Journal 
of the History of Philosophy

Journal of the History of Philosophy
Volume 42, Number 2, April 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Skirry, Justin.
  • Descartes's Conceptual Distinction and its Ontological Import
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    Subject Headings:
    • Descartes, René, 1596-1650.
    • Substance (Philosophy)
    • Ontology.
    Abstract:
      Descartes' conceptual distinction (or distinctio rationis) is commonly understood to be a distinction created by the mind's activity without a foundation in re. This paper challenges this understanding partially based on a letter to an unknown correspondent in which Descartes claims not to admit distinctions without a foundation. He goes on to claim that his conceptual distinction is not a distinctio rationis ratiocinantis (i.e. a distinction of reasoning reason) but is something like a formal distinction or, more precisely, a distinctio ! rationis ratiocinatae (i.e. a distinction of reasoned reason). This remark is then explored through Descartes' other writings and his scholastic intellectual heritage. I conclude that Descartes' conceptual distinction just is a formal distinction understood as a distinctio rationis ratiocinatae as expressed in the works of Scotus, Suarez and Eustachius, and so it has a foundation in re in very much the same way as a formal distinction.
    Holden, Thomas Anand.
  • Bayle and the Case for Actual Parts
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Dictionnaire historique et critique.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Systême abrégé de philosophie.
    • Division (Philosophy)
    • Matter.
    Abstract:
      Pierre Bayle is the most forthright and systematic early modern proponent of the actual parts doctrine, the period's counterpart to the 'doctrine of arbitrary undetached parts' familiar from current analytic mereology and metaphysics. In this paper I introduce both the actual parts account of the internal structure of matter and the rival system of potential parts. I then identify Bayle as the leading advocate of the actual parts doctrine and examine his arguments for this account.
    Carson, Emily.
  • Metaphysics, Mathematics and the Distinction Between the Sensible and the Intelligible in Kant's Inaugural Dissertation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. De mundi sensibilis atque intelligibilis forma et principiis.
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. Untersuchung über die Deutlichkeit der Grundsätze der natürlichen Theologie und der Moral.
    • Methodology.
    • Mathematics -- Philosophy.
    Abstract:
      In this paper I argue that Kant's distinction in the Inaugural Dissertation between the sensible and the intelligible arises in part out of certain open questions left open by his comparison between mathematics and metaphysics in the Prize Essay. This distinction provides a philosophical justification for his distinction between the respective methods of mathematics and metaphysics and his claim that mathematics admits of a greater degree of certainty. More generally, this illustrates the importance of Kant's reflections on mathematics for the development of his Critical philosophy.
    Shabel, Lisa, 1966-
  • Kant's "Argument from Geometry"
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. Kritik der reinen Vernunft.
    • Mathematics -- Philosophy.
    • Space and time.
    Abstract:
      Kant's 'argument from geometry' is usually interpreted to be a regressive transcendental argument in support of the claim that we have a pure intuition of space. In this paper I defend an alternative interpretation of this argument according to which it is rather a progressive synthetic argument meant to identify and establish the essential role of pure spatial intuition in geometric cognition. In the course of reinterpreting the 'argument from geometry' I reassess the arguments of the Aesthetic and illustrate the origin of Kant's view of the role of pure intuition in geometry.

Book Reviews

    McKirahan, Richard D.
  • Bibliographica Praesocratica: A Bibliographical Guide to the Studies of Early Greek Philosophy in its Religious and Scientific Contexts with an Introductory Bibliography on the Historiography of Philosophy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sijakovic, Bogoljub, 1955- Bibliographica praesocratica: a bibliographical guide to the studies of early Greek philosophy in its religious and scientific contexts with an introductory bibliography on the historiography of philosophy.
    • Philosophy, Ancient -- Bibliography.
    Pappas, Nickolas, 1960-
  • Beautiful City: The Dialectical Character of Plato's Republic (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Roochnik, David. Beautiful city: the dialectical character of Plato's Republic.
    • Plato. Republic.
    Hochschild, Joshua P.
  • John Buridan: Portrait of a Fourteenth-Century Arts Master (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zupko, Jack. John Buridan: portrait of a fourteenth-century arts master.
    • Buridan, Jean, 1300-1358.
    Dupré, Wilhelm.
  • Reading Cusanus: Metaphor and Dialectic in a Conjectural Universe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miller, Clyde Lee. Reading Cusanus: metaphor and dialectic in a conjectural universe.
    • Nicholas, of Cusa, Cardinal, 1401-1464.
    Bohanan, Donna, 1954-
  • The Suspicion of Virtue: Women Philosophers in Neoclassical France (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conley, John J. Suspicion of virtue: women philosophers in neoclassical France.
    • Women philosophers -- France -- Biography.
    Williams, David Lay, 1969-
  • Hobbes, Locke, and Confusion's Masterpiece: An Examination of Seventeenth-Century Political Philosophy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harrison, Ross. Hobbes, Locke, and confusion's masterpiece: an examination of seventeenth-century political philosophy.
    • Hobbes, Thomas, 1588-1679 -- Contributions in political science.
    Zanelotti, Kevin.
  • Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zammito, John H., 1948- Kant, Herder, and the birth of anthropology.
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804.
    Miklowitz, Paul S.
  • Hegel, Nietzsche and Philosophy: Thinking Freedom (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dudley, Will, 1967- Hegel, Nietzsche and philosophy: thinking freedom.
    • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831.
    Breazeale, Daniel.
  • The Early American Reception of German Idealism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Good, James A., ed. Early American reception of German idealism.
    • Philosophy, American -- 19th century.
    Levack, Brian P.
  • The Descent of Ideas: The History of Intellectual History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kelley, Donald R., 1931- Descent of ideas: the history of intellectual history.
    • Idea (Philosophy) -- History.
    Lord, Timothy C.
  • Collingwood and the Metaphysics of Experience (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • D'Oro, Giuseppina, 1964- Collingwood and the metaphysics of experience.
    • Collingwood, R. G. (Robin George), 1889-1943 -- Contributions in metaphysics.
    Bruzina, Ronald.
  • Derrida and Husserl: The Basic Problem of Phenomenology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lawlor, Leonard, 1954- Derrida and Husserl: the basic problem of phenomenology.
    • Phenomenology.

Books Received




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