Language

Language
Volume 81, Number 2, June 2005

CONTENTS

    Aronoff, Mark.
    Meir, Irit.
    Sandler, Wendy, 1949-
  • The Paradox of Sign Language Morphology
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • American Sign Language -- Morphology.
    • Israeli Sign Language -- Morphology.
    Abstract:
      Sign languages have two strikingly different kinds of morphological structure: sequential and simultaneous. The simultaneous morphology of two unrelated sign languages, American and Israeli Sign Language, is very similar and is largely inflectional, while what little sequential morphology we have found differs significantly and is derivational. We show that at least two pervasive types of inflectional morphology, verb agreement and classifier constructions, are iconically grounded in spatiotemporal cognition, while the sequential patterns can be traced to normal historical development. We attribute the paucity of sequential morphology in sign languages to their youth. This research both brings sign languages much closer to spoken languages in their morphological structure and shows how the medium of communication contributes to the structure of languages.
    Kennedy, Christopher, 1967-
    McNally, Louise, 1965-
  • Scale Structure, Degree Modification, and the Semantics of Gradable Predicates
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Adjective.
    • English language -- Semantics.
    Abstract:
      In this article we develop a semantic typology of gradable predicates, with special emphasis on deverbal adjectives. We argue for the linguistic relevance of this typology by demonstrating that the distribution and interpretation of degree modifiers is sensitive to its twomajor classificatory parameters: (1) whether a gradable predicate is associated with what we call an open or closed scale, and (2) whether the standard of comparison for the applicability of the predicate is absolute or relative to a context. We further showthat the classification of an important subclass of adjectives within the typology is largely predictable. Specifically, the scale structure of a deverbal gradable adjective correlates either with the algebraic part structure of the event denoted by its source verb or with the part structure of the entities to which the adjective applies. These correlations underscore the fact that gradability is characteristic not only of adjectives but also of verbs and nouns, and that scalar properties are shared by categorially distinct but derivationally related expressions.
    Nakhleh, Luay.
    Ringe, Donald A., 1954-
    Warnow, Tandy, 1955-
  • Perfect Phylogenetic Networks: A New Methodology for Reconstructing the Evolutionary History of Natural Languages
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Historical linguistics.
    Abstract:
      In this article we extend the model of language evolution exemplified in Ringe et al. 2002, which recovers phylogenetic trees optimized according to a criterion of weighted maximum compatibility, to include cases in which languages remain in contact and trade linguistic material as they evolve. We describe our analysis of an Indo-European (IE) dataset (originally assembled by Ringe and Taylor) based on this new model. Our study shows that this new model fits the IE family well and suggests that the early evolution of IE involved only limited contact between distinct lineages. Furthermore, the candidate histories we obtain appear to be consistent with archaeological findings, which suggests that this method may be of practical use. The case at hand provides no opportunity to explore the problem of conflict between network optimization criteria; that problem must be left to future research.
    Demuth, Katherine.
    Machobane, Malillo.
    Moloi, Francina.
    Odato, Christopher.
  • Learning Animacy Hierarchy Effects in Sesotho Double Object Applicatives
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Sotho language -- Animacy.
    • Sotho language -- Verb.
    • Sotho language -- Syntax.
    • Sotho language -- Acquisition.
    Abstract:
      Researchers have long debated the means by which children learn the argument structure of verbs. Making syntactic generalizations often entails learning the semantics of different verbs, complicating and delaying the acquisition process. This study investigates four- to twelve-yearolds' and adults' knowledge of animacy hierarchy restrictions on postverbal word order in Sesotho double object applicatives, constructions where verb semantics is kept constant. Performance on forced-choice elicited production tasks showed that four-year-olds have early knowledge of the animacy hierarchy restrictions, providing evidence of syntactic generalization even on low-frequency constructions. Although there were no verb frequency effects, performance was also better on the highest-frequency animacy constructions. The results suggest that learning restrictions on verb-argument structure is facilitated when verb semantics is not a confound, but that construction frequency also plays a role in mastering the argument structure of verbs.

