Antislavery movements -- Economic aspects -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
Consumption (Economics) -- Political aspects -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
Boycotts -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
Though seldom studied, advocates of "free produce," or abstinence from the products of slave labor, were the radical conscience of American abolitionism, leading the call for immediate emancipation, embracing interracial organizing, and promoting moral suasion through exemplary behavior. Following successful eighteenth-century boycotts, British Quaker Elizabeth Heyrick argued in 1824 that a movement advancing free produce could quickly end slavery. Linking the sins of the consumer with the sins of the slaveholder, American advocates of free produce urged fellow abolitionists to renounce all contact with human bondage. Often portrayed as ineffectual purists committed to individual salvation, supporters in fact promoted free labor through practical measures like stores and associations. While William Lloyd Garrison and other abolitionists rejected the boycott in the 1840s, women like Lucretia Mott and African Americans like Henry Highland Garnet continued to urge the use of free produce until the Civil War. Activist women emphasized free produce as a matter of ideological consistency and moral responsibility. For black abolitionists, experiments in free cotton and sugar production contributed to their growing interest in emigration in the 1850s. While the movement never gained enough adherents to destroy slavery, its continuing popularity among the most radical and diverse group of abolitionists suggests that anti-slavery, like many other liberation movements, depended upon such symbolic sacrifices.
American Anti-Slavery Society, American Free Produce Association, American Moral Reform Association, Elizabeth Margaret Chandler, David Lee Child, Colored Free Produce Society, Frederick Douglass, Free Produce Movement, Henry Highland Garnet, William Lloyd Garrison, Mary Grew, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, Elizabeth Heyrick, Elias Hicks, Lucretia Mott, James Mott, Esther Nixon, Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, Sarah Pugh, Samuel Ringgold Ward, Lydia White, World’s Anti-Slavery Convention
United States -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain.
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- United States.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1783-1815.
Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804 -- Political and social views.
Madison, James, 1751-1836 -- Political and social views.
The "Great Divergence" between Alexander Hamilton and James Madison remains one of the most puzzling phenomena in the history of the Early Republic. As members of the Confederation Congress, delegates to the Constitutional Convention, and principal authors of The Federalist Papers, Hamilton and Madison worked together throughout the 1780s to strengthen the impotent national government. Yet by the early 1790s Madison appeared to have renounced his earlier nationalism, embraced a more limited construction of federal power, and joined with Thomas Jefferson in opposition to Hamilton and his Federalist supporters. The question of why Madison suddenly changed course has for two centuries produced a variety of answers, the overwhelming majority of which have focused almost exclusively on Madison's words and deeds. But Madison maintained to the end of his life that it was not he who had abandoned Hamilton but rather Hamilton who had abandoned him. Though few scholars have taken Madison seriously, there is evidence to suggest that from a certain point of view his contention qualifies as highly plausible. If we focus on the important issue of U.S.-British relations, and if we subject Hamilton's words and deeds to the same kind of scrutiny once reserved for Madison, we find that on matters relevant to Anglo-American affairs Madison had good reason for believing that Hamilton had abandoned him.
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, U.S.-British Relations, 1783-89, Treaty of Paris (1783), Confederation Congress Annapolis Convention, U.S. Constitution, Federalist Papers, Federalist Number 11, Commercial discrimination, Economic coercion, First Federal Congress, George Beckwith, Report on Public Credit (1790)
Bible -- Versions, Catholic -- History -- 18th century.
Bible -- Publication and distribution -- United States -- History -- 18th century.
Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839.
Mathew Carey's Douai Bible of 1790 was the first Catholic and only the second English Bible published in the Americas. It was also part of the first group of Catholic devotional and instructional works printed in early America, all produced by Carey, and marks the emergence of a Catholic presence in late-eighteenth century American print culture. During the period, Enlightenment attitudes about toleration for religious minorities came into conflict with the Enlightenment's critique of Catholicism's perceived role in history and stereotypes about Catholics as hostile to Bible reading. The appearance of Carey's Bible and other Catholic publications coincided with creation of the first American diocese and appointment of its first bishop, John Carroll, in 1789. During this brief period after limited toleration was first granted to Catholics at the federal level, lay Catholics such as Carey co-opted Enlightenment critiques of European Catholic intolerance to argue for increased toleration of their own faith in the new republic. By positioning themselves as supporters of republicanism and religious plurality, and by contributing to and representing themselves in print and in civic organizations, Catholics announced their support for democratic values, literacy, and the tolerance they sought for their own faith.
