Journal of Women's History

Journal of Women's History
Volume 18, Number 1, 2006

CONTENTS

Articles

    Weinstein, Barbara.
  • Inventing the "Mulher Paulista": Politics, Rebellion, and the Gendering of Brazilian Regional Identities
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women in politics -- Brazil -- São Paulo (State) -- History -- 20th century.
    • Brazil -- Politics and government -- 1930-1945.
    Abstract:
      This article considers the complicated relationship between women's mobilization and their recognition as political actors. In 1932 the state of São Paulo, long Brazil's dominant political center, took up arms against the federal government, headed by Getúlio Vargas, in protest against São Paulo's diminished status under the new dictatorship. A key feature of this short-lived civil war was the prominent role of women in the regionalist movement. Contemporary accounts emphasized the active participation of women—testimony that implies an expanded female presence in the public sphere. I argue, however, that identification of the movement's female supporters with an archetypical figure, A Mulher Paulista (The Paulista Woman) limited the subversive implications of women's mobilization. Far from celebrating women's new role in politics, women and men involved in the movement construed women's participation as exceptional and motivated by moral outrage, not politics. Furthermore, the figure of A Mulher Paulista had a specific class and racial valence; the paulista leadership represented her participation as emblematic of the modernity and civic superiority of regional culture, compared to the poorer, less Europeanized regions of Brazil that supported the dictatorship.
    Kranjc, Gregor.
  • "Long Live Our Honest Girls": The Image of Women in Slovene Anti-Communist Propaganda 1942-1945
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    Subject Headings:
    • Propaganda, Anti-communist -- Slovenia -- History -- 20th century.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Slovenia -- Propaganda.
    • Women -- Slovenia -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      "Long Live Our Honest Girls" seeks to highlight the image of women in anti-Communist propaganda during the civil war that raged in Slovenia from 1942 to 1945. While their Communist opponents attempted to attract women to their movement by promising them social, economic, and political emancipation, the anti-Communist camp proffered a much more conservative and traditional image of women. In contrast to the Communists, they portrayed the "good" Slovene woman as a dutiful wife and responsible mother. Anti-Communists also portrayed her as the kernel of Slovene national consciousness because of her fidelity to Catholicism, Slovene customs, and the Slovene language. These conflicting images of women must also be seen in the wider context of the cultural clash between Communism and anti-Communism, as well as symptoms of the "total wars" of the twentieth century.
    Smith, Norman.
  • The Difficulties of Despair: Dan Di and Chinese Literary Production in Manchukuo
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    Subject Headings:
    • Di, Dan, 1916-1995 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Politics and literature -- China -- Manchuria -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      In the Japanese colonial state of Manchukuo (1932–45) a critical Chinese-language literature emerged to shine a light on the failure of colonial authorities to actualize the socio-political ideology through which they sought to legitimize their rule. This article analyzes Dan Di's literary legacy to problematize received interpretations of Japanese rule in Manchukuo. Dan was partly educated in Manchukuo and in Japan, and used the educational and career opportunities offered her to establish a career as a cultural critic. Under Japanese colonial auspices, she aspired to realize her potential as a Chinese new woman writer, determined to act as a spokesperson for the underprivileged. Ironically, the critical nature of her writings fueled the anti-Manchukuo narratives that led to her own downfall, as any success in such an oppressive context was deemed suspect. Dan Di's career underscores the vital endurance of Chinese May Fourth-inspired ideals of the new woman in a Japanese colonial context.
    Frederick, Bonnie.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe and the Virtuous Mother: Argentina, 1852-1910
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896 -- Appreciation -- Argentina.
    • Feminism -- Argentina -- History -- 19th century.
    • Motherhood -- Argentina.
    Abstract:
      In a reversal of her reputation in the United States, Harriet Beecher Stowe was considered the ideal feminist in nineteenth-century Argentina, while her views on race were downplayed. Both pro-feminist and anti-feminist Argentines emphasized the image of Stowe as the virtuous civic mother, whose writing was not designed to enhance her own fame but rather to defend the good mother's duty to raise enlightened citizens. This selective image of Stowe became part of the debates about the role of women in the new nation of Argentina. This article documents how Stowe was discussed in newspaper essays on the role of women, provides a historical context for the discussions, and contrasts the role of motherhood in the feminisms of the United States and Argentina.

