Journal of Japanese Studies

The Journal of Japanese Studies
Volume 30, Number 2, Summer 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Maclachlan, Patricia L.
  • Post Office Politics in Modern Japan: The Postmasters, Iron Triangles, and the Limits of Reform
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    Subject Headings:
    • Postmasters -- Japan -- Political activity -- History.
    • Jiyu Minshuto -- History.
    • Postmasters -- Japan -- Social conditions.
    • Postal service -- Japan -- History.
    Abstract:
      This essay seeks to explain the political power of the commissioned postmasters in the context of their participation in one of postwar Japan's most enduring iron triangles. I show how the postmasters have evolved into an electoral ally of the Liberal Democratic Party and how their relationship with national bureaucrats complements that partnership. These political and bureaucratic linkages have enabled the postmasters to prevent significant reform of the postal system. To assess the implications of post office politics for Japanese politics more broadly, I explore the postmasters' evolution, processes contributing to the institutionalization of the triangular alliance in the postal services sector, the postmasters' electoral activities, and the alliance's impact on Prime Minister Koizumi Jun'ichirō's recent efforts to privatize postal services.
    Metzler, Mark.
  • Woman's Place in Japan's Great Depression: Reflections on the Moral Economy of Deflation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Deflation (Finance) -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Depressions -- 1929 -- Japan.
    • Women in politics -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Prices -- Government policy -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      There is a characteristic moral economy of deflation, and it can be traced with clarity in the case of Japan's long deflation of the 1920s. Deflation emerged as an issue in 1919 and reached an extreme in 1929-31, when the Hamaguchi Osachi cabinet adopted the depression-inducing policy of restoring the yen to gold convertibility at its old prewar value. To support its deflation policy, the cabinet launched an extraordinary campaign to induce households to reduce their consumption. Consumption was a specifically gendered conception, and women's place as subjects and as objects of consumption became the symbolic center of a historic confrontation between orthodox "monetarist" and novel "Keynesian" ideas.
    Compernolle, Timothy J. van.
  • Happiness Foreclosed: Sentimentalism, the Suffering Heroine, and Social Critique in Higuchi Ichiyo's "Jusan'ya"
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    Subject Headings:
    • Higuchi, Ichiyo, 1872-1896. Jusan'ya.
    • Sentimentalism in literature.
    • Women in literature.
    • Suffering in literature.
    Abstract:
      Sentimentalism is often viewed as a conservative mode of literary imagination, whereby an author occludes social problems with tears. I demonstrate that at least in the case of Higuchi Ichiyō's "Jūsan'ya" (Thirteenth night, 1895), the story of a woman who is persuaded by her family not to divorce her husband, sentimentalism can be read differently. In this essay, I make use of historicist reading strategies in order to show how a classical rhetoric pressed into the service of sentimentality is dialogically engaged with an emergent ideology of the bourgeois nuclear family and how the text can be read as a concerted critique of that ideology.
    Cave, Peter.
  • Bukatsudo: The Educational Role of Japanese School Clubs
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    Subject Headings:
    • Student activities -- Japan.
    • Education, Secondary -- Aims and objectives -- Japan.
    • Maturation (Psychology) -- Japan.
    Abstract:
      Bukatsudō (extracurricular school clubs) are a longstanding feature of Japanese secondary education. These "communities of practice" employ a model of learning akin to apprenticeship, stressing imitation and repetition while socializing students into values and behavior demanded in adult society, notably in terms of a hierarchy of seniors (senpai) and juniors (kōhai). In sports clubs, values associated with "spiritual education" (seishin kyōiku) are often prominent. Club participation promotes school order, aided by ritual, routine, and the often intense emotional attachment and group spirit engendered in club activities. Understanding bukatsudō illuminates the nature of order, selfhood, human development, and learning in Japan.

Review Essay

    Gordon, Andrew, 1952-
  • Rethinking Area Studies, Once More
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miyoshi, Masao, ed. Learning places: the afterlives of area studies.
    • Harootunian, Harry D., 1929-, ed.
    • Asia -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.

