Journal of Japanese Studies

The Journal of Japanese Studies
Volume 31, Number 2, Summer 2005

CONTENTS

Articles

    Mulgan, Aurelia George.
  • Where Tradition Meets Change: Japan's Agricultural Politics in Transition
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agriculture and politics -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Agriculture and state -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Prime ministers -- Japan -- Election -- History -- 20th century.
    • Political parties -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Japanese agricultural politics is transiting from an old to a new model, one that reflects broader changes in Japan's political economy. Those changes include a rebalancing of electoral power away from rural interests, the emergence of forces working for political and economic reform, the buttressing of executive power at the expense of the customary policymaking apparatus, and the ascendancy of a prime minister whose policy agenda is antithetical to the very foundations on which traditional power structures have rested. So far, however, the impact on farm policy has been modest. Vestiges of the old system continue to complicate the outlook for agricultural reform.
    Shipper, Apichai W.
  • Criminals or Victims? The Politics of Illegal Foreigners in Japan
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    Subject Headings:
    • Illegal aliens -- Civil rights -- Japan.
    • Xenophobia -- Political aspects -- Japan.
    • Illegal aliens -- Government policy -- Japan.
    Abstract:
      Public opinion over illegal foreigners in Japan is highly contested. Some political leaders construct negative images of illegal foreigners as criminals, while activists portray them as victims. These activists provide an alternative source of information about the conditions of illegal foreigners and are an important counterweight to official Japan's more prejudiced activities. Consequently, Japanese attitudes toward illegal foreigners during the 1990s were mixed, with an increasing association of illegal foreigners and criminality and a rise in the perception of them as victims deprived of basic rights. Renewed efforts from state actors have further incited xenophobic attitudes toward illegal foreigners.
    Schattschneider, Ellen.
  • The Bloodstained Doll: Violence and the Gift in Wartime Japan
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dolls -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Symbolism -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Japan -- Psychological aspects.
    Abstract:
      During 1936–45, women throughout the Japanese Empire made countless female figures and sent them in imonbukuro (comfort bags) to military personnel. Incorporating elements of amulets, Bodhisattva images, hitogata (ancient protective figures), and Western-style dolls, these masukotto (mascots) or imon ningyō (comfort dolls) took on shifting ideological and ritual functions. Initially, they helped domesticate colonial landscapes and bind conventional soldiers to the female-coded mythic Japanese homeland. Late in the war, when taken by tokkōtai (Special Attack Corps, or "kamikaze") pilots on fatal missions, the dolls had increasingly conjugal and sacrificial associations, foreshadowing their ambiguous deployments in postwar memorial, display, and political projects.
    Suzuki, Michiko, 1945-
  • Progress and Love Marriage: Rereading Tanizaki Jun'ichiro's Chijin no ai
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tanizaki, Junichiro, 1886-1965. Chijin no ai.
    • Love in literature.
    • Marriage in literature.
    Abstract:
      This article examines Tanizaki Jun'ichirō's Chijin no ai (A fool's love, 1924–25) and its conversation with the prominent cultural discourses of its time. I focus particularly on the ideas presented by writers such as Hiratsuka Raichō and Kuriyagawa Hakuson regarding "love marriage" (ren'ai kekkon), a practice idealized as both a marker for an advanced nation and a site enabling individuals to "progress" and heighten their characters (jinkaku). The novel parodically rewrites and actively reexamines these discourses in relation to contemporary values such as self-cultivation (shūyō) and cultural knowledge (kyōkō), asking what "progress" means within the rapidly changing social landscape of the 1920s.

Review Essay

    Grimes, William W.
  • Reassessing Amakudari: What Do We Know and How Do We Know It?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Amyx, Jennifer Ann. Japan's financial crisis: institutional rigidity and reluctant change.
    • Rixtel, Adrian A. R. J. M. van. Informality and monetary policy in Japan: the political economy of bank performance.
    • Finance -- Japan.
    • Monetary policy -- Japan.

