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Sound Correspondences in the World's Languages:
Online Supplementary Materials
Cecil H. Brown
Northern Illinois University and University of West Florida
Eric W. Holman
University of California, Los Angeles
Søren Wichmann
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

[See related article]

Application of the sound correspondence-recognition program to the ASJP database identifies 692 correspondences between nonidentical symbols. These are transcribed in ASJPcode. There are a total of 139 different symbols involved in the correspondences, including simple, modified, and compound symbols, along with *, ", and Ø (the null set) counted as simple symbols. Detailed description of ASJPcode is given in §2.1 of the main article. For convenience in interpreting the phonological symbols of ASJPcode used in this supplement, Tables 1 and 2 of §2.1 of the main article, which give the description of and IPA values for simple ASJPcode symbols, are repeated here, labeled as Table S1 and Table S2.

ASJPcode consonant symbols and their IPA values.
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Table S1. 

ASJPcode consonant symbols and their IPA values.

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ASJPcode vowel symbols and their IPA values.
Click for larger view
Table S2. 

ASJPcode vowel symbols and their IPA values.

The 692 correspondences are presented in Appendices A and B (below), along with three properties relevant to the frequency of each correspondence. NG is the number of language genera in which the correspondence is identified. AG is the number of genera in which the two corresponding sounds are frequent enough for a correspondence between them to be identified if it is actually present. CP is the correspondence percentage, which is NG/AG, expressed as a percentage. These properties, especially CP, are described in more detail in §2.3 of the main article.

Appendix A lists correspondences rank-ordered by value of NG within each of three sections. Section A1 is restricted to the 582 correspondences involving consonants. These include correspondences in which consonants are paired with consonants and in which *, ", and Ø as simple symbols are paired with consonants. Section A2 is restricted to the sixty-four correspondences involving vowels. These include correspondences in which vowels are paired with vowels and with Ø. Section A3 is restricted to the forty-six correspondences in which vowels are paired with consonants and with * and ". [End Page 30]

Appendix B presents every correspondence in which any of the 139 symbols occurs. This appendix is designed to enhance the efficiency of manual search for correspondences. Correspondence groups for consonantal symbols are listed first, ordered by the position in the oral cavity in which consonants are produced, from front to back. These are followed by groups for *, ", and Ø, and then by groups for vowel symbols, rank-ordered by position, from front to back, and then by height within position rank, from high to low.

Appendix C presents a matrix of CP for all pairs of the thirty-one most common simple consonants. Appendix D presents a matrix of CP for all pairs of the seven simple vowels. Appendix E presents the correlations and p-values between CP and published similarities that are summarized in §5 of the main article. Appendix F presents the matrices from Mielke 2012 that are used in §6.

Appendix A

Compendium of Worldwide Sound Correspondences

Appendix A lists all 692 sound correspondences produced through automation, and gives NG, CP, and AG for each correspondence. The appendix has three sections: §A1, restricted to the 582 correspondences in which no vowels are involved, including correspondences in which *, ", and Ø as simple symbols are paired with consonants, in addition to consonants paired with consonants; §A2, restricted to the sixty-four correspondences in which no consonants are involved, including correspondences in which vowels are paired with vowels and with Ø; and §A3, restricted to the forty-six correspondences in which vowels are paired with consonants and with * and ". In each of these sections, correspondences are rank-ordered by NG from largest to smallest. Within each NG rank, correspondences are further ordered by CP from largest to smallest.

Section A1: Correspondences not involving vowels

CORRESPONDENCE NG CP   AG
Ø h 55 20.68 266
l r 48 18.39 261
d t 32 12.08 265
g k 31 12.86 241
N n 30 14.02 214
Ø k 30 9.04 332
S s 29 19.08 152
b p 29 11.79 246
h x 27 20.45 132
Ø n 25 7.44 336
Ø 7 24 12.57 191
r d 23 9.31 247
Ø y 23 7.32 314
Ø w 22 7.28 302
Ø l 20 6.85 292
Ø r 20 6.60 303
C c 19 16.24 117
h s 19 7.79 244
v b 18 15.93 113
kh k 17 25.00 68
w v 17 15.89 107
7 k 17 9.19 185
0 t 17 5.18 328
L l 16 20.00 80
5 n 16 10.46 153
c s 15 10.71 140
0 m 15 4.46 336
T C 14 19.72 71
f p 13 11.71 111
* n 13 11.50 113
y j 13 10.92 119
w b 13 5.02 259
th t 12 17.39 69
q k 12 15.79 76
z s 12 11.01 109
x k 12 7.59 158
0 g 12 4.80 250
h k 12 4.63 259
n d 12 4.44 270
y r 12 4.35 276
7 h 11 6.67 165
C s 11 6.11 180
C t 11 5.88 187
h p 11 4.80 229
y l 11 4.07 270
l n 11 3.81 289
0 s 11 3.65 301
X x 10 23.26 43
0 N 10 4.65 215
l d 10 4.20 238
r t 10 3.42 292
s t 10 3.39 295
r n 10 3.34 299
kh x 9 21.43 42
j Z 9 18.75 48
0 x 9 5.63 160
r z 8 7.48 107
Ø d 8 2.93 273
m b 8 2.83 283
n m 8 2.41 332
ph p 7 16.67 42
t 8 7 12.28 57
q x 7 11.86 59
* N 7 10.77 65
v f 7 10.29 68
0 q 7 8.97 78
x g 7 5.93 118
x r 7 5.00 140
c t 7 4.83 145
7 t 7 3.74 187
0 b 7 2.45 286
k t 7 2.19 320
h X 6 13.64 44
X r 6 12.77 47
T j 6 10.71 56
s 8 6 10.34 58
j z 6 8.82 68
nd n 6 8.33 72
y Z 6 8.22 73
T d 6 5.77 104
h f 6 5.36 112
N 5 6 4.96 121
h S 6 4.72 127
0 j 6 4.65 129
7 g 6 4.17 144
h r 6 2.58 233
h w 6 2.56 234
w p 6 2.33 257
b" b 5 41.67 12
ng N 5 35.71 14
ny 5 5 21.74 23
ty t 5 14.71 34
T Z 5 12.82 39
7 q 5 9.62 52
0 X 5 9.43 53
d 8 5 9.09 55
T c 5 8.47 59
j c 5 7.81 64
L r 5 7.46 67
nd d 5 7.04 71
y z 5 4.63 108
j l 5 4.31 116
f b 5 4.07 123
x s 5 3.36 149
y 5 5 3.33 150
0 S 5 3.21 156
h g 5 2.59 193
N m 5 2.33 215
h l 5 2.26 221
g l 5 2.25 222
g r 5 2.15 233
l t 5 1.79 279
sy S 4 44.44 9
d" d 4 30.77 13
dy d 4 21.05 19
Ch C 4 18.18 22
ly l 4 16.00 25
ny n 4 14.29 28
ky k 4 11.76 34
mb b 4 8.89 45
X k 4 7.84 51
nd t 4 5.56 72
L y 4 4.94 81
j C 4 4.26 94
x S 4 4.08 98
z d 4 3.96 101
7 x 4 3.81 105
k T 4 3.74 107
j d 4 3.51 114
w f 4 3.36 119
C S 4 3.25 123
x l 4 2.94 136
x y 4 2.72 147
C d 4 2.63 152
h C 4 2.53 158
7 l 4 2.44 164
7 y 4 2.30 174
k C 4 2.15 186
N y 4 2.08 192
N k 4 1.90 210
h b 4 1.75 229
h y 4 1.67 240
r s 4 1.51 265
y s 4 1.45 275
n t 4 1.23 325
dh d 3 33.33 9
sh s 3 27.27 11
dy T 3 23.08 13
Nk k 3 18.75 16
ly L 3 16.67 18
ty d 3 11.11 27
ky C 3 10.34 29
X q 3 8.57 35
" 7 3 7.32 41
th c 3 6.52 46
Z z 3 5.88 51
l 8 3 5.36 56
th h 3 5.00 60
th s 3 4.62 65
x v 3 4.11 73
S z 3 3.85 78
Z r 3 3.85 78
g T 3 3.23 93
T s 3 3.09 97
l z 3 3.03 99
T t 3 2.86 105
y T 3 2.78 108
v p 3 2.63 114
Ø z 3 2.63 114
h c 3 2.48 121
c d 3 2.46 122
j t 3 2.44 123
Ø f 3 2.27 132
y c 3 2.10 143
k S 3 1.97 152
C r 3 1.81 166
7 r 3 1.80 167
7 w 3 1.76 170
N g 3 1.75 171
7 n 3 1.58 190
h d 3 1.39 216
g d 3 1.36 221
s d 3 1.26 239
y d 3 1.21 247
l s 3 1.17 256
h t 3 1.16 259
Ø p 3 1.02 293
w m 3 1.00 299
y n 3 0.96 311
qh kh 2 50.00 4
Sy S 2 40.00 5
rh r 2 40.00 5
nh n 2 33.33 6
dh T 2 33.33 6
tr k 2 33.33 6
nk k 2 25.00 8
dh t 2 25.00 8
4 n 2 22.22 9
ng Ng 2 22.22 9
sy s 2 22.22 9
sh S 2 20.00 10
b" p 2 18.18 11
gy g 2 14.29 14
C" C 2 9.52 21
ky c 2 8.00 25
Ng g 2 6.25 32
ty y 2 6.06 33
z 8 2 5.71 35
T 8 2 5.41 37
7 X 2 5.26 38
mb m 2 4.44 45
T z 2 4.00 50
L c 2 3.92 51
Z c 2 3.85 52
q g 2 3.77 53
y 8 2 3.57 56
kh h 2 3.33 60
h q 2 3.08 65
L h 2 2.99 67
Ø kh 2 2.90 69
c z 2 2.78 72
nd r 2 2.78 72
j S 2 2.74 73
L t 2 2.60 77
kw k 2 2.60 77
C z 2 2.47 81
h z 2 2.20 91
N x 2 2.02 99
g j 2 1.85 108
g c 2 1.82 110
* m 2 1.79 112
0 T 2 1.77 113
z t 2 1.75 114
7 N 2 1.64 122
Ø v 2 1.57 127
x d 2 1.56 128
l c 2 1.55 129
0 c 2 1.34 149
S t 2 1.32 151
5 m 2 1.30 154
h N 2 1.27 157
7 d 2 1.24 161
C l 2 1.21 165
N r 2 1.03 194
g b 2 0.89 224
g y 2 0.88 227
d b 2 0.82 244
l b 2 0.81 246
r w 2 0.75 268
k d 2 0.75 266
m p 2 0.69 288
k w 2 0.68 294
n s 2 0.67 297
k s 2 0.67 298
k y 2 0.65 307
w" b" 1 100.00 1
T" c" 1 100.00 1
g" k 1 100.00 1
N" N 1 100.00 1
g! ! 1 100.00 1
!N !n 1 100.00 1
!k ! 1 100.00 1
Nw w* 1 100.00 1
mbw pw 1 100.00 1
kpw p 1 100.00 1
kpw kw 1 100.00 1
kpw mb 1 100.00 1
kpw Ngw 1 100.00 1
fh h 1 100.00 1
mpy nC 1 100.00 1
mpy my 1 100.00 1
mbv mbw 1 100.00 1
tx ty 1 100.00 1
ndr Nk 1 100.00 1
tr Nk 1 100.00 1
kl tl 1 100.00 1
hv f 1 100.00 1
ddy T 1 100.00 1
Sh sh 1 100.00 1
xh x 1 100.00 1
syh sy 1 100.00 1
mZ by 1 100.00 1
mz by 1 100.00 1
npl mpl 1 100.00 1
7d d 1 100.00 1
7d n 1 100.00 1
7d l 1 100.00 1
7n n 1 100.00 1
nq k 1 100.00 1
nq g 1 100.00 1
T" C" 1 50.00 2
!" ! 1 50.00 2
tl d 1 50.00 2
nC ns 1 50.00 2
Ngw p 1 50.00 2
zh d 1 50.00 2
Sw f 1 50.00 2
mbw p 1 50.00 2
mbw Ngw 1 50.00 2
mp Ngw 1 50.00 2
mp mbw 1 50.00 2
Sy Ch 1 50.00 2
my nC 1 50.00 2
ndr t 1 50.00 2
ndr d 1 50.00 2
ndr c 1 50.00 2
ndr r 1 50.00 2
ndr C 1 50.00 2
ndr k 1 50.00 2
ndr nd 1 50.00 2
tr nd 1 50.00 2
tr ndr 1 50.00 2
kl d 1 50.00 2
nx n 1 50.00 2
t8 t 1 50.00 2
t8 th 1 50.00 2
dn n 1 50.00 2
Sh s 1 50.00 2
Sh S 1 50.00 2
k"y k" 1 50.00 2
Nh h 1 50.00 2
c7 d 1 50.00 2
Ø tx 1 50.00 2
!7 ! 1 33.33 3
nC nc 1 33.33 3
xw k"w 1 33.33 3
xw hw 1 33.33 3
mv mb 1 33.33 3
pw bw 1 33.33 3
dh ty 1 33.33 3
dh dy 1 33.33 3
hn n 1 33.33 3
tn n 1 33.33 3
7y y 1 33.33 3
lh L 1 33.33 3
khy S 1 33.33 3
k"y C" 1 33.33 3
t7 k 1 33.33 3
hk k 1 33.33 3
fw w 1 25.00 4
ns s 1 25.00 4
zy c 1 25.00 4
cy j 1 25.00 4
Ny 5 1 25.00 4
tr c 1 25.00 4
w" b 1 20.00 5
fw f 1 20.00 5
Sy C 1 20.00 5
cy c 1 20.00 5
cy Z 1 20.00 5
mh m 1 20.00 5
dh z 1 20.00 5
Cy C 1 20.00 5
ch Th 1 20.00 5
xy h 1 20.00 5
tr C 1 20.00 5
dr r 1 20.00 5
b" v 1 16.67 6
n" n 1 16.67 6
q" 7 1 16.67 6
gh x 1 16.67 6
by j 1 16.67 6
cy S 1 16.67 6
dh th 1 16.67 6
tr t 1 16.67 6
tr d 1 16.67 6
by b 1 14.29 7
bh p 1 14.29 7
Th Ch 1 14.29 7
4 5 1 12.50 8
G x 1 12.50 8
G q 1 12.50 8
t" 8 1 12.50 8
q" k" 1 12.50 8
kh k" 1 12.50 8
nj j 1 12.50 8
mw m 1 12.50 8
by d 1 12.50 8
pw p 1 12.50 8
mp mb 1 12.50 8
dh C 1 12.50 8
G k 1 11.11 9
G X 1 11.11 9
hw p 1 11.11 9
hw h 1 11.11 9
Nk Ng 1 11.11 9
xw x 1 11.11 9
ly Z 1 11.11 9
dy ty 1 11.11 9
my m 1 11.11 9
dh y 1 11.11 9
qh x 1 11.11 9
b" 7 1 10.00 10
q" X 1 10.00 10
ry b 1 10.00 10
Nk c 1 10.00 10
dy Z 1 10.00 10
Th th 1 10.00 10
ch T 1 10.00 10
Nw w 1 9.09 11
Ø q" 1 9.09 11
d" T 1 8.33 12
th t" 1 8.33 12
Nk C 1 8.33 12
dy c 1 8.33 12
Th T 1 8.33 12
Nw m 1 7.69 13
Nk nd 1 7.69 13
dy j 1 7.69 13
mp p 1 7.69 13
gy k 1 7.14 14
py p 1 7.14 14
dy z 1 7.14 14
Th C 1 7.14 14
C" c" 1 6.67 15
k" X 1 6.67 15
k" c" 1 6.67 15
Ø Th 1 6.67 15
c" c 1 6.25 16
ty j 1 6.25 16
Nk t 1 6.25 16
Nk d 1 6.25 16
Nk r 1 6.25 16
Nk N 1 6.25 16
ly c 1 6.25 16
k" C" 1 5.88 17
kh q 1 5.88 17
kp p 1 5.88 17
k" q 1 5.56 18
th 8 1 5.56 18
ng k 1 5.56 18
Ch S 1 5.56 18
dy g 1 5.26 19
ch c 1 5.26 19
ch C 1 5.26 19
Ø ng 1 5.26 19
ty S 1 5.00 20
gw v 1 5.00 20
dy r 1 5.00 20
t" c 1 4.76 21
c" s 1 4.76 21
k" g 1 4.76 21
ph f 1 4.76 21
gw kw 1 4.76 21
dy l 1 4.76 21
kw q 1 4.55 22
ty T 1 4.55 22
dy m 1 4.55 22
dy y 1 4.55 22
Ø ch 1 4.55 22
mb kw 1 4.35 23
ty C 1 4.35 23
Ø dy 1 4.35 23
kh Z 1 4.17 24
th L 1 4.00 25
Ng N 1 3.70 27
L Z 1 3.57 28
t" t 1 3.57 28
ny m 1 3.57 28
th T 1 3.33 30
k" k 1 3.03 33
Ng k 1 2.94 34
gw w 1 2.94 34
Ø k" 1 2.94 34
Ø ty 1 2.94 34
th z 1 2.78 36
L T 1 2.70 37
gw t 1 2.70 37
Ø gw 1 2.70 37
S 8 1 2.56 39
nd c 1 2.56 39
c 8 1 2.44 41
L z 1 2.44 41
kw f 1 2.38 42
mb p 1 2.38 42
X C 1 2.33 43
th S 1 2.33 43
th x 1 2.33 43
Ø ph 1 2.27 44
th 7 1 2.08 48
kh g 1 2.04 49
Z S 1 1.96 51
X s 1 1.96 51
L 7 1 1.92 52
L x 1 1.89 53
th C 1 1.89 53
nd C 1 1.89 53
g" s 1 1.82 55
Ø 8 1 1.72 58
th d 1 1.69 59
C Z 1 1.67 60
T S 1 1.59 63
kh y 1 1.59 63
q r 1 1.56 64
th r 1 1.56 64
th l 1 1.56 64
L d 1 1.54 65
kw p 1 1.54 65
kh s 1 1.47 68
nd l 1 1.47 68
h Z 1 1.45 69
x z 1 1.43 70
Ø th 1 1.41 71
L s 1 1.39 72
Z l 1 1.37 73
g Z 1 1.37 73
x j 1 1.37 73
Ø nd 1 1.37 73
* 7 1 1.32 76
x 5 1 1.32 76
L w 1 1.32 76
kw t 1 1.32 76
Z d 1 1.30 77
Z s 1 1.30 77
q t 1 1.30 77
q n 1 1.28 78
Ø kw 1 1.28 78
Ø Z 1 1.23 81
N f 1 1.19 84
L n 1 1.19 84
7 f 1 1.16 86
g z 1 1.09 92
g v 1 0.99 101
z w 1 0.98 102
S c 1 0.97 103
T l 1 0.96 104
l v 1 0.95 105
T w 1 0.95 105
T r 1 0.95 105
h v 1 0.95 105
d v 1 0.94 106
h j 1 0.94 106
x C 1 0.90 111
d f 1 0.88 114
z m 1 0.88 113
j w 1 0.87 115
j s 1 0.85 118
s f 1 0.81 124
j r 1 0.81 124
m v 1 0.80 125
j m 1 0.79 127
j n 1 0.79 126
r c 1 0.78 128
k f 1 0.78 129
m f 1 0.77 130
n f 1 0.77 130
t f 1 0.76 131
S r 1 0.75 133
g C 1 0.75 134
x b 1 0.74 135
5 l 1 0.71 140
x w 1 0.70 142
c m 1 0.69 145
y S 1 0.68 148
k c 1 0.68 146
S n 1 0.65 155
x t 1 0.63 159
x n 1 0.63 158
7 b 1 0.61 165
7 p 1 0.59 169
y C 1 0.57 174
7 s 1 0.55 182
N d 1 0.54 184
C n 1 0.53 190
Ø C 1 0.53 190
N l 1 0.52 193
N t 1 0.49 204
g s 1 0.45 223
g m 1 0.40 247
g n 1 0.40 247
l w 1 0.39 257
s p 1 0.38 261
d m 1 0.37 268
y w 1 0.36 276
k p 1 0.35 285
k l 1 0.35 285
l m 1 0.34 291
k r 1 0.34 295
r m 1 0.33 299
y t 1 0.33 301
t m 1 0.31 324
k n 1 0.30 328