Reviews

    Howland, Douglas, 1955-
  • Transformations of Sensibility: The Phenomenology of Meiji Literature (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kamei, Hideo, 1937- Transformations of sensibility: the phenomenology of Meiji literature.
    • Bourdaghs, Michael, 1961-, ed.
    • Japanese literature -- 1868- -- History and criticism.
    Árnason, Jóhann Páll, 1940-
  • An Ecological View of History: Japanese Civilization in the World Context (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Umesao, Tadao, 1920- Ecological view of history: Japanese civilization in the world context.
    • Befu, Harumi, ed.
    • Cary, Beth, tr.
    • Japan -- Civilization -- Foreign influences.
    Edwards, Walter Drew, 1949-
  • A Genealogy of "Japanese" Self-images (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Oguma, Eiji, 1962- Genealogy of "Japanese" self-images.
    • Askew, David, tr.
    • Japan -- Intellectual life -- 1868-
    Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Irmela.
  • Modern Japanese Culture: The Insider View (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Morton, Leith. Modern Japanese culture: the insider view.
    • Japan -- Civilization -- 1945-
    Ford, James L. (James Lowry), 1957-
  • Engendering Faith: Women and Buddhism in Premodern Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ruch, Barbara, ed. Engendering faith: women and Buddhism in premodern Japan.
    • Women in Buddhism -- Japan -- History.
    Borgen, Robert, 1945-
  • Buddhas and Kami in Japan: Honji Suijaku as a Combinatory Paradigm (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Teeuwen, Mark, ed. Buddhas and kami in Japan: honji suijaku as a combinatory paradigm.
    • Rambelli, Fabio, ed.
    • Shinto -- Relations -- Buddhism.
    Nelson, John K. (John Kenneth), 1953-
  • Immortal Wishes: Labor and Transcendence on a Japanese Sacred Mountain (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schattschneider, Ellen. Immortal wishes: labor and transcendence on a Japanese sacred mountain.
    • Akakura Yama Jinja (Iwaki-machi, Japan)
    Creighton, Millie R.
  • The Silk Weavers of Kyoto: Family and Work in a Changing Traditional Industry (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hareven, Tamara K. Silk weavers of Kyoto: family and work in a changing traditional industry.
    • Weavers -- Japan -- Kyoto.
    Goodman, Roger, 1960-
  • Brokered Homeland: Japanese Brazilian Migrants in Japan, and: Strangers in the Ethnic Homeland: Japanese Brazilian Return Migration in Transnational Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Roth, Joshua Hotaka. Brokered homeland: Japanese Brazilian migrants in Japan.
    • Tsuda, Takeyuki. Strangers in the ethnic homeland: Japanese Brazilian return migration in transnational perspective.
    • Brazilians -- Japan.
    De Carvalho, Daniela, 1956-
  • Searching for Home Abroad: Japanese Brazilians and Transnationalism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lesser, Jeff, ed. Searching for home abroad: Japanese Brazilians and transnationalism.
    • Brazilians -- Japan.
    Long, Susan Orpett.
  • Aging and Social Policy: A German-Japanese Comparison (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conrad, Harald, ed. Aging and social policy: a German-Japanese comparison.
    • Lützeler, Ralph, ed.
    • Older people -- Germany -- Social conditions -- Congresses.
    Hein, Carola.
  • Urban Reconstruction in Britain and Japan, 1945-1955: Dreams, Plans and Realities, and: Housing in Postwar Japan: A Social History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tiratsoo, Nick, 1952-, ed. Urban reconstruction in Britain and Japan, 1945-1955: dreams, plans and realities.
    • Waswo, Ann. Housing in postwar Japan: a social history.
    • Urban renewal -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    • Housing -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Frühstück, Sabine.
  • The Rules of Play: National Identity and the Shaping of Japanese Leisure (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leheny, David Richard, 1967- Rules of play: national identity and the shaping of Japanese leisure.
    • Leisure -- Government policy -- Japan.
    Johnston, William, 1955-
  • Colonizing Sex: Sexology and Social Control in Modern Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frühstück, Sabine. Colonizing sex: sexology and social control in modern Japan.
    • Sexology -- Japan.
    Bardsley, Jan.
  • Working Out in Japan: Shaping the Female Body in Tokyo Fitness Clubs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Spielvogel, Laura, 1970- Working out in Japan: shaping the female body in Tokyo fitness clubs.
    • Physical fitness for women -- Social aspects -- Japan.
    Hastings, Sally A.
