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The surface-compositional semantics of English intonation:
Audio Files Accompanying Examples
Mark Steedman
University of Edinburgh

The following examples, repeated from the main article, are accompanied by audio files.

p. 7

  1. 1.    That was my wife . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          H*   LL%

p. 8

  1. 2.   

    1. a.    I only introduced Bill to Sue. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    I only introduced Bill to Sue . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  2. 3.   

    1. a.    They only asked whether I knew the woman who chairs the zoning board. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    #Which boards did they ask whether you knew the woman who chairs?

  3. 4.   

    1. a.    The committee only recommended that John should be appointed. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    At least one committee member recommended that each/every candidate should be appointed.

p. 9

  1. 6.   

    1. a.    Anna married a man with a pink Cadillac . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    Anna married a man with a pink Cadillac. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    3. c.    Anna married a man with a pink Cadillac . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  2. 7.    Anna married some guy she met. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

p. 11

  1. 9.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will marry Manny ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna ) (will marry Manny ). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      H*       L+H*   LH%

  2. 10.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will Anna marry? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna will marry     ) (Manny ). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    L+H*    LH%  H*    LL%

  3. 11.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will marry Manny ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: #(Anna will marry     ) (Manny ). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      L+H*        LH%  H*    LL%

  4. 12.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will Anna marry? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: #(Anna ) (will marry Manny ). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      H*        L+H*  LH%

  5. 13.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will Anna marry?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna     ) (will marry Manny ). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      L+H* LH%        H*    LL%

p. 12

  1. 14.   

    1. a.    You put my trousers in the microwave ! INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H*      H*    LL%

    2. b.    You put my trousers in the microwave ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              L*      L*    LH%

p. 13

  1. 15.   

    1. a.    You put my trousers in the microwave ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H*      H*    LH%

    2. b.    You put my trousers in the microwave ! INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              L*      L*    LL%

p. 14

  1. 16.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will marry Manny ?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna )ρ (will marry Manny)θ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        H*          LL%

  2. 17.    Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim . But who will Anna marry? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna will marry)θ (Manny )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H*  LL%

  3. 18.   

    1. a.    Q: What will Anna do?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      A: (Anna will)θ (marry Manny )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H*  LL%

    2. b.    Q: What about Anna?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      A: (Anna)θ (will marry Manny )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

                H*  LL%

    3. c.    Q: What’s new? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      A: (Anna will marry Manny )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H*    LL%

Note 20

  1. i.   

    1. a.    Is your mother home? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            H*      LH%

    2. b.    Can you pass the salt ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H* LH%

p. 15

  1. 19.    Q: What’s new?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Your mother called)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        H*      LL%

  2. 20.    #Jesus wept. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  3. 21.   

    1. a.    Truman died . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    Johnson died. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  4. 22.    Johnson died yesterday. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

Note 26

  1. i.    A: #(Anna married Manny)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            H*      LL%

p. 16

  1. 23.    Q: What’s new? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: #(Anna married Manny)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      H*        LL%

  2. 24.    H: Harry’s such a klutz.INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    S: He’s a good badminton player! INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            L*+H      LH%

        ‘You do not suppose it to be common ground that he’s a good badminton player.’ (implies: You seem to have forgotten that he’s a good badminton player, (from which it follows that he is no klutz).)

Note 27

  1. i.   

    1. a.    Your mother called you. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    The nazis did this to me. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    3. c.    The dog made a mess. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

Note 28

  1. i.    S: He’s a good badminton player! INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            L*+H      LL%

          ‘I do not suppose it to be common ground that he’s a good badminton player.’ (implies: You fail to realize that he’s a good badminton player, (from which it follows that he is no klutz).)

p. 17

  1. 25.   

    he:

    I can’t believe I ate the whole thing.

    she:

      You   ate it Ralph. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        L+H* L+H*      HL%

          ‘I suppose it to be common ground that you (as opposed to anyone else) ate it (as opposed to doing anything else).’ (implies: You know perfectly well that you ate it, Ralph.)