Discussion Notes

    Boas, Hans Christian, 1971-
  • Determining the Productivity of Resultatives: A Reply to Goldberg and Jackendoff
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Goldberg, Adele E. English resultative as a family of constructions.
    • Jackendoff, Ray, 1945-
    • English language -- Resultative constructions.
    Wechsler, Stephen.
  • Weighing in on Scales: A Reply to Goldberg and Jackendoff
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Goldberg, Adele E. English resultative as a family of constructions.
    • Jackendoff, Ray, 1945-
    • English language -- Resultative constructions.
    Goldberg, Adele E.
    Jackendoff, Ray, 1945-
  • The End Result(ative)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Boas, Hans Christian, 1971- Determining the productivity of resultatives: a reply to Goldberg and Jackendoff.
    • Wechsler, Stephen. Weighing in on scales: a reply to Goldberg and Jackendoff.
    • English language -- Resultative constructions.

Review Article

    Weldon, Tracey L.
  • The Development of African American English, and: The Historical Evolution of Earlier African American English: An Empirical Comparison of Early Sources (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Wolfram, Walt, 1941- Development of African American English.
    • Thomas, Erik R.
    • Kautzsch, Alexander, 1969- Historical evolution of earlier African American English: an empirical comparison of early sources.
    • Black English -- History.
    • African Americans -- Languages -- Sources.

Reviews

    Maratsos, Michael P.
  • How Children Learn the Meanings of Words (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bloom, Paul, 1963- How children learn the meanings of words.
    • Language acquisition.
    Verstraete, Jean-Christophe.
  • Frequency and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bybee, Joan L., ed. Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure.
    • Hopper, Paul, ed.
    • Frequency (Linguistics)
    Bakker, Peter.
  • Linguistic Borrowing in Bilingual Contexts (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Field, Fredric W. Linguistic borrowing in bilingual contexts.
    • Language and languages -- Foreign elements.
    Fasold, Ralph W.
  • African American English in the Diaspora (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Poplack, Shana. African American English in the diaspora.
    • Tagliamonte, Sali.
    • African Americans -- Languages.