  • The New Japanese Woman: Modernity, Media, and Women in Interwar Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sato, Barbara Hamill. New Japanese woman: modernity, media, and women in interwar Japan.
    • Women -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Doak, Kevin Michael.
  • Sovereignty and Authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian Modern (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Duara, Prasenjit. Sovereignty and authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian modern.
    • Nationalism -- East Asia.
    Vaporis, Constantine Nomikos, 1957-
  • Mapping Early Modern Japan: Space, Place, and Culture in the Tokugawa Period (1603-1868) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yonemoto, Marcia, 1964- Mapping early modern Japan: space, place, and culture in the Tokugawa period (1603-1868)
    • Japan -- Civilization -- 1600-1868.
    Screech, Timon.
  • The Prints of Isoda Koryusai: Floating World Culture and Its Consumers in Eighteenth-Century Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hockley, Allen. Prints of Isoda Koryusai: floating world culture and its consumers in eighteenth-century Japan.
    • Isoda, Koryusai, fl. 1764-1788.
    Walker, Brett L., 1967-
  • A History of Japan, 1582-1941: Internal and External Worlds (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cullen, L. M. (Louis M.) History of Japan, 1582-1941: internal and external worlds.
    • Japan -- History.
    Rodd, Laurel Rasplica.
  • Awesome Nightfall: The Life, Times, and Poetry of Saigyo (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • LaFleur, William R. Awesome nightfall: the life, times, and poetry of Saigyo.
    • Saigyo, 1118-1190.
    Rabson, Steve.
  • The Burdens of Survival: Ooka Shohei's Writings on the Pacific War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stahl, David C., 1959- Burdens of survival: Ooka Shohei's writings on the Pacific war.
    • Ooka, Shohei, 1909- -- Criticism and interpretation.
    Jacobsen, Wesley M.
  • Acts of Reading: Exploring Connections in Pedagogy of Japanese (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nara, Hiroshi, 1951- Acts of reading: exploring connections in pedagogy of Japanese.
    • Noda, Mari.
    • Japanese language -- Study and teaching -- Foreign speakers.
    Nygren, Scott.
  • The Flash of Capital: Film and Geopolitics in Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cazdyn, Eric M. Flash of capital: film and geopolitics in Japan.
    • Motion pictures -- Japan -- History.
    Laurence, Henry, 1963-
  • Banking on Stability: Japan and the Cross-Pacific Dynamics of International Financial Crisis Management (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Katada, Saori N. Banking on stability: Japan and the cross-Pacific dynamics of international financial crisis management.
    • Japan -- Foreign economic relations.
    Lam, Peng Er, 1959-
  • Civil Society in Japan: The Growing Role of NGOs in Tokyo's Aid Development Policy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hirata, Keiko. Civil society in Japan: the growing role of NGOs in Tokyo's aid development policy.
    • Civil society -- Japan.
    Arase, David.
  • Limits to Power: Asymmetric Dependence and Japanese Foreign Aid Policy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miyashita, Akitoshi, 1964- Limits to power: asymmetric dependence and Japanese foreign aid policy.
    • Japan -- Foreign economic relations.
    Krauss, Ellis S.
  • Alliance in Anxiety: Détente and the Sino-American-Japanese Triangle, and: Japan's Security Relations with China since 1989: From Balancing to Bandwagoning? (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ito, Tsuyoshi, 1966- Alliance in anxiety: détente and the Sino-American-Japanese triangle.
    • Drifte, Reinhard. Japan's security relations with China since 1989: from balancing to bandwagoning?
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- China.
    • National security -- Japan.
    Yoshida, Phyllis Genther.
  • Picking Winners? From Technology Catch-up to the Space Race in Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pekkanen, Saadia M. Picking winners? from technology catch-up to the space race in Japan.
    • Industrial policy -- Japan.
    Christensen, Ray, 1960-
  • Japanese Electoral Politics: Creating a New Party System (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reed, Steven R., 1947-, ed. Japanese electoral politics: creating a new party system.
    • Political parties -- Japan.
    Ginsburg, Tom.
  • The Japanese Adversary System in Context: Controversies and Comparisons (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feeley, Malcolm, ed. Japanese adversary system in context: controversies and comparisons.
    • Miyazawa, Setsuo, 1947-, ed.
    • Adversary system (Law) -- Japan.

Publications of Note

Contributors




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