Journal of Japanese Studies

The Journal of Japanese Studies
Volume 30, Number 1, Winter 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Krauss, Ellis S.
    Pekkanen, Robert.
  • Explaining Party Adaptation to Electoral Reform: The Discreet Charm of the LDP?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jiyu Minshuto -- History -- 20th century.
    • Political parties -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Japan -- Politics and government -- 1989-
    Abstract:
      This article traces the effects of Japan's 1994 electoral reform on Japan's governing party, the LDP. Factions have lost their central role in nominating candidates and deciding the party presidency but remain important in allocating party and Diet posts. Unexpectedly, koenkai have grown stronger because they perform new functions. PARC remains important but diminished by the enhanced policymaking role of party leaders in the coalition government. A central theme is unpredicted organizational adaptation—"embedded choice"—since 1994. We speculate on how this flexibility of the LDP, adapting old organizational forms to new incentives, its "discreet charm," may affect Japanese politics and the LDP's potential longevity in power.
    DiNitto, Rachel.
  • Translating Prewar Culture into Film: The Double Vision of Suzuki Seijun's Zigeunerweisen
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    Subject Headings:
    • Suzuki, Seijun, 1923-, dir. Zigeunerweisen [film]
    • Civilization in motion pictures.
    • Japan -- In motion pictures.
    • Japan -- Civilization -- 1912-1926.
    Abstract:
      Stylistically breaking from his 1960s Nikkatsu films, cult director Suzuki Seijun entered Japan's pre-World War II era with Zigeunerweisen (1980). Suzuki forgoes conventional narrative to set up a world of random associations and misleading mismatches and recreates the unevenness and double life of the culturally shifting prewar era. From his position in late postwar Japan, he questions the nature of representation and the discourse of authenticity surrounding history and culture in the 1920s and 1930s. His deliberateness in this comments on the process of representation, the function of nostalgia, and the definition of modernity itself, as Suzuki translates prewar culture into film.
    Jaffe, Richard M., 1954-
  • Seeking Sakyamuni: Travel and the Reconstruction of Japanese Buddhism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Buddhists -- Travel -- Asia, Southeastern -- History.
    • Buddhism -- Japan -- History -- 1868-1945.
    Abstract:
      The reconstruction of Japanese Buddhism in Meiji, Taisho, and Showa Japan involved not only interchanges with Europe and the United States. A central but overlooked catalyst for change was increased travel to and exchange with other Buddhists in Asia. An examination of travel accounts and other writings of three Meiji-era Japanese Buddhist travelers to South and Southeast Asia—Kitabatake Doryu, Shaku Kozen, and Shaku Soen—reveals how contact with Buddhists in those regions stimulated Japanese Buddhists to rethink the role of the historical Buddha in their tradition and demonstrates the importance of these contacts for Buddhism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
    Denecke, Wiebke.
  • Chinese Antiquity and Court Spectacle in Early Kanshi
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kanshi (Japanese poetry) -- To 1185 -- History and criticism.
    • Spectacular, The, in literature.
    • Japan -- Civilization -- Chinese influences.
    Abstract:
      This essay argues for closer attention to Japan's active appropriation of Chinese culture and an acknowledgment of the independence of kanshibun from Chinese literature. Obliged to give historical depth to an emerging literature, the compilers of the first kanshi anthologies adopted charismatic moments from Chinese literary history. Poets sympathized especially with courtly settings of Chinese antiquity: they evoked the Zhou court and its vassals at banquets for Korean envoys, performed phrases of the Analects at the Rites for Confucius, or replayed Han rhapsody recitation. The article contributes to studies of the creative use of the Chinese textual canon in Japan.

Perspectives

    Steinhoff, Patricia G., 1941-
  • Kidnapped Japanese in North Korea: The New Left Connection
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kidnapping victims -- Korea (North) -- History -- 20th century.
    • Japanese -- Crimes against -- History -- 20th century.
    • Korea (North) -- Relations -- Japan.
    • Japan -- Relations -- Korea (North)
    • New Left -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This article traces the connections between a Japanese New Left student group from the late 1960s, the Red Army Faction, and the kidnapping of Japanese citizens to North Korea. After hijacking a plane to Pyongyang in 1970, the "Yodogo" hijackers were converted to Kim Il Sung's chuch'e philosophy. North Korean agents lured eight Japanese women to North Korea to marry the men, and several of them later helped to lure three young Japanese travelers from Europe to North Korea. The story became known because of the investigative reporting of a journalist whose career was shaped by his New Left affiliations.

