Journal of World History

Journal of World History
Volume 15, Number 2, June 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Skaff, Jonathan Karam.
  • Survival in the Frontier Zone: Comparative Perspectives on Identity and Political Allegiance in China's Inner Asian Borderlands during the Sui-Tang Dynastic Transition (617-630)
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    Subject Headings:
    • China -- History -- Sui dynasty, 581-618.
    • China -- History -- Tang dynasty, 618-907.
    • Turkic peoples -- China -- History.
    • China -- Relations -- China -- Inner Mongolia.
    • Inner Mongolia (China) -- Relations -- China.
    • Allegiance -- Cross-cultural studies.
    • Ethnic relations -- Cross-cultural studies.
    Abstract:
      This paper investigates the relationship between identities and political allegiances on premodern frontiers. The first half of the paper is a case study of interactions between Turks and Chinese elites and commoners during the Sui-Tang dynastic transition. The second half compares Roman, mid-imperial Chinese, and early Islamic frontiers. The paper concludes that people in frontier zones tended to forge political ties based on self-interest and personal connections. Solidarities based on ethnic or religious allegiance were rare because premodern state power, transportation, and communications could not spread these ideals effectively.
    McKeown, Adam, Ph.D.
  • Global Migration 1846-1940
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    Subject Headings:
    • Emigration and immigration -- History -- 19th century.
    • Emigration and immigration -- History -- 20th century.
    • Emigration and immigration -- Historiography.
    Abstract:
      European migrations to the Americas and Australia have often been noted as an important part of world history, but movements to the frontiers, factories, and cities of Asia and Africa have largely been overlooked. This paper will show that migrations to northern and southeastern Asia were comparable in size and demographic impact to the transatlantic flows and followed similar cycles of growth and contraction. These migrations were all part of an expanding world economy, and a global perspective suggests ways in which that economy extended beyond direct European intervention. A global perspective also compels us to extend the traditional ending point for the era of mass migration from 1914 to 1930, and to be more aware of how political intervention has shaped the world into different migration systems and led scholars to wrongly assume that these systems reflect categorically different kinds of migration.
    Garner, Karen, 1956-
  • Global Feminism and Postwar Reconstruction: The World YWCA Visitation to Occupied Japan, 1947
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    Subject Headings:
    • World Young Women's Christian Association -- History.
    • Women in politics -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Feminism -- International cooperation -- History -- 20th century.
    • Japan -- History -- Allied occupation, 1945-1952.
    Abstract:
      This analysis of the World Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) as a leader among international women's organizations that sought to expand political roles for women in post-World War II reconstruction projects focuses on a delegation ofWestern women who visited Japan when it was occupied by the Allied Powers under the Supreme Command of the Allied Powers (SCAP) of General Douglas MacArthur in 1947. It examines the World YWCA organization and its long-running goals to promote the linked values of"Christian internationalism, civilization, and women's liberation" through women's participation in international politics and governance, as well as its shorter-term objectives to reconcile Chinese and Japanese YWCA women in the wake of World War II animosities, and contrasts their efforts with the postwar agenda for Japanese women's "liberation" as defined by SCAP occupation forces.

Review Article

    Finlay, Robert, 1940-
  • How Not to (Re)Write World History: Gavin Menzies and the Chinese Discovery of America
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    Subject Headings:
    • Menzies, Gavin. 1421: the year China discovered America.
    • Discoveries in geography -- Chinese.
    Abstract:
      In 1421:The Year China Discovered America, Gavin Menzies claims that several Chinese fleets sailed around the world, charting sea coasts, founding colonies, and creating a global maritime empire. Moreover, he argues that these Chinese exploits shaped European map making, thereby inspiring Portuguese overseas discoveries and the rise of the West. The author's attempt to rewrite world history, however, is based on a hodgepodge of circular reasoning, bizarre speculation, distorted sources, and slapdash research. In reality, the voyages described did not take place, Chinese exploration did not influence European cartography, and there is no evidence of the Chinese fleets in the Americas.

Book Reviews

    Manning, Patrick, 1941-
  • The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ehret, Christopher. Civilizations of Africa: a history to 1800.
    • Africa -- Civilization.
    Black, Jeremy.
  • Throwing Fire: Projectile Technology through History, and: Warfare in Inner Asian History (500-1800) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Crosby, Alfred W. Throwing fire: projectile technology through history.
    • Di Cosmo, Nicola, 1957-, ed. Warfare in inner Asian history (500-1800)
    • Projectiles -- History.
    • Asia, Central -- History, Military.
    Gerhardt, Ernst.
  • The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe, and: Who We Are: A History of Popular Nationalism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Geary, Patrick J., 1948- Myth of nations: the Medieval origins of Europe.
    • Wiebe, Robert H. Who we are: a history of popular nationalism.
    • Europe -- Ethnic relations -- History.
    • Nationalism.
    Spodek, Howard, 1941-
  • The Arabian Seas: The Indian Ocean World of the Seventeenth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barendse, R. J. Arabian seas: the Indian Ocean world of the seventeenth century.
    • Indian Ocean Region -- Economic conditions -- 17th century.
    Perkinson, Robert.
  • Forces of Habit: Drugs and the Making of the Modern World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Courtwright, David T., 1952- Forces of habit: drugs and the making of the modern world.
    • Substance abuse -- History.
    Lierheimer, Linda, 1960-
  • The Other Enlightenment: How French Women Became Modern (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hesse, Carla Alison. Other Enlightenment: how French women became modern.
    • France -- Intellectual life -- 19th century.
    MacLeitch, Gail D.
  • Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Richter, Daniel K. Facing east from Indian country: a Native history of early America.
    • Indians of North America -- First contact with Europeans.
    Horna, Hernán.
  • American Pentimento: The Invention of Indians and the Pursuit of Riches (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Seed, Patricia, 1949- American pentimento: the invention of Indians and the pursuit of riches.
    • Indians of North America -- Land tenure.
    Barendse, R. J.
  • On the Edge of Empire: Hadramawt, Emigration and the Indian Ocean 1880-1930s, and: Merchants, Mamluks and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boxberger, Linda, 1951- On the edge of empire: Hadramawt, emigration and the Indian Ocean 1880s-1930s.
    • Abdullah, Thabit. Merchants, Mamluks and murder: the political economy of trade in eighteenth-century Basra.
    • Hadramawt (Yemen : Province) -- History -- 19th century.
    • Basrah (Iraq) -- Commerce -- History -- 18th century.
    Jennings, John M., 1962-
  • Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brook, Timothy, 1951-, ed. Opium regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952.
    • Wakabayashi, Bob Tadashi, 1950-, ed.
    • Opium trade -- China -- History.



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