Language

Language
Volume 80, Number 3, September 2004

CONTENTS

    Whalen, Douglas Harry.
    Magen, Harriet S.
    Pouplier, Marianne.
    Kang, A. Min.
    Iskarous, Khalil.
    Bailey, Charles James Nice.
  • Letters to Language
    [Access article in PDF]
    Pater, Joe.
    Stager, Christine.
    Werker, Janet Feldman, 1951-
  • The Perceptual Acquisition of Phonological Contrasts
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    Subject Headings:
    • Language acquisition.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Phonology.
    Abstract:
      Stager and Werker (1997) show that fourteen-month-olds engaged in a word-learning task fail to respond to a switch between the minimal pair [bI] and [dI], though they do respond to a switch between [lIf] and [nim] in the same task. In this article we show that the [bI]/[dI] results extend to stimuli that respect English phonotactics ([bIn] vs. [dIn]), to a voicing contrast ([pIn] vs. [bIn]), and to voicing and place combined ([pIn] vs. [dIn]). Our interpretation of these results is that when a phonological contrast like place or voicing is first acquired, it remains only partially integrated and can be lost under the processing demands of word learning. We formalize partial integration in terms of unranked optimality-theoretic constraints and discuss the predictions of this account for further research.
    Whitman, Neal.
  • Semantics and Pragmatics of English Verbal Dependent Coordination
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Coordinate constructions.
    • English language -- Grammar.
    • English language -- Complement.
    Abstract:
      This article investigates coordination of verbal adjuncts and complements in English, considering coordinations of adjunct with adjunct, complement with complement, and adjunct with complement, for both non-WH and WH elements, using the conjunctions or, and, and but. Previous analyses have never to my knowledge covered all of these cases. It is shown that syntactic or (compositional) semantic constraints on coordination fail to cover all the facts, as do ambiguity-based explanations. Better (though still incomplete) coverage is provided by an analysis based on event semantics and neo-Gricean conversational implicature.
    Anderson, John M. (John Mathieson), 1941-
  • On the Grammatical Status of Names
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    Subject Headings:
    • Names.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general.
    Abstract:
      This article focuses on the relatively neglected grammar of names, including their morphosyntax, which has not aroused the kind of interest and controversy associated with the (putative) semantics of names. It also focuses on a few Indo-European languages (French, Greek, and particularly English), but refers to a wider range of language types. While not an exhaustive account of the variations in name syntax and morphology, significant variation is nevertheless encountered and analyzed. The suggested universal aspects have some plausibility. I propose that names belong universally, with pronouns and determiners, to a category of determinative. The behavior of names as vocatives and in predications of nomination suggests that they are, unlike pronouns and determiners, inherently neither definite nor indefinite. Moreover, in such circumstances names do not function as regular arguments of the predicator; they do not bear a specified semantic relation to the predicator: they are either EXTRASENTENTIAL or appositive. In order to figure as arguments in other types of predication, and be assigned a specified semantic relation, names must acquire definiteness. Languages differ in whether definiteness is signaled overtly or not: in English, for instance, definite names are not distinguished in form from nondefinite, whereas in Greek definite use of a name is marked by an accompanying article. Other languages vary.
    Rose, Sharon.
    Walker, Rachel, 1967-
  • A Typology of Consonant Agreement as Correspondence
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    Subject Headings:
    • Consonants.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Agreement.
    Abstract:
      This article presents a typology of consonant harmony or LONG DISTANCE CONSONANT AGREEMENT that is analyzed as arising through correspondence relations between consonants rather than feature spreading. The model covers a range of agreement patterns (nasal, laryngeal, liquid, coronal, dorsal) and offers several advantages. Similarity of agreeing consonants is central to the typology and is incorporated directly into the constraints driving correspondence. Agreement by correspondence without feature spreading captures the neutrality of intervening segments, which neither block nor undergo. Case studies of laryngeal agreement and nasal agreement are presented, demonstrating the model's capacity to capture varying degrees of similarity cross linguistically.
    Goldberg, Adele E.
    Jackendoff, Ray, 1945-
  • The English Resultative as a Family of Constructions
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Resultative constructions.
    Abstract:
      English resultative expressions have been a major focus of research on the syntax-semantics interface. We argue in this article that a family of related constructions is required to account for their distribution. We demonstrate that a number of generalizations follow from the semantics of the constructions we posit: the syntactic argument structure of the sentence is predicted by general principles of argument linking; and the aspectual structure of the sentence is determined by the aspectual structure of the constructional subevent, which is in turn predictable from general principles correlating event structure with change, extension, motion, and paths. Finally, the semantics and syntax of resultatives explain the possibilities for temporal relations between the two subevents. While these generalizations clearly exist, there is also a great deal of idiosyncrasy involved in resultatives. Many idiosyncratic instances and small subclasses of the construction must be learned and stored individually. This account serves to justify aspects of what we share in our overall vision of grammar, whatwe might call the CONSTRUCTIONAL view. To the extent that our treatment of the resultative can be stated only within the constructional view, it serves as evidence for this view as a whole.