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[End Page 44]

Section A2: Correspondences not involving consonants

CORRESPONDENCE NG CP   AG
a e 98 30.25 324
o u 95 29.69 320
e i 95 29.23 325
o a 94 29.28 321
a 3 62 26.96 230
a E 61 35.67 171
E e 60 36.36 165
a i 59 17.40 339
Ø a 55 16.18 340
Ø i 54 15.93 339
3 i 53 23.14 229
u 3 50 21.83 229
u i 50 14.79 338
3 e 48 21.62 222
o 3 38 17.19 221
o e 37 12.01 308
u a 37 10.95 338
Ø o 36 11.21 321
Ø u 33 9.76 338
E i 31 18.13 171
Ø e 31 9.54 325
Ø 3 30 13.04 230
o i 30 9.35 321
o E 27 16.17 167
3 E 25 19.53 128
u e 20 6.17 324
a* a 15 17.86 84
i* i 14 20.00 70
o* o 13 18.57 70
Ø E 12 7.02 171
u E 11 6.47 170
u* u 9 14.06 64
e* e 4 9.52 42
o* u* 4 9.09 44
3* 3 3 13.64 22
a* e* 3 8.57 35
o* u 3 4.35 69
Ø i* 3 4.29 70
3* o 2 9.09 22
e* i* 2 6.67 30
e* i 2 4.76 42
o* a* 2 4.17 48
o* E 2 4.00 50
u* o 2 3.13 64
i* e 2 2.99 67
a* e 2 2.47 81
3* E 1 5.56 18
E* i* 1 5.00 20
a* E* 1 4.76 21
3* u 1 4.55 22
E* E 1 4.17 24
E* i 1 3.57 28
Ø E* 1 3.57 28
e* E 1 3.33 30
e* a 1 2.38 42
i* E 1 2.22 45
i* 3 1 1.92 52
a* E 1 1.89 53
a* 3 1 1.61 62
i* o 1 1.45 69
o* e 1 1.45 69
o* i 1 1.41 71
o* a 1 1.41 71
Ø o* 1 1.41 71

[End Page 45]

[End Page 46]

Section A3: Vowel : consonant correspondences

CORRESPONDENCE NG CP  AG
i y 25 7.99 313
u w 11 3.67 300
o w 5 1.77 282
i l 5 1.72 291
i n 4 1.19 335
i j 2 1.56 128
i x 2 1.26 159
i N 2 0.93 215
3 y 2 0.93 215
o l 2 0.73 273
e y 2 0.67 299
i r 2 0.66 302
i k 2 0.60 332
a n 2 0.60 336
" i 1 1.79 56
3 L 1 1.67 60
* u 1 0.89 112
* a 1 0.88 113
3 x 1 0.87 115
o v 1 0.80 125
a v 1 0.79 126
o 5 1 0.70 143
E l 1 0.66 151
o x 1 0.65 154
E r 1 0.63 159
a x 1 0.63 160
E y 1 0.62 162
E n 1 0.59 169
3 h 1 0.55 183
u 7 1 0.53 190
i 7 1 0.52 191
3 w 1 0.49 206
3 r 1 0.48 207
u N 1 0.47 212
e d 1 0.38 261
u h 1 0.38 263
e r 1 0.34 290
u l 1 0.34 290
i s 1 0.33 300
a w 1 0.33 302
a s 1 0.33 301
a r 1 0.33 303
u r 1 0.33 302
a y 1 0.32 313
u y 1 0.32 311
u n 1 0.30 334

[End Page 47]

Appendix B

Compendium of Worldwide Sound Correspondences Organized for Efficient Manual Search

Appendix B presents for each of the 139 simple and compound symbols found in correspondences produced through automation, every correspondence in which the symbol is found. Correspondence groups for consonant symbols are listed first, ordered by position in the oral cavity in which consonants are produced, from front to back. These are followed by groups for *, ", and Ø, and then by groups of vowel symbols, ordered by position, from front to back, and then by height within position rank, from high to low. As in Appendix A, NG, CP, and AG are given for each correspondence. Within groups, correspondences [End Page 48] are ordered by NG from largest to smallest, and by CP, from largest to smallest, within each NG rank. The specific order of group listing for simple symbols is:

p, b, f, v, m, w, 8, 4, t, d, s, z, c, n, r, l, S, Z, C, j, T, 5, y, k, g, x, N, q, G, X, h, 7, L, !, *, ", Ø, i, e, E, 3, a, u, o

Compound symbols are listed within this basic order as follows (where C is any consonant and V is any vowel):

C, C", Cw, Cy, Ch, mC, nC, mC", nCh, etc., and V, V*

Note that when the first element of a multi-element compound symbol is a nasal (m, 4, n, 5, N), then the correspondence is ordered by the second element. Thus, for example, mb is ordered by b rather than by m. There also are some other combinations, for example, kp and hv, in which the group is ordered by the second element.

