Journal 
of the History of Philosophy

Journal of the History of Philosophy
Volume 41, Number 3, July 2003


Contents

Articles

    Bos, A. P.
  • Aristotle on the Etruscan Robbers: A Core Text of "Aristotelian Dualism"
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aristotle. Eudemian ethics.
    • Aristotle. Protrepticus.
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Contra Julianum.
    • Iamblichus, ca. 250-ca. 330. Exhortation to philosophy.
    • Mind and body.
    McGinnis, Jon.
  • Scientific Methodologies in Medieval Islam
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    Subject Headings:
    • Avicenna, 980-1037.
    • Science -- Philosophy.
    • Science -- Methodology.
    • Philosophy, Islamic.
    Abstract:
      The present study considers Ibn Sînâ's (Lat. Avicenna) account of induction (istiqra') and experimentation (tajriba). For Ibn Sînâ induction purportedly provided the absolute, necessary and certain first principles of a science. Ibn Sînâ criticized induction, arguing that it can neither guarantee the necessity nor provide the primitiveness required of first principles. In it place, Ibn Sînâ developed a theory of experimentation, which avoids the pitfalls of induction by not providing absolute, but conditional, necessary and certain first principles. The theory of experimentation that emerges though not modern, does have elements that are similar to a modern conception of scientific method.
    Plaisted, Dennis, 1964-
  • Leibniz's Argument for Primitive Concepts
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Freiherr von, 1646-1716.
    • Metaphysics.
    Abstract:
      On its face, Leibniz's argument for primitive concepts seems to imply that unless we can analyze non-primitive concepts into their primitive constituents, we cannot grasp them. This implication, together with Leibniz's belief that we do conceive of some non-primitive concepts, entails that we can analyze some non-primitive concepts into their primitive components. However, Leibniz claims elsewhere that we are incapable of doing this. To resolve this inconsistency, I argue that, for Leibniz, grasping a concept is not an all-or-nothing affair; instead we possess concepts in degrees. When reinterpreted in line with this, Leibniz's argument can avoid the inconsistency.
    Cunning, David.
  • Systematic Divergences in Malebranche and Cudworth
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    Subject Headings:
    • Malebranche, Nicolas, 1638-1715.
    • Cudworth, Ralph, 1617-1688.
    • Metaphysics.
    Abstract:
      For Cudworth, God would be a drudge if He did each and every thing, and so the universe contains plastic natures. Malebranche argues that finite power is unintelligible and thus that God does do each and every thing. The supremacy of God is reflected in the range of His activity and also in the manner of His activity: He acts by general non-composite volitions. Malebranche (like Cudworth) is careful to adjust other aspects of his system to square with his position on causality, but his view that we are free and accountable for what we do will not be revised.
    Di Giovanni, George, 1935-
  • Faith Without Religion, Religion Without Faith: Kant and Hegel on Religion
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft.
    • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831. Phänomenologie des Geistes.
    • Religion -- Philosophy.
    Abstract:
      The World, understood as a system of meaningful relations, is for Hegel the exclusive product of the human mind. In this, Hegel stands together with Kant in direct opposition to the Christian metaphysical tradition, according to which reality reflects God's ideas. For both Kant and Hegel, faith and religion therefore acquire new meaning. Yet, that meaning is just as different for each with respect to the other as it is for both with respect to the Christian tradition. This paper explores these differences, taking Kant's and Hegel's differing attitudes towards evil as the litmus test for differentiating their respective idealism.
    Reid, Jasper William, 1972-
  • Jonathan Edwards on Space and God
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    Subject Headings:
    • Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758.
    • God.
    • Metaphysics.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines how Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) shifted from a broadly Newtonian conception of divine, absolute space to a more Berkeleian or Leibnizian theory of merely relative, ideal space. Setting Edwards' views within a context of contemporary European thought, it elucidates his early position, as expressed in the opening portion of his essay 'Of Being' (c. 1721), and then proceeds to chart the development of his more mature views, showing in particular how the development of his immaterialism during the early 1720s drove him to change his mind on the issue of space and its relationship with God.

