Language

Language
Volume 81, Number 3, September 2005

CONTENTS

    Joseph, Brian D.
  • The Editor's Department: A Styled Farewell and a New Era: The Purpose, History, and Future of the Language Style Sheet
    [Access article in PDF]
    Fukushima, Kazuhiko.
  • Lexical V-V Compounds in Japanese: Lexicon vs. Syntax
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    Subject Headings:
    • Japanese language -- Word formation.
    • Japanese language -- Verb.
    Abstract:
      One of the central issues in morphology/morphosyntax has been the locus of the mechanisms responsible for word formation. LEXICALISM claims that the mechanisms employed forwor d formation are distinct from those found in other domains (e.g. syntax). I examine in this article so-called 'lexical' V-V compound formation in Japanese from a lexicalist point of view and show that it is indeed LEXICAL (some claim that it is syntactic). Though Japanese V-V compounds have been studied extensively, a principled and unified account has not been proposed due to their complexities, especially one that deals with the question of how arguments of component verbs are to be synthesized into a single argument structure. The current proposal embodies the notion of THEMATIC PROTO-ROLE and devises semantically driven argument matching giving rise to an argument structure of a V-V compound as a whole. In such a process, syntactic apparatuses or grammatical relations per se play no central role.
    Rosenbach, Anette.
  • Animacy Versus Weight as Determinants of Grammatical Variation in English
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Grammar.
    • English language -- Noun phrase.
    • English language -- Word order.
    Abstract:
      This article investigates whether certain animacy effects are an artifact of syntactic weight (because statistically, animate referents tend to be short) or whether animacy is an independent variable in grammatical variation. The empirical domain of investigation is a case of grammatical variation in the noun phrase, specifically, English genitive variation. Data from a corpus study as well as the results of an experimental study are brought forward, showing that animacy and weight are independent factors. These data are further supported by typological evidence. Moreover, the analysis of the interaction of animacy and weight provides evidence that animacy can even dominate weight up to a certain cut-off point. Finally, it is argued that animacy is a processing factor influencing grammatical variation, just as weight is.
    Davies, William D., 1954-
  • Madurese Prolepsis and Its Implications for a Typology of Raising
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    Subject Headings:
    • Madurese language -- Morphosyntax.
    • Madurese language -- Noun phrase.
    Abstract:
      This article focuses on the grammatical properties of a Madurese structure in which an argument of a complement clause appears to occur in a nonthematic position in its dominating clause. RAISING-TO-OBJECT (or its analogue in nonderivational theories) has been proposed over the past thirty years or so for the corresponding construction in the closely related Austronesian languages of Balinese, Indonesian/Malay, and Javanese. Close examination of the Madurese data reveals that a proleptic NP analysis, in which the matrix NP is generated in the matrix clause, proves superior to the raising analysis and shares virtually all of the same properties as the parallel English construction (I believe about Marlena that she left for Jakarta on Wednesday). Enumeration of these properties and comparison with both RAISING and COPY RAISING provide the initial step in identifying the hallmarks of each construction and how they might differ typologically.
    Baayen, R. Harald.
    Prado Martín, Fermín Moscoso del, 1974-
  • Semantic Density and Past-Tense Formation in Three Germanic Languages
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Verb.
    • English language -- Tense.
    • German language -- Verb.
    • German language -- Tense.
    • Dutch language -- Verb.
    • Dutch language -- Tense.
    Abstract:
      It is widely believed that the difference between regular and irregular verbs is restricted to form. This study questions that belief. We report a series of lexical statistics showing that irregular verbs cluster in denser regions in semantic space. Compared to regular verbs, irregular verbs tend to have more semantic neighbors that in turn have relatively many other semantic neighbors that are morphologically irregular. We show that this greater semantic density for irregulars is reflected in association norms, familiarity ratings, visual lexical-decision latencies, and word-naming latencies. Meta-analyses of the materials of two neuroimaging studies show that in these studies, regularity is confounded with differences in semantic density. Our results challenge the hypothesis of the supposed formal encapsulation of rules of inflection and support lines of research in which sensitivity to probability is recognized as intrinsic to human language.

Discussion Note

    McGinnis, Martha.
  • On Markedness Asymmetries in Person and Number
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Number.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Person.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Markedness.