CORRESPONDENCE NG CP   AG
p b 29 11.79 246
p f 13 11.71 111
p h 11 4.80 229
p ph 7 16.67 42
p w 6 2.33 257
p v 3 2.63 114
p Ø 3 1.02 293
p b" 2 18.18 11
p m 2 0.69 288
p kpw 1 100.00 1
p Ngw 1 50.00 2
p mbw 1 50.00 2
p bh 1 14.29 7
p pw 1 12.50 8
p hw 1 11.11 9
p mp 1 7.69 13
p py 1 7.14 14
p kp 1 5.88 17
p mb 1 2.38 42
p kw 1 1.54 65
p 7 1 0.59 169
p s 1 0.38 261
p k 1 0.35 285
pw mbw 1 100.00 1
pw bw 1 33.33 3
pw p 1 12.50 8
py p 1 7.14 14
ph p 7 16.67 42
ph f 1 4.76 21
ph Ø 1 2.27 44
mp Ngw 1 50.00 2
mp mbw 1 50.00 2
mp mb 1 12.50 8
mp p 1 7.69 13
kp p 1 5.88 17
mpl npl 1 100.00 1
npl mpl 1 100.00 1
kpw p 1 100.00 1
kpw kw 1 100.00 1
kpw mb 1 100.00 1
kpw Ngw 1 100.00 1
b p 29 11.79 246
b v 18 15.93 113
b w 13 5.02 259
b m 8 2.83 283
b Ø 7 2.45 286
b b" 5 41.67 12
b f 5 4.07 123
b mb 4 8.89 45
b h 4 1.75 229
b g 2 0.89 224
b d 2 0.82 244
b l 2 0.81 246
b w" 1 20.00 5
b by 1 14.29 7
b ry 1 10.00 10
b x 1 0.74 135
b 7 1 0.61 165
b" b 5 41.67 12
b" p 2 18.18 11
b" w" 1 100.00 1
b" v 1 16.67 6
b" 7 1 10.00 10
bw pw 1 33.33 3
by mZ 1 100.00 1
by mz 1 100.00 1
by j 1 16.67 6
by b 1 14.29 7
by d 1 12.50 8
bh p 1 14.29 7
mb b 4 8.89 45
mb m 2 4.44 45
mb kpw 1 100.00 1
mb mv 1 33.33 3
mb mp 1 12.50 8
mb kw 1 4.35 23
mb p 1 2.38 42
mbv mbw 1 100.00 1
mbw pw 1 100.00 1
mbw mbv 1 100.00 1
mbw p 1 50.00 2
mbw Ngw 1 50.00 2
mbw mp 1 50.00 2
f p 13 11.71 111
f v 7 10.29 68
f h 6 5.36 112
f b 5 4.07 123
f w 4 3.36 119
f Ø 3 2.27 132
f hv 1 100.00 1
f Sw 1 50.00 2
f fw 1 20.00 5
f ph 1 4.76 21
f kw 1 2.38 42
f N 1 1.19 84
f 7 1 1.16 86
f d 1 0.88 114
f s 1 0.81 124
f k 1 0.78 129
f m 1 0.77 130
f n 1 0.77 130
f t 1 0.76 131
fw w 1 25.00 4
fw f 1 20.00 5
fh h 1 100.00 1
v b 18 15.93 113
v w 17 15.89 107
v f 7 10.29 68
v x 3 4.11 73
v p 3 2.63 114
v Ø 2 1.57 127
v b" 1 16.67 6
v gw 1 5.00 20
v g 1 0.99 101
v l 1 0.95 105
v h 1 0.95 105
v d 1 0.94 106
v m 1 0.80 125
v o 1 0.80 125
v a 1 0.79 126
hv f 1 100.00 1
mv mb 1 33.33 3
m Ø 15 4.46 336
m b 8 2.83 283
m n 8 2.41 332
m N 5 2.33 215
m w 3 1.00 299
m mb 2 4.44 45
m * 2 1.79 112
m 5 2 1.30 154
m p 2 0.69 288
m mh 1 20.00 5
m mw 1 12.50 8
m my 1 11.11 9
m Nw 1 7.69 13
m dy 1 4.55 22
m ny 1 3.57 28
m z 1 0.88 113
m v 1 0.80 125
m j 1 0.79 127
m f 1 0.77 130
m c 1 0.69 145
m g 1 0.40 247
m d 1 0.37 268
m l 1 0.34 291
m r 1 0.33 299
m t 1 0.31 324
w Ø 22 7.28 302
w v 17 15.89 107
w b 13 5.02 259
w u 11 3.67 300
w h 6 2.56 234
w p 6 2.33 257
w o 5 1.77 282
w f 4 3.36 119
w 7 3 1.76 170
w m 3 1.00 299
w r 2 0.75 268
w k 2 0.68 294
w fw 1 25.00 4
w Nw 1 9.09 11
w gw 1 2.94 34
w L 1 1.32 76
w z 1 0.98 102
w T 1 0.95 105
w j 1 0.87 115
w x 1 0.70 142
w 3 1 0.49 206
w l 1 0.39 257
w y 1 0.36 276
w a 1 0.33 302
w" b" 1 100.00 1
w" b 1 20.00 5
w* Nw 1 100.00 1
8 t 7 12.28 57
8 s 6 10.34 58
8 d 5 9.09 55
8 l 3 5.36 56
8 z 2 5.71 35
8 T 2 5.41 37
8 y 2 3.57 56
8 t" 1 12.50 8
8 th 1 5.56 18
8 S 1 2.56 39
8 c 1 2.44 41
8 Ø 1 1.72 58
4 n 2 22.22 9
4 5 1 12.50 8
t d 32 12.08 265
t Ø 17 5.18 328
t th 12 17.39 69
t C 11 5.88 187
t r 10 3.42 292
t s 10 3.39 295
t 8 7 12.28 57
t c 7 4.83 145
t 7 7 3.74 187
t k 7 2.19 320
t ty 5 14.71 34
t l 5 1.79 279
t nd 4 5.56 72
t n 4 1.23 325
t T 3 2.86 105
t j 3 2.44 123
t h 3 1.16 259
t dh 2 25.00 8
t L 2 2.60 77
t z 2 1.75 114
t S 2 1.32 151
t ndr 1 50.00 2
t t8 1 50.00 2
t tr 1 16.67 6
t Nk 1 6.25 16
t t" 1 3.57 28
t gw 1 2.70 37
t kw 1 1.32 76
t q 1 1.30 77
t f 1 0.76 131
t x 1 0.63 159
t N 1 0.49 204
t y 1 0.33 301
t m 1 0.31 324
t" 8 1 12.50 8
t" th 1 8.33 12
t" c 1 4.76 21
t" t 1 3.57 28
t8 t 1 50.00 2
t8 th 1 50.00 2
tn n 1 33.33 3
tr k 2 33.33 6
tr Nk 1 100.00 1
tr nd 1 50.00 2
tr ndr 1 50.00 2
tr c 1 25.00 4
tr C 1 20.00 5
tr t 1 16.67 6
tr d 1 16.67 6
tl kl 1 100.00 1
tl d 1 50.00 2
ty t 5 14.71 34
ty d 3 11.11 27
ty y 2 6.06 33
ty tx 1 100.00 1
ty dh 1 33.33 3
ty dy 1 11.11 9
ty j 1 6.25 16
ty S 1 5.00 20
ty T 1 4.55 22
ty C 1 4.35 23
ty Ø 1 2.94 34
tx ty 1 100.00 1
tx Ø 1 50.00 2
th t 12 17.39 69
th c 3 6.52 46
th h 3 5.00 60
th s 3 4.62 65
th t8 1 50.00 2
th dh 1 16.67 6
th Th 1 10.00 10
th t" 1 8.33 12
th 8 1 5.56 18
th L 1 4.00 25
th T 1 3.33 30
th z 1 2.78 36
th S 1 2.33 43
th x 1 2.33 43
th 7 1 2.08 48
th C 1 1.89 53
th d 1 1.69 59
th r 1 1.56 64
th l 1 1.56 64
th Ø 1 1.41 71
t7 k 1 33.33 3
d t 32 12.08 265
d r 23 9.31 247
d n 12 4.44 270
d l 10 4.20 238
d Ø 8 2.93 273
d T 6 5.77 104
d 8 5 9.09 55
d nd 5 7.04 71
d d" 4 30.77 13
d dy 4 21.05 19
d z 4 3.96 101
d j 4 3.51 114
d C 4 2.63 152
d dh 3 33.33 9
d ty 3 11.11 27
d c 3 2.46 122
d h 3 1.39 216
d g 3 1.36 221
d s 3 1.26 239
d y 3 1.21 247
d x 2 1.56 128
d 7 2 1.24 161
d b 2 0.82 244
d k 2 0.75 266
d 7d 1 100.00 1
d tl 1 50.00 2
d zh 1 50.00 2
d ndr 1 50.00 2
d kl 1 50.00 2
d c7 1 50.00 2
d tr 1 16.67 6
d by 1 12.50 8
d Nk 1 6.25 16
d th 1 1.69 59
d L 1 1.54 65
d Z 1 1.30 77
d v 1 0.94 106
d f 1 0.88 114
d N 1 0.54 184
d e 1 0.38 261
d m 1 0.37 268
d" d 4 30.77 13
d" T 1 8.33 12
dn n 1 50.00 2
dr r 1 20.00 5
dy d 4 21.05 19
dy T 3 23.08 13
dy dh 1 33.33 3
dy ty 1 11.11 9
dy Z 1 10.00 10
dy c 1 8.33 12
dy j 1 7.69 13
dy z 1 7.14 14
dy g 1 5.26 19
dy r 1 5.00 20
dy l 1 4.76 21
dy m 1 4.55 22
dy y 1 4.55 22
dy Ø 1 4.35 23
dh d 3 33.33 9
dh T 2 33.33 6
dh t 2 25.00 8
dh ty 1 33.33 3
dh dy 1 33.33 3
dh z 1 20.00 5
dh th 1 16.67 6
dh C 1 12.50 8
dh y 1 11.11 9
nd n 6 8.33 72
nd d 5 7.04 71
nd t 4 5.56 72
nd r 2 2.78 72
nd ndr 1 50.00 2
nd tr 1 50.00 2
nd Nk 1 7.69 13
nd c 1 2.56 39
nd C 1 1.89 53
nd l 1 1.47 68
nd Ø 1 1.37 73
ndr Nk 1 100.00 1
ndr t 1 50.00 2
ndr d 1 50.00 2
ndr c 1 50.00 2
ndr r 1 50.00 2
ndr C 1 50.00 2
ndr k 1 50.00 2
ndr nd 1 50.00 2
ndr tr 1 50.00 2
ddy T 1 100.00 1
s S 29 19.08 152
s h 19 7.79 244
s c 15 10.71 140
s z 12 11.01 109
s C 11 6.11 180
s Ø 11 3.65 301
s t 10 3.39 295
s 8 6 10.34 58
s x 5 3.36 149
s r 4 1.51 265
s y 4 1.45 275
s sh 3 27.27 11
s th 3 4.62 65
s T 3 3.09 97
s d 3 1.26 239
s l 3 1.17 256
s sy 2 22.22 9
s n 2 0.67 297
s k 2 0.67 298
s Sh 1 50.00 2
s ns 1 25.00 4
s c" 1 4.76 21
s X 1 1.96 51
s " 1 1.82 55
s kh 1 1.47 68
s L 1 1.39 72
s Z 1 1.30 77
s j 1 0.85 118
s f 1 0.81 124
s 7 1 0.55 182
s g 1 0.45 223
s p 1 0.38 261
s i 1 0.33 300
s a 1 0.33 301
sy S 4 44.44 9
Sy S 2 40.00 5
sy s 2 22.22 9
sy syh 1 100.00 1
syh sy 1 100.00 1
sh s 3 27.27 11
sh S 2 20.00 10
sh Sh 1 100.00 1
ns nC 1 50.00 2
ns s 1 25.00 4
z s 12 11.01 109
z r 8 7.48 107
z j 6 8.82 68
z y 5 4.63 108
z d 4 3.96 101
z Z 3 5.88 51
z S 3 3.85 78
z l 3 3.03 99
z 0 3 2.63 114
z 8 2 5.71 35
z T 2 4.00 50
z c 2 2.78 72
z C 2 2.47 81
z h 2 2.20 91
z t 2 1.75 114
z dh 1 20.00 5
z dy 1 7.14 14
z th 1 2.78 36
z L 1 2.44 41
z x 1 1.43 70
z g 1 1.09 92
z w 1 0.98 102
z m 1 0.88 113
zy c 1 25.00 4
zh d 1 50.00 2
c C 19 16.24 117
c s 15 10.71 140
c t 7 4.83 145
c T 5 8.47 59
c j 5 7.81 64
c th 3 6.52 46
c h 3 2.48 121
c d 3 2.46 122
c y 3 2.10 143
c ky 2 8.00 25
c L 2 3.92 51
c Z 2 3.85 52
c z 2 2.78 72
c g 2 1.82 110
c l 2 1.55 129
c Ø 2 1.34 149
c ndr 1 50.00 2
c zy 1 25.00 4
c tr 1 25.00 4
c cy 1 20.00 5
c Nk 1 10.00 10
c dy 1 8.33 12
c c" 1 6.25 16
c ly 1 6.25 16
c ch 1 5.26 19
c t" 1 4.76 21
c nd 1 2.56 39
c 8 1 2.44 41
c S 1 0.97 103
c r 1 0.78 128
c m 1 0.69 145
c k 1 0.68 146
c" T" 1 100.00 1
c" C" 1 6.67 15
c" k" 1 6.67 15
c" c 1 6.25 16
c" s 1 4.76 21
cy j 1 25.00 4
cy c 1 20.00 5
cy Z 1 20.00 5
cy S 1 16.67 6
ch Th 1 20.00 5
ch T 1 10.00 10
ch c 1 5.26 19
ch C 1 5.26 19
ch Ø 1 4.55 22
c7 d 1 50.00 2
nc nC 1 33.33 3
n N 30 14.02 214
n Ø 25 7.44 336
n 5 16 10.46 153
n * 13 11.50 113
n d 12 4.44 270
n l 11 3.81 289
n r 10 3.34 299
n m 8 2.41 332
n nd 6 8.33 72
n ny 4 14.29 28
n t 4 1.23 325
n i 4 1.19 335
n 7 3 1.58 190
n y 3 0.96 311
n nh 2 33.33 6
n 4 2 22.22 9
n s 2 0.67 297
n a 2 0.60 336
n 7d 1 100.00 1
n 7n 1 100.00 1
n nx 1 50.00 2
n dn 1 50.00 2
n hn 1 33.33 3
n tn 1 33.33 3
n n" 1 16.67 6
n q 1 1.28 78
n L 1 1.19 84
n j 1 0.79 126
n f 1 0.77 130
n S 1 0.65 155
n x 1 0.63 158
n E 1 0.59 169
n C 1 0.53 190
n g 1 0.40 247
n k 1 0.30 328
n u 1 0.30 334
n" n 1 16.67 6
ny 5 5 21.74 23
ny n 4 14.29 28
ny m 1 3.57 28
nh n 2 33.33 6
hn n 1 33.33 3
r l 48 18.39 261
r d 23 9.31 247
r Ø 20 6.60 303
r y 12 4.35 276
r t 10 3.42 292
r n 10 3.34 299
r z 8 7.48 107
r x 7 5.00 140
r X 6 12.77 47
r h 6 2.58 233
r L 5 7.46 67
r g 5 2.15 233
r s 4 1.51 265
r Z 3 3.85 78
r C 3 1.81 166
r 7 3 1.80 167
r rh 2 40.00 5
r nd 2 2.78 72
r N 2 1.03 194
r w 2 0.75 268
r i 2 0.66 302
r ndr 1 50.00 2
r dr 1 20.00 5
r Nk 1 6.25 16
r dy 1 5.00 20
r q 1 1.56 64
r th 1 1.56 64
r T 1 0.95 105
r j 1 0.81 124
r c 1 0.78 128
r S 1 0.75 133
r E 1 0.63 159
r 3 1 0.48 207
r k 1 0.34 295
r e 1 0.34 290
r m 1 0.33 299
r a 1 0.33 303
r u 1 0.33 302
ry b 1 10.00 10
rh r 2 40.00 5
l r 48 18.39 261
l Ø 20 6.85 292
l L 16 20.00 80
l y 11 4.07 270
l n 11 3.81 289
l d 10 4.20 238
l j 5 4.31 116
l h 5 2.26 221
l g 5 2.25 222
l t 5 1.79 279
l i 5 1.72 291
l ly 4 16.00 25
l x 4 2.94 136
l 7 4 2.44 164
l 8 3 5.36 56
l z 3 3.03 99
l s 3 1.17 256
l c 2 1.55 129
l C 2 1.21 165
l b 2 0.81 246
l o 2 0.73 273
l 7d 1 100.00 1
l dy 1 4.76 21
l th 1 1.56 64
l nd 1 1.47 68
l Z 1 1.37 73
l T 1 0.96 104
l v 1 0.95 105
l 5 1 0.71 140
l E 1 0.66 151
l N 1 0.52 193
l w 1 0.39 257
l k 1 0.35 285
l m 1 0.34 291
l u 1 0.34 290
ly l 4 16.00 25
ly L 3 16.67 18
ly Z 1 11.11 9
ly c 1 6.25 16
lh L 1 33.33 3
S s 29 19.08 152
S h 6 4.72 127
S Ø 5 3.21 156
S sy 4 44.44 9
S x 4 4.08 98
S C 4 3.25 123
S z 3 3.85 78
S k 3 1.97 152
S Sy 2 40.00 5
S sh 2 20.00 10
S j 2 2.74 73
S t 2 1.32 151
S Sh 1 50.00 2
S khy 1 33.33 3
S cy 1 16.67 6
S Ch 1 5.56 18
S ty 1 5.00 20
S 8 1 2.56 39
S th 1 2.33 43
S Z 1 1.96 51
S T 1 1.59 63
S c 1 0.97 103
S r 1 0.75 133
S y 1 0.68 148
S n 1 0.65 155
Sw f 1 50.00 2
Sy Ch 1 50.00 2
Sy C 1 20.00 5
Sh sh 1 100.00 1
Sh s 1 50.00 2
Sh S 1 50.00 2
Z j 9 18.75 48
Z y 6 8.22 73
Z T 5 12.82 39
Z z 3 5.88 51
Z r 3 3.85 78
Z c 2 3.85 52
Z cy 1 20.00 5
Z ly 1 11.11 9
Z dy 1 10.00 10
Z kh 1 4.17 24
Z L 1 3.57 28
Z S 1 1.96 51
Z C 1 1.67 60
Z h 1 1.45 69
Z l 1 1.37 73
Z g 1 1.37 73
Z d 1 1.30 77
Z s 1 1.30 77
Z Ø 1 1.23 81
C c 19 16.24 117
C T 14 19.72 71
C s 11 6.11 180
C t 11 5.88 187
C Ch 4 18.18 22
C j 4 4.26 94
C S 4 3.25 123
C d 4 2.63 152
C h 4 2.53 158
C k 4 2.15 186
C ky 3 10.34 29
C r 3 1.81 166
C C" 2 9.52 21
C z 2 2.47 81
C l 2 1.21 165
C ndr 1 50.00 2
C Sy 1 20.00 5
C Cy 1 20.00 5
C tr 1 20.00 5
C dh 1 12.50 8
C Nk 1 8.33 12
C Th 1 7.14 14
C ch 1 5.26 19
C ty 1 4.35 23
C X 1 2.33 43
C th 1 1.89 53
C nd 1 1.89 53
C Z 1 1.67 60
C x 1 0.90 111
C g 1 0.75 134
C y 1 0.57 174
C n 1 0.53 190
C Ø 1 0.53 190
C" C 2 9.52 21
C" T" 1 50.00 2
C" k"y 1 33.33 3
C" c" 1 6.67 15
C" k" 1 5.88 17
Cy C 1 20.00 5