History Practice: Conditions of Work for Women Historians in the Twenty-First Century

    Kerber, Linda K.
  • Risking Our Dreams
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women historians -- Employment -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Sex discrimination in higher education -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Sex discrimination in employment -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Iacovetta, Franca, 1957-
  • Towards a More Humane Academy? Some Observations from a Canadian Feminist Historian
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kerber, Linda K. Risking our dreams.
    • Women historians -- Canada.
    Meyer, Leisa D.
  • Industrial or Craft Organizing?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kerber, Linda K. Risking our dreams.
    • Gays in higher education -- United States.
    • Women in higher education -- United States.
    Montoya, Maria E., 1964-
  • Conditions of Work for Women Historians in the Twenty-First Century: A Response
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kerber, Linda K. Risking our dreams.
    • Women in higher education -- United States.
    • Sex discrimination in higher education -- United States.
    Gonzalez, Deena J., 1952-
  • Embracing Equity: Discussing Inequity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kerber, Linda K. Risking our dreams.
    • Women in higher education -- United States.
    • Sex discrimination in higher education -- United States.
    Lee, Erika.
  • The Balancing Act: Work, Family, and the Need for Institutional Change in the Academy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kerber, Linda K. Risking our dreams.
    • Women in higher education -- United States.
    • Sex discrimination in higher education -- United States.
    Fujita, Fumiko, 1944-
  • The Status of Women Faculty: A View from Japan
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kerber, Linda K. Risking our dreams.
    • Women in higher education -- Japan.
    • Women college teachers -- Japan.

Book Forum: Morality Tales by Leslie Peirce

    Hardwick, Julie, 1962-
  • Looking for the Universal in the Local: Morality Tales from the Western End of the Mediterranean
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peirce, Leslie P. Morality tales: law and gender in the Ottoman court of Aintab.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. (Islamic law) -- Turkey -- History.
    Skinner, Patricia, 1965-
  • Morality Tales: A Medieval Inheritance
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peirce, Leslie P. Morality tales: law and gender in the Ottoman court of Aintab.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. (Islamic law) -- Turkey -- History.
    Chatterjee, Indrani.
  • Between West and South: Asianist Women's History and Islam
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peirce, Leslie P. Morality tales: law and gender in the Ottoman court of Aintab.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. (Islamic law) -- Turkey -- History.
    Peirce, Leslie P.
  • Response
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hardwick, Julie, 1962- Looking for the universal in the local: morality tales from the western end of the Mediterranean.
    • Skinner, Patricia, 1965- Morality tales: a Medieval inheritance.
    • Chatterjee, Indrani. Between west and south: Asianist women's history and Islam.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. (Islamic law) -- Turkey -- History.

Book Reviews

    Weber, Charlotte.
  • Middle Eastern Modernities: Women, Gender, and Nation in Lebanon and Palestine
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fleischmann, Ellen. Nation and its "new" women: the Palestinian women's movement, 1920-1948.
    • Katz, Sheila H. Women and gender in early Jewish and Palestinian nationalism.
    • Khater, Akram Fouad, 1960- Inventing home: emigration, gender, and the middle class in Lebanon, 1870-1920.
    • Women, Palestinian Arab -- Political activity -- History -- 1917-1948.
    • Women in politics -- Israel -- History -- 20th century.
    Hilton, Laura J.
  • The Role of Gender in Racial Colonization and in Displacement
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harvey, Elizabeth. Women and the Nazi East: agents and witnesses of Germanization.
    • Hilton, Ella E. Schneider, 1936- Displaced person: a girl's life in Russia, Germany, and America.
    • Hilton, Angela K.
    • National socialism and women -- History.
    • Hilton, Ella E. Schneider, 1936- -- Childhood and youth.
    Balcom, Karen.
  • Constructing Families, Creating Mothers: Gender, Family, State and Nation in the History of Child Adoption
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berebitsky, Julie. Like our very own: adoption and the changing culture of motherhood, 1851-1950.
    • Carp, E. Wayne, 1946- Adoption politics: Bastard Nation and ballot initiative 58.
    • Melosh, Barbara. Strangers and kin: the American way of adoption.
    • Solinger, Rickie, 1947- Beggars and choosers: how the politics of choice shapes adoption, abortion, and welfare in the United States.
    • Adoption.
    • Adoption -- Government policy -- Oregon.

Contributors

Announcements

Acknowledgement to Reviewers




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