Review Article

    Goldsmith, John A., 1951-
  • The Legacy of Zellig Harris: Language and Information into the 21st Century, vol. 1: Philosophy of Science, Syntax and Semantics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nevin, Bruce E., ed. Legacy of Zellig Harris: language and information into the 21st century.
    • Harris, Zellig S. (Zellig Sabbettai), 1909-

Reviews

    Siewierska, Anna.
  • Structure and Function: A Guide to Three Major Structural-Functional Theories (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Butler, Christopher, 1945- Structure and function: a guide to three major structural-functional theories.
    • Structural linguistics.
    Manning, Christopher D.
  • Programming for Linguists: JavaTM Technology for Language Researchers (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hammond, Michael (Michael T.) Programming for linguists: JavaTM technology for language researchers.
    • Computational linguistics.
    Aronoff, Mark.
    Meir, Irit.
  • Modality and Structure in Signed and Spoken Languages (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Meier, Richard P., ed. Modality and structure in signed and spoken languages.
    • Cormier, Kearsy, ed.
    • Quinto-Pozos, David, ed.
    • Sign language -- Congresses.
    Russom, Geoffrey.
  • Alliteration and Sound Change in Early English (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Minkova, Donka, 1944- Alliteration and sound change in early English.
    • English language -- Middle English, 1100-1500 -- Phonology.
    Langacker, Ronald W.
  • Constructing a Language: A Usage-Based Theory of Language Acquisition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tomasello, Michael. Constructing a language: a usage-based theory of language acquisition.
    • Language acquisition.
    Trudgill, Peter.
  • Koineization in Medieval Spanish (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tuten, Donald N. Koineization in medieval Spanish.
    • Spanish language -- To 1500 -- History.
    Hawkins, Roger (Roger D.)
  • Second Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • White, Lydia. Second language acquisition and universal grammar.
    • Second language acquisition.
    Hornstein, Norbert.
    Nevins, Andrew.
  • Representation Theory (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Williams, Edwin. Representation theory.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Syntax.
    Unger, J. Marshall.
  • Multilingualism in China: The Politics of Writing Reforms for Minority Languages 1949-2002 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zhou, Minglang, 1954- Multilingualism in China: the politics of writing reforms for minority languages 1949-2002.
    • Linguistic minorities -- Government policy -- China.