Discussion Notes

    Eska, Joseph F.
    Ringe, Donald A., 1954-
  • Recent Work in Computational Linguistic Phylogeny
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    Subject Headings:
    • Forster, Peter G. (Peter Glover), 1944- Toward a phylogenetic chronology of ancient Gaulish, Celtic, and Indo-European.
    • Toth, Alfred.
    • Historical linguistics.
    Gruber, Jeff.
    Gibson, Edward.
  • Measuring Linguistic Complexity Independent of Plausibility
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Complexity (Linguistics)

Reviews

    Walker, James A.
  • The Handbook of Language Variation and Change (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Chambers, J. K., ed. Handbook of language variation and change.
    • Trudgill, Peter, ed.
    • Schilling-Estes, Natalie, ed.
    • Language and languages -- Variation.
    Potsdam, Eric, 1964-
  • The Syntax of Adjuncts (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Ernst, Thomas Boyden. Syntax of adjuncts.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Adverbials.
    Schneider, Edgar W. (Edgar Werner), 1954-
  • English in Europe (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Görlach, Manfred, ed. English in Europe.
    • English language -- Europe.
    Brinton, Laurel J.
  • Studies in the History of the English Language: A Millennial Perspective (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Minkova, Donka, 1944-, ed. Studies in the history of the English language: a millennial perspective.
    • Stockwell, Robert P., ed.
    • English language -- History.
    Clyne, Michael G., 1939-
  • Bilingual Couples Talk: The Discursive Construction of Hybridity (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Piller, Ingrid, 1967- Bilingual couples talk: the discursive construction of hybridity.
    • Conversation analysis.
    Watanabe, Akira.
  • Movement in Language: Interactions and Architectures (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Richards, Norvin. Movement in language: interactions and architectures.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Interrogative.

