Journal of Women's History

Journal of Women's History
Volume 15, Number 1, Spring 2003


Contents

Women's History in the New Millennium:
Rethinking Public and Private

    Davidoff, Leonore.
  • Gender and the "Great Divide": Public and Private in British Gender History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    • Women -- Great Britain -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
    Turbin, Carole.
  • Refashioning the Concept of Public/Private: Lessons from Dress Studies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Self-presentation -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Clothing and dress -- Social aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Gender identity -- United States -- History -- 20th century.

Articles

    Wieringa, Saskia, 1950-
  • The Birth of the New Order State in Indonesia: Sexual Politics and Nationalism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women -- Indonesia -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    • Sex role -- Indonesia -- History -- 20th century.
    • National characteristics, Indonesian -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Scholars have suggested that Indonesia's former president Suharto's New Order state legitimated itself by destroying the Partai Komunis Indonesia (Communist Party of Indonesia, PKI). In this article, the author points to the sexual politics underlying this process of legitimation that have been largely ignored in earlier analyses. She focuses on the military's orchestrated campaign of slander and sexual innuendo against the PKI's women's organization Gerwani (Gerakan Wanita Indonesia, Indonesian Women's Movement). This campaign was pursued for more than 30 years since the 1 October 1965 putsch in Indonesia that eventually brought Suharto to power. It embodied a powerful, supportive logic by which Suharto's rule was sustained until mid-1998, creating a particular form of national, militarized identity. Another consequence of the sexual accusations Gerwani endured was the destruction of what was at the time one of the most powerful women's movements in the world. Not only was Gerwani banned and destroyed, but the remaining women's organizations were also brought under strict government control. The state even set up its own mass women's organizations, under the umbrella of Dharma Wanita (Women's Duty), which were intended to re-subordinate rather than emancipate women.
    Judson, Sarah Mercer.
  • "Leisure is a Foe to Any Man:" The Pleasures and Dangers of Atlanta during World War I
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leisure -- Social aspects -- Georgia -- Atlanta -- History -- 20th century.
    • Women's rights -- Georgia -- Atlanta -- History -- 20th century.
    • Atlanta (Ga.) -- Race relations -- Political aspects -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This article explores the connections between African American and white women's political agency, commercialized leisure, and the gender- and race-based politics of World War I in Atlanta, Georgia. The link between these issues was a general concern among male and female political leaders, clubwomen, and reformers with women's public presence in the city during wartime. Whereas white male leaders proposed to manage women by curtailing their civil rights, clubwomen created more benevolent methods of "girl work." African American and white clubwomen took advantage of the federal governments' efforts to mobilize women and created new opportunities to advance their visions of community order and female citizenship. Both groups of women targeted commercialized leisure as a hazard of the city, yet the politics of race in Atlanta ensured that black and white women's strategies and experiences would emphasize different issues and lead to different results.
    Smith, Theresa Ann.
  • Writing out of the Margins: Women, Translation, and the Spanish Enlightenment
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grafigny, Mme de (Françoise d'Issembourg d'Happoncourt), 1695-1758. Lettres d'une Péruvienne.
    • Romero Masegosa y Cancelada, María, tr.
    • Women authors, Spanish -- 18th century.
    • Spain -- Intellectual life -- 18th century.
    Abstract:
      By analyzing María Romero's 1792 Spanish translation of Madame de Graffigny's Lettres d'une Péruvienne (1747), this article demonstrates how one woman utilized translation as a vehicle for expressing her own views in a time when women writers were still discouraged from publicly circulating their work. A study of Romero's translator's note, footnotes, and text alterations shows that she both built on the gender critique embedded in Graffigny's text and subverted the French author's political message about Spain's barbarity in the conquest of the Americas. The article also evaluates Romero's calls for religious renewal to show that not all Enlightenment thinkers saw religious passion and critical reasoning as opposites. Such analysis challenges the dichotomy of reason and passion inherent in much Enlightenment scholarship and argues for the importance of its deconstruction in situating women in Enlightenment society.