Book Notices

    Berbeco, Steven, 1971-
  • Arabic Language Handbook (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bateson, Mary Catherine. Arabic language handbook.
    • Arabic language.
    Kaye, Alan S.
  • Introducing Linguistic Morphology (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bauer, Laurie, 1949- Introducing linguistic morphology.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Morphology.
    Barrett, Rusty.
  • Race and the Rise of Standard American (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bonfiglio, Thomas Paul, 1948- Race and the rise of standard American.
    • English language -- United States -- Standardization.
    Vajda, Edward J.
  • Yearbook of Morphology 1999 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Booij, G. E., ed. Yearbook of morphology 1999.
    • Marle, Jaap van, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Morphology -- Periodicals.
    Kaye, Alan S.
  • Yearbook of Morphology 2003
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Booij, G. E., ed. Yearbook of morphology 2003.
    • Marle, Jaap van, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Morphology -- Periodicals.
    Verstraete, Jean-Christophe.
  • Language Acquisition and Conceptual Development (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bowerman, Melissa, ed. Language acquisition and conceptual development.
    • Levinson, Stephen C., ed.
    • Language acquisition.
    Walicek, Don E.
  • Models of Language Acquisition: Inductive and Deductive Approaches (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Broeder, Peter, ed. Models of language acquisition: inductive and deductive approaches.
    • Murre, Jaap, ed.
    • Language acquisition -- Computer simulation.
    Farquharson, Joseph T.
  • Léxico bilingüe: Aparai-português/português-aparai (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Camargo, Eliane. Léxico bilingüe: aparai-português/português-aparai.
    • Indians of South America -- Brazil -- Languages -- Dictionaries.
    Ostaeyen, Gert van.
  • Modal Adverbs and Discourse: Two Essays (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Capone, Alessandro. Modal adverbs and discourse: two essays.
    • English language -- Adverb.
    McDonald, Edward.
  • The Second Glot International State-of-the-Article Book: The Latest in Linguistics (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cheng, Lisa Lai Shen, ed. Second Glot international state-of-the-article book: the latest in linguistics.
    • Sybesma, R. P. E., ed.
    • Linguistics.
    Rowe, Charley.
  • Politics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Chilton, Paul A. (Paul Anthony), ed. Politics as text and talk: analytic approaches to political discourse.
    • Schäffner, Christina, ed.
    • Discourse analysis -- Political aspects.
    Wier, Thomas R.
  • Abkhaz (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Chirikba, V. A. (Viacheslav Andreevich) Abkhaz.
    • Abkhaz language -- Grammar.
    Daniels, Peter T.
  • The Atlas of Languages: The Origin and Development of Languages Throughout the World (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Comrie, Bernard, 1947-, ed. Atlas of languages: the origin and development of languages throughout the world.
    • Matthews, Stephen, 1963-, ed.
    • Polinsky, Maria, ed.
    • Language and languages.
    Unseth, Peter.
  • Writing Systems: An Introduction to Their Linguistic Analysis (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Coulmas, Florian. Writing systems: an introduction to their linguistic analysis.
    • Writing.
    Bick, Paul B.
  • Faiths in Their Pronouns: Websites of Identity (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cragg, Kenneth. Faiths in their pronouns: websites of identity.
    • Religions.
    Sloboda, Marian.
  • Typology and Universals (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Croft, William. Typology and universals.
    • Typology (Linguistics)
    Toops, Gary H.
  • Russian: A Linguistic Introduction (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cubberley, Paul V. Russian: a linguistic introduction.
    • Russian language.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • The Semantics and Discourse Function of Habitual-Iterative Verbs in Contemporary Czech (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Danaher, David S. Semantics and discourse function of habitual-iterative verbs in contemporary Czech.
    • Czech language -- Verb.
    Miller, Paul Allen, 1959-
  • Latin Forms of Address: From Plautus to Apuleius (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Dickey, Eleanor. Latin forms of address: from Plautus to Apuleius.
    • Latin language -- Address, Forms of.
    Holes, Jan.
  • Dictionary of the Prague School of Linguistics (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Vachek, Josef. Dictionary of the Prague School of Linguistics.
    • Dubský, Josef.
    • Dusková, Libuse, ed.
    • Klégr, Ales, tr.
    • Prazský linguistický krouzek -- Dictionaries.
    Rice, Curt.
  • Development in Prosodic Systems (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Fikkert, Johanna Paula Monique, 1965-, ed. Development in prosodic systems.
    • Jacobs, Haike, 1961-, ed.
    • Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
    Werle, Adam.
  • The Catalan Clitic System: A Diachronic Perspective on its Syntax and Phonology (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Fischer, Susann, 1964- Catalan clitic system: a diachronic perspective on its syntax and phonology.
    • Catalan language -- Clitics.
    Toops, Gary H.
  • Writing, Society and Culture in Early Rus, c. 950-1300 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Franklin, Simon. Writing, society and culture in early Rus, c. 950-1300.
    • Written communication -- Kievan Rus.
    Meinschaefer, Judith.
  • El significado: Una introducción a la semántica (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • García Murga, Fernando. Significado: una introducción a la semántica.
    • Semantics.
    Pelkey, Jamin R.
  • Predicate Compounding in the Yi Group: The Continuum of Grammaticalization (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Gerner, Matthias. Predicate compounding in the Yi group: the continuum of grammaticalization.
    • Yi language -- Verb phrase.
    Pertsova, Katya.
  • The Resilience of Language: What Gesture Creation in Deaf Children Can Tell Us About How All Children Learn Language (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Goldin, Susan. Resilience of language: what gesture creation in deaf children can tell us about how all children learn language.
    • Language acquisition.
    Chen, Liang.