Book Notices

    Pierce, Marc.
  • Runes and Germanic Linguistics (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Antonsen, Elmer H. Runes and Germanic Linguistics.
    • Runes.
    Buckley, Eugene, 1964-
  • Sound Mutations: The Morphophonology of Chaha (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Banksira, Degif Petros. Sound mutations: the morphophonology of Chaha.
    • Chaha dialect -- Morphophonemics.
    Felty, Robert.
  • Altersbedingter Mundartgebrauch: Wandel und Kontinuität in einem mittelschwäbischen Dialekt (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Berroth, Daniela. Altersbedingter Mundartgebrauch: Wandel und Kontinuität in einem mittelschwäbischen Dialekt.
    • German language -- Dialects -- Germany -- Swabia.
    Hallett, Richard W.
  • Negotiated Interaction in Target Language Classroom Discourse (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Boulima, Jamila. Negotiated interaction in target language classroom discourse.
    • Language and languages -- Study and teaching.
    Sawaie, Mohammed.
  • The Maltese Language of Australia: Maltraljan (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Bovingdon, Roderick. Maltese language of Australia: Maltraljan.
    • Maltese language -- Australia.
    Newmeyer, Frederick J.
  • Formal Approaches to Function in Grammar: In Honor of Eloise Jelinek (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Carnie, Andrew, 1969-, ed. Formal approaches to function in grammar: in honor of Eloise Jelinek.
    • Harley, Heidi, ed.
    • Willie, MaryAnn, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general.
    Ankerstein, Carrie Allyn.
  • The Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual Child Language Research Forum (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Clark, Eve V., ed. Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual Child Language Research Forum.
    • Language acquisition -- Congresses.
    Eska, Joseph F.
  • The Gaelic Place-Names of Carloway, Isle of Lewis: Their Structure and Significance (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cox, Richard A. V. Gaelic place-names of Carloway, Isle of Lewis: their structure and significance.
    • Names, Geographical -- Scotland -- Lewis with Harris Island.
    Schulze, Wolfgang.
  • The Nominative & Accusative and Their Counterparts (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Davidse, Kristin, ed. Nominative & accusative and their counterparts.
    • Lamiroy, Béatrice, ed.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Case.
    Kaye, Alan S.
  • A University Course in English Grammar (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Downing, Angela. University course in English grammar.
    • Locke, Philip.
    • English language -- Grammar.
    Felty, Robert.
  • The Loss of German in Upper Silesia after 1945 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Engerer, Volkmar. Loss of German in Upper Silesia after 1945.
    • Language attrition -- Europe, Eastern.
    Langston, Keith.
  • Polish (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Feldstein, Ronald F. Polish.
    • Franks, Steven.
    • Polish language -- Textbooks for foreign speakers -- English.
    Dykstra, Lisa DeWaard.
  • Rush to Russian (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Glazunova, O. I. (Ol'ga Igorevna) Rush to Russian.
    • Russian language -- Textbooks for foreign speakers -- English.
    Glaz, Adam.
  • Perspective and Perspectivation in Discourse (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Graumann, Carl F. (Carl Friedrich), 1923-, ed. Perspective and perspectivation in discourse.
    • Kallmeyer, Werner, ed.
    • Discourse analysis.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • Prague Linguistic Circle Papers. New Series, vol. 4 (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hajicová, Eva, ed. Prague linguistic circle papers.
    • Structural linguistics.
    Wichmann, Søren, 1964-
  • Aymara (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hardman, Martha James. Aymara.
    • Aymara language -- Grammar.
    Moravcsik, Edith A.
  • The Marrism Syndrome: Stalinism and Linguistics [in Hungarian] (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Havas, Ferenc. Marrizmus-szindróma: sztálinizmus és nyelvtudomány.
    • Marr, Nikolai IAkovlevich, 1864-1934.
    Widell, Magnus.
  • Use of Aspect-Tense Verbal Forms in Akkadian Texts of the Hammurapi Period (1792-1750 B.C.) (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kaplan, Golda H. Use of aspect-tense verbal forms in Akkadian texts of the Hammurapi period (1792-1750 B.C.)
    • Akkadian language -- Aspect.
    Kaye, Alan S.
  • Compensatory Lengthening: Phonetics, Phonology, Diachrony (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kavitskaya, Darya, 1969- Compensatory lengthening: phonetics, phonology, diachrony.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Compensatory lengthening.
    Friedman, Victor A.
  • Bulgarski dialekten atlas: Obobstavast tom: Fonetika, akcentologija, leksika (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kochev, Ivan, ed. Bulgarski dialekten atlas: obobstavast tom: fonetika, akcentologija, leksika.
    • Bulgarian language -- Dialects -- Maps.
    McWhorter, John H.
  • Twice as Meaningful: Reduplication in Pidgins, Creoles and Other Contact Languages (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kouwenberg, Silvia, 1960-, ed. Twice as meaningful: reduplication in pidgins, creoles and other contact languages.
    • Creole dialects -- Reduplication.
    Elson, Mark J.
  • The Phonology of Norwegian (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kristoffersen, Gjert, 1949- Phonology of Norwegian.
    • Norwegian language -- Phonology.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • The Sociolinguistics of Sign Languages (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Lucas, Ceil, ed. Sociolinguistics of sign languages.
    • Sign language.
    Li, Bingyun.
  • Telephone Calls: Unity and Diversity in Conversational Structure Across Languages and Cultures (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Luke, Kang Kwong, ed. Telephone calls: unity and diversity in conversational structure across languages and cultures.
    • Pavlidou, Theodossia, ed.
    • Conversation analysis.
    Blumenfeld, Lev.
  • Introduzione alla linguistica latina (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Morani, Moreno. Introduzione alla linguistica latina.
    • Latin language -- History.
    Smith, K. Aaron.
  • The Linguistics of Sitting, Standing and Lying (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Newman, John, 1948-, ed. Linguistics of sitting, standing and lying.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Verb.
    Pasquale, Michael.
  • Contexts in Translating (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Nida, Eugene Albert, 1914- Contexts in translating.
    • Translating and interpreting.
    Vajda, Edward J.
  • A Student Grammar of Euskara (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Patrick, Jon David. Student grammar of Euskara.
    • Zubiri, Ilari.
    • Basque language -- Textbooks for foreign speakers -- English.
    Dykstra, Lisa DeWaard.
  • Appraising Research in Second Language Learning: A Practical Approach to Critical Analysis of Quantitative Research (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Porte, Graeme Keith. Appraising research in second language learning: a practical approach to critical analysis of quantitative research.
    • Second language acquisition -- Research -- Methodology.
    Sawaie, Mohammed.
  • Language, Ideology and Power: Language-Learning Among the Muslims of Pakistan and North India (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Rahman, Tariq, 1949- Language, ideology and power: language-learning among the Muslims of Pakistan and North India.
    • Sociolinguistics -- Pakistan.
    Ankerstein, Carrie Allyn.
  • First Language Attrition, Use and Maintenance: The Case of German Jews in Anglophone Countries (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Schmid, Monika S. First language attrition, use and maintenance: the case of German Jews in anglophone countries.
    • Language attrition.
    Miller, Nicholas P.
  • An Introduction to Applied Linguistics (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Schmitt, Norbert, 1956-, ed. Introduction to applied linguistics.
    • Applied linguistics.
    Doyle, Brian.
  • So They Understand: Cultural Issues in Oral History (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Schneider, William. So they understand: cultural issues in oral history.
    • Oral tradition.
    Zhang, Lan.
  • The Establishment of Modern Chinese Grammar: The Formation of the Resultative Construction and its Effects (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Shi, Yuzhi, 1963- Establishment of modern Chinese grammar: the formation of the resultative construction and its effects.
    • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Resultative constructions.
    Daniels, Peter T.
  • Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Sims-Williams, Nicholas, ed. Indo-Iranian languages and peoples.
    • Indo-Iranian languages -- Congresses.
    Daniels, Peter T.
  • Introduction to Syriac: An Elementary Grammar with Readings from Syriac Literature (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Thackston, W. M. (Wheeler McIntosh), 1944- Introduction to Syriac: an elementary grammar with readings from Syriac literature.
    • Syriac language -- Grammar.
    Salzmann, Zdenek.
  • The Transition to Language (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Wray, Alison, ed. Transition to language.
    • Language and languages -- Origin -- Congresses.
    Aichele, Dieter.
  • English Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Meyer, Charles F. English corpus linguistics: an introduction.
    • English language -- Research -- Data processing.

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