Ch C 4 18.18 22
Ch Sy 1 50.00 2
Ch Th 1 14.29 7
Ch S 1 5.56 18
nC mpy 1 100.00 1
nC ns 1 50.00 2
nC my 1 50.00 2
nC nc 1 33.33 3
j y 13 10.92 119
j Z 9 18.75 48
j T 6 10.71 56
j z 6 8.82 68
j Ø 6 4.65 129
j c 5 7.81 64
j l 5 4.31 116
j C 4 4.26 94
j d 4 3.51 114
j t 3 2.44 123
j S 2 2.74 73
j g 2 1.85 108
j i 2 1.56 128
j cy 1 250 4
j by 1 16.67 6
j nj 1 12.50 8
j dy 1 7.69 13
j ty 1 6.25 16
j x 1 1.37 73
j h 1 0.94 106
j w 1 0.87 115
j s 1 0.85 118
j r 1 0.81 124
j m 1 0.79 127
j n 1 0.79 126
nj j 1 12.50 8
T C 14 19.72 71
T j 6 10.71 56
T d 6 5.77 104
T Z 5 12.82 39
T c 5 8.47 59
T k 4 3.74 107
T dy 3 23.08 13
T g 3 3.23 93
T s 3 3.09 97
T t 3 2.86 105
T y 3 2.78 108
T dh 2 33.33 6
T 8 2 5.41 37
T z 2 4.00 50
T Ø 2 1.77 113
T ddy 1 100.00 1
T ch 1 10.00 10
T d" 1 8.33 12
T Th 1 8.33 12
T ty 1 4.55 22
T th 1 3.33 30
T L 1 2.70 37
T S 1 1.59 63
T l 1 0.96 104
T w 1 0.95 105
T r 1 0.95 105
T" c" 1 100.00 1
T" C" 1 50.00 2
Th ch 1 20.00 5
Th Ch 1 14.29 7
Th th 1 10.00 10
Th T 1 8.33 12
Th C 1 7.14 14
Th Ø 1 6.67 15
5 n 16 10.46 153
5 N 6 4.96 121
5 ny 5 21.74 23
5 y 5 3.33 150
5 m 2 1.30 154
5 Ny 1 25.00 4
5 4 1 12.50 8
5 x 1 1.32 76
5 l 1 0.71 140
5 o 1 0.70 143
y i 25 7.99 313
y Ø 23 7.32 314
y j 13 10.92 119
y r 12 4.35 276
y l 11 4.07 270
y Z 6 8.22 73
y z 5 4.63 108
y 5 5 3.33 150
y L 4 4.94 81
y x 4 2.72 147
y 7 4 2.30 174
y N 4 2.08 192
y h 4 1.67 240
y s 4 1.45 275
y T 3 2.78 108
y c 3 2.10 143
y d 3 1.21 247
y n 3 0.96 311
y ty 2 6.06 33
y 8 2 3.57 56
y 3 2 0.93 215
y g 2 0.88 227
y e 2 0.67 299
y k 2 0.65 307
y 7y 1 33.33 3
y dh 1 11.11 9
y dy 1 4.55 22
y kh 1 1.59 63
y S 1 0.68 148
y E 1 0.62 162
y C 1 0.57 174
y w 1 0.36 276
y t 1 0.33 301
y a 1 0.32 313
y u 1 0.32 311
k g 31 12.86 241
k Ø 30 9.04 332
k kh 17 25.00 68
k 7 17 9.19 185
k q 12 15.79 76
k x 12 7.59 158
k h 12 4.63 259
k t 7 2.19 320
k ky 4 11.76 34
k X 4 7.84 51
k T 4 3.74 107
k C 4 2.15 186
k N 4 1.90 210
k Nk 3 18.75 16
k S 3 1.97 152
k tr 2 33.33 6
k nk 2 25.00 8
k kw 2 2.60 77
k d 2 0.75 266
k w 2 0.68 294
k s 2 0.67 298
k y 2 0.65 307
k i 2 0.60 332
k g" 1 100.00 1
k nq 1 100.00 1
k ndr 1 50.00 2
k t7 1 33.33 3
k hk 1 33.33 3
k G 1 11.11 9
k gy 1 7.14 14
k ng 1 5.56 18
k k" 1 3.03 33
k Ng 1 2.94 34
k f 1 0.78 129
k c 1 0.68 146
k p 1 0.35 285
k l 1 0.35 285
k r 1 0.34 295
k n 1 0.30 328
k" k"y 1 50.00 2
k" q" 1 12.50 8
k" kh 1 12.50 8
k" X 1 6.67 15
k" c" 1 6.67 15
k" C" 1 5.88 17
k" q 1 5.56 18
k" g 1 4.76 21
k" k 1 3.03 33
k" Ø 1 2.94 34
kp p 1 5.88 17
kpw p 1 100.00 1
kpw kw 1 100.00 1
kpw mb 1 100.00 1
kpw Ngw 1 100.00 1
kw k 2 2.60 77
kw kpw 1 100.00 1
kw gw 1 4.76 21
kw q 1 4.55 22
kw mb 1 4.35 23
kw f 1 2.38 42
kw p 1 1.54 65
kw t 1 1.32 76
kw Ø 1 1.28 78
k"w xw 1 33.33 3
kl tl 1 100.00 1
kl d 1 50.00 2
ky k 4 11.76 34
ky C 3 10.34 29
ky c 2 8.00 25
k"y k" 1 50.00 2
k"y C" 1 33.33 3
kh k 17 25.00 68
kh x 9 21.43 42
kh qh 2 50.00 4
kh h 2 3.33 60
kh Ø 2 2.90 69
kh k" 1 12.50 8
kh q 1 5.88 17
kh Z 1 4.17 24
kh g 1 2.04 49
kh y 1 1.59 63
kh s 1 1.47 68
khy S 1 33.33 3
nk k 2 25.00 8
Nk k 3 18.75 16
Nk ndr 1 100.00 1
Nk tr 1 100.00 1
Nk Ng 1 11.11 9
Nk c 1 10.00 10
Nk C 1 8.33 12
Nk nd 1 7.69 13
Nk t 1 6.250 16
Nk d 1 6.25 16
Nk r 1 6.25 16
Nk N 1 6.25 16
hk k 1 33.33 3
g k 31 12.86 241
g Ø 12 4.80 250
g x 7 5.93 118
g 7 6 4.17 144
g h 5 2.59 193
g l 5 2.25 222
g r 5 2.15 233
g T 3 3.23 93
g N 3 1.75 171
g d 3 1.36 221
g gy 2 14.29 14
g Ng 2 6.25 32
g q 2 3.77 53
g j 2 1.85 108
g c 2 1.82 110
g b 2 0.89 224
g y 2 0.88 227
g nq 1 100.00 1
g dy 1 5.26 19
g k" 1 4.76 21
g kh 1 2.04 49
g Z 1 1.37 73
g z 1 1.09 92
g v 1 0.99 101
g C 1 0.75 134
g s 1 0.45 223
g m 1 0.40 247
g n 1 0.40 247
g" k 1 100.00 1
gw v 1 5.00 20
gw kw 1 4.76 21
gw w 1 2.94 34
gw t 1 2.70 37
gw Ø 1 2.70 37
gy g 2 14.29 14
gy k 1 7.14 14
gh x 1 16.67 6
g! ! 1 100.00 1
ng N 5 35.71 14
ng Ng 2 22.22 9
ng k 1 5.56 18
ng Ø 1 5.26 19
Ng ng 2 22.22 9
Ng g 2 6.25 32
Ng Nk 1 11.11 9
Ng N 1 3.70 27
Ng k 1 2.94 34
Ngw kpw 1 100.00 1
Ngw p 1 50.00 2
Ngw mbw 1 50.00 2
Ngw mp 1 50.00 2
x h 27 20.45 132
x k 12 7.59 158
x X 10 23.26 43
x kh 9 21.43 42
x Ø 9 5.63 160
x q 7 11.86 59
x g 7 5.93 118
x r 7 5.00 140
x s 5 3.36 149
x S 4 4.08 98
x 7 4 3.81 105
x l 4 2.94 136
x y 4 2.72 147
x v 3 4.11 73
x N 2 2.02 99
x d 2 1.56 128
x i 2 1.26 159
x xh 1 100 1
x gh 1 16.67 6
x G 1 12.50 8
x xw 1 11.11 9
x qh 1 11.11 9
x th 1 2.33 43
x L 1 1.89 53
x z 1 1.43 70
x j 1 1.37 73
x 5 1 1.32 76
x C 1 0.90 111
x 3 1 0.87 115
x b 1 0.74 135
x w 1 0.70 142
x o 1 0.65 154
x t 1 0.63 159
x n 1 0.63 158
x a 1 0.63 160
xw k"w 1 33.33 3
xw hw 1 33.33 3
xw x 1 11.11 9
xy h 1 20.00 5
xh x 1 100.00 1
nx n 1 50.00 2
N n 30 14.02 214
N Ø 10 4.65 215
N * 7 10.77 65
N 5 6 4.96 121
N ng 5 35.71 14
N m 5 2.33 215
N y 4 2.08 192
N k 4 1.90 210
N g 3 1.75 171
N x 2 2.02 99
N 7 2 1.64 122
N h 2 1.27 157
N r 2 1.03 194
N i 2 0.93 215
N N" 1 100.00 1
N Nk 1 6.25 16
N Ng 1 3.70 27
N f 1 1.19 84
N d 1 0.54 184
N l 1 0.52 193
N t 1 0.49 204
N u 1 0.47 212
N" N 1 100.00 1
Nw w* 1 100.00 1
Nw w 1 9.09 11
Nw m 1 7.69 13
Ny 5 1 25.00 4
Nh h 1 50.00 2
q k 12 15.79 76
q x 7 11.86 59
q Ø 7 8.97 78
q 7 5 9.62 52
q X 3 8.57 35
q g 2 3.77 53
q h 2 3.08 65
q G 1 12.50 8
q kh 1 5.88 17
q k" 1 5.56 18
q kw 1 4.55 22
q r 1 1.56 64
q t 1 1.30 77
q n 1 1.28 78
q" 7 1 16.67 6
q" k" 1 12.50 8
q" X 1 10.00 10
q" Ø 1 9.09 11
qh kh 2 50.00 4
qh x 1 11.11 9
nq k 1 100.00 1
nq g 1 100.00 1
G x 1 12.50 8
G q 1 12.50 8
G k 1 11.11 9
G X 1 11.11 9
X x 10 23.26 43
X h 6 13.64 44
X r 6 12.77 47
X Ø 5 9.43 53
X k 4 7.84 51
X q 3 8.57 35
X 7 2 5.26 38
X G 1 11.11 9
X q" 1 10.00 10
X k" 1 6.67 15
X C 1 2.33 43
X s 1 1.96 51
h Ø 55 20.68 266
h x 27 20.45 132
h s 19 7.79 244
h k 12 4.63 259
h 7 11 6.67 165
h p 11 4.80 229
h X 6 13.64 44
h f 6 5.36 112
h S 6 4.72 127
h r 6 2.58 233
h w 6 2.56 234
h g 5 2.59 193
h l 5 2.26 221
h C 4 2.53 158
h b 4 1.75 229
h y 4 1.67 240
h th 3 5.00 60
h c 3 2.48 121
h d 3 1.39 216
h t 3 1.16 259
h kh 2 3.33 60
h q 2 3.08 65
h L 2 2.99 67
h z 2 2.20 91
h N 2 1.27 157
h fh 1 100.00 1
h Nh 1 50.00 2
h xy 1 20.00 5
h hw 1 11.11 9
h Z 1 1.45 69
h v 1 0.95 105
h j 1 0.94 106
h 3 1 0.55 183
h u 1 0.38 263
hw xw 1 33.33 3
hw p 1 11.11 9
hw h 1 11.11 9
7 Ø 24 12.57 191
7 k 17 9.19 185
7 h 11 6.67 165
7 t 7 3.74 187
7 g 6 4.17 144
7 q 5 9.62 52
7 x 4 3.81 105
7 l 4 2.44 164
7 y 4 2.30 174
7 " 3 7.32 41
7 r 3 1.80 167
7 w 3 1.76 170
7 n 3 1.58 190
7 X 2 5.26 38
7 N 2 1.64 122
7 d 2 1.24 161
7 q" 1 16.67 6
7 b" 1 10.00 10
7 th 1 2.08 48
7 L 1 1.92 52
7 * 1 1.32 76
7 f 1 1.16 86
7 b 1 0.61 165
7 p 1 0.59 169
7 s 1 0.55 182
7 u 1 0.53 190
7 i 1 0.52 191
7d d 1 100.00 1
7d n 1 100.00 1
7d l 1 100.00 1
7n n 1 100.00 1
7y y 1 33.33 3
L l 16 20.00 80
L r 5 7.46 67
L y 4 4.94 81
L ly 3 16.67 18
L c 2 3.92 51
L h 2 2.99 67
L t 2 2.60 77
L lh 1 33.33 3
L th 1 4.00 25
L Z 1 3.57 28
L T 1 2.70 37
L z 1 2.44 41
L 7 1 1.92 52
L x 1 1.89 53
L 3 1 1.67 60
L d 1 1.54 65
L s 1 1.39 72
L w 1 1.32 76
L n 1 1.19 84
! g! 1 100.00 1
! !k 1 100.00 1
! !" 1 50.00 2
! !7 1 33.33 3
!" ! 1 50.00 2
!n !N 1 100.00 1
!k ! 1 100.00 1
!N !n 1 100.00 1
!7 ! 1 33.33 3
* n 13 11.50 113
* N 7 10.77 65
* m 2 1.79 112
* 7 1 1.32 76
* u 1 0.89 112
* a 1 0.88 113
" 7 3 7.32 41
" s 1 1.82 55
" i 1 1.79 56
Ø h 55 20.68 266
Ø a 55 16.18 340
Ø i 54 15.93 339
Ø o 36 11.21 321
Ø u 33 9.76 338
Ø e 31 9.54 325
Ø 3 30 13.04 230
Ø k 30 9.04 332
Ø n 25 7.44 336
Ø 7 24 12.57 191
Ø y 23 7.32 314
Ø w 22 7.28 302
Ø l 20 6.85 292
Ø r 20 6.60 303
Ø t 17 5.18 328
Ø m 15 4.46 336
Ø E 12 7.02 171
Ø g 12 4.80 250
Ø s 11 3.65 301
Ø N 10 4.65 215
Ø x 9 5.63 160
Ø d 8 2.93 273
Ø q 7 8.97 78
Ø b 7 2.45 286
Ø j 6 4.65 129
Ø X 5 9.43 53
Ø S 5 3.21 156
Ø i* 3 4.29 70
Ø z 3 2.63 114
Ø f 3 2.27 132
Ø p 3 1.02 293
Ø kh 2 2.90 69
Ø T 2 1.77 113
Ø v 2 1.57 127
Ø c 2 1.34 149
Ø tx 1 50.00 2
Ø q" 1 9.09 11
Ø Th 1 6.67 15
Ø ng 1 5.26 19
Ø ch 1 4.55 22
Ø dy 1 4.35 23
Ø E* 1 3.57 28
Ø k" 1 2.94 34
Ø ty 1 2.94 34
Ø gw 1 2.70 37
Ø ph 1 2.27 44
Ø 8 1 1.72 58
Ø o* 1 1.41 71
Ø th 1 1.41 71
Ø nd 1 1.37 73
Ø kw 1 1.28 78
Ø Z 1 1.23 81
Ø C 1 0.53 190
i e 95 29.23 325
i a 59 17.40 339
i Ø 54 15.93 339
i 3 53 23.14 229
i u 50 14.79 338
i E 31 18.13 171
i o 30 9.35 321
i y 25 7.99 313
i i* 14 20.00 70
i l 5 1.72 291
i n 4 1.19 335
i e* 2 4.76 42
i j 2 1.56 128
i x 2 1.26 159
i N 2 0.93 215
i r 2 0.66 302
i k 2 0.60 332
i E* 1 3.57 28
i " 1 1.79 56
i o* 1 1.41 71
i 7 1 0.52 191
i s 1 0.33 300
i* i 14 20.00 70
i* Ø 3 4.29 70
i* e* 2 6.67 30
i* e 2 2.99 67
i* E* 1 5.00 20
i* E 1 2.22 45
i* 3 1 1.92 52
i* o 1 1.45 69
e a 98 30.25 324
e i 95 29.23 325
e E 60 36.36 165
e 3 48 21.62 222
e o 37 12.01 308
e Ø 31 9.54 325
e u 20 6.17 324
e e* 4 9.52 42
e i* 2 2.99 67
e a* 2 2.47 81
e y 2 0.67 299
e o* 1 1.45 69
e d 1 0.38 261
e r 1 0.34 290
e* e 4 9.52 42
e* a* 3 8.57 35
e* i* 2 6.67 30
e* i 2 4.76 42
e* E 1 3.33 30
e* a 1 2.38 42
E a 61 35.67 171
E e 60 36.36 165
E i 31 18.13 171
E o 27 16.17 167
E 3 25 19.53 128
E Ø 12 7.02 171
E u 11 6.47 170
E o* 2 4.00 50
E 3* 1 5.56 18
E E* 1 4.17 24
E e* 1 3.33 30
E i* 1 2.22 45
E a* 1 1.89 53
E l 1 0.66 151
E r 1 0.63 159
E y 1 0.62 162
E n 1 0.59 169
E* i* 1 5.00 20
E* a* 1 4.76 21
E* E 1 4.17 24
E* i 1 3.57 28
E* Ø 1 3.57 28
3 a 62 26.96 230
3 i 53 23.14 229
3 u 50 21.83 229
3 e 48 21.62 222
3 o 38 17.19 221
3 Ø 30 13.04 230
3 E 25 19.53 128
3 3* 3 13.64 22
3 y 2 0.93 215
3 i* 1 1.92 52
3 L 1 1.67 60
3 a* 1 1.61 62
3 x 1 0.87 115
3 h 1 0.55 183
3 w 1 0.49 206
3 r 1 0.48 207
3* 3 3 13.64 22
3* o 2 9.09 22
3* E 1 5.56 18
3* u 1 4.55 22
a e 98 30.25 324
a o 94 29.28 321
a 3 62 26.96 230
a E 61 35.67 171
a i 59 17.40 339
a Ø 55 16.18 340
a u 37 10.95 338
a a* 15 17.86 84
a n 2 0.60 336
a e* 1 2.38 42
a o* 1 1.41 71
a * 1 0.88 113
a v 1 0.79 126
a x 1 0.63 160
a w 1 0.33 302
a s 1 0.33 301
a r 1 0.33 303
a y 1 0.32 313
a* a 15 17.86 84
a* e* 3 8.57 35
a* o* 2 4.17 48
a* e 2 2.47 81
a* E* 1 4.76 21
a* E 1 1.89 53
a* 3 1 1.61 62
u o 95 29.69 320
u 3 50 21.83 229
u i 50 14.79 338
u a 37 10.95 338
u Ø 33 9.76 338
u e 20 6.17 324
u E 11 6.47 170
u w 11 3.67 300
u u* 9 14.06 64
u o* 3 4.35 69
u 3* 1 4.55 22
u * 1 0.89 112
u 7 1 0.53 190
u N 1 0.47 212
u h 1 0.38 263
u l 1 0.34 290
u r 1 0.33 302
u y 1 0.32 311
u n 1 0.30 334
u* u 9 14.06 64
u* o* 4 9.09 44
u* o 2 3.13 64
o u 95 29.69 320
o a 94 29.28 321
o 3 38 17.19 221
o e 37 12.01 308
o Ø 36 11.21 321
o i 30 9.35 321
o E 27 16.17 167
o o* 13 18.57 70
o w 5 1.77 282
o 3* 2 9.09 22
o u* 2 3.13 64
o l 2 0.73 273
o i* 1 1.45 69
o v 1 0.80 125
o 5 1 0.70 143
o x 1 0.65 154
o* o 13 18.57 70
o* u* 4 9.09 44
o* u 3 4.35 69
o* a* 2 4.17 48
o* E 2 4.00 50
o* e 1 1.45 69
o* i 1 1.41 71
o* a 1 1.41 71
o* Ø 1 1.41 71

