Journal of World History

Journal of World History
Volume 8, Number 2, Fall 1997

CONTENTS

Articles

    Richards, John F.
  • Early Modern India and World History
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    Subject Headings:
    • South Asia -- History -- Periodization.
    • South Asia -- Historiography.
    • India -- History -- 1526-1765.
    Abstract:
      The early modern period in world history, roughly 1500-1800, was marked by several worldwide processes of change unprecedented in their scope and intensity. The term early modern—which is not Eurocentric—should be applied to this period in South Asian history. The society of the Indian subcontinent shared directly in the massive processes of change that influenced societies throughout the world.
    Baud, Michiel, 1952-
    Schendel, Willem van.
  • Toward a Comparative History of Borderlands
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boundaries -- History.
    • Boundaries -- Historiography.
    Abstract:
      The historical study of borderlands has been unduly restricted by an emphasis on the legal, political, and geographical aspects of borders and by a state-centered approach. Too often, the question has been how states have dealt with their borderlands rather than how borderlands have dealt with their states—culturally, economically, and politically. This article outlines a comparative approach to the social dynamics (struggles, adaptations, and cross-border alliances) in regions bisected by borders, and it argues that borderland studies provide an indispensable corrective to historical narratives that accept the territoriality to which all modern states lay claim.
    Eaton, Richard Maxwell.
  • Comparative History as World History: Religious Conversion in Modern India
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    Subject Headings:
    • Naga (South Asian People) -- Religion.
    • Christianity -- India -- Nagaland.
    Abstract:
      In the period from the late nineteenth to the late twentieth century, the vast majority of the Naga peoples of northeastern India converted to Christianity. This article explores the reasons for this extraordinary phenomenon—in Asia, second only in magnitude to the conversion of the Philippine population—and examines the different rates of conversion among Naga communities. It also tests the usefulness of models of religious change generated from fieldwork on conversion in Africa—in particular, Robin Horton's "intellectualist" theory. In this sense the article is an essay in comparative history, and it argues for the usefulness of the comparative method for world history.

Forum: Environmental Change in British Settler Colonies

    Tyrrell, Ian.
  • Peripheral Visions: Californian-Australian Environmental Contacts, c. 1850s-1910
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agriculture -- California -- History.
    • Agriculture -- Australia -- History.
    • California -- Commerce -- Australia -- History.
    • Australia -- Commerce -- California -- History.
    Abstract:
      This article offers a comparative and transnational study of environmental contacts between California and Australia. It analyzes "peripheral visions" of the ideal society, shaped by isolation, distant markets, and climate similarities, using staple, world system, and cultural landscape theories. Key exchanges of plants, irrigation policy, and biological control emerged from acclimatization sentiment and ideas of a garden landscape of small-scale yeoman farmers centered on horticulture. The exchange was used to control environmental damage in a form of landscape "renovation," combining rational resource conservation and preservation. First fashioned in California, it spread to Australia and had reciprocal effects in the United States.
    Dunlap, Thomas R., 1943-
  • Remaking the Land: The Acclimatization Movement and Anglo Ideas of Nature
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    Subject Headings:
    • Acclimatization -- Australia -- History.
    • Acclimatization -- New Zealand -- History.
    • Nature -- Effect of human beings on -- History.
    Abstract:
      An enthusiasm for introducing animals and birds that could be hunted or that reminded settlers of home swept over the Anglo settler colonies of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States in the second half of the nineteenth century. The movement was much stronger in Australia and New Zealand than in Canada or the United States, for both biological and social reasons. It represented a generation's ideas about nature and the relationship of human beings to nature—ideas deeply rooted in Western culture. We have inherited the landscapes that they shaped and their ideas as well, though today we express them in very different form.

Book Reviews

    Gordon, Matthew.
  • Islamic Architecture: Form, Function and Meaning (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hillenbrand, Robert. Islamic architecture: form, function and meaning.
    • Architecture, Islamic.
    Voll, John Obert, 1936-
  • Merchants and Faith: Muslim Commerce and Culture in the Indian Ocean (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Risso, Patricia. Merchants and faith: Muslim commerce and culture in the Indian Ocean.
    • Indian Ocean Region -- History.
    Phillips, William D.
  • The Global Opportunity, and: The European Opportunity, and: The Globe Encircled and the World Revealed (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fernández-Armesto, Felipe, ed. Global opportunity.
    • Fernández-Armesto, Felipe, ed. European opportunity.
    • Lamb, Ursula, ed. Globe encircled and the world revealed.
    • Discoveries in geography -- Asian.
    Watts, Pauline Moffitt.
  • Imagining the World: Mythical Belief versus Reality in Global Encounters, and: The Americas in the Spanish World Order: The Justification for Conquest in the Seventeenth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dathorne, O. R., 1934- Imagining the world: mythical belief versus reality in global encounters.
    • Muldoon, James, 1935- Americas in the Spanish world order: the justification for conquest in the seventeenth century.
    • Discoveries in geography.
    • Solórzano Pereira, Juan de, 1575-1655. De Indiarum jure.
    McNeill, John Robert.
  • Environment and History: The Taming of Nature in the USA and South Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Beinart, William. Environment and history: the taming of nature in the USA and South Africa.
    • Coates, Peter A., 1957-
    • Nature -- Effect of human beings on -- United States.
    Wills, John E. (John Elliot), 1936-
  • Indian Merchants and Eurasian Trade, 1600-1750 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dale, Stephen Frederic. Indian merchants and Eurasian trade, 1600-1750.
    • India -- Commerce -- Eurasia -- History.
    Northrup, David.
  • Women against Slavery: The British Campaigns, 1780-1870 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Midgley, Clare, 1955- Women against slavery: the British campaigns, 1780-1870.
    • Women abolitionists -- Great Britain.
    Hoffenberg, Peter H., 1960-
  • Imperialism and Its Contradictions, and: The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kiernan, V. G. (Victor Gordon), 1913- Imperialism and its contradictions.
    • Kaye, Harvey J., ed.
    • Marshall, P. J. (Peter James), ed. Cambridge illustrated history of the British Empire.
    • Imperialism.
    • Great Britain -- Colonies -- History.
    Gupta, Surojit M.
  • Colonial Masculinity: The "Manly Englishman" and the "Effeminate" Bengali in the Late Nineteenth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sinha, Mrinalini, 1960- Colonial masculinity: the "manly Englishman" and the "effeminate" Bengali in the late nineteenth century.
    • Men -- India -- History -- 19th century.

Index




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