Journal 
of the History of Philosophy

Journal of the History of Philosophy
Volume 42, Number 1, January 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Tierney, Richard L.
  • The Scope of Aristotle's Essentialism in the Posterior Analytics
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aristotle. Posterior analytics.
    • Essence (Philosophy)
    Abstract:
      Aristotle's essentialism distinguishes between what belongs in itself and what belongs accidentally. Yet two distinct kinds of entity belong in itself: those that belong to something in what it is, and those that have what they belong to in the account of what they are; it is not clear in what sense the latter are essential. I articulate the nature of these entities, and argue that they are indeed essential in that they cannot not belong to their subjects. This is because they are 'entrenched' within the generic matter that is 'worked up' into the substance that is their subject.
    Huenemann, Charles.
  • Spinoza and Prime Matter
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    Subject Headings:
    • Spinoza, Benedictus de, 1632-1677.
    • Prime matter (Philosophy)
    Abstract:
      Spinoza claims that God is extended and corporeal, but he resists identifying God with the extended, corporeal world. How then are we to understand the relation of God to the physical world? This essay first critically examines interpretations offered by Schmaltz and Woolhouse which claim that Spinoza's God is not actually extended, but a nonextended essence of extension. It is then suggested that Spinoza's God can be understood as something akin to (a modified version of) scholastic prime matter. On this view, Spinoza's God is actually extended, but cannot be identified with the corporeal world, which is changeable and variegated in a way that prime matter is not.
    Ginsborg, Hannah.
  • Two Kinds of Mechanical Inexplicability in Kant and Aristotle
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804.
    • Aristotle.
    • Causation.
    • Teleology.
    • Evolution.
    Abstract:
      I distinguish two senses in which organisms are mechanically inexplicable for Kant. Mechanical inexplicability in the first sense is shared with artefacts, and consists in their exhibiting regularities irreducible to the regularities of matter. Mechanical inexplicability in the second sense is peculiar to organisms, consisting in the reciprocal causal dependence of an organism's parts. This distinction corresponds to two strands of thought in Aristotle, one supporting a teleological conception of organisms, the other supporting a conception of organisms as natural. Recognizing this distinction helps us to see how a teleological conception of organisms is compatible with recent advances in biology.
    Melamed, Yitzhak Y.
  • Salomon Maimon and the Rise of Spinozism in German Idealism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Maimon, Salomon, 1754-1800.
    • Spinoza, Benedictus de, 1632-1677.
    • Idealism, German.
    Abstract:
      In this paper I explore one issue in the history of German Idealism which has been widely neglected in the existing literature. I argue that Salomon Maimon was the first to suggest that Spinoza's pantheism was a radical religious (or 'acosmistic') view rather than atheism. Following a discussion of the historical context of Maimon's engagement with Spinoza, I point out the main Spinozistic element of Maimon 's philosophy: the view of God as the material cause of the world, or as the subject in which all things inhere. I argue that this doctrine was the basis of Maimon's Law of Determinability.

Book Reviews

    Prior, William J.
  • The Dialectic of Essence: A Study of Plato's Metaphysics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Silverman, Allan Jay. Dialectic of essence: a study of Plato's metaphysics.
    • Plato -- Contributions in metaphysics.
    Smith, Kurt.
  • Emotions and Choice from Boethius to Descartes (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lagerlund, Henrik, ed. Emotions and choice from Boethius to Descartes.
    • Yrjönsuuri, Mikko, ed.
    • Act (Philosophy) -- History.
    O'Callaghan, John (John P.)
  • Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of Summa Theologiae Ia, 75-89 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pasnau, Robert. Thomas Aquinas on human nature: a philosophical study of Summa theologiae Ia, 75-89.
    • Thomas, Aquinas, Saint, 1225?-1274. Summa theologica. Pars 1. Questio 75-89.
    Landtsheer, J. de (Jeanine)
  • Friends Hold All Things in Common: Tradition, Intellectual Property, and the Adages of Erasmus
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    Subject Headings:
    • Eden, Kathy, 1952- Friends hold all things in common: tradition, intellectual property, and the Adages of Erasmus.
    • Erasmus, Desiderius, d. 1536. Adagia.
    Wright, George.
  • The Mechanization of Aristotelianism: The Late Aristotelian Setting of Thomas Hobbes' Natural Philosophy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leijenhorst, Cornelis Hendrik, 1967- Mechanization of Aristotelianism: the late Aristotelian setting of Thomas Hobbes' natural philosophy.
    • Hobbes, Thomas, 1588-1679.
    Wojcik, Jan W.
  • Correspondence of Robert Boyle (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boyle, Robert, 1627-1691. Correspondence of Robert Boyle.
    • Hunter, Michael Cyril William, ed.
    • Clericuzio, Antonio, ed.
    • Principe, Lawrence, ed.
    • Boyle, Robert, 1627-1691 -- Correspondence.
    Sargent, Rose-Mary.
  • Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Newman, William R. Alchemy tried in the fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the fate of Helmontian chymistry.
    • Principe, Lawrence.
    • Chemistry -- England -- History -- 17th century.
    Laursen, John Christian.
  • The History of Scepticism: From Savonarola to Bayle (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Popkin, Richard Henry, 1923- History of scepticism: from Savonarola to Bayle.
    • Skepticism -- History.
    Jenkinson, Sally (Sally L.)
  • The Making of Pierre Bayle's Dictionaire Historique et Critique: With a CD-ROM containing the Dictionaire's library and references between articles (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lieshout, Lenie van. Making of Pierre Bayle's Dictionaire historique et critique: with a CD-ROM containing the Dictionaire's library and references between articles.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Dictionaire historique et critique.
    Wood, Paul, 1952-
  • Hume's Scepticism and the Science of Human Nature (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stanistreet, Paul. Hume's scepticism and the science of human nature.
    • Hume, David, 1711-1776. Treatise of human nature.
    Breazeale, Daniel.
  • German Philosophy, 1670-1860: The Legacy of Idealism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pinkard, Terry P. German philosophy, 1670-1860: the legacy of idealism.
    • Philosophy, German -- 18th century.
    Feiner, Shmuel.
  • Moses Mendelssohn: The First English Biography and Translations (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Samuel, Moses, 1795-1860. Moses Mendelssohn: the first English biography and translations.
    • Mendelssohn, Moses, 1729-1786.
    Nelson, Eric Sean.
  • The Formation of the Historical World in the Human Sciences (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dilthey, Wilhelm, 1833-1911. Formation of the historical world in the human sciences.
    • Philosophy.

Books Received

Editions and Translaions




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