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Appendix C

Correspondence Percentage (CP) Matrix for Thirty-One ASJpcode Simple Consonants

p   b   f   v   m   w   8   t   d   s   z   c   n   r   l  
p
b 11.79
f 11.71 4.07
v 2.63 15.93 10.29
m 0.69 2.83 0.77 0.80
w 2.33 5.02 3.36 15.89 1.00
8 0 0 0 0 0 0
t 0 0 0.76 0 0.31 0 12.28
d 0 0.82 0.88 0.94 0.37 0 9.09 12.08
s 0.38 0 0.81 0 0 0 10.34 3.39 1.26
z 0 0 0 0 0.88 0.98 5.71 1.75 3.96 11.01
c 0 0 0 0 0.69 0 2.44 4.83 2.46 10.71 2.78
n 0 0 0.77 0 2.41 0 0 1.23 4.44 0.67 0 0
r 0 0 0 0 0.33 0.75 0 3.42 9.31 1.51 7.48 0.78 3.34
l 0 0.81 0 0.95 0.34 0.39 5.36 1.79 4.2 1.17 3.03 1.55 3.81 18.39
S 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.56 1.32 0 19.08 3.85 0.97 0.65 0.75 0
Z 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.30 1.30 5.88 3.85 0 3.85 1.37
C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5.88 2.63 6.11 2.47 16.24 0.53 1.81 1.21
j 0 0 0 0 0.79 0.87 0 2.44 3.51 0.85 8.82 7.81 0.79 0.81 4.31
T 0 0 0 0 0 0.95 5.41 2.86 5.77 3.09 4 8.47 0 0.95 0.96
5 0 0 0 0 1.30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.46 0 0.71
y 0 0 0 0 0 0.36 3.57 0.33 1.21 1.45 4.63 2.10 0.96 4.35 4.07
k 0.35 0 0.78 0 0 0.68 0 2.19 0.75 0.67 0 0.68 0.30 0.34 0.35
g 0 0.89 0 0.99 0.40 0 0 0 1.36 0.45 1.09 1.82 0.40 2.15 2.25
x 0 0.74 0 4.11 0 0.70 0 0.63 1.56 3.36 1.43 0 0.63 5.00 2.94
N 0 0 1.19 0 2.33 0 0 0.49 0.54 0 0 0 14.02 1.03 0.52
q 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.30 0 0 0 0 1.28 1.56 0
X 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.96 0 0 0 12.77 0
h 4.80 1.75 5.36 0.95 0 2.56 0 1.16 1.39 7.79 2.20 2.48 0 2.58 2.26
7 0.59 0.61 1.16 0 0 1.76 0 3.74 1.24 0.55 0 0 1.58 1.80 2.44
L 0 0 0 0 0 1.32 0 2.6 1.54 1.39 2.44 3.92 1.19 7.46 20.00

[End Page 87]

S   Z   C   j   T   5   y   k   g   x   N   q   X   h   7   L  
S
Z 1.96
C 3.25 1.67
j 2.74 18.75 4.26
T 1.59 12.82 19.72 10.71
5 0 0 0 0 0
y 0.68 8.22 0.57 10.92 2.78 3.33
k 1.97 0 2.15 0 3.74 0 0.65
g 0 1.37 0.75 1.85 3.23 0 0.88 12.86
x 4.08 0 0.90 1.37 0 1.32 2.72 7.59 5.93
N 0 0 0 0 0 4.96 2.08 1.90 1.75 2.02
q 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15.79 3.77 11.86 0
X 0 0 2.33 0 0 0 0 7.84 0 23.26 0 8.57
h 4.72 1.45 2.53 0.94 0 0 1.67 4.63 2.59 20.45 1.27 3.08 13.64
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.3 9.19 4.17 3.81 1.64 9.62 5.26 6.67
L 0 3.57 0 0 2.70 0 4.94 0 0 1.89 0 0 0 2.99 1.92

Appendix D

Correspondence Percentage (CP) Matrix for Seven ASJpcode Simple Vowels

   i   e   E   3   a   u  
i
e 29.23
E 18.13 36.36
3 23.14 21.62 19.53
a 17.40 30.25 35.67 26.96
u 14.79   6.17   6.47 21.83 10.95
o   9.35 12.01 16.17 17.19 29.28 29.69

[End Page 88]

Appendix E

Comparison of the Correspondence Percentage Matrix with Matrices Based on other Measures of Sound Similarity

Appendix E provides the correlations between the correspondence percentage matrix and the published similarity matrices described in §5, for the thirteen consonants shared by all of the matrices. Each row compares a published similarity matrix with the correspondence percentage matrix. The published matrices are identified by the first author of the study followed by the number of the table in the original publication. For each matrix, the table gives the value of Goodman-Kruskal gamma and the p-value from a Mantel test of significance.