Notes and Discussions

    Martinich, Aloysius.
  • Philosophical History of Philosophy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Osler, Margaret J., 1942- History of philosophy and the history of philosophy: a plea for textual history in context.
    • Watson, Richard A., 1931- What is the history of philosophy and why is it important?
    • Philosophy -- History.
    Abstract:
      Two recent articles described two ways of writing the history of philosophy, one analytic, the other historical, as if the history of philosophy cannot be both analytically sharp and contextually informed at the same time. I recommend the practice of "Philosophical History of Philosophy," which combines the advantages of the analytic and historical methods.
    Osler, Margaret J., 1942-
    Watson, Richard A., 1931-
  • Reply by Margaret J. Osler and Richard A. Watson
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    Subject Headings:
    • Martinich, Aloysius. Philosophical history of philosophy.
    • Philosophy -- History.

Book Reviews

    Long, Roderick T.
  • Cognition of Value in Aristotle's Ethics: Promise of Enrichment, Threat of Destruction (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Achtenberg, Deborah, 1951- Cognition of value in Aristotle's ethics: promise of enrichment, threat of destruction.
    • Aristotle -- Ethics.
    Zografidis, George.
  • Byzantine Philosophy and its Ancient Sources (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ierodiakonou, Katerina, ed. Byzantine philosophy and its ancient sources.
    • Philosophy -- Byzantine Empire.
    Pozzo, Riccardo, 1959-
  • La presenza dell'aristotelismo padovano nella filosofia della prima modernità: Atti del Colloquio internazionale in memoria di Charles B. Schmitt (Padova, 4-6 settembre 2000) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Piaia, Gregorio, ed. Presenza dell'aristotelismo padovano nella filosofia della prima modernità: atti del colloquio internazionale in memoria di Charles B. Schmitt (Padova, 4-6 settembre 2000)
    • Aristotle -- Criticism and interpretation -- Congresses.
    Watson, Richard A., 1931-
  • Radical Cartesianism: The French Reception of Descartes (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schmaltz, Tad M., 1960- Radical Cartesianism: the French reception of Descartes.
    • Descartes, René, 1596-1650.
    Duchesneau, François, 1943-
  • La Doctrine leibnizienne de la vérité: Aspects logiques et ontologiques (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rauzy, Jean-Baptiste. Doctrine leibnizienne de la vérité: aspects logiques et ontologiques.
    • Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Freiherr von, 1646-1716.
    Melamed, Yisrael Yehoshua.
  • Jewish Themes in Spinoza's Philosophy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ravven, Heidi M., 1952-, ed. Jewish themes in Spinoza's philosophy.
    • Goodman, Lenn Evan, 1944-, ed.
    • Spinoza, Benedictus de, 1632-1677.
    Laursen, John Christian.
  • Moderne aus dem Untergrund: Radikale Frühaufklärung in Deutschland, 1680-1720 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mulsow, Martin. Moderne aus dem Untergrund: radikale Frühaufklärung in Deutschland, 1680-1720.
    • Enlightenment -- Germany.
    Wood, Paul B.
  • Thomas Reid and Scepticism: His Reliabilist Response (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • De Bary, Philip, 1952- Thomas Reid and scepticism: his reliabilist response.
    • Reid, Thomas, 1710-1796.
    Hyder, David Jalal, 1954-
  • Kants Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft: Ein kritischer Kommentar (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pollok, Konstantin. Kants Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft: ein kritischer Kommentar.
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft.
    Moran, Dermot.
  • A Hundred Years of Phenomenology: Perspectives on a Philosophical Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Small, Robin, ed. Hundred years of phenomenology: perspectives on a philosophical tradition.
    • Phenomenology.
    Paris, Jeffrey R., 1968-
  • Jürgen Habermas: A Philosophical-Political Profile (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Matustík, Martin Joseph, 1957- Jürgen Habermas: a philosophical-political profile.
    • Habermas, Jürgen -- Contributions in political science.
    Schalow, Frank, 1956-
  • The Essence of Human Freedom: An Introduction to Philosophy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Heidegger, Martin, 1889-1976. Essence of human freedom: an introduction to philosophy.
    • Sadler, Ted, 1952-, tr.
    • Free will and determinism.
    Sutherland, Daniel.
  • Mathematics and Necessity: Essays in the History of Philosophy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smiley, T. J. (Timothy John), ed. Mathematics and necessity: essays in the history of philosophy.
    • Philosophy -- History.



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