Latin American Research Review

Latin American Research Review
Volume 39, Number 3, 2004


    Tuman, John Peter, 1964-
    Emmert, Craig F.
  • The Political Economy of U.S. Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America: A Reappraisal
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    Subject Headings:
    • Investments, American -- Latin America.
    • Investments, American -- Political aspects -- Latin America.
    • Human rights -- Economic aspects -- Latin America.
    • Free trade -- Latin America.
      This study examines the political and economic determinants of U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Latin America. The analysis focuses on fifteen Latin American and Caribbean countries for the period of 1979 to 1996. Market size, workers' skill levels, and political instability are found to have a statistically significant effect on the investment behavior of U.S. multinational firms. In addition, we find that a poor human rights record and military coups d'etat positively influenced U.S. FDI flows during the time series.
    Santos, Cecília MacDowell.
  • En-gendering the Police: Women's Police Stations and Feminism in São Paulo
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women's police stations -- Brazil -- São Paulo (State)
    • Sex discrimination in criminal justice administration -- Brazil -- São Paulo (State)
    • Feminist criminology -- Brazil -- São Paulo (State)
    • São Paulo (Brazil : State). Conselho Estadual da Condição Feminina.
      This article contributes to feminist state theory and studies of women's police stations in Latin America by examining the processes shaping the multiple and changing positions of explicit alliance, opposition, and ambiguous alliance assumed by policewomen regarding feminists since the creation of the world's first women's police station in 1985 in São Paulo. While studies of women's police stations tend to overlook the political conjuncture, much of the literature on the state and gender explains the relationship between the state and women's movements as a function of the political regime. I argue for a more grounded feminist state theory, taking into account interactive macro and micro, local and international forces. As this case study demonstrates, policewoman-feminist relations evolve due to interactions between the political conjuncture, the hegemonic masculinist police culture, developments in the feminist discourse on violence against women, and the impact of the contact policewomen sustain with women clients.
    Finkel, Jodi.
  • Judicial Reform in Argentina in the 1990s: How Electoral Incentives Shape Institutional Change
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    Subject Headings:
    • Judicial independence -- Argentina.
    • Argentina -- Politics and government -- 1983-2002.
    • Argentina. Convención Nacional Constituyente (1994)
      Judicial reform presents a paradox: why would a ruling party agree to judicial reforms that limit its own political power? In the Argentine case, I argue that although the ruling Peronist party could be induced in 1994 to initiate reforms (introduce constitutional revisions to strengthen the judiciary), the party then proved unwilling to accept the costs of an independent judiciary and failed to implement these changes (via enactment of congressional legislation). Only once the Peronists believed that they were unlikely to maintain political power did they implement the revised constitution's judicial advancements. Implementation of judicial reform in such a situation may serve the ruling party as an "insurance policy" in which a stronger judicial branch reduces the risks the ruling party faces should it become the opposition. My research suggests that the likelihood of implementation, the crucial determinant of judicial reform, increases as the ruling party's probability of reelection declines.
    Hughes, Sallie.
    Lawson, Chappell H., 1967-
  • Propaganda and Crony Capitalism: Partisan Bias in Mexican Television News
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    Subject Headings:
    • Television broadcasting of news -- Objectivity -- Mexico.
    • Television and politics -- Mexico.
    • Television broadcasting -- Ownership -- Mexico.
      The relationship between media ownership and partisan bias has been an important source of controversy in emerging democracies. Systematic tests of the effects of ownership, however, remain relatively rare. Using data from content analysis of ninety-three television news programs, as well as more detailed examination of six provincial television stations, we assess the extent of bias exhibited by different types of broadcasters during Mexico's 2000 presidential campaign. We find that privately owned television stations were generally more balanced than public broadcasters, who typically followed propagandistic models of coverage. At the same time, private ownership often entailed collusive arrangements between broadcasters and politicians, based on the prospect of future business concessions (i.e., "crony capitalism"). We conclude that changes in ownership patterns are unlikely to eradicate partisan bias, and we discuss other institutional remedies aimed at insulating both private and state-run media from political manipulation.
    Rubin, Jeffrey W.
  • Meanings and Mobilizations: A Cultural Politics Approach to Social Movements and States
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    Subject Headings:
    • Social movements -- Latin America.
    • Politics and culture -- Latin America.
    • Group identity -- Political aspects -- Latin America.
      Through examination of the Zapotec movement in Juchitán, Mexico, the Zapatistas in Chiapas, Pan-Mayan movements in Guatemala, and the Afro-Reggae Cultural Group in Rio de Janeiro, this article will show that social movements are best analyzed through a combined focus on the circuitous historical pathways of their origins and emergence and on the diverse pieces of representation and meaning out of which they are made. This dual focus, in turn, enables us to understand how political actors form, the places where politics occurs, and the resignifications that lie at the heart of political conflict.

