Three of the oldest extant chronicles of Korea and Japan, the Samguk sagi, the Samguk
yusa, and the Nihon shoki, recount the story of the Silla prince Misahŭn's escape from
extended captivity in Wa. Regarding Wa as the early Yamato confederacy based in western
Japan, this article clarifies the chronology and characteristics of the Misahŭn incident
in reference to the series of related events described by the inscription on the Koguryŏ
king Kwanggaet'o's stele. Between 391 and 399, Silla succumbed to Wa's military attacks
and sent Misahŭn to Wa as a means of appeasement. Silla, however, soon chose
to return to Koguryŏ's sphere of influence to ward off further Wa assaults. After Koguryŏ
annihilated the Wa forces, Silla managed to retrieve the prince from Wa with a clever
scheme. Unlike Paekche's reciprocal relationship with Wa, Silla's relationship with Wa
was unilateral, based on the latter's incessant demands.
McBride, Richard D.
The Vision-Quest Motif in Narrative Literature on the Buddhist Traditions of Silla [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Iryon, 1206-1289. Samguk yusa.
Knowledge, Theory of (Buddhism)
Shamanism -- Korea.
Iryŏn's Samguk yusa preserves several accounts of Buddhist monks of the ancient Korean
state of Silla encountering supernatural beings in what may be termed vision-quests.
Information of this kind has hitherto been understood by scholars as evidence of the persistence
of ancient Korean shamanism. As context, this article problematizes the idea of
shamanism and its relationship to Tantric Buddhism and provides evidence for the visionquest
motif in Sino-Indian Buddhist literature. It focuses on examples of this motif in
the Samguk yusa to suggest that connections between ancient Korea, China, and India
are closer than previously believed. The motif does not demonstrate the rapprochement
between indigenous shamanism and Buddhism so much as attest to an ancient approach
to religious experience.
This article examines the status of the mid-Koryŏ polity as an independent realm. Often
ideological extremes are contrasted with one another, and one or the other is seen as
representing Koryŏ's defining quality, but this article argues the necessity of examining
Koryŏ from a pluralist point of view. Koryŏ's pluralist ideology is reflected in the
way it looked at itself and its neighbors and in its policies. In order to clarify middle
Koryŏ's status as an independent realm, issues closely connected to Koryŏ identity, such
as the clothes of the ruler, state rituals, foreign policies, and ruling ideologies, are
Korean language -- Middle Korean, 935-1500 -- Consonants.
Korean language -- Middle Korean, 935-1500 -- Mutation.
The present article attempts a revision of the traditional lenition theory for the Middle
Korean language by presenting internal and typological evidence in favor of interpreting
non-leniting Middle Korean consonants as originating from original *nC (sometimes
possibly *lC) clusters and providing further support for the fact that leniting consonants
were just plain voiceless obstruents.
Many things are known about the nobi and the nobi system in premodern Korea, such
as their demographic data and their social and legal status during the Chosŏn dynasty
(1392-1910). But we know little about the private and personal side of their lives, what
their day-to-day life was like as individuals or families, the personal and social relationships
among the nobi, and nothing at all of their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
The sole purpose of this study is to cast a little light on the human face of the men and
women who were nobi.