The Journal of Japanese Studies
Volume 30, Number 1, Winter 2004
Krauss, Ellis S.
Explaining Party Adaptation to Electoral Reform: The Discreet Charm of the LDP? [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Jiyu Minshuto -- History -- 20th century.
Political parties -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
Japan -- Politics and government -- 1989-
This article traces the effects of Japan's 1994 electoral reform on
Japan's governing party, the LDP. Factions have lost their central
role in nominating candidates and deciding the party presidency but
remain important in allocating party and Diet posts. Unexpectedly,
koenkai have grown stronger because they perform new
functions. PARC remains important but diminished by the enhanced
policymaking role of party leaders in the coalition government. A
central theme is unpredicted organizational adaptation—"embedded
choice"—since 1994. We speculate on how this flexibility of the LDP,
adapting old organizational forms to new incentives, its "discreet charm,"
may affect Japanese politics and the LDP's potential longevity in power.
Translating Prewar Culture into Film: The Double Vision of Suzuki Seijun's Zigeunerweisen [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Suzuki, Seijun, 1923-, dir. Zigeunerweisen [film]
Civilization in motion pictures.
Japan -- In motion pictures.
Japan -- Civilization -- 1912-1926.
Stylistically breaking from his 1960s Nikkatsu films, cult
director Suzuki Seijun entered Japan's pre-World War II era with
Zigeunerweisen (1980). Suzuki forgoes conventional narrative to
set up a world of random associations and misleading mismatches and
recreates the unevenness and double life of the culturally shifting
prewar era. From his position in late postwar Japan, he questions the
nature of representation and the discourse of authenticity surrounding
history and culture in the 1920s and 1930s. His deliberateness in this
comments on the process of representation, the function of nostalgia,
and the definition of modernity itself, as Suzuki translates prewar
culture into film.
Buddhists -- Travel -- Asia, Southeastern -- History.
Buddhism -- Japan -- History -- 1868-1945.
The reconstruction of Japanese Buddhism in Meiji, Taisho, and Showa
Japan involved not only interchanges with Europe and the United
States. A central but overlooked catalyst for change was increased
travel to and exchange with other Buddhists in Asia. An examination of
travel accounts and other writings of three Meiji-era Japanese Buddhist
travelers to South and Southeast Asia—Kitabatake Doryu,
Shaku Kozen, and Shaku Soen—reveals how contact with
Buddhists in those regions stimulated Japanese Buddhists to rethink
the role of the historical Buddha in their tradition and demonstrates
the importance of these contacts for Buddhism in the nineteenth and
Kanshi (Japanese poetry) -- To 1185 -- History and criticism.
Spectacular, The, in literature.
Japan -- Civilization -- Chinese influences.
This essay argues for closer attention to Japan's active appropriation
of Chinese culture and an acknowledgment of the independence of
kanshibun from Chinese literature. Obliged to give historical
depth to an emerging literature, the compilers of the first kanshi
anthologies adopted charismatic moments from Chinese literary
history. Poets sympathized especially with courtly settings of Chinese
antiquity: they evoked the Zhou court and its vassals at banquets for
Korean envoys, performed phrases of the Analects at the Rites for
Confucius, or replayed Han rhapsody recitation. The article contributes
to studies of the creative use of the Chinese textual canon in Japan.
Kidnapping victims -- Korea (North) -- History -- 20th century.
Japanese -- Crimes against -- History -- 20th century.
Korea (North) -- Relations -- Japan.
Japan -- Relations -- Korea (North)
New Left -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
This article traces the connections between a Japanese New Left student
group from the late 1960s, the Red Army Faction, and the kidnapping of
Japanese citizens to North Korea. After hijacking a plane to Pyongyang
in 1970, the "Yodogo" hijackers were converted to Kim Il Sung's
chuch'e philosophy. North Korean agents lured eight Japanese
women to North Korea to marry the men, and several of them later helped
to lure three young Japanese travelers from Europe to North Korea. The
story became known because of the investigative reporting of a journalist
whose career was shaped by his New Left affiliations.
McClain, James L., 1944-
Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective: Place, Power and Memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Waley, Paul, ed. Japanese capitals in historical perspective: place, power and memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo.
Fiévé, Nicolas, ed.
Cities and towns -- Japan -- History.
Emperor and Aristocracy in Japan, 1467-1680: Resilience and Renewal (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Butler, Lee, 1958- Emperor and aristocracy in Japan, 1467-1680: resilience and renewal.
Wilson, Sandra, 1957- Manchurian crisis and Japanese society, 1931-33.
Manchuria (China) -- History -- 1931-1945.
Goodman, Grant Kohn, 1924-
Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military during World War II, and: Japan's Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery and Prostitution during World War II and the US Occupation (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Yoshimi, Yoshiaki, 1946- Comfort women: sexual slavery in the Japanese military during World War II.
O'Brien, Suzanne, tr.
Tanaka, Toshiyuki, 1949- Japan's comfort women: sexual slavery and prostitution during World War II and the US occupation.
Comfort women -- Asia