Research Reports and Notes

    Weyland, Kurt Gerhard.
  • Assessing Latin American Neoliberalism: Introduction to a Debate
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    Subject Headings:
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Latin America.
    • Latin America -- Economic conditions -- 1982-
    • Latin America -- Social conditions -- 1982-
      The present set of Research Notes, which were first presented at a forum on Latin America's market reforms held at the 2003 Latin American Studies Association Congress, investigates the economic and social repercussions of the neoliberal wave that swept across the region during the 1990s. Have market reforms brought greater economic stability and stimulated growth? How have they affected crucial social issues, such as unemployment, poverty, and inequality? After Weyland's introductory explication of these questions, the Research Notes by Evelyne Huber and Fred Solt and by Michael Walton advance divergent assessments of neoliberalism's successes and failures. Huber and Solt argue that overall, Latin America's market reforms have yielded disappointing results in terms of economic stability and growth, social equity, and the quality of democracy. In particular, countries that enacted more radical reforms or that took especially drastic steps towards change performed less well than nations that proceeded more cautiously and gradually. By contrast, Walton argues that market reforms have increased growth while not significantly exacerbating economic instability and social inequality. And to the extent that neoliberalism fell short of expectations, the problem did not emerge from market reforms as such, but from deficiencies in the institutional context in which these reforms were enacted.
    Huber, Evelyne, 1950-
    Solt, Frederick.
  • Successes and Failures of Neoliberalism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Latin America.
    • Latin America -- Economic conditions -- 1982-
    • Latin America -- Social conditions -- 1982-
    Walton, Michael, 1953-
  • Neoliberalism in Latin America: Good, Bad, or Incomplete?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Latin America.
    • Latin America -- Economic conditions -- 1982-
    • Latin America -- Social conditions -- 1982-

