Journal of World History

Journal of World History 13.1, Spring 2002

Articles

    Manz, Beatrice Rorbes.
  • Tamerlane's Career and Its Uses
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    Subject Headings:
    • Timur, 1336-1405 -- Influence.
    • Asia, Central -- Kings and rulers.
    • Asia, Central -- History.
    Abstract:
      Tamerlane has remained an important figure in world history, both because of the impact of his career on the world of his time and because he remains fascinating and useful to many people. This paper explores the facts of Temür's career and the uses made of his image following his death, showing how his actions together with the stories circulated during his lifetime served to create a charisma that survives into our time. Tamerlane belonged to two worlds, the Islamic and the Turco-Mongolian, but was not eligible to hold the highest office in either one. To compensate for his low formal position, he deliberately created a persona which bordered on the supernatural. The dynasty he founded reworked earlier traditions to create the figure of a dynastic founder within both the Islamic and the Turkic traditions. Subsequent dynasties in the Middle East and Central and South Asia used Tamerlane to bolster their legitimacy, while European writers and historians found fascination in the contradictions of his personality and the monumentality of his ambitions. Many of the myths recounted later have their origins in stories apparently deliberately circulated by Tamerlane and his entourage. There is a striking continuity in the portrayal of Tamerlane and the use to which he has been put, from medieval Iran and India through the European Renaissance and Enlightenment to Russian, Soviet, and finally Uzbek formulations of history.
    Maskiell, Michelle, 1948-
  • Consuming Kashmir: Shawls and Empires, 1500-2000
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cashmere shawls -- Social aspects -- Europe -- History.
    Abstract:
      Kashmiri shawls serve as a material vector to trace how European assumptions of geographical determinism, racial hierarchy, and gender essentialism underpinned the seemingly disparate nineteenth-century narratives about design history and various theories about an "Asiatic mode of production" in labor history. The continuing strength of these assumptions is demonstrated by the contemporary marketing in 2001 of pashmina ("woven goat hair" or cashmere) shawls, using the recycled tropes of exoticism and fantasy ethnography crafted during the heyday of British colonialism.
    Vries, P. H. H.
  • Governing Growth: A Comparative Analysis of the Role of the State in the Rise of the West
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    Subject Headings:
    • Europe -- Politics and government.
    • Asia -- Politics and government.
    • Europe -- Economic policy.
    • Asia -- Economic policy.
    Abstract:
      In explaining the fact that Western Europe was the first region in the world with industrial economic growth, numerous authors have referred to the existence of a type of state and a state-system that presumably were uniquely European. In this article this thesis is put to the test through an analysis of how in the early modern period they are supposed to have brought about a "European miracle" and through a systematic comparison of the Western European polities and the context in which they operated with those of China, India, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan in the same period. The author concludes that the role of the state in explaining the emergence or non-emergence--in contrast to the diffusing and sustaining--of modern industrial growth has been much smaller and much less self-evident than is often claimed.
    Zinsser, Judith P.
  • From Mexico to Copenhagen to Nairobi: The United Nations Decade for Women, 1975-1985
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    Subject Headings:
    • International Women's Decade, 1976-1985.
    • Women's rights -- Congresses.
    Abstract:
      This essay describes the increasing radicalization of the United Nations-sponsored Decade for Women from 1975 to 1985, as seen in the final documents from each of its three conferences: the Mexico Declaration and Plan of Action, the Copenhagen Programme of Action, and the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies. The essay also argues that the Decade for Women demonstrates the significance of the United Nations to the creation of a truly international women's movement, to the acceptance of many varied definitions of "feminism," and to the advancement of all peoples' human rights.

Review Article

    Coclanis, Peter A. 1952-
  • Drang Nach Osten: Bernard Bailyn, the World-Island, and the Idea of Atlantic History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bailyn, Bernard.
    • History, Modern.
    Abstract:
      This essay attempts at once to perform three interrelated tasks: to provide a brief sketch of the development of the field of Atlantic history; to document and assess Bernard Bailyn's monumental contributions to this field; and to issue a respectful but spirited critique of Atlantic history from a global perspective.