  2. 26.    Well,   yes . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        L+H* LL%

       ‘I suppose the affirmative to be common ground.’ (implies: You ought to know that I did.)

p. 20

  1. 28.    That was only my wife . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  2. 29.    a. I don’t eat red meat . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            H* LL%

  3. 30.    a. That was not my wife . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        L+H*  L+H*   LH%

p. 21

  1. 31.    Q: I know Anna dated a man with a red Cadillac . But who did she marry ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna married   ) (a man with a big pink Cadillac). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      L+H* LH%        H*       LL%

  2. 33.    Q: I know Anna dated a man with a red Cadillac . But who did she marry ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Anna married) (a man with a big pink Cadillac). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            H*       LL%

  3. 35.    Q: Where will the guests at Ivan and Theona’s wedding be seated? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: Friends and relations of the couple will sit at the table . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    L+H*    L+H*       LH%         H*     LL%

p. 22

  1. 36.   

    1. a.    An American farmer was talking to a Canadian farmer. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        L+H*   L+H*         L+H*       LL%

    2. b.    An American farmer was talking to a Canadian farmer. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        L+H*         L+H*       LL%

  2. 37.    An American farmer with a big pink Cadillac was talking to a Canadian farmer with a big pink Cadillac. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

p. 25

  1. 44.    Well, I’ll be a monkey’s uncle ! INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          H*    H*  LL%

p. 26

  1. 45.    It’s cold in here!INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

         H*      LL%

p. 31

Note 50

  1. i.    The blackboard ’s painted orange ! INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      L*           H*     LL%

p. 37

  1. 82.   

    1. a.    I have to see a guy. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    You need to talk to someone. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    3. c.    You took advantage of me. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    4. d.    He was reading superman to some kid. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

p. 39

  1. 90.   

    1. a.    Which guest ate only tofu ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    Who only ate vegetables ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  2. 91.   

    1. a.    Anna ate only tofu. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    Manny only ate vegetables.INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

  3. 92.   

    1. a.    Anna only introduced Sue to Bill. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    2. b.    Anna also only introduced Sue to Tom . INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

p. 42–43

  1. 94.   

    1. a.    Q: Che c’è di nuovo? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          ‘What’s new?’

      A: #(Tua mamma ha telefonato)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          H*       LL%

          ‘Your mother phoned.’

    2. b.    Q: Chi ha telefonato? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        ‘Who phoned?’

      A: #(Tua mamma )ρ (ha telefonato)θ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          H*         LL%

          ‘Your mother phoned.’

    3. c.    Q: Ha telefonato Gianni? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        ‘Did Gianni phone?’

      A: No, (tua mamma ha telefonato)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            H*       LL%

        ‘No, your mother phoned.’

  2. 95.   

    1. a.    Q: Che c’è di nuovo?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      A: (Ha telefonato tua mamma )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          H*       LL%

    2. b.    Q: Chi ha telefonato? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      A: (Ha telefonato)θ (tua mamma )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

            H*     LL%

    3. c.    Q: Ha telefonato Gianni?INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      A: No, (ha telefonato tua mamma )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

              H*     LL%

p. 44

  1. 97.    Q: Ich weiss, wer den Danny geheiratet hat. Aber wer hat den Manny geheiratet? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      ‘I know who married Danny . But who married Manny ?

    A: (Den Manny )θ (hat Anna geheiratet)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      L*+H       H+L*       LL%

        ‘Anna married Manny .’

  2. 98.    Q: Ich weiss, wen Anna gesehen hat. Aber wen hat Anna geheiratet ? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

      ‘I know who Anna saw . But who did Anna marry ?’

    A: (Geheiratet )θ (hat Anna den Manny )ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

        L*+H         H+L* LL%

        ‘Anna married Manny .’

p. 45–46

  1. 100.    Q: What about Mary ? What does she admire? INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

    A: (Mary) ((admires musicals ), (but detests opera )). INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

          H*   L    H*   LL%

  2. 101.   

    1. a.    (They only asked whether I knew )θ (the woman who chairs the zoning board)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

         L+H* LH%               H*   LL%

    2. d.    #(They asked whether I knew the woman who chaired )θ (the zoning board)ρ. INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic

                        L+H* LH%     H*   LL%

  3. 102.    (John only introduced)θ (Mary to Sue )ρ.INSERT DESCRIPTION - inline graphic