MATRIX GAMMA p-VALUE
PERCEPTUAL CONFUSIONS
Miller 1 0.26 < 0.001
Miller 2 0.27 0.005
Miller 3 0.35 0.001
Miller 4 0.44 0.001
Miller 5 0.44 < 0.001
Miller 6 0.33 0.020
Miller 7 0.25 0.007
Miller 8 0.25 0.004
Miller 9 0.29 0.003
Miller 10 0.20 0.025
Miller 11 0.34 0.002
Miller 12 0.36 0.001
Miller 13 0.28 0.003
Miller 14 0.37 < 0.001
Miller 15 0.37 < 0.001
Miller 16 0.33 < 0.001
Miller 17 0.16 0.008
Phatak 2 0.71 < 0.001
Phatak 3 0.55 < 0.001
Phatak 4 0.51 < 0.001
Phatak 5 0.44 < 0.001
Phatak 6 0.37 < 0.001
Phatak 7 0.42 < 0.001
Phatak 8 0.33 < 0.001
Phatak 9 0.28 < 0.001
Smits 4 upper 0.34 < 0.001
Smits 4 lower 0.32 0.001
Cutler 1 0.38 0.001
Cutler 2 0.32 < 0.001
Cutler 5 0.34 < 0.001
Cutler 6 0.38 < 0.001
RATINGS AND JUDGMENTS OF SIMILARITY
Singh exp. 1 0.35 < 0.001
Singh exp. 2 0.24 0.002
Singh exp. 3 0.53 < 0.001
Black exp. 1 0.24 0.004
Black exp. 2 0.32 0.001
SPEECH ERRORS
Goldstein 0.39 < 0.001
Shattuck-H 0.54 < 0.001
Jaeger 0.33 < 0.001
PUNS
Sobkowiak 0.42 < 0.001
CONFUSIONS IN SHORT-TERM MEMORY
Wickelgren exp. 1 0.28 < 0.001
Wickelgren exp. 2 0.28 < 0.001

[End Page 89]

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Appendix F

Phonetic and Phonological Matrices Based on Data Described by Mielke (2012)

Appendix F provides, with the generous permission of Jeff Mielke, his matrices for the twenty-eight consonants and seven vowels that are correlated with correspondence percentages in §6. For each property, the consonant matrix is followed by the vowel matrix. The matrices contain distances, which were converted to similarities by subtraction from a constant.

Nasal airflow

p b f v m w t d s
p
b 0.014911
f 0.122882 0.107971
v 0.052231 0.03732   0.070651
m 5.245829 5.230918 5.122947 5.193598
w 0.062506 0.077417 0.185387 0.114737 5.308334
t 0.034921 0.02001   0.087961 0.01731   5.210908 0.097427
d 0.015009 0.000098 0.107873 0.037222 5.23082   0.077515 0.019912
s 0.032772 0.047682 0.155653 0.085002 5.2786     0.029734 0.067693 0.04778  
z 0.044381 0.059292 0.167263 0.096612 5.29021   0.018125 0.079302 0.05939   0.01161  
c 0.129324 0.144235 0.252206 0.181555 5.375153 0.066818 0.164245 0.144333 0.096552
n 5.080674 5.065763 4.957792 5.028443 0.165155 5.14318   5.045753 5.065665 5.113445
r 0.133125 0.148036 0.256007 0.185356 5.378954 0.07062   0.168046 0.148134 0.100354
l 0.010531 0.025442 0.133413 0.062762 5.25636   0.051975 0.045452 0.02554   0.02224  
S 0.14095   0.126039 0.018069 0.088719 5.104878 0.203456 0.106029 0.125941 0.173722
Z 0.015654 0.030565 0.138536 0.067885 5.261483 0.046851 0.050575 0.030663 0.017117
C 0.136818 0.151729   0.2597     0.189049 5.382647 0.074313 0.171739 0.151827 0.104047
j 0.107452 0.122363 0.230334 0.159683 5.353281 0.044946 0.142373 0.122461 0.07468  
T 0.059223 0.074134 0.182105 0.111454 5.305052 0.003283 0.094144 0.074232 0.026452
5 5.892748 5.877837 5.769866 5.840517 0.646919 5.955254 5.857827 5.877739 5.925519
y 0.092104 0.107015 0.214986 0.144335 5.337933 0.029598 0.127025 0.107113 0.059333
k 0.143521 0.158431 0.266402 0.195751 5.389349 0.081015 0.178442 0.15853   0.110749
g 0.025645 0.010734 0.097237 0.026586 5.220184 0.08815   0.009276 0.010636 0.058416
x 0.080918 0.066007 0.041963 0.028687 5.164911 0.143424 0.045997 0.065909 0.11369  
N 4.67196   4.657049 4.549078 4.619729 0.573869 4.734466 4.637039 4.656951 4.704731
h 0.403892 0.388981 0.28101   0.351661 4.841937 0.466397 0.368971 0.388883 0.436663
7 0.133854 0.148764 0.256735 0.186084 5.379682 0.071348 0.168775 0.148862 0.101082
L 0.161102 0.146192 0.038221 0.108872 5.084726 0.223608 0.126181 0.146094 0.193874

[End Page 91]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 0.084943
n 5.125055 5.209998
r 0.088744 0.003801 5.213799
l 0.03385   0.118793 5.091205 0.122594
S 0.185331 0.270274 4.939724 0.274076 0.151481
Z 0.028727 0.11367   5.096328 0.117471 0.005123 0.156605
C 0.092437 0.007494 5.217492 0.003693 0.126287 0.277769 0.121164
j 0.063071 0.021872 5.188126 0.025673 0.096921 0.248402 0.091798 0.029366
T 0.014842 0.070101 5.139897 0.073902 0.048692 0.200174 0.043569 0.077595 0.048229
5 5.937129 6.022072 0.812074 6.025873 5.903279 5.751798 5.908402 6.029566 6.0002    
y 0.047723 0.03722   5.172778 0.041021 0.081573 0.233055 0.07645   0.044714 0.015348
k 0.099139 0.014197 5.224195 0.010395 0.132989 0.284471 0.127866 0.006702 0.036069
g 0.070026 0.154969 5.055029 0.15877   0.036176 0.115306 0.041299 0.162463 0.133097
x 0.125299 0.210242 4.999756 0.214044 0.091449 0.060032 0.096573 0.217737 0.18837  
N 4.716341 4.801284 0.408714 4.805085 4.682491 4.53101   4.687614 4.808778 4.779412
h 0.448273 0.533215 4.676783 0.537017 0.414423 0.262941 0.419546 0.54071   0.511344
7 0.089472 0.00453   5.214528 0.000728 0.123322 0.274804 0.118199 0.002965 0.026401
L 0.205484 0.290426 4.919571 0.294228 0.171634 0.020152 0.176757 0.297921 0.268555
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 5.951971
y 0.032881 5.984852
k 0.084297 6.036268 0.051416
g 0.084868 5.867103 0.117749 0.169165
x 0.140141 5.81183   0.173022 0.224439 0.055274
N 4.731183 1.220788 4.764064 4.815481 4.646316 4.591042
h 0.463115 5.488856 0.495996 0.547412 0.378247 0.322973 4.268068
7 0.07463   6.026601 0.041749 0.009667 0.159498 0.214772 4.805813 0.537745
L 0.220326 5.731646 0.253207 0.304623 0.135458 0.080184 4.510858 0.242789 0.294956
i e E 3 a u
i
e 0.118312
E 0.032112 0.0862    
3 0.042187 0.076125 0.010075
a 0.039412 0.078899 0.0073     0.002775
u 0.045879 0.16419   0.07799   0.088065 0.085291
o 0.070685 0.047626 0.038574 0.028499 0.031273 0.116564

[End Page 92]

Oral airflow

p b f v m w t d s
p
b 0.166811
f 2.689139 2.85595  
v 1.413989 1.5808     1.27515  
m 0.045774 0.121038 2.734912 1.459762
w 0.476936 0.643747 2.212203 0.937053 0.522709
t 0.164818 0.001993 2.853957 1.578807 0.119045 0.641754
d 0.255156 0.088345 2.944295 1.669145 0.209383 0.732092 0.090338
s 1.917223 2.084035 0.771916 0.503235 1.962997 1.440288 2.082042 2.172379
z 1.193855 1.360667 1.495283 0.220133 1.239629 0.71692 1.358674 1.449012 0.723368
c 0.043985 0.210796 2.645154 1.370004 0.089758 0.432951 0.208803 0.299141 1.873239
n 0.184312 0.017501 2.873451 1.598301 0.138539 0.661248 0.019494 0.070844 2.101535
r 0.23742   0.404231 2.451719 1.176569 0.283193 0.239516 0.402238 0.492576 1.679803
l 0.544331 0.711142 2.144808 0.869658 0.590105 0.067395 0.709149 0.799487 1.372892
S 3.455197 3.622009 0.766059 2.041209 3.500971 2.978262 3.620016 3.710354 1.537974
Z 2.212659 2.37947   0.47648   0.79867   2.258432 1.735723 2.377477 2.467815 0.295436
C 0.802035 0.968846 1.887104 0.611954 0.847809 0.3251     0.966854 1.057191 1.115188
j 0.448417 0.615228 2.240722 0.965572 0.494191 0.028519 0.613236 0.703573 1.468806
T 0.14547   0.021342 2.834609 1.559458 0.099696 0.622405 0.019349 0.109687 2.062693
5 0.422682 0.255871 3.111821 1.836671 0.376909 0.899618 0.257864 0.167526 2.339905
y 0.656811 0.823623 2.032328 0.757177 0.702585 0.179876 0.82163   0.911968 1.260412
k 0.409384 0.242573 3.098523 1.823373 0.363611 0.88632   0.244566 0.154228 2.326608
g 0.160096 0.006716 2.849235 1.574084 0.114322 0.637031 0.004723 0.095061 2.077319
x 4.361226 4.528038 1.672087 2.947237 4.407       3.88429   4.526044 4.616383 2.444003
N 0.148059 0.018752 2.837198 1.562048 0.102286 0.624995 0.016759 0.107097 2.065282
h 4.924498 5.091309 2.235359 3.510509 4.970272 4.447562 5.089316 5.179654 3.007275
7 0.275168 0.108356 2.964307 1.689156 0.229394 0.752103 0.110349 0.020011 2.192391
L 0.427035 0.593846 2.262104 0.986954 0.472809 0.049901 0.591853 0.682191 1.490188

[End Page 93]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 1.149871
n 1.378168 0.228297
r 0.956436 0.193435 0.421732
l 0.649525 0.500346 0.728643 0.306911
S 2.261342 3.411213 3.639509 3.217777 2.910866
Z 1.018803 2.168674 2.396971 1.975239 1.668328 1.242539
C 0.39182 0.75805 0.986347 0.564615 0.257704 2.653162 1.410624
j 0.745438 0.404432 0.632729 0.210997 0.095914 3.00678 1.764242 0.353618
T 1.339325 0.189454 0.038842 0.38289 0.689801 3.600667 2.358129 0.947505 0.593887
5 1.616537 0.466667 0.23837 0.660102 0.967013 3.877879 2.635341 1.224717 0.871099
y 0.537044 0.612827 0.841123 0.419391 0.11248 2.798386 1.555848 0.145224 0.208394
k 1.60324 0.453369 0.225072 0.646804 0.953715 3.864582 2.622043 1.211419 0.857801
g 1.353951 0.20408 0.024216 0.397516 0.704427 3.615293 2.372755 0.962131 0.608513
x 3.167371 4.317241 4.545538 4.123806 3.816895 0.906029 2.148567 3.559191 3.912809
N 1.341915 0.192044 0.036253 0.385479 0.69239 3.603256 2.360718 0.950094 0.596476
h 3.730642 4.880513 5.10881 4.687078 4.380167 1.4693 2.711839 4.122463 4.476081
7 1.469023 0.319152 0.090856 0.512588 0.819499 3.730365 2.487827 1.077203 0.723585
L 0.76682 0.38305 0.611347 0.189615 0.117296 3.028162 1.785624 0.375       0.021382
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 0.277212
y 0.802281 1.079493
k 0.263915 0.013298 1.066196
g 0.014626 0.262586 0.816907 0.249289
x 4.506696 4.783908 3.704415 4.77061   4.521322
N 0.002589 0.274623 0.80487   0.261325 0.012037 4.509285
h 5.069968 5.34718   4.267686 5.333882 5.084594 0.563272 5.072557
7 0.129698 0.147514 0.931979 0.134217 0.115072 4.636394 0.127109 5.199666
L 0.572505 0.849717 0.229776 0.836419 0.587131 3.934191 0.575094 4.497463 0.702203
i e E 3 a u
i
e 0.041566
E 0.064048 0.105614
3 0.042836 0.001271 0.106884
a 0.132078 0.173643 0.06803   0.174914
u 0.13915   0.097584 0.203198 0.096314 0.271228
o 0.168047 0.126481 0.232095 0.125211 0.300125 0.028897

