Leonardo

Leonardo
Volume 39, Number 3, June 2006

CONTENTS

Editorial

    Poissant, Louise.
  • The Encyclopedia of New Media Arts
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Multimedia (Art) -- Computer network resources.

After Midnight

    Phillips, Jon.
  • New Media in Seoul After Midnight
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Seoul (Korea) -- Civilization -- 21st century.

Artists' Statements

    Alexenberg, Melvin L.
  • Cyberangels: An Aesthetic Peace Plan for the Middle East
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Alexenberg, Melvin L. Cyberangels: an aesthetic peace plan for the Middle East [visual works]
    • Arab-Israeli conflict -- Art and the conflict.
    • Arab-Israeli conflict -- 1993- -- Peace.

Artists' Notes

    Fung, Kai-Hung.
  • Artwork Using 3D Computed Tomography: Extending Radiology into the Realm of Visual Art
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Computer art.
    • Tomography.
    • Medicine and art.
    • Anatomy, Artistic.
    Abstract:
      Using scientific data acquired from state-of-the-art multidetector computed tomography (CT) scanners, the author employs 3D CT as a creative medium to demonstrate the beauty of human anatomy. Utilizing this new technology, the author hopes to achieve a new meeting of art and science, extending radiology into the realm of visual art.
    Guesdon, Céline.
  • Toward a New Kind of Image: Photosynthegraphy
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Photography, Artistic.
    • Photography -- Digital techniques.
    • Computer art.
    Abstract:
      The author presents a new way of creating images that taps into new interrogations of images. The link between art and technology lies at the heart of her research. She uses a prototype camera that makes it possible to generate a 3D mesh starting from a single photograph. She presents various photographic creations begun during earlier studies in order to explain how her work leads to the perception of photography as volume-images.

General Note

    Ryan, Paul, 1943-
  • From Video Replay to the Relational Circuit to Threeing
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Interactive art.
    • Video art.
    • Interpersonal relations in art.
    Abstract:
      This article traces the invention of the relational circuit, which makes possible an art of relationships called Threeing. This process of invention grew out of extensive video replay. Contrapposto made it possible to depict motion in stone. The relational circuit likewise makes possible a formal art of relationships for three people. This art form can be viewed in the light of relational aesthetics, a theory that judges artwork based on how it prompts inter-human activity and engagement with the world.

General Article

    Tosa, Naoko.
    Matsuoka, Seigow.
  • ZENetic Computer: Exploring Japanese Culture
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Japan -- Civilization -- Electronic information resources.
    • Zen Buddhism -- Electronic information resources.
    • Intercultural communication in art.
    Abstract:
      The authors present ZENetic Computer as a means of cultural translation using scientific methods to represent essential aspects of Japanese culture. Using images—deriving from Buddhism and other Asian concepts, sansui (landscape) paintings, poetry and kimonos— that have not heretofore been the focus of computing, the authors project the style of communication developed by Zen schools over hundreds of years into an exotic computing world that users can explore. Through encounters with Zen koans and haiku, the user is constantly and sharply forced to confirm his or her selfawareness for purposes of the story. There is no one right answer to be found anywhere.

Special Section: CAA 2005

    Legrady, George, 1950-
  • Perspectives on Collaborative Research and Education in Media Arts
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Multimedia (Art) -- Study and teaching (Higher)
    • Art and technology.
    • Group work in art.
    Abstract:
      Digital arts is by nature a hybrid practice, integrating the poetics, aesthetics and conceptual strategies of art with the logical, systematic methods of technological processes from engineering and the sciences. This article reviews the development of interdisciplinary, collaborative arts-engineering research and education at the University of California at Santa Barbara, focusing on the Media Arts & Technology graduate program from a visual/spatial arts perspective.
    Sandin, Daniel J.
    DeFanti, Tom.
    Kauffman, Louis H., 1945-
    Spielmann, Yvonne.
  • The Artist and the Scientific Research Environment
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • University of Illinois at Chicago. Electronic Visualization Laboratory -- History.
    • Art and technology.
    • Group work in art.
    Abstract:
      The authors reflect on the experiences of collaboration between artists and scientists at the Electronic Visualization Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago. They outline the measures that enable both media artists and computer scientists to benefit from the collaborations. In particular, if long-term collaborations are to be successful, the collaborators must garner rewards not only in the field of the collaboration but also in their own respective academic or professional fields.