Book Notices

    Walicek, Don E.
  • Contact Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aceto, Michael, ed. Contact Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean.
    • Williams, Jeffrey P. (Jeffrey Payne), 1958-, ed.
    • English language -- Caribbean Area.
    Grohmann, Kleanthes K.
  • Proto-Properties and Grammatical Encoding: A Correspondence Theory of Argument Selection (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ackerman, Farrell. Proto-properties and grammatical encoding: a correspondence theory of argument selection.
    • Moore, John C., 1955-
    • Grammar, Comparative and general.
    Romanova, Eugenia.
  • Perfect Explorations (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Alexiadou, Artemis, ed. Perfect explorations.
    • Rathert, Monika, 1972-, ed.
    • Stechow, Arnim von, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Tense.
    Murphy, M. Lynne.
  • Lexis in Contrast: Corpus-Based Approaches (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Altenberg, Bengt, ed. Lexis in contrast: corpus-based approaches.
    • Granger, Sylviane, 1951-, ed.
    • Lexicology -- Data processing.
    Kaye, Alan S.
  • Conditional Sentences in Contemporary Hebrew: Structure, Meaning, and Usage of Tenses (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bar, Tali. Conditional sentences in contemporary Hebrew: structure, meaning, and usage of tenses.
    • Hebrew language -- Conditionals.
    Forbes, Marsha.
    Kouwenberg, Silvia, 1960-
  • A Contrastive Grammar Islander--Caribbean Standard English--Spanish (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bartens, Angela, 1970- Contrastive grammar Islander--Caribbean Standard English--Spanish.
    • English language -- Dialects -- Caribbean Area.
    Murphy, M. Lynne.
  • Semantics: An Introduction to Non-Lexical Aspects of Meaning (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bennett, Paul. Semantics: an introduction to non-lexical aspects of meaning.
    • Semantics.
    Chen, Rong, 1955-
  • The English Change Network: Forcing Changes into Schemas (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Broccias, Cristiano, 1972- English change network: forcing changes into schemas.
    • English language -- Syntax.
    Sims, Andrea D.
  • Language and Sexuality (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cameron, Deborah, 1958- Language and sexuality.
    • Kulick, Don.
    • Language and sex.
    Wegener, Claudia.
  • Cognitive Linguistics and Non-Indo-European Languages (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Casad, Eugene H., ed. Cognitive linguistics and non-Indo-European languages.
    • Palmer, Gary B., 1942-, ed.
    • Cognitive grammar -- Congresses.
    Callies, Marcus.
  • English Inversion: A Ground-Before-Figure Construction (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chen, Rong, 1955- English inversion: a ground-before-figure construction.
    • English language -- Word order.
    Falk, Julia S.
  • Cartesian Linguistics: A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Chomsky, Noam. Cartesian linguistics: a chapter in the history of rationalist thought.
    • McGilvray, James A. (James Alasdair), 1942-, ed.
    • Cartesian linguistics.
    Grohmann, Kleanthes K.
  • The Paradigmatic Structure of Person Marking (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cysouw, Michael. Paradigmatic structure of person marking.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Person.
    Glaz, Adam.
  • Framing and Perspectivising in Discourse (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ensink, T. (Titus), ed. Framing and perspectivising in discourse.
    • Sauer, Christoph, ed.
    • Discourse analysis.
    Curnow, Timothy Jowan.
  • Reported Discourse: A Meeting Ground for Different Linguistic Domains (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Güldemann, Tom, ed. Reported discourse: a meeting ground for different linguistic domains.
    • Roncador, Manfred von, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Indirect discourse -- Congresses.
    Grohmann, Kleanthes K.
  • Features, Categories and the Syntax of A-Positions: Cross-Linguistic Variation in the Germanic Languages (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Haeberli, Eric. Features, categories and the syntax of A-positions: cross-linguistic variation in the Germanic languages.
    • Germanic languages -- Syntax.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • The Language, Ethnicity and Race Reader (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harris, Roxy, ed. Language, ethnicity and race reader.
    • Rampton, Ben, 1953-, ed.
    • Sociolinguistics.
    Banerji, Sharbani.
  • What Counts: Focus and Quantification (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Herburger, Elena. What counts: focus and quantification.
    • Focus (Linguistics)
    Miyamoto, Tadao.
  • Japanese (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Iwasaki, Shoichi. Japanese.
    • Japanese language -- Grammar.
    Elson, Mark J.
  • The Phonology of Stress in Polish (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kraska, Iwona. Phonology of stress in Polish.
    • Polish language -- Accents and accentuation.
    Chen, Liang.
  • Studies on Cross-Linguistic Transfer Patterning and Prosodic Typology: Cantonese, Japanese, English (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lai, Esther Yuk Wah. Studies on cross-linguistic transfer patterning and prosodic typology: Cantonese, Japanese, English.
    • Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
    Banerji, Sharbani.
  • Events and Plurality: The Jerusalem Lectures (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Landman, Fred. Events and plurality: the Jerusalem lectures.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general.
    Byrd, Andrew Miles.
  • Convict Words: Language in Early Colonial Australia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Laugesen, Amanda. Convict words: language in early colonial Australia.
    • English language -- Australia -- Dictionaries.
    Grohmann, Kleanthes K.
  • Low German (East Frisian Dialect) (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Matras, Yaron, 1963- Low German (East Frisian dialect)
    • Reershemius, Gertrud.
    • Low German language -- Dialects -- Germany -- Ostfriesland.
    Jahn, Tina.
  • Bad News, Good News: Conversational Order in Everyday Talk and Clinical Settings (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Maynard, Douglas W., 1946- Bad news, good news: conversational order in everyday talk and clinical settings.
    • Conversation analysis.
    Roels, Linde.
  • The German Perfect: Its Semantic Composition and Its Interactions with Temporal Adverbials (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Musan, Renate, 1963- German perfect: its semantic composition and its interactions with temporal adverbials.
    • German language -- Tense.
    Robinson, Stuart.
  • Readings in Machine Translation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nirenburg, Sergei, ed. Readings in machine translation.
    • Somers, H. L., ed.
    • Wilks, Yorick, 1939-, ed.
    • Machine translating.
    Chung, Karen Steffen.
  • Artikulatorische und akustische Phonetik (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reetz, Henning. Artikulatorische und akustische Phonetik.
    • Phonetics.
    Thomason, Olga.
  • The Pannonian Slavic Dialect of the Common Slavic Proto-Language: The View From Old Hungarian (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Richards, Ronald O. Pannonian slavic dialect of the common slavic proto-language: the view from Old Hungarian.
    • Proto-Slavic language -- Dialects -- Pannonia.
    Maho, J. F. (Jouni F.)
  • A Glossary of Terms for Bantu Verbal Categories, with Special Emphasis on Tense and Aspect (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rose, Sarah (Sarah R.) Glossary of terms for Bantu verbal categories, with special emphasis on tense and aspect.
    • Beaudoin-Lietz, Christa, 1951-
    • Nurse, Derek.
    • Bantu languages -- Tense -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc.
    Card, Lorin.
  • Translating Cultures: Perspectives on Translation and Anthropology (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Rubel, Paula G., ed. Translating cultures: perspectives on translation and anthropology.
    • Rosman, Abraham, ed.
    • Communication in ethnology.

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