The Future of Women's History:
Considering the State of U.S. Women's History

    Cott, Nancy F.
    Lerner, Gerda, 1920-
    Sklar, Kathryn Kish.
    DuBois, Ellen Carol, 1947-
    Hewitt, Nancy A., 1951-
  • Considering the State of U.S. Women's History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women's studies -- United States.
    • Women -- United States -- Historiography.
    Yoshihara, Mari, 1968-
  • Tackling the Contested Categories: Culture, Race, and Nation in American Women's History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cott, Nancy F. Considering the state of U.S. women's history.
    • Women's studies -- United States.
    • Feminism -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Haulman, Kate.
  • Room in Back: Before and Beyond the Nation in Women's and Gender History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cott, Nancy F. Considering the state of U.S. women's history.
    • Women's studies -- United States.
    • Women -- United States -- History.
    Messinger, Penny.
  • Interdisciplinarity and Institutional Change
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cott, Nancy F. Considering the state of U.S. women's history.
    • Women's studies -- United States.
    • Women -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Sentilles, Renée M.
  • Catching it All on the Web: Crafting Cohesive American Women's History in the Age of the Internet
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cott, Nancy F. Considering the state of U.S. women's history.
    • Women -- United States -- History -- Computer network resources.

Getting to the Source

    Héricourt, Madame d'.
    Doress-Worters, Paula B. (Paula Brown), ed.
    Pincus, Jane, tr.
    Ellerman, Mei-Mei Akwai, tr.
    Kisliuk, Ingrid, tr.
    Harth, Erica, tr.
    Worters, Allen J., tr.
    Offen, Karen M., tr.
  • Madame Rose: A Life of Ernestine L. Rose as told to Jenny P. d'Héricourt
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rose, Ernestine L. (Ernestine Louise), 1810-1892.
    • Women social reformers -- United States -- Biography.
    • Women's rights -- United states -- History -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      French reformer Jenny P. d'Héricourt wrote "Madame Rose," a short biography of women's rights reformer Ernestine L. Rose, after Rose's visit to France in 1856. While the record of Rose's more than thirty years of activism in American reform movements can be found in convention proceedings and contemporary newspaper reports of her lectures, little information about her childhood in Poland or her young adult years in Prussia and England is available. Even her early years in the United States, prior to an organized women's rights movement in 1850, are sparsely documented."Madame Rose" is an important resource for Rose's biographers and other scholars because it contains personal information not available elsewhere. Before this publication, only abbreviated English-language versions have been available. A translation of the original French text with accompanying commentary is offered here as source material for scholars.

Book Reviews

    Holloway, Pippa.
  • Regulation and the Nation: Comparative Perspectives on Prostitution and Public Policy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pivar, David J., 1933- Purity and hygiene: women, prostitution, and the "American plan," 1900-1930.
    • Bliss, Katherine Elaine, 1968- Compromised positions: prostitution, public health, and gender politics in revolutionary Mexico City.
    • Henriot, Christian. Prostitution and sexuality in Shanghai: a social history, 1849-1949.
    • Castelino, Nöel, tr.
    • Guy, Donna J. White slavery and mothers alive and dead: the troubled meeting of sex, gender, public health and progress in Latin America.
    • Svanström, Yvonne. Policing public women: the regulation of prostitution in Stockholm, 1812-1880.
    • Prostitution -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Prostitution -- Government policy -- Mexico -- Mexico City.
    Harris, Paisley Jane.
  • Gatekeeping and Remaking: The Politics of Respectability in African American Women's History and Black Feminism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wolcott, Victoria W. Remaking respectability: African American women in interwar Detroit.
    • Schechter, Patricia Ann, 1964- Ida B. Wells-Barnett and American reform, 1880-1930.
    • White, E. Frances. Dark continent of our bodies: black feminism and the politics of respectability.
    • African American women -- Michigan -- Detroit -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    • Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931.
    Sneider, Allison L.
  • Religion and Biography: Re-visioning Feminism in the Gilded Age
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kern, Kathi, 1961- Mrs. Stanton's Bible.
    • Grace, Fran. Carry A. Nation: retelling the life.
    • Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902.
    • Nation, Carry Amelia, 1846-1911.
    Judd, Robin.
  • Religion, Agency, and Power in Jewish Gender Studies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frankel, Jonathan, ed. Jews and gender: the challenge to hierarchy.
    • Nadell, Pamela Susan, ed. Women and American Judaism: historical perspectives.
    • Sarna, Jonathan D., ed.
    • Jewish women -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    • Women in Judaism -- United States -- History.



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