Reviews

    McClain, James L., 1944-
  • Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Waley, Paul, ed. Japanese capitals in historical perspective: place, power and memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo.
    • Fiévé, Nicolas, ed.
    • Cities and towns -- Japan -- History.
    Steenstrup, Carl.
  • Emperor and Aristocracy in Japan, 1467-1680: Resilience and Renewal (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Butler, Lee, 1958- Emperor and aristocracy in Japan, 1467-1680: resilience and renewal.
    • Emperors -- Japan -- History.
    Butler, Lee A.
  • The Moneylenders of Late Medieval Kyoto (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gay, Suzanne Marie. Moneylenders of late medieval Kyoto.
    • Banks and banking -- Japan -- Kyoto -- History.
    Vaporis, Constantine Nomikos, 1957-
  • Pèlerinage et société dans le Japon des Tokugawa: Le pèlerinage de Shikoku entre 1598 et 1868 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kouamé, Nathalie. Pèlerinage et société dans le Japon des Tokugawa: le pèlerinage de Shikoku entre 1598 et 1868.
    • Pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Social aspects -- Japan -- Shikoku Region.
    Smits, Gregory, 1960-
  • Prisoners from Nambu: Reality and Make-Believe in 17th-Century Japanese Diplomacy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hesselink, R. H. Prisoners from Nambu: reality and make-believe in 17th-century Japanese diplomacy.
    • Japan -- Foreign relations -- 1600-1868.
    Low, Morris.
  • The Lens within the Heart: The Western Scientific Gaze and Popular Imagery in Later Edo Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Screech, Timon. Lens within the heart: the Western scientific gaze and popular imagery in later Edo Japan.
    • Art, Japanese -- Edo period, 1600-1868.
    Dickinson, Frederick R., 1961-
  • Agony of Choice: Matsuoka Yosuke and the Rise and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1880-1946 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lu, David John, 1928- Agony of choice: Matsuoka Yosuke and the rise and fall of the Japanese Empire, 1880-1946.
    • Matsuoka, Yosuke, 1880-1946.
    Perez, Louis G.
  • The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: Perceptions, Power, and Primacy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Paine, S. C. M., 1957- Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: perceptions, power, and primacy.
    • Japan -- Foreign relations -- 1868-1912.
    Burkman, Thomas W.
  • Japanese Pride, American Prejudice: Modifying the Exclusion Clause of the 1924 Immigration Act (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hirobe, Izumi. Japanese pride, American prejudice: modifying the exclusion clause of the 1924 Immigration Act.
    • United States -- Relations -- Japan.
    Matsusaka, Yoshihisa Tak.
  • The Manchurian Crisis and Japanese Society, 1931-33 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wilson, Sandra, 1957- Manchurian crisis and Japanese society, 1931-33.
    • Manchuria (China) -- History -- 1931-1945.
    Goodman, Grant Kohn, 1924-
  • Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military during World War II, and: Japan's Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery and Prostitution during World War II and the US Occupation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yoshimi, Yoshiaki, 1946- Comfort women: sexual slavery in the Japanese military during World War II.
    • O'Brien, Suzanne, tr.
    • Tanaka, Toshiyuki, 1949- Japan's comfort women: sexual slavery and prostitution during World War II and the US occupation.
    • Comfort women -- Asia.
    Burkman, Thomas W.
  • The History of Anglo-Japanese Relations, 1600-2000, Volume II: The Political-Diplomatic Dimension, 1931-2000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hosoya, Chihiro, 1920-, ed. History of Anglo-Japanese relations.
    • Nish, Ian Hill, ed.
    • Kibata, Yoichi, 1946-, ed.
    • Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Japan.
    Hasebe, Yasuo, 1956-
  • From Imperial Myth to Democracy: Japan's Two Constitutions, 1889-2002 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Beer, Lawrence Ward, 1932- From imperial myth to democracy: Japan's two constitutions, 1889-2002.
    • Maki, John M. (John McGilvrey), 1909-
    • Constitutional history -- Japan.
    Tilton, Mark, 1956-
  • Antitrust in Germany and Japan: The First Fifty Years, 1947-1998 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Haley, John Owen. Antitrust in Germany and Japan: the first fifty years, 1947-1998.
    • Antitrust law -- Germany -- History.
    Figal, Gerald A., 1962-
  • Identity and Resistance in Okinawa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Allen, Matthew, 1957- Identity and resistance in Okinawa.
    • Okinawa-ken (Japan) -- History.
    Goody, Jack.
  • Kamikaze, Cherry Blossoms, and Nationalisms: The Militarization of Aesthetics in Japanese History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. Kamikaze, cherry blossoms, and nationalisms: the militarization of aesthetics in Japanese history.