Color Plates

Special Section: ArtScience: The Essential Connection

    Root-Bernstein, Robert Scott.
  • Albert Michelson, Painter of Light
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Michelson, Albert Abraham, 1852-1931.
    • Painting.
    • Art and science.
    Demaine, Erik D.
    Demaine, Martin L.
    Palmer, A. Laurie.
  • The Helium Stockpile: A Collaboration in Mathematical Folding Sculpture
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Sculpture, Abstract.
    • Conceptual art.
    • Mathematics in art.
    Abstract:
      The Helium Stockpile is a manipulable folding structure of hundreds of wooden blocks, representing the transformation between surface and solid through a foldable one-dimensional chain. The sculpture grew out of an unexpected collaboration between a sculptor and two mathematicians, giving the structure a mathematical basis through which it is guaranteed to be foldable into essentially any three-dimensional shape.
    Mather, David.
  • Extended Memory: Early Calculating Engines and Historical Computer Simulations
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • History -- Computer simulation.
    • Virtual reality in archaeology.
    • Philosophy and cognitive science.
    Abstract:
      When framed within cognitive theory's extended mind hypothesis, Charles Babbage's 19th century calculating machines illustrate a distinction between accuracy and flexibility. These properties affect how historical data and memory are organized, providing conceptual linkages for mind-machine integration. The distinction between accuracy and flexibility is also apparent in present-day computer simulations that use historical scenarios, such as virtual-reality software designed for the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, history-based video games and other art and entertainment software applications. These contemporary examples share one important feature of extended mind: the incorporation of history or personal memory into a shared memory system.
    Taylor, R. P.
  • Reduction of Physiological Stress Using Fractal Art and Architecture
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Psychology and art.
    • Fractals in art.
    • Stress management.
    Abstract:
      The author reviews visual perception studies showing that fractal patterns possess an aesthetic quality based on their visual complexity. Specifically, people display an aesthetic preference for patterns with mid-range fractal dimensions, irrespective of the method used to generate them. The author builds upon these studies by presenting preliminary research indicating that mid-range fractals also affect the observer's physiological condition. The potential for incorporating these fractals into art and architecture as a novel approach to reducing stress is also discussed.
    Schirillo, James A.
    Fox, Melissa A.
  • Rembrandt's Portraits: Approach or Avoid?
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, 1606-1669 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Portraits.
    • Psychology and art.
    Abstract:
      In 74% of Rembrandt's female portraits, the subject's left cheek faces the viewer. However, this occurs in only 26% of his male portraits. This asymmetry is consistent with viewers' assessment of Rembrandt's left-cheeked male portraits as preferably avoided, which may indicate that aggressive dominance is governed by the contralateral right hemisphere of the brain, while the rating of left-cheeked female faces as preferably approached may indicate sexual attractiveness. Rembrandt's exposed-cheek gender difference suggests that both sexual selection and dominance are governed by the more emotionally oriented right cerebral hemisphere.