Book Reviews

    Matthewman, Steven.
  • Floods, Famines, and Emperors: El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fagan, Brian M. Floods, famines, and emperors: El Niño and the fate of civilizations.
    • El Niño Current.
    Marks, Robert, 1949-
  • Growth Recurring: Economic Change in World History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jones, E. L. (Eric Lionel) Growth recurring: economic change in world history.
    • Economic development -- History.
    Lebaron, Alan.
  • Beyond Binary Histories: Re-imagining Eurasia to c. 1830 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lieberman, Victor B., 1945-, ed. Beyond binary histories: re-imagining Eurasia to c. 1830.
    • Asia, Southeastern -- History -- Congresses.
    Vaziri, Haleh.
  • Women in the Middle East and North Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nashat, Guity, 1937- Women in the Middle East and North Africa.
    • Tucker, Judith E.
    • Women -- Middle East -- History.
    Frank, Andre Gunder, 1929-
  • The Great Wave: Price Revolutions and the Rhythm of History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fischer, David Hackett, 1935- Great wave: price revolutions and the rhythm of history.
    • Prices -- History.
    Atwill, David G.
  • The Sextants of Beijing: Global Currents in Chinese History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Waley-Cohen, Joanna. Sextants of Beijing: global currents in Chinese history.
    • China -- Civilization -- Western influences.
    Dodd, Lynn Swartz.
  • Longing for the End: A History of Millennialism in Western Civilization (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baumgartner, Frederic J. Longing for the end: a history of millennialism in western civilization.
    • Millennialism -- History.
    Corcoran, James R.
  • The Religions of the Silk Road: Overland Trade and Cultural Exchange from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Foltz, Richard, 1961- Religions of the Silk Road: overland trade and cultural exchange from antiquity to the fifteenth century.
    • Asia, Central -- Religion.
    Ma, Laurence J. C., 1937-
  • Cities of Aristocrats and Bureaucrats: The Development of Medieval Chinese Cityscapes (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Heng, Chye Kiang, 1958- Cities of aristocrats and bureaucrats: the development of medieval Chinese cityscapes.
    • City planning -- China -- History.
    Lauren, Paul Gordon.
  • Who Do We Think We Are?: Race and Nation in the Modern World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nicholson, Philip Yale, 1940- Who do we think we are?: race and nation in the modern world.
    • Racism -- History.
    Corcoran, James R.
  • The Great Encounter of China and the West, 1500-1800 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mungello, David E., 1943- Great encounter of China and the West, 1500-1800.
    • China -- Civilization -- Western influences.
    Camacho, Keith.
  • Infelicities: Representations of the Exotic (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mason, Peter, 1952- Infelicities: representations of the exotic.
    • Europe -- Civilization -- Foreign influences.
    Quanchi, Max.
  • Picturing Imperial Power: Colonial Subjects in Eighteenth-Century British Painting (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tobin, Beth Fowkes. Picturing imperial power: colonial subjects in eighteenth-century British painting.
    • Painting, British -- 18th century -- Themes, motives.
    Michelmore, Chris.
  • The World and the West: The European Challenge and the Overseas Response in the Age of Empire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Curtin, Philip D. World and the West: the European challenge and the overseas response in the Age of Empire.
    • Civilization, Modern -- European influences.
    Freeman, William David.
  • The Ideals of Empire: Economic and Political Thought, 1903-1913, and: The Empire and Its Critics, 1899-1939: Classics of Imperialism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Green, Ewen, ed. Ideals of Empire: economic and political thought, 1903-1913.
    • Cain, P. J., 1941-, ed. Empire and its critics, 1899-1939: classics of imperialism.
    • Great Britain -- Politics and government.
    • Great Britain -- Colonies.
    Trask, Haunani-Kay.
  • White Women's Rights: The Racial Origins of Feminism in the United States (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Newman, Louise Michele. White women's rights: the racial origins of feminism in the United States.
    • Feminism -- United States -- History.
    Buschmann, Rainer.
  • The Nation as a Local Metaphor: Württemberg, Imperial Germany, and National Memory, 1871-1918, and: Colonial Fantasies: Conquest, Family, and Nation in Precolonial Germany, 1770-1870 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Confino, Alon. Nation as a local metaphor: Württemberg, imperial Germany, and national memory, 1871-1918.
    • Zantop, Susanne, 1945- Colonial fantasies: conquest, family, and nation in precolonial Germany, 1770-1870.
    • Nationalism -- Germany -- Württemberg.
    • German literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Asselin, Pierre.
  • Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and the Escalation of War in Vietnam (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Logevall, Fredrik, 1963- Choosing war: the lost chance for peace and the escalation of war in Vietnam.
    • Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- United States.
    Holsinger, Donald Charles.
  • The Islamist Challenge in Algeria: A Political History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Willis, Michael. Islamist challenge in Algeria: a political history.
    • Algeria -- Politics and government.



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