Reviews

    Lincoln, Edward J.
  • Beyond Bilateralism: U.S.-Japan Relations in the New Asia-Pacific (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Krauss, Ellis S., ed. Beyond bilateralism: U.S.-Japan relations in the new Asia-Pacific.
    • Pempel, T. J., 1942-, ed.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Japan.
    Tilton, Mark, 1956-
  • Japan's Managed Globalization: Adapting to the Twenty-First Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schaede, Ulrike, 1962-, ed. Japan's managed globalization: adapting to the twenty-first century.
    • Grimes, William W., ed.
    • Japan -- Economic conditions -- 1989-
    Smitka, Michael.
  • Princes of the Yen: Japan's Central Bankers and the Transformation of the Economy, and: Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Werner, Richard, 1967- Princes of the Yen: Japan's central bankers and the transformation of the economy.
    • Wright, Maurice, 1933- Japan's fiscal crisis: the Ministry of Finance and the politics of public spending, 1975-2000.
    • Banks and banking, Central -- Japan.
    • Budget -- Japan -- History.
    Drifte, Reinhard.
  • Japan's Security Agenda: Military, Economic, and Environmental Dimensions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hughes, Christopher W. Japan's security agenda: military, economic, and environmental dimensions.
    • National security -- Japan.
    Hirata, Keiko.
  • The State of Civil Society in Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schwartz, Frank J. (Frank Jacob), 1958-, ed. State of civil society in Japan.
    • Pharr, Susan J., ed.
    • Civil society -- Japan.
    Ramseyer, J. Mark, 1954-
  • Japanese Contract and Anti-Trust Law: A Sociological and Comparative Study (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Visser 't Hooft, Willem Maurits, 1965- Japanese contract and anti-trust law: a sociological and comparative study.
    • Contracts -- Japan.
    Traphagan, John W.
  • Identity and Ritual in a Japanese Diving Village: The Making and Becoming of Person and Place (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Martinez, D. P. (Dolores P.), 1957- Identity and ritual in a Japanese diving village: the making and becoming of person and place.
    • Ethnology -- Japan -- Kuzaki-cho (Toba-shi)
    Hannerz, Ulf.
  • Tsukiji: The Fish Market at the Center of the World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bestor, Theodore C. Tsukiji: the fish market at the center of the world.
    • Tokyo-to Chuo Oroshiuri Shijo -- History.
    Sivaramakrishnan, K., 1957-
  • Waiting for Wolves in Japan: An Anthropological Study of People-Wildlife Relations (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Knight, John, 1960- Waiting for wolves in Japan: an anthropological study of people-wildlife relations.
    • Wolves -- Japan.
    Payne, Richard Karl.
  • Jewel in the Ashes: Buddha Relics and Power in Early Medieval Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ruppert, Brian Douglas, 1962- Jewel in the ashes: Buddha relics and power in early medieval Japan.
    • Gautama Buddha -- Relics.
    Pitelka, Morgan, 1972-
  • Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Watsky, Andrew Mark, 1957- Chikubushima: deploying the sacred arts in Momoyama Japan.
    • Art, Japanese -- Japan -- Chikubu Island.
    Lillehoj, Elizabeth.
  • Gender and Power in the Japanese Visual Field (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mostow, Joshua S., 1957-, ed. Gender and power in the Japanese visual field.
    • Bryson, Norman, 1949-, ed.
    • Graybill, Maribeth, ed.
    • Feminism and the arts -- Japan.
    Washburn, Dennis C. (Dennis Charles), 1954-
  • Ozu's Anti-Cinema (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yoshida, Yoshishige, 1933- Ozu's anti-cinema.
    • Miyao, Daisuke, tr.
    • Hirano, Kyoko, tr.
    • Ozu, Yasujiro, 1903-1963 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Carroll, Tessa.
  • Keigo in Modern Japan: Polite Language from Meiji to the Present (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wetzel, Patricia Jean. Keigo in modern Japan: polite language from Meiji to the present.
    • Japanese language -- Honorific.
    Lamers, Jeroen Pieter, 1967-
  • Samurai, Warfare and the State in Early Medieval Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Friday, Karl F. Samurai, warfare and the state in early medieval Japan.
    • Japan -- History, Military -- To 1868.
    Bolitho, Harold.
  • State of War: The Violent Order of Fourteenth-Century Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conlan, Thomas. State of war: the violent order of fourteenth-century Japan.
    • Japan -- History -- Period of northern and southern courts, 1336-1392.
    Dudden, Alexis, 1969-
  • Pre-industrial Korea and Japan in Environmental Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Totman, Conrad D. Pre-industrial Korea and Japan in environmental perspective.
    • Human ecology -- Korea -- History.
    Imamura, Anne E., 1946-
  • Toshié: A Story of Village Life in Twentieth Century Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Partner, Simon. Toshié: a story of village life in twentieth century Japan.
    • Rural families -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Hanes, Jeffrey E., 1950-
  • House and Home: Architecture, Domestic Space, and Bourgeois Culture, 1880-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sand, Jordan, 1960- House and home: architecture, domestic space, and bourgeois culture, 1880-1930.
    • Architecture, Domestic -- Japan.
    Koschmann, J. Victor.
  • Marxist History and Postwar Japanese Nationalism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gayle, Curtis Anderson, 1963- Marxist history and postwar Japanese nationalism.
    • Japan -- Historiography.
    Duara, Prasenjit.
  • The Teleology of the Modern Nation-state: Japan and China (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fogel, Joshua A., 1950-, ed. Teleology of the modern nation-state: Japan and China.
    • National state -- Case studies.
    Sorensen, André, 1960-
  • Rebuilding Urban Japan after 1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hein, Carola, ed. Rebuilding urban Japan after 1945.
    • Diefendorf, Jeffry M., 1945-, ed.
    • Ishida, Yorifusa, 1932-, ed.
    • City planning -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Orr, James Joseph.
  • Nationalisms of Japan: Managing and Mystifying Identity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McVeigh, Brian J. Nationalisms of Japan: managing and mystifying identity.
    • Japan -- Civilization -- 1868-
    Kornicki, Peter F. (Peter Francis)
  • Novel Japan: Spaces of Nationhood in Early Meiji Narrative, 1870-88 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mertz, John Pierre, 1957- Novel Japan: spaces of nationhood in early Meiji narrative, 1870-88.
    • Japanese fiction -- Meiji period, 1868-1912 -- History and criticism.

Publications of Note

Contributors

Editor's Note




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