Linguistic Inquiry

Linguistic Inquiry
Volume 36, Number 4, Fall 2005

CONTENTS

    Citko, Barbara.
  • On the Nature of Merge: External Merge, Internal Merge, and Parallel Merge
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    Subject Headings:
    • Extraction (Linguistics)
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Syntax.
    Keywords:
      Internal Merge, External Merge, Parallel Merge, multidominance, Linear Correspondence Axiom, across-the-board wh-questions
    Abstract:
      This article argues in favor of a new type of Merge, Parallel Merge, which combines the properties of External Merge and Internal Merge. Parallel Merge creates symmetric, multidominant structures, which become antisymmetric in the course of the derivation. The main empirical goal of the article is to revive a multidominance approach to across-the-board wh-questions and to show that a number of otherwise puzzling properties of across-the-board questions follow naturally from such an account.
    Dikken, Marcel den, 1965-
  • Comparative Correlatives Comparatively
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Relative clauses.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Syntax.
    Keywords:
      (comparative) correlative, relative clause, degree, measure, (null) operator, (null) demonstrative
    Abstract:
      The comparative correlative construction (The more you eat, the fatter you get) has received sporadic attention in the literature, with few concrete results when it comes to our understanding of the syntax of the construction. This article analyzes comparative correlatives as wellbehaved, crosslinguistically consistent correlative constructions whose initial clause is a relative clause adjoined to the second clause, which functions as the root of the construction. Examining comparative correlative data from a variety of languages, the article subjects the internal structure of the construction's two clauses to careful scrutiny, as well as the microscopic structure of the comparative-headed constituents introducing the two clauses.
    Holmberg, Anders.
  • Is There a Little Pro? Evidence from Finnish
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    Subject Headings:
    • Finnish language -- Topic and comment.
    • Finnish language -- Pronoun.
    Keywords:
      null subject, empty category, φ-feature, expletive, pronoun
    Abstract:
      The traditional view of the null subject as pro identified by Agr (the φ-features of I) cannot be maintained in a theory where Agr is uninterpretable. Two hypotheses are compared with regard to the predictions they make for Finnish null subject constructions: (A) Agr is interpretable in null subject languages, and pro is therefore redundant; (B) null subjects are specified but unpronounced pronouns that assign values to the uninterpretable features of Agr. Since Finnish observes the Extended Projection Principle and has an expletive pronoun, Hypothesis A predicts that null subjects should cooccur with expletives. The prediction is false, favoring B over A. A typology of null subjects is proposed: Null bound pronouns and null generic pronouns in partial null subject languages, including Finnish, are D-less φPs, and so are null subjects in consistent null subject languages with Agr, such as Spanish and Greek. Null 1st and 2nd person subjects in Finnish are DPs that are deleted. Null pronouns in languages without Agr, such as Chinese and Japanese, are the only true instances of pro, aminimally specified null noun.
    Rackowski, Andrea.
    Richards, Norvin.
  • Phase Edge and Extraction: A Tagalog Case Study
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tagalog language -- Grammar, Generative.
    • Extraction (Linguistics)
    Keywords:
      Tagalog, wh-agreement, Condition on Extraction Domain, phases, successive cyclicity
    Abstract:
      In this article, we examine evidence for the phase theory of movement (Chomsky 2000, 2001) in the context of Tagalog, arguing in particular that Tagalog has overt morphology that signals movement of arguments to checkan EPP-feature on the head of the vP phase. We show that this morphology interacts with extraction in ways Chomsky's theory leads us to expect, and we develop a theory of the Tagalog facts that also accounts for the effects of Huang's (1982) Condition on Extraction Domain.

Remarks and Replies

    Koopman, Hilda Judith.
  • Korean (and Japanese) Morphology from a Syntactic Perspective
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    Subject Headings:
    • Korean language -- Morphology.
    • Japanese language -- Morphology.
    • Korean language -- Syntax.
    • Japanese language -- Syntax.
    Keywords:
      word structure, Principle of Locality of Selection, antisymmetry, phrasal movement, pied-piping, Mirror Principle violations, agreement, low and high merger of Focus
    Abstract:
      This article concentrates on Sells's (1995) arguments against the syntactic view that words are built in the syntax, and it develops a syntactic account that yields a parsimonious account of the properties of "morphological units." Inflected words in Korean (and Japanese) are derived syntactically from head-initial structures by phrasal movement. Properties of words follow from regular syntactic principles and phonological properties of affixes. Agreement can be triggered under piedpiping. Word structure interacts with scope (Lee 2004, 2005), arguing for the presence of case affixes in the narrow syntax.

Squibs and Discussions

    Authier, J.-Marc.
    Reed, Lisa A., 1963-
  • The Diverse Nature of Noninterrogative Wh
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Relative clauses.
    • English language -- Grammar, Generative.
    • Extraction (Linguistics)
    Ritter, Elizabeth.
    Rosen, Sara Thomas.
  • Agreement Without A-Positions: Another Look at Algonquian
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    Subject Headings:
    • Algonquian languages -- Agreement.

Books and Journals Received

Index to Volume 36




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