Review Essays

    Berry, R. Albert.
  • Participation, Violence, and Development in Four Andean Countries
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barr-Melej, Patrick. Reforming Chile: cultural politics, nationalism, and the rise of the middle class.
    • Henderson, James D., 1942- Modernization in Colombia: the Laureano Gómez years, 1889-1965.
    • Meller, Patricio. Unidad Popular and the Pinochet dictatorship: a political economy analysis.
    • Sheahan, John, 1923- Searching for a better society: the Peruvian economy from 1950.
    • Crabtree, John, 1950-, ed. Towards democratic viability: the Bolivian experience.
    • Whitehead, Laurence, ed.
    • Gill, Lesley. Teetering on the rim: global restructuring, daily life, and the armed retreat of the Bolivian state.
    • Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo. Economic reforms in Chile: from dictatorship to democracy.
    • Ogliastri, Enrique. Capitalismo y solidaridad: una experiencia empresarial cooperativa.
    • Camacho, Patricia.
    • Middle class -- Chile -- History -- 20th century.
    • Colombia -- History -- 1886-1903.
    Heyman, Josiah McC. (Josiah McConnell), 1958-
    Campbell, Howard, 1957-
  • Recent Research on the U.S.-Mexico Border
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bowden, Charles. Down by the river: drugs, money, murder, and family.
    • González Rodríguez, Sergio. Huesos en el desierto.
    • Salzinger, Leslie, 1958- Genders in production: making women workers in Mexico's global factories.
    • Staudt, Kathleen A. Fronteras no más: toward social justice at the U.S.-Mexico border.
    • Coranado, Irasema.
    • Vila, Pablo, 1952-, ed. Ethnography at the border.
    • Vila, Pablo, 1952- Crossing borders, reinforcing borders: social categories, metaphors, and narrative identities on the U.S.-Mexico frontier.
    • Ward, Peter M., 1951- Colonias and public policy in Texas and Mexico: urbanization by stealth.
    • Drug traffic -- Mexican-American Border Region.
    • Serial murders -- Mexico -- Ciudad Juárez.
    Ornelas, Carlos.
  • From Straits to Optimism: Education in the Americas
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reimers, Fernando, ed. Unequal schools, unequal chances: the challenge of equal opportunity in the Americas.
    • Post, David. Children's work, schooling and welfare in Latin America.
    • Randall, Laura, ed. Schooling for success: preventing repetition and dropout in Latin American primary schools.
    • Anderson, Joan B., ed.
    • Cortina, Regina, ed. Distant alliances: promoting education for girls and women in Latin America.
    • Stromquist, Nelly P., ed.
    • Levinson, Bradley A., 1963- We are all equal: student culture and identity at a Mexican secondary school, 1988-1998.
    Majstorovic, Gorica.
  • Latin America in an International Context: Questions of Language and Travel in Literary Criticism and History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Díaz, Roberto Ignacio, 1960- Unhomely rooms: foreign tongues and Spanish American literature.
    • Fey, Ingrid Elizabeth, 1968-, ed. Strange pilgrimages: exile, travel, and national identity in Latin America, 1800-1990s.
    • Racine, Karen, 1967-, ed.
    • Cristoff, María Sonia, 1965-, ed. Acento extranjero: dieciocho relatos de viajeros en la Argentina.
    • Schwartz, Marcy E., 1958- Writing Paris: urban topographies of desire in contemporary Latin American fiction.
    • Spanish American literature -- History and criticism.
    • Latin America -- Civilization -- Foreign influences.
    Gwynne, Robert N.
  • Clusters and Commodity Chains: Firm Responses to Neoliberalism in Latin America
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    Subject Headings:
    • Addis, Caren. Taking the wheel: auto-parts firms and the political economy of industrialization in Brazil.
    • Casaburi, Gabriel G., 1962- Dynamic agroindustrial clusters: the political economy of competitive sectors in Argentina and Chile.
    • Gereffi, Gary, ed. Free trade and uneven development: the North American apparel industry after NAFTA.
    • Spener, David, 1961-, ed.
    • Bair, Jennifer, 1973-, ed.
    • Hoshino, Takeo. Industrialization and private enterprises in Mexico.
    • Lord, Montague J., ed. Handbook of Latin American trade in manufactures.
    • Automobile supplies industry -- Brazil -- History.
    • Dairying -- Argentina.
    Garrard-Burnett, Virginia, 1957-
  • The Third Church in Latin America: Religion and Globalization in Contemporary Latin America
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chesnut, R. Andrew. Competitive spirits: Latin America's new religious economy.
    • Corten, André, ed. Between Babel and Pentecost: transnational Pentecostalism in Africa and Latin America.
    • Marshall-Fratani, Ruth, ed.
    • Greenfield, Sidney M., ed. Reinventing religions: syncretism and transformation in Africa and the Americas.
    • Droogers, A. F., ed.
    • Hopkins, Dwight N., ed. Religions/globalizations: theories and cases.
    • Jenkins, Philip, 1952- Next Christendom: the coming of global Christianity.
    • Peterson, Anna Lisa, 1963-, ed. Christianity, social change, and globalization in the Americas.
    • Vásquez, Manuel A., ed.
    • Williams, Philip J., 1959-, ed.
    • Religious pluralism -- Latin America.