Leonardo Reviews

    Blassnigg, Martha.
  • The Aegina Academy, A Forum for Art and Science: Light/Image/Illusion (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Aegina Academy (2005)
    • Art and science -- Congresses.
    Mosher, Michael R.
  • Pop Trickster Fool: Warhol Performs Naivete (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cresap, Kelly M. Pop trickster fool: Warhol performs naivete.
    • Warhol, Andy, 1928-1987 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Westermann, Claudia.
  • The Situationist International: A User's Guide (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Ford, Simon, 1965- Situationist International: a user's guide.
    • Internationale situationniste -- History.
    Graubard, Allan.
  • The Cradle of Humanity: Prehistoric Art and Culture (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bataille, Georges, 1897-1962. Cradle of humanity: prehistoric art and culture.
    • Kendall, Stuart, tr.
    • Kendall, Michelle, tr.
    • Art, Prehistoric.
    Ione, Amy.
  • Cognitive Science, Literature and the Arts (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hogan, Patrick Colm. Cognitive science, literature, and the arts: a guide for humanists.
    • Literature -- Philosophy.
    Knight, John, 1964-
  • Human Factors Methods for Design: Making Systems Human-Centred (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Nemeth, Christopher P. Human factors methods for design: making systems human-centered.
    • Human engineering.
    Dahlberg, Andrea.
  • Art Since 1900: Modernism, Antimodernism, Postmodernism (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Foster, Hal. Art since 1900: modernism, antimodernism, postmodernism.
    • Art, Modern -- 20th century.
    Harle, Rob.
  • The Art of Setting Stones and Other Writings from the Japanese Garden (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Keane, Marc P. (Marc Peter) Art of setting stones & other writings from the Japanese garden.
    • Gardens -- Japan -- Kyoto -- Anecdotes.
    Shortess, George.
  • Art Marketing 101: A Handbook for the Fine Artist (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Smith, Constance, 1949- Art marketing 101: a handbook for the fine artist.
    • Art -- Economic aspects.
    Pepperell, Robert.
  • The Paradoxes of Art: A Phenomenological Investigation (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Paskow, Alan, 1939- Paradoxes of art: a phenomenological investigation.
    • Aesthetics.
    Thacker, Eugene.
  • New Philosophy for New Media (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hansen, Mark B. N. (Mark Boris Nicola), 1965- New philosophy for new media.
    • Aesthetics.
    Ryssen, Stefaan van.
  • Eating Architecture (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Horwitz, Jamie, ed. Eating architecture.
    • Singley, Paulette, 1960-, ed.
    • Food.
    Ryssen, Stefaan van.
  • Artificial Life IX: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Pollack, Jordan B., ed. Artificial life IX: proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Artificial Life.
    • Biological systems -- Computer simulation -- Congresses.
    Tikka, Pia.
  • Image Retrieval: Theory and Research (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Jörgensen, Corinne, 1947- Image retrieval: theory and research.
    • Information storage and retrieval systems -- Image files.
    Grigar, Dene.
  • Lara Croft: Cyber Heroine (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Deuber-Mankowsky, Astrid, 1957- Lara Croft: cyber heroine.
    • Bonfiglio, Dominic J., tr.
    • Croft, Lara (Fictitious character) in mass media.
    Quillian, Kathleen.
  • Histories of the Future (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Rosenberg, Daniel, 1966-, ed. Histories of the future.
    • Harding, Susan Friend, ed.
    • Forecasting.
    Behrens, Roy R., 1946-
  • Leonora Carrington: Surrealism, Alchemy and Art (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Aberth, Susan L. Leonora Carrington: surrealism, alchemy and art.
    • Carrington, Leonora, 1917- -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Harle, Rob.
  • Symmetry 2000: Parts 1 and 2 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hargittai, István, ed. Symmetry 2000: proceedings from a symposium held at the Wenner-Gren Centre, Stockholm, in September 2000.
    • Laurent, T. C., ed.
    • Symmetry -- Congresses.
    Mosher, Michael R.
  • Gyromancy, and: CMCD: Six Classic Concrete, Electroacoustic and Electronic Works, 1970-1990 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Mnemonists (Musical group) Gyromancy [sound recording]
    • Oswald, John, 1953- CMCD: 6 classic concrete, electroacoustic and electronic works, 1970-1990 [sound recording]
    • Electronic music.
    • Lewis, Jerry Lee -- Songs and music.
    Enns, Anthony.
  • The Perfect Medium: Photography and the Occult (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Chéroux, Clément. Perfect medium: photography and the occult.
    • Spirit photography.
    Sharma, Aparna.
  • Ninth RAI Festival of Ethnographic Film (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • RAI International Festival of Ethnographic Film (9th : 2005 : Oxford, England)
    • Film festivals -- Great Britain.

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