    • Kamikaze airplanes.
    Tucker, John Allen.
  • Reconfiguring Modernity: Concepts of Nature in Japanese Political Ideology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thomas, Julia Adeney, 1958- Reconfiguring modernity: concepts of nature in Japanese political ideology.
    • Japan -- Politics and government -- 1868-1912.
    Sprague, David S.
  • A Japanese View of Nature: The World of Living Things (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Imanishi, Kinji, 1902- Japanese view of nature: the world of living things.
    • Asquith, Pamela J., 1951-, tr.
    • Biology -- Philosophy.
    Munroe, Alexandra.
  • Mavo: Japanese Artists and the Avant-Garde 1905-1931 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Weisenfeld, Gennifer S. (Gennifer Stacy), 1966- Mavo: Japanese artists and the avant-garde 1905-1931.
    • Mavo (Group of artists)
    Wade, Bonnie C.
  • Yogaku: Japanese Music in the Twentieth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Galliano, Luciana, 1953- Yogaku: Japanese music in the twentieth century.
    • Music -- Japan -- 20th century -- History and criticism.
    Kamens, Edward, 1952-
  • Allegories of Desire: Esoteric Literary Commentaries of Medieval Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Klein, Susan Blakeley. Allegories of desire: esoteric literary commentaries of medieval Japan.
    • Fujiwara, Sadaie, 1162-1241.
    Matsumoto, Yoshiko, 1954-
  • The Japanese Copula: Forms and Functions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Narahara, Tomiko. Japanese copula: forms and functions.
    • Japanese language -- Inflection.
    Smitka, Michael.
  • Japan's Economic Dilemma: The Institutional Origins of Prosperity and Stagnation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gao, Bai, 1955- Japan's economic dilemma: the institutional origins of prosperity and stagnation.
    • Japan -- Economic conditions -- 1989-
    Haley, John Owen.
  • Measuring Judicial Independence: The Political Economy of Judging in Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ramseyer, J. Mark, 1954- Measuring judicial independence: the political economy of judging in Japan.
    • Rasmusen, Eric.
    • Judges -- Japan.
    Pempel, T. J., 1942-
  • Japan's Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mulgan, Aurelia George. Japan's failed revolution: Koizumi and the politics of economic reform.
    • Japan -- Economic policy -- 1989-
    Bosworth, R. J. B.
  • Machiavelli's Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Samuels, Richard J. Machiavelli's children: leaders and their legacies in Italy and Japan.
    • Political leadership -- Italy -- History -- 19th century.
    Hughes, Christopher W.
  • The Challenges of the U.S.-Japan Military Arrangement: Competing Security Transitions in a Changing International Environment (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • DiFilippo, Anthony, 1950- Challenges of the U.S.-Japan military arrangement: competing security transitions in a changing international environment.
    • United States -- Military relations -- Japan.
    Arase, David.
  • Japan's Reluctant Realism: Foreign Policy Challenges in an Era of Uncertain Power (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Green, Michael J. Japan's reluctant realism: foreign policy challenges in an era of uncertain power.
    • Japan -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1989.
    Hatch, Walter, 1954-
  • Japan and the Reconstruction of East Asia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kelly, Dominic, 1965- Japan and the reconstruction of East Asia.
    • Japan -- Foreign economic relations -- East Asia.
    Suzuki, Hikaru.
  • Demographic Change and the Family in Japan's Aging Society, and: Family and Social Policy in Japan: Anthropological Approaches (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Traphagan, John W., ed. Demographic change and the family in Japan's aging society.
    • Knight, John, 1960-, ed.
    • Goodman, Roger, 1960-, ed. Family and social policy in Japan: anthropological approaches.
    • Japan -- Population.
    • Family -- Japan.
    LeBlanc, Robin M., 1966-
  • Consumer Politics in Postwar Japan: The Institutional Boundaries of Citizen Activism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Maclachlan, Patricia L. Consumer politics in Postwar Japan: the institutional boundaries of citizen activism.
    • Consumer protection -- Japan -- History.
    Eades, J. S. (Jeremy Seymour), 1945-
  • Japanese Higher Education as Myth (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McVeigh, Brian J. Japanese higher education as myth.
    • Education, Higher -- Japan -- History -- 21st century.
    Havens, Thomas R. H.
  • Farmers and Village Life in Twentieth-Century Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Waswo, Ann, ed. Farmers and village life in twentieth-century Japan.
    • Yoshiaki, Nishida, 1940-, ed.
    • Farm life -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.

Publications of Note

Notes on Contributors




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