Journal of Modern Greek Studies

Journal of Modern Greek Studies 15.2, October 1997

Special Issue: Whither the Neohellenic?

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Whither the Neohellenic?

    Jusdanis, Gregory, 1955-.
  • Introduction: Modern Greek! Why?
    Subject Headings:
    • Greek literature, Modern -- 20th century.
    • Greek literature, Modern -- Study and teaching.
    • National characteristics, Greek.
    King, Katherine Callen.
  • Marguerite Yourcenar's Greek Earth
    Subject Headings:
    • Geopolitics -- Greece.
    • Yourcenar, Marguerite -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Geography in literature.
    Ruprecht, Louis A.
  • Hellenism on Display
    Subject Headings:
    • Classical education.
    • Hellenism.
    • Greek literature, Modern -- Study and teaching.
    Vlahoutsikou, Christina.
  • Mothers-in-law and Daughters-in-law: Politicizing Confrontations
    Subject Headings:
    • Mothers-in-law.
    • Daughters-in-law.
    • Women -- Greece -- Social conditions.
      In a village on mainland Greece, the ideology of virilocality was being challenged in the mid-1980s by the emergent ideology of the nuclear household. This ideological contest, which the village perceived as a struggle between indigenous tradition and the forces of modernity, was mediated largely through the conflict between mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law. Young women employed the symbolism of mass consumer goods in order to articulate the primacy of the conjugal bond over the unity between parents and sons. In this process, a wide range of "traditional" values and prescriptions of feminine identity was problematized and negotiated. Thus, with the aid of the language of consumption, the mother-in-law and daughter-in-law conflict of interest (often analyzed as a rift in feminine solidarity that contributes to the muted condition of women ) functioned as a means through which women articulated and helped to give concrete shape to a community-wide struggle over central meanings and values.
    Kioukias, Dimitris.
  • Interest Representation and Modernization Policies in Greece: Lessons Learned from the Study of Labor and Farmers
    Subject Headings:
    • Greece -- Politics and government -- 1974-.
    • Greece -- Economic policy -- 1974-.
    • Working class -- Greece -- History -- 1974-.
      Modernization strategies in Greece have traditionally incorporated lower class interests, notably those of trade unions and farmers' associations. The political crisis of the 1960s demonstrated the inadequacies of these strategies. Demands for participation increased enormously as soon as the seven-year dictatorship collapsed. When PASOK was in opposition it took advantage of this situation in order to attract lower-class interests by sponsoring a radical syndicalism. Once it assumed power, however, it aspired to subject these interests to its own control. This system of incorporation retained some old practices but was also based on the conveyance of controlled liberties and on redistribution. Initially it appeared successful; yet the system was challenged after the government abandoned the Keynesian program it had employed in the early 1980s. The neoliberal New Democracy party then tried to ameliorate these problems but its social project clashed with the traditions of post-dictatorship Greece. PASOK, on its return to power, appeared aware of the inadequacies of former state strategies and also of neoliberal ones. In effect, a more consensual form of interest representation was announced. But it still has not become clear whether Greece can pursue the path already followed by some advanced industrial democracies. Certainly more substantial reforms in industrial relations and interest representation must be made to justify claims that this sort of modernization has occurred. Beyond this, the new arrangements in Greece must not ignore certain useful concepts found in comparative theory.
    Moschonas, Andreas.
  • European Integration and Prospects of Modernization in Greece
    Subject Headings:
    • European Union.
    • Greece -- Politics and government -- 1974-.
    • Greece -- Social conditions -- 1974-.
      This paper examines the prospects of modernization in Greece in the context of European integration. Modernization, understood either as functional-structural differentiation along Weberian lines or as radical social and political transformation along Marxist ones, can take the following forms: market modernization, modernization of practices, modernization of structures. The policies applied can be either neoliberal, technocratic, or even democratic in their conception and implementation. I argue that although the technocratic form of modernization seems to prevail in Greek historical circumstances, none of the three forms of modernization has sufficient social and political support for its implementation.
    Panagiotopoulou, Roy.
  • Greeks in Europe: Antinomies in National Identities
    Subject Headings:
    • European Union.
    • Eurocentrism.
    • Nationalism -- Greece.
      The attempt to create a common European identity is considered a prerequisite for achieving cultural homogeneity as well as essential for supporting the supranational decision-making institutional framework. The problems of maintaining both national sovereignty and national identity, and of preserving cultural particularity have preoccupied Greek political discourse since the beginning of the negotiations for Greece's accession into the EC. Although presenting an overall pro-EU profile, Greeks have reacted negatively to measures allowing aliens to participate in national and local issues. The situation has become even more complex owing to Balkan and Eastern Europe instability and also to the continuing politicoeconomic crisis in Greece itself. Structural changes and the modernization of the functions of the state have become inevitable in order to maintain Greece's position in the EU and to allow the country to catch up with Europe's overall development. These dilemmas have triggered ambivalent feelings toward national and European identity and toward the necessity of modernizing the nation's social, economic, and political structures.

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