  • Conversation and Brain Damage (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Goodwin, Charles, ed. Conversation and brain damage.
    • Aphasia.
    Baxter, Scott.
  • Communicating Science: The Scientific Article from the 17th Century to the Present (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Gross, Alan G. Communicating science: the scientific article from the 17th century to the present.
    • Harmon, Joseph (Joseph E.)
    • Reidy, Michael (Michael S.)
    • Scientific literature -- History.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • Language and Function: To the Memory of Jan Firbas (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Firbas, Jan. Language and function: to the memory of Jan Firbas.
    • Hladký, Josef, ed.
    • Functionalism (Linguistics)
    Callies, Marcus.
  • Meaning Through Language Contrast (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Jaszczolt, Katarzyna, ed. Meaning through language contrast.
    • Turner, Ken, 1956-, ed.
    • Contrastive linguistics.
    Narrog, Heiko.
  • La modalité épistémique en basque (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Jendraschek, Gerd. Modalité épistémique en basque.
    • Basque language -- Grammar, Comparative -- French.
    Bhatt, Rakesh Mohan.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kaplan, Robert B., ed. Oxford handbook of applied linguistics.
    • Applied linguistics.
    Grohmann, Kleanthes K.
  • XP-Adjunction in Universal Grammar: Scrambling and Binding in Hindi-Urdu (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kidwai, Ayesha, 1967- XP-adjunction in universal grammar: scrambling and binding in Hindi-Urdu.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Syntax.
    Miestamo, Matti.
  • Modern Welsh: A Comprehensive Grammar (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • King, Gareth, 1955- Modern Welsh: a comprehensive grammar.
    • Welsh language -- Grammar.
    Ankerstein, Carrie Allyn.
  • Masked Priming: The State of the Art (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kinoshita, Sachiko, ed. Masked priming: the state of the art.
    • Lupker, Stephen Jeffrey, 1950-, ed.
    • Masked priming.
    Southworth, Franklin C., 1929-
  • The Dravidian Languages (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Krishnamurti, Bh. (Bhadriraju) Dravidian languages.
    • Dravidian languages.
    Escribano, J. L. G. (José Luis González)
  • Modifying Adjuncts (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Lang, Ewald, 1942-, ed. Modifying adjuncts.
    • Maienborn, Claudia, ed.
    • Fabricius-Hansen, Cathrine, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Adjuncts.
    Oja, Marko.
  • The History of Linguistics in Europe: From Plato to 1600 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Law, Vivien. History of linguistics in Europe: from Plato to 1600.
    • Linguistics -- Europe -- History.
    Daniels, Peter T.
  • Semitic and Indo-European (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Levin, Saul. Semitic and Indo-European.
    • Language and languages -- Etymology.
    Smith, K. Aaron.
  • Standardization: Studies From the Germanic Languages (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Linn, Andrew Robert, ed. Standardization: studies from the Germanic languages.
    • McLelland, Nicola, ed.
    • Germanic languages -- Standardization -- Congresses.
    Face, Timothy Lee, 1974-
  • En otras palabras: Perfeccionamiento del español por medio de la traducción (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Lunn, Patricia V. (Patricia Vining), 1946- En otras palabras: perfeccionamiento del español por medio de la traducción.
    • Lunsford, Ernest J. (Ernest Jackson), 1945-
    • Spanish language -- Translating into English.
    Wang, Shaoxiang.
  • Exploring Media Discourse (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Macdonald, Myra, 1948- Exploring media discourse.
    • Discourse analysis.
    Stifter, David.
  • The Gaelic-English Dictionary (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Mark, Colin B. D. Gaelic-English dictionary.
    • Scottish Gaelic language -- Dictionaries -- English.
    Thomason, Olga.
  • Romani: A Linguistic Introduction (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Matras, Yaron, 1963- Romani: a linguistic introduction.
    • Romani language.
    Römer, Ute.
  • Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Matthews, P. H. (Peter Hugoe) Linguistics: a very short introduction.
    • Linguistics.
    Hallett, Richard W.
  • Languages in a Globalising World (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Maurais, Jacques, ed. Languages in a globalising world.
    • Morris, Michael A., ed.
    • Language and languages -- Political aspects.
    Römer, Ute.
  • Applied Linguistics in Language Education (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • McDonough, Steven H. Applied linguistics in language education.
    • Language and education.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • Languages in Development (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Metslang, Helle, ed. Languages in development.
    • Rannut, Mart, 1959-, ed.
    • Estonian language -- Congresses.
    Fudeman, Kirsten Anne.
  • Jewish Translation History: A Bibliography of Bibliographies and Studies (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Singerman, Robert, ed. Jewish translation history: a bibliography of bibliographies and studies.
    • Jewish literature -- Translations -- History and criticism -- Bibliography of bibliographies.
    Wang, Shaoxiang.
  • Computers and Translation: A Translator's Guide (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Somers, H. L., ed. Computers and translation: a translator's guide.
    • Machine translating.
    Card, Lorin.
  • Action and Reaction: The Life and Adventures of a Couple (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Starobinski, Jean. Action and reaction: the life and adventures of a couple.
    • Hawkes, Sophie, tr.
    • Fort, Jeff, 1966-, tr.
    • Act (Philosophy)
    Jeep, John M.
  • Language and German Disunity: A Sociolinguistic History of East and West Germany, 1945-2000 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Stevenson, Patrick. Language and German disunity: a sociolinguistic history of East and West Germany, 1945-2000.
    • German language -- Political aspects -- Germany.
    Holton, Gary.
  • Bibliography on Language Endangerment (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Tsunoda, Tasaku. Bibliography on language endangerment.
    • Language obsolescence -- Bibliography.

Recent Publications




[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]