[End Page 94]

Larynx height

p b f v m w t d s
p
b 1.003141
f 0.646427 1.649568
v 0.50453   0.498611 1.150957
m 0.15191   0.851232 0.798337 0.352621
w 0.043036 1.046177 0.603391 0.547566 0.194946
t 0.543648 0.459493 1.190075 0.039118 0.391738 0.586684
d 1.284377 0.281236 1.930804 0.779846 1.132467 1.327413 0.740729
s 0.316191 1.319332 0.330236 0.820721 0.468101 0.273155 0.859839 1.600568
z 0.802931 0.20021   1.449358 0.298401 0.651022 0.845967 0.259283 0.481445 1.119122
c 0.482605 1.485747 0.163822 0.987136 0.634515 0.439569 1.026253 1.766982 0.166415
n 0.123557 1.126699 0.52287   0.628088 0.275467 0.080521 0.667206 1.407934 0.192633
r 0.465596 0.537546 1.112023 0.038935 0.313686 0.508632 0.078052 0.818781 0.781786
l 0.23633   0.766812 0.882757 0.268201 0.08442   0.279366 0.307319 1.048047 0.55252  
S 0.557361 1.560503 0.089066 1.061892 0.709271 0.514325 1.101009 1.841738 0.24117  
Z 0.590756 0.412385 1.237183 0.086226 0.438847 0.633792 0.047108 0.693621 0.906947
C 0.178473 1.181614 0.467954 0.683003 0.330382 0.135437 0.722121 1.462849 0.137718
j 1.536647 0.533506 2.183074 1.032117 1.384738 1.579683 0.992999 0.252271 1.852838
T 0.288446 0.714695 0.934873 0.216084 0.136537 0.331482 0.255202 0.995931 0.604637
5 0.583586 0.419555 1.230013 0.079056 0.431676 0.626622 0.039938 0.700791 0.899777
y 0.428277 1.431418 0.21815   0.932807 0.580187 0.385241 0.971925 1.712654 0.112086
k 0.071035 0.932106 0.717462 0.433495 0.080875 0.114071 0.472613 1.213342 0.387226
g 1.453441 0.4503     2.099868 0.948911 1.301532 1.496477 0.909793 0.169064 1.769632
x 0.415117 1.418258 0.23131   0.919647 0.567027 0.372081 0.958765 1.699494 0.098926
N 0.396386 0.606755 1.042813 0.108144 0.244476 0.439422 0.147262 0.887991 0.712577
h 0.691726 1.694868 0.045299 1.196257 0.843636 0.64869   1.235374 1.976103 0.375536
7 1.269106 2.272248 0.622679 1.773637 1.421016 1.22607   1.812754 2.553483 0.952915
L 0.479874 1.483015 0.166553 0.984404 0.631783 0.436838 1.023522 1.764251 0.163683

[End Page 95]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 1.285537
n 0.926489 0.359048
r 0.337336 0.948201 0.589153
l 0.566602 0.718935 0.359887 0.229266
S 1.360293 0.074756 0.433804 1.022957 0.793691
Z 0.212175 1.073362 0.714314 0.125161 0.354427 1.148118
C 0.981404 0.304133 0.054915 0.644068 0.414802 0.378889 0.769229
j 0.733716 2.019253 1.660205 1.071052 1.300318 2.094009 0.945891 1.71512  
T 0.514485 0.771052 0.412004 0.177149 0.052117 0.845807 0.30231   0.466919 1.248201
5 0.219345 1.066191 0.707143 0.117991 0.347257 1.140947 0.00717   0.762059 0.953061
y 1.231208 0.054329 0.304719 0.893872 0.664606 0.129084 1.019033 0.249804 1.964924
k 0.731896 0.55364   0.194593 0.394561 0.165294 0.628396 0.519721 0.249508 1.465612
g 0.65051 1.936047 1.576999 0.987846 1.217112 2.010803 0.862685 1.631914 0.083206
x 1.218048 0.067488 0.29156   0.880713 0.651447 0.142244 1.005873 0.236644 1.951764
N 0.406545 0.878991 0.519944 0.06921   0.160057 0.953747 0.19437   0.574859 1.140261
h 1.494658 0.209121 0.568169 1.157322 0.928056 0.134365 1.282483 0.513254 2.228374
7 2.072038 0.786501 1.145549 1.734702 1.505436 0.711745 1.859863 1.090634 2.805754
L 1.282805 0.002732 0.356316 0.945469 0.716203 0.077487 1.07063   0.301401 2.016521
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 0.29514  
y 0.716723 1.011863
k 0.217411 0.512551 0.499312
g 1.164995 0.869855 1.881718 1.382406
x 0.703563 0.998703 0.01316   0.486152 1.868558
N 0.10794   0.1872     0.824663 0.325351 1.057055 0.811503
h 0.980173 1.275312 0.26345   0.762761 2.145168 0.276609 1.088112
7 1.557552 1.852692 0.840829 1.340141 2.722548 0.853989 1.665492 0.57738  
L 0.76832   1.06346   0.051597 0.550909 1.933315 0.064757 0.87626   0.211853 0.789233
e E 3 a u o
i
e 0.05261  
E 0.458092 0.405482
3 0.868918 0.816308 0.410826
a 0.413552 0.360941 0.04454   0.455366
u 0.754377 0.701767 0.296285 0.114541 0.340826
o 1.028263 0.975652 0.570171 0.159345 0.614711 0.273885

[End Page 96]

Voicing (vocal-fold contact area)

p b f v m w t d s
p
b 0.608409
f 0.692254 1.300663
v 0.905659 0.29725   1.597913
m 1.820056 1.211648 2.512311 0.914397
w 1.545347 0.936938 2.237601 0.639688 0.274709
t 0.155207 0.763616 0.537047 1.060866 1.975263 1.700554
d 0.830432 0.222023 1.522686 0.075227 0.989625 0.714915 0.985638
s 0.263734 0.872143 0.42852   1.169393 2.08379   1.809081 0.108527 1.094166
z 1.280127 0.671718 1.972381 0.374468 0.53993   0.26522   1.435333 0.449695 1.543861
c 0.134289 0.742697 0.557966 1.039948 1.954345 1.679635 0.020918 0.96472   0.129445
n 1.863152 1.254743 2.555407 0.957493 0.043096 0.317805 2.018359 1.032721 2.126886
r 1.587667 0.979258 2.279921 0.682008 0.232389 0.04232   1.742874 0.757235 1.851401
l 1.879174 1.270765 2.571428 0.973515 0.059118 0.333827 2.034381 1.048742 2.142908
S 0.378526 0.986934 0.313729 1.284185 2.198582 1.923872 0.223319 1.208957 0.114792
Z 1.289849 0.68144   1.982103 0.38419   0.530207 0.255498 1.445056 0.459417 1.553583
C 0.082013 0.526396 0.774267 0.823646 1.738043 1.463334 0.23722   0.748419 0.345747
j 1.030847 0.422439 1.723101 0.125188 0.789209 0.5145     1.186054 0.200416 1.294581
T 0.345129 0.26328   1.037383 0.56053   1.474927 1.200218 0.500336 0.485303 0.608863
5 1.934478 1.32607   2.626733 1.028819 0.114422 0.389132 2.089685 1.104047 2.198212
y 1.724184 1.115775 2.416439 0.818525 0.095872 0.178837 1.879391 0.893753 1.987918
k 0.052102 0.556306 0.744357 0.853557 1.767954 1.493244 0.207309 0.778329 0.315836
g 0.754368 0.145959 1.446622 0.151291 1.065688 0.790979 0.909575 0.076064 1.018102
x 0.127961 0.480448 0.820215 0.777698 1.692095 1.417386 0.283168 0.702471 0.391695
N 2.031794 1.423385 2.724048 1.126135 0.211738 0.486447 2.187001 1.201362 2.295528
h 0.897997 1.506406 0.205743 1.803656 2.718053 2.443344 0.74279   1.728429 0.634263
7 0.256535 0.864943 0.43572   1.162194 2.076591 1.801882 0.101328 1.086966 0.007199
L 1.514842 0.906433 2.207096 0.609183 0.305215 0.030505 1.670049 0.68441   1.778576

[End Page 97]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 1.414415
n 0.583026 1.997441
r 0.30754   1.721955 0.275485
l 0.599047 2.013463 0.016022 0.291507
S 1.658652 0.244237 2.241678 1.966192 2.257699
Z 0.009722 1.424137 0.573303 0.297818 0.589325 1.668374
C 1.198114 0.216301 1.781139 1.505654 1.797161 0.460538 1.207836
j 0.249279 1.165136 0.832305 0.55682   0.848327 1.409373 0.259002 0.948834
T 0.934998 0.479417 1.518023 1.242538 1.534045 0.723654 0.94472   0.263116 0.685718
5 0.654352 2.068767 0.071326 0.346812 0.055304 2.313004 0.64463   1.852466 0.903631
y 0.444058 1.858473 0.138968 0.136517 0.15499   2.10271   0.434335 1.642171 0.693337
k 1.228024 0.186391 1.81105   1.535564 1.827072 0.430628 1.237746 0.02991   0.978745
g 0.525759 0.888656 1.108784 0.833299 1.124806 1.132893 0.535481 0.672355 0.276479
x 1.152166 0.262249 1.735191 1.459706 1.751213 0.506486 1.161888 0.045948 0.902887
N 0.751667 2.166082 0.168642 0.444127 0.15262   2.410319 0.741945 1.949781 1.000947
h 2.178124 0.763709 2.761149 2.485664 2.777171 0.519472 2.187846 0.98001   1.928844
7 1.536661 0.122246 2.119687 1.844202 2.135709 0.121991 1.546384 0.338548 1.287382
L 0.234715 1.64913   0.34831   0.072825 0.364332 1.893367 0.224993 1.432829 0.483995
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 1.58935  
y 1.379055 0.210294
k 0.293027 1.882376 1.672082
g 0.409239 1.180111 0.969816 0.702265
x 0.217168 1.806518 1.596223 0.075858 0.626407
N 1.686665 0.097315 0.30761   1.979691 1.277426 1.903833
h 1.243126 2.832476 2.622181 0.9501     1.652365 1.025958 2.929791
7 0.601664 2.191013 1.980719 0.308637 1.010903 0.384496 2.288329 0.641462
L 1.169713 0.419637 0.209342 1.462739 0.760474 1.386881 0.516952 2.412839 1.771376
e E 3 a u o
i
e 0.166951
E 0.037569 0.129382
3 0.170837 0.003886 0.133268
a 0.161168 0.328119 0.198738 0.332005
u 0.010839 0.156112 0.02673   0.159998 0.172007
o 0.068224 0.098727 0.030655 0.102613 0.229392 0.057385

[End Page 98]

Vocal-tract shape

p b f v m w t h s
p
b 0.032328
f 0.121846 0.144218
v 0.061862 0.062829 0.157301
m 0.124756 0.142787 0.129509 0.171082
w 0.874148 0.883411 0.872153 0.877522 0.939498
t 1.199101 1.19903   1.226253 1.175909 1.234216 1.513584
d 1.047328 1.053973 1.053892 1.045683 1.04168   1.467742 0.613153
s 0.948361 0.948224 0.960089 0.927676 0.974937 1.409258 0.531553 0.634933
z 0.950016 0.950379 0.964184 0.930577 0.97733   1.374219 0.500056 0.587461 0.116407
c 1.256924 1.25477   1.281311 1.232237 1.284969 1.695883 0.490746 0.643401 0.411475
n 1.062834 1.070609 1.063586 1.059197 1.028248 1.697801 0.883628 0.570708 0.686254
r 0.562605 0.577874 0.57184   0.548552 0.588325 0.920758 0.911894 0.797726 0.662039
l 0.603368 0.619772 0.589825 0.604942 0.564082 1.167405 1.033636 0.814256 0.71191  
S 1.183849 1.187357 1.178226 1.182109 1.179636 1.576623 0.684508 0.785344 0.875845
Z 1.171362 1.175287 1.170383 1.16874   1.171763 1.536079 0.637459 0.671845 0.865109
C 1.725657 1.726767 1.734163 1.722873 1.716238 2.169343 0.958265 0.920545 1.221191
j 2.18092   2.181225 2.198174 2.173667 2.176215 2.609261 1.51922   1.393475 1.755915
T 2.162508 2.166073 2.179367 2.159974 2.162544 2.415677 1.577644 1.606968 1.949853
5 2.572828 2.576038 2.580879 2.574932 2.546827 3.02545   2.062871 1.897276 2.31187  
y 2.503955 2.506247 2.517645 2.509354 2.474674 2.976035 2.260312 2.001358 2.421246
k 1.631899 1.638415 1.691412 1.633321 1.640726 1.535528 1.944664 1.880334 2.066358
g 1.81112   1.817753 1.864689 1.814394 1.814048 1.74423   2.063436 1.97791   2.229531
x 0.649525 0.669848 0.672194 0.667278 0.620875 0.891522 1.466806 1.254731 1.341287
N 1.272353 1.282807 1.315347 1.285102 1.27692   1.085155 1.813516 1.652069 1.837888
h 0.308802 0.340004 0.266083 0.312746 0.295926 0.850842 1.208312 1.020462 0.972933
7 0.346456 0.378018 0.298133 0.352699 0.32655   0.853906 1.221747 1.025798 0.988697
L 2.268739 2.273369 2.281467 2.274343 2.243515 2.643329 1.959663 1.795194 2.225181

