcolonial, 1890-1920: Resistance in Interaction (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boehmer, Elleke, 1961- Empire, the national, and the postcolonial, 1890-1920: resistance in interaction.
    • Imperialism.
    Nolan, Emer, 1966-
  • Standish O'Grady, Æ and Yeats: History, Politics, Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McAteer, Michael, 1968- Standish O'Grady, Æ and Yeats: history, politics, culture.
    • O'Grady, Standish, 1846-1928 -- Knowledge -- History.
    Goodwin, Jonathan.
  • Narrative Gravity: Conversation, Cognition, and Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rukmini Bhaya Nair. Narrative gravity: conversation, cognition, and culture.
    • Discourse analysis, Narrative.
    Clej, Alina, 1951-
  • High Anxieties: Cultural Studies in Addiction (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brodie, Janet Farrell, ed. High anxieties: cultural studies in addiction.
    • Redfield, Marc, 1958-, ed.
    • Substance abuse -- Social aspects.
    Latham, Sean, 1971-
  • James Joyce, Sexuality, and Social Purity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mullin, Katherine. James Joyce, sexuality, and social purity.
    • Joyce, James, 1882-1941 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Harding, Jason.
  • The Great War and the Language of Modernism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sherry, Vincent B. Great War and the language of modernism.
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Great Britain -- Literature and the war.
    Rhodes, John David.
  • Cinema Italia: Classic Italian Film Posters (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bagshaw, Mel, cur. Cinema Italia: classic italian film posters [exhibition]
    • Estorick Collection.
    • Film posters -- Italy -- Exhibitions.
    Sherry, Vincent B.
  • Terrorism and Modern Literature: from Joseph Conrad to Ciaran Carson (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Houen, Alex. Terrorism and modern literature: from Joseph Conrad to Ciaran Carson.
    • English literature -- 20th century -- History and criticism.

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