Douai Bible, Early American Catholicism, John Carroll, Mathew Carey, Philadelphia, Print culture, Robert Aitken, Richard Challoner, Religious toleration, King James Bible, Bible in English, Craig and Lea
American literature -- 1783-1850 -- History and criticism.
American literature -- Southern States -- History and criticism.
American literature -- Economic aspects.
This essay analyzes the publishing experiences of six Southwestern writers: Caroline Hentz and Augusta Evans, writers of popular sentimental fiction; Johnson Hooper and Joseph Baldwin, best known for their humorous stories; and William Russell Smith and Alexander Meek, who wrote in many genres. Scholars have explored the impact of capitalism on Northern writers by examining their texts and, to a lesser extent, their direct engagement with the market, but they have discussed antebellum Southern writers as if they were excluded from the domain of capitalism, and they have done so without investigating writers' economic behavior. This essay argues that the involvement of southwestern writers with the market affected them in ways that complicate our understanding of the relationship between capitalism and authorship. Regardless of how much money they earned from writing, Southwestern authors constantly pursued readers. They first sought to mobilize readers behind the idea of a purely Southern literature, and then, like writers in the North, they sought national readerships through Northern publishing firms. In the process, Southwestern writers accommodated to the market and internalized its values, but they discovered tension between their conduct as authors and their character as Southerners. And, despite their attempt to address people across the country, their work reflected the sectional conflict that took place in the market for printed materials. Ultimately, the commercialization of letters affected the way they thought of themselves both as writers and as Southerners.
Caroline Hentz, William Russell Smith, Alexander Meek, Joseph Baldwin, Johnson Hooper, Augusta Evans, American book publishing, American market economy, Southern literature, Southern writers, American print capitalism, American authorship, American authors, Old Southwest, American popular literature, Alabama writers, American Romanticism, Commercialization, American women writers, Southern women writers, American literary history, American print history, American book history, Southwestern humor, Sentimental fiction
Allen, Austin, 1970- Origins of the Dred Scott case: Jacksonian jurisprudence and the Supreme Court, 1837-1857.
Constitutional history -- United States -- Sources.
How the Indians Lost Their Land: Law and Power on the Frontier, and: How the Discovery of America Dispossessed Indigenous Peoples of Their Lands, and: Sovereign Selves: American Indian Autobiography and the Law (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Banner, Stuart, 1963- How the Indians lost their land: law and power on the frontier.
Robertson, Lindsay Gordon. Conquest by law: how the discovery of America dispossessed indigenous peoples of their lands.
Carlson, David J., 1970- Sovereign selves: American Indian autobiography and the law.
Indians of North America -- Land tenure.
United Illinois and Wabash Land Companies -- Trials, litigation, etc.
Mason, Matthew. Slavery and politics in the early American republic.
Slavery -- Political aspects -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
Parkinson, Robert G.
The Forgotten Fifth: African Americans in the Age of Revolution, and: Slave Nation: How Slavery United the Colonies and Sparked the American Revolution, and: Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution, and: Epic Journeys of Freedom: Runaway Slaves of the American Revolution and Their Global Quest for Liberty (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Nash, Gary B. Forgotten fifth: African Americans in the age of revolution.
Blumrosen, Alfred W. Slave nation: how slavery united the colonies & sparked the American Revolution.
Blumrosen, Ruth G.
Schama, Simon. Rough crossings: Britain, the slaves, and the American Revolution.
Pybus, Cassandra. Epic journeys of freedom: runaway slaves of the American Revolution and their global quest for liberty.
United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- African Americans -- Congresses.
Slavery -- United States -- History -- 18th century.