Libraries and Culture

Libraries & Culture 37.2, Spring 2002

Articles

    Hammond, Mary.
  • "The Great Fiction Bore": Free Libraries and the Construction of a Reading Public in England, 1880-1914
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    Subject Headings:
    • Public libraries -- Law and legislation -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    • Libraries and readers -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    • Public libraries -- Book selection -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    • England -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      The Public Libraries Act (England and Wales) was passed in 1850 at a time when democracy was being hotly debated but only one person in forty was eligible to vote, and compulsory elementary education for all was still twenty years in the future. This essay explores how the public library came to act as a legitimating body for the performance of class and gender through reading practices. It argues that the social and political history surrounding the library movement in England is crucial to an understanding of how, though founded on the Arnoldian principle of culture as social panacea, it had come by the First World War to function on the principle of cultural capital as social signifier.
    Glynn, Tom.
    Hagensick, Craig C.
  • Books for the Use of the United States in Congress Assembled, 1783 and 1800
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    Subject Headings:
    • Madison, James, 1751-1836.
    • Government libraries -- United States -- Book lists -- History -- 18th century.
    • Legislators -- Books and reading -- United States -- History -- 18th century.
    • Library of Congress -- Catalogs.
    • United States -- Politics and government -- 1783-1809.
    Abstract:
      This essay compares a catalog that James Madison proposed to the Continental Congress in 1783 as the foundation for a congressional library with the list of books that were actually purchased in 1800 for the original Library of Congress. While one might assume that these lists would be fairly similar in scope, we found that they are surprisingly different in many important respects. After evaluating and comparing the lists, we offer a number of possible reasons for the differences.

Notes & Essays

    Reif, Stefan C., 1944-
  • The Cairo Genizah: A Medieval Mediterranean Deposit and a Modern Cambridge Archive
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cambridge University Library. Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit.
    • Jewish archives -- England -- London -- History.
    • Cairo Genizah.
    • Judaism -- History -- Medieval and early modern period -- 425-1789 -- Archival resources.
    Abstract:
      For almost two thousand years, it has been customary in Rabbinic Judaism to set aside a depository(genizah) into which could be consigned Hebrew texts that had to be removed from circulation. The famous Cairo Genizah was amassed mainly between the tenth and thirteenth centuries and sheds light on all aspects of medieval Oriental life. Most of its fragmentary manuscripts are preserved at Cambridge University Library, and they provide unique infor-mation about relations between Jews, Muslims, and Christians in the Crusader period. The history of the Cambridge Genizah collection, since its acquisition over one hundred years ago, is almost as remarkable as its contents.
    Olbrich, Bill.
  • Passing the Torch: Haynes McMullen's American Library History Database and American Libraries Before 1876
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    Subject Headings:
    • McMullen, Haynes, 1915- American libraries before 1876.
    • Libraries -- United States -- History -- 19th century.

Book Reviews

    Hallmark, Julie.
  • Scientific Communication in History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vickery, B. C. (Brian Campbell) Scientific communication in history.
    • Communication in science -- History.
    McIntosh-Doty, Mikail.
  • Encyclopedia of Monasticism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Johnston, William M., 1936-, ed. Encyclopedia of monasticism.
    • Monasticism and religious orders -- Encyclopedias.
    Reno, Christine M.
  • Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Newman, Barbara, 1953-, ed. Voice of the living light: Hildegard of Bingen and her world.
    • Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
    Niessen, James P., 1952-
  • Literacy and Written Culture in Early Modern Central Europe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tóth, István György, 1956- Literacy and written culture in early modern Central Europe.
    • Literacy -- Hungary -- History.
    McNally, Peter F.
  • The Public Library in Britain, 1914-2000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Black, Alistair. Public library in Britain, 1914-2000.
    • Public libraries -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    Stielow, Frederick J., 1946-
  • Intellectual Freedom and Social Responsibility in American Librarianship, 1967-1974 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Samek, Toni, 1964- Intellectual freedom and social responsibility in American librarianship, 1967-1974.
    • Libraries and society -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Ryrie, Charles Caldwell, 1925-
  • An American Bible: A History of the Good Book in the United States, 1777-1880 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gutjahr, Paul C. American Bible: a history of the Good Book in the United States, 1777-1880.
    • Bible -- United States -- History -- 18th century.
    Travis, Trysh.
  • A Handbook for the Study of Book History in the United States (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zboray, Ronald J. Handbook for the study of book history in the United States.
    • Zboray, Mary Saracino, 1953-
    • Books -- History -- Study and teaching -- United States.
    Passet, Joanne Ellen.
  • The Human Face of the Book Trade: Print Culture and Its Creators, and: Reciprocal Influences: Literary Production, Distribution, and Consumption in America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Isaac, Peter C. G., ed. Human face of the book trade: print culture and its creators.
    • McKay, Barry, 1948-, ed.
    • Fink, Steven, 1952-, ed. Reciprocal influences: literary production, distribution, and consumption in America.
    • Williams, Susan S., ed.
    • Book industries and trade -- Great Britain -- History.
    • American literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism -- Congresses.
    Ameen, Kanwal.
  • Academic Library Centrality: User Success Through Service, Access, and Tradition, and: The Reference Encounter: Interpersonal Communication in the Library (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grimes, Deborah J. Academic library centrality: user success through service, access, and tradition.
    • Radford, Marie L. Reference encounter: interpersonal communication in the library.
    • Academic libraries -- United States -- Administration.
    • Academic libraries -- Reference services -- United States.
    Upton, Dell.
  • Architectural Books in Early America: Architectural Treaties and Building Handbooks Available in American Libraries and Bookstores through 1800 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schimmelman, Janice Gayle. Architectural books in early America: architectural treaties and building handbooks available in American libraries and bookstores through 1800.
    • Architecture -- History -- Bibliography.
    Herring, Mark Youngblood, 1952-
  • Civic Librarianship: Renewing the Social Mission of the Public Library (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McCabe, Ronald B., 1948- Civic librarianship: renewing the social mission of the public library.
    • Libraries and community -- United States.



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