    • Pentecostalism -- Latin America.
    Barkin, David.
  • Who are the Peasants?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bryceson, Deborah Fahy, ed. Disappearing peasantries: rural labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
    • Kay, Cristóbal, ed.
    • Mooij, Jos E., ed.
    • Chase, Jacquelyn, 1956-, ed. Spaces of neoliberalism: land, place and family in Latin America.
    • Giarracca, Norma, ed. Nueva ruralidad en América Latina?
    • Lauria-Santiago, Aldo. Agrarian republic: commercial agriculture and the politics of peasant communities in El Salvador, 1823-1914.
    • Otero, Gerardo. Farewell to the peasantry? political class formation in rural Mexico.
    • Pérez C., Edelmira, ed. Nueva ruralidad en América Latina.
    • Farah, Maria Adelaida, ed.
    • Ross, Robert L., 1933- Mission possible: the story of the Latin American Agribusiness Development Corporation (LAAD)
    • Ruben, Ruerd, ed. Rural development in Central America.
    • Bastiaensen, Johan, ed.
    • Sick, Deborah, 1956- Farmers of the golden bean: Costa Rican households and the global coffee economy.
    • Striffler, Steve, 1967- In the shadows of state and capital: the United Fruit Company, popular struggle, and agrarian restructuring in Ecuador, 1900-1995.
    • Zoomers, E. B., ed. Current land policy in Latin America.
    • Haar, Gemma van der, 1968-, ed.
    • Agricultural laborers -- Developing countries -- Congresses.
    • Latin America -- Economic policy.
    Rahier, Jean, 1959-
  • The Study of Latin American "Racial Formations": Different Approaches and Different Contexts
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grandin, Greg, 1962- Blood of Guatemala: a history of race and nation.
    • Howard, David John, 1969- Coloring the nation: race and ethnicity in the Dominican Republic.
    • Sagás, Ernesto. Race and politics in the Dominican Republic.
    • Fuente, Alejandro de la, 1963- Nation for all: race, inequality, and politics in twentieth-century Cuba.
    • Sheriff, Robin E., 1959- Dreaming equality: color, race, and racism in urban Brazil.
    • Quiché Indians -- Politics and government.
    • Dominican Republic -- Race relations.
    Nolan-Ferrell, Catherine.
  • The State, Civil Society, and Revolutions: Building Political Legitimacy in Twentieth-Century Latin America
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    Subject Headings:
    • Forster, Cindy, 1957- Time of freedom: campesino workers in Guatemala's October Revolution.
    • Fallaw, Ben, 1966- Cárdenas compromised: the failure of reform in postrevolutionary Yucatán.
    • Gonzales, Michael J., 1946- Mexican Revolution, 1910-1940.
    • Miller, Nicola. In the shadow of the state: intellectuals and the quest for national identity in twentieth-century Spanish America.
    • Niblo, Stephen R., 1941- Mexico in the 1940s: modernity, politics and corruption.
    • Wood, Andrew Grant, 1958- Revolution in the street: women, workers, and urban protest in Veracruz, 1870-1927.
    • Agricultural laborers -- Guatemala -- Political activity.
    • Cárdenas, Lázaro, 1895-1970.
    Delany-Barmann, Gloria.
  • From Atitlán to Vancouver: Mayan Voices in New Works on Guatemala
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ehlers, Tracy Bachrach. Silent looms: women and production in a Guatemalan town.
    • Carey, David, 1967- Our elders teach us: Maya-Kaqchikel historical perspectives.
    • Loucky, James, ed. Maya diaspora: Guatemalan roots, new American lives.
    • Moors, Marilyn M., 1934-, ed.
    • Bizarro Ujpán, Ignacio. Joseño: another Mayan voice speaks from Guatemala.
    • Sexton, James D., tr.
    • Women in development -- Guatemala -- Case studies.
    • Cakchikel Indians -- Ethnic identity.
    Leaman, David.
  • Changing Faces of Populism in Latin America: Masks, Makeovers, and Enduring Features
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conniff, Michael L., ed. Populism in Latin America.
    • Torre, Carlos de la. Populist seduction in Latin America: the Ecuadorian experience.
    • Demmers, Jolle, 1969-, ed. Miraculous metamorphoses: the neoliberalization of Latin American populism.
    • Fernández Jilberto, A. E. (Alex E.), ed.
    • Hogenboom, Barbara, ed.
    • Ellner, Steve, ed. Venezuelan politics in the Chávez era: class, polarization, and conflict.
    • Hellinger, Daniel, ed.
    • Populism -- Latin America.
    • Populism -- Ecuador -- History -- 20th century.
    Marting, Diane E.
  • Internationalizing Brazilian Literature
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    Subject Headings:
    • Armstrong, Piers, 1962- Third World literary fortunes: Brazilian culture and its international reception.
    • Baden, Nancy T. Muffled cries: the writer and literature in authoritarian Brazil, 1964-1985.
    • Beired, José Luis Bendicho. Sob o signo da nova ordem: intelectuais autoritários no Brasil e na Argentina (1914-1945)
    • Graham, Richard, 1934-, ed. Machado de Assis: reflections on a Brazilian master writer.
    • Santiago, Silviano. Space in-between: essays on Latin American culture.
    • Gazzola, Ana Lúcia, ed.
    • Burns, Tom, tr.
    • Williams, Gareth, tr.
    • Brazilian literature -- Appreciation -- Foreign countries.
    • Brazilian literature -- 20th century -- Censorship.



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