[End Page 99]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 0.401541
n 0.703749 0.753836
r 0.643346 0.968676 0.846527
l 0.706498 1.017084 0.697335 0.362558
S 0.879727 0.983979 0.991311 1.114951 1.138042
Z 0.85166   0.923865 0.969869 1.087537 1.132049 0.220353
C 1.213943 1.085237 1.113797 1.579841 1.555784 0.825692 0.759642
j 1.738563 1.527806 1.572714 2.053756 2.028024 1.526776 1.400922 0.800666
T 1.943603 1.897011 1.817107 2.052115 2.106699 1.386677 1.348849 1.080356 1.283696
5 2.313105 2.17162 1.980737 2.503122 2.449704 1.862622 1.794119 1.224412 0.945316
y 2.418494 2.3169     2.063246 2.508366 2.437059 2.083576 1.987623 1.530887 1.109688
k 2.025448 2.218207 2.015727 1.597651 1.715434 2.021096 1.982154 2.349889 2.657831
g 2.18465   2.34826   2.154422 1.817939 1.905542 2.065572 2.004064 2.295564 2.485013
x 1.319483 1.605193 1.284666 0.769349 0.822684 1.433481 1.403272 1.945219 2.3631    
N 1.791987 2.040007 1.822046 1.292018 1.417029 1.854528 1.803318 2.278678 2.627491
h 0.971415 1.280392 1.018561 0.47304   0.518741 1.189243 1.170631 1.734474 2.183079
7 0.98649   1.295936 1.022773 0.480418 0.520674 1.196268 1.177491 1.741427 2.190089
L 2.215968 2.169368 1.929827 2.269748 2.239683 1.674693 1.605066 1.284595 1.181712
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 1.053752
y 1.420353 0.734659
k 2.170589 2.823042 2.724773
g 2.034328 2.630857 2.460175 0.610387
x 2.187555 2.652476 2.555446 1.180223 1.398954
N 2.28485   2.877188 2.761566 0.609609 0.914647 0.780616
h 2.141333 2.554864 2.499457 1.600127 1.777792 0.540515 1.226178
7 2.143853 2.556566 2.502107 1.600178 1.776679 0.532554 1.22232   0.041062
L 0.854311 0.758073 0.795868 2.315123 2.040348 2.251061 2.390036 2.245645 2.245826
e E 3 a u o
i
e 1.934696
E 3.136785 1.237017
3 4.399463 2.645619 1.715      
a 5.423678 3.543293 2.460112 1.374967
u 2.888867 2.103987 2.384521 2.683305 3.800871
o 3.936057 2.496687 2.050652 1.258082 2.295846 1.970193

[End Page 100]

Acoustic waveform

p b f v m w t h s
p
b 1.803959
f 3.225607 3.683368
v 2.538562 2.348334 2.279023
m 3.887452 3.061697 5.481913 3.342732
w 2.89782   2.265669 5.057293 2.876725 2.703263
t 2.269935 2.621017 3.578785 3.053064 4.594501 3.813184
d 2.461187 2.095131 3.699147 2.697879 3.509354 2.963515 2.140364
s 5.45486   6.085604 3.207251 4.124299 8.670416 7.997583 4.620492 4.838055
z 4.41377   4.34197   3.435594 2.923777 5.696306 5.218441 4.014085 3.485084 2.319677
c 4.228777 3.729064 5.264024 3.826637 3.462769 3.701991 3.830002 2.955802 6.474684
n 4.289966 3.458302 5.457696 3.55069   1.801101 3.205687 4.275707 3.18623   7.915981
r 3.187499 2.68668   3.98708   2.67457   3.116844 2.684222 3.078297 2.382196 5.689616
l 3.574823 2.963136 5.101404 3.102332 2.815732 2.654285 3.694992 2.766042 6.89054  
S 5.73722   6.08277   3.876621 4.998234 8.137408 7.999132 4.550751 4.391677 4.09566  
Z 4.691664 4.38826   4.030294 3.5304     5.575799 5.425282 3.985019 3.327564 4.251743
C 4.314454 4.826045 4.022938 4.422907 6.97888   6.764262 3.114207 3.434414 4.044574
j 4.641089 3.733605 6.099507 4.052515 2.181094 3.495731 4.794151 3.751073 9.141176
T 2.928342 3.477574 3.613564 3.676749 5.537152 4.823387 2.340702 2.763282 4.527983
5 4.545184 3.816356 5.531142 3.872376 2.464481 3.654127 4.408503 3.404936 7.455777
y 4.913101 4.273837 6.478886 4.444383 3.958251 4.15665   4.615366 3.585799 7.764228
k 2.389923 2.666542 3.521703 3.120542 4.194523 3.66766   2.461863 2.736587 5.552439
g 2.479515 2.232281 3.653943 2.731597 3.568603 2.932456 2.678473 2.187669 5.618404
x 3.673135 3.889518 2.76906   3.286342 5.031711 4.702999 3.848788 3.786366 4.664499
N 4.176438 3.330072 5.558136 3.578498 1.746225 2.997782 4.451578 3.396603 8.57911  
h 3.273332 3.22449   3.279802 2.935831 4.166466 3.744337 3.603018 3.156177 5.482726
7 1.971467 1.991718 3.754616 2.795069 3.592329 2.823146 2.624175 2.588476 6.272191
L 3.389779 2.973256 3.909901 2.969742 3.438319 3.225909 3.33236   2.86008   5.793282

[End Page 101]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 4.121035
n 5.14197   2.941262
r 3.615318 2.702912 2.867846
l 4.02205   2.746158 2.585083 2.23239  
S 4.605738 5.86729   7.288438 5.188159 6.586737
Z 3.259117 3.681885 4.987256 3.520682 4.230706 2.220052
C 4.337141 5.008212 6.286786 4.43685   5.728317 2.57831   3.149951
j 6.195791 3.042158 1.872336 3.211685 3.115763 8.38359   5.784231 7.223178
T 4.517895 4.285367 5.125336 3.624443 4.768447 4.164492 4.283773 3.183098 5.436736
5 4.93435   2.691286 1.926083 3.020434 3.129396 7.046832 4.926724 6.13323   2.212289
y 4.838971 2.360403 3.468858 2.92499   3.176665 6.952002 4.211103 5.946895 3.628266
k 4.7585     4.336115 4.232746 3.336734 4.00344   5.572347 4.920724 4.16764   4.567308
g 4.203354 3.420731 3.400539 2.621701 3.192709 5.719684 4.35557   4.44554   3.781999
x 4.410999 5.021475 4.984206 3.792208 4.610136 4.399343 4.414905 4.545415 5.569136
N 5.712012 3.15169   1.698014 2.991088 2.974363 8.231741 5.594162 6.871426 1.892194
h 4.43855   4.430683 4.217366 3.30473   3.666079 4.630737 3.969189 4.658662 4.919076
7 4.765367 4.22162   3.912017 3.036333 3.422497 6.413876 4.962496 4.909393 4.331876
L 4.291774 3.092803 3.108856 2.194734 2.837432 4.810006 3.748661 4.285592 2.972415
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 4.708402
y 4.806257 3.340041
k 2.591991 4.54477   4.883774
g 2.863522 3.67367   3.762451 2.123698
x 3.934853 5.432995 5.605927 3.126382 3.306456
N 5.298728 1.984967 3.866684 4.108451 3.466588 5.103969
h 3.934021 4.749538 4.74678   3.032657 3.059236 2.293884 4.367308
7 3.175142 4.396489 4.464046 2.373444 2.461985 3.902826 3.861351 3.149082
L 3.753857 3.447685 3.459067 3.35714   2.964523 3.732918 3.221777 3.592889 3.428032
e E 3 a u o
i
e 2.47799  
E 3.560036 1.837505
3 4.353228 2.756102 2.130584
a 5.163721 3.46162   2.570565 1.836436
u 3.748251 4.00416   4.491765 5.112707 5.934331
o 4.46114   3.388397 3.248406 2.102216 2.488478 5.562897

[End Page 102]

Phonological patterns

p b f v m w t h s
p
b 0.963507
f 0.949308 1.004059
v 1.083799 0.996868 0.968611
m 1.122031 1.08383   1.122429 1.099928
w 1.186262 1.142514 1.12598   1.093966 1.082813
t 0.873516 1.041991 1.008525 1.148879 1.165118 1.205697
d 1.055103 0.90947   1.080818 1.072833 1.155067 1.189702 0.948751
s 1.003676 1.08947   0.938521 1.109768 1.133945 1.146553 0.93006   1.027937
z 1.137455 1.031729 1.06337   1.014434 1.165908 1.116476 1.092214 0.970019 0.978652
c 0.698381 0.824991 0.733673 0.874927 0.909027 0.88742   0.645611 0.780876 0.681553
n 1.19159   1.173778 1.177494 1.158694 0.85244   1.11962   1.143177 1.137107 1.10464  
r 0.911571 0.853457 0.81441   0.755268 0.819523 0.756927 0.864224 0.843378 0.770388
l 1.176403 1.14753   1.14441   1.101426 1.022257 1.038272 1.128764 1.117552 1.073204
S 1.029647 1.103223 0.954997 1.114112 1.168087 1.147201 0.993456 1.092839 0.852706
Z 1.213217 1.049777 1.127647 1.051168 1.209244 1.102402 1.18222   1.050391 1.108718
C 0.966567 1.082848 0.995533 1.166087 1.184715 1.17443   0.924277 1.052566 0.952993
j 1.115631 0.987021 1.106574 1.126043 1.185501 1.173136 1.074423 0.951651 1.07513
T 0.956637 1.072516 1.035252 1.137081 1.238983 1.233259 0.930029 1.058258 1.022674
5 1.242676 1.191841 1.202295 1.207732 0.952712 1.142593 1.203611 1.166764 1.1537    
y 1.222412 1.18007   1.177157 1.090364 1.101479 0.860591 1.210702 1.187624 1.159886
k 0.84305   1.03068   0.996398 1.129507 1.147875 1.181271 0.889019 1.060148 0.998359
g 1.04036   0.869952 1.065024 1.045626 1.129554 1.150519 1.061067 0.921648 1.089886
x 1.026303 1.132616 0.919955 1.09978   1.171688 1.132452 1.048923 1.174785 0.991057
N 1.26807   1.237378 1.278181 1.232497 0.928493 1.167044 1.288573 1.259302 1.259899
h 1.086483 1.110556 0.991961 1.047492 1.139036 1.070204 1.087266 1.14939   1.009981
7 1.088917 1.112891 1.014588 1.044582 1.134524 1.08708   1.100805 1.167579 1.067927
L 1.029025 0.990346 0.931514 0.842189 0.900909 0.872762 0.980801 0.954274 0.871009

[End Page 103]

z c n r l S Z C j
z
c 0.800588
n 1.153457 0.897005
r 0.752598 0.459384 0.774359
l 1.102492 0.86252   0.950674 0.664987
S 1.032205 0.692905 1.158077 0.784886 1.108818
Z 0.916943 0.877207 1.210028 0.762549 1.140517 0.989779
C 1.078673 0.574068 1.172335 0.845332 1.13862   0.902994 1.09163  
j 0.995235 0.760749 1.18426   0.853842 1.138403 1.029171 0.94531   0.922074
T 1.096226 0.711971 1.257173 0.985648 1.241398 0.973205 1.079012 0.930937 0.989283
5 1.134054 0.9003     0.923484 0.844       1.084702 1.127954 1.126181 1.136322 1.096792
y 1.130842 0.88691   1.094364 0.75775   1.025427 1.13849   1.107634 1.148758 1.136865
k 1.148873 0.713334 1.182359 0.891499 1.163867 1.03263   1.206828 0.978757 1.111209
g 1.036241 0.829665 1.180132 0.85712   1.153422 1.111392 1.054535 1.087627 0.988238
x 1.12106   0.76192   1.199899 0.802634 1.175016 0.991474 1.184038 1.030431 1.16952  
N 1.245523 0.996271 0.963739 0.955284 1.14081   1.281766 1.248326 1.295956 1.272998
h 1.080737 0.772871 1.151423 0.774469 1.091879 1.001326 1.070591 1.067097 1.15656  
7 1.120179 0.798235 1.155915 0.782572 1.113377 1.048529 1.121702 1.061219 1.177259
L 0.854947 0.57968   0.85778   0.389379 0.746734 0.857725 0.830657 0.903222 0.870798
T 5 y k g x N h 7
T
5 1.157382
y 1.206062 1.072828
k 0.980383 1.230253 1.214592
g 1.077179 1.181447 1.177372 0.944569
x 1.090857 1.172393 1.193291 0.970433 1.074578
N 1.310537 0.95919   1.177438 1.222929 1.18713   1.234987
h 1.117533 1.17154   1.101733 1.064849 1.09383   0.960975 1.232305
7 1.15579   1.184886 1.104827 1.065644 1.100513 0.961319 1.223843 0.862058
L 0.980698 0.796895 0.796798 1.02728   0.989429 0.915765 0.982054 0.846928 0.906789
i e E 3 a u
i
e 0.824728
E 0.911414 0.864512
3 0.922699 0.882631 0.847923
a 0.894286 0.85365   0.840641 0.842341
u 0.84221   0.915348 0.981387 0.918031 0.881096
o 0.912326 0.846282 0.933496 0.894452 0.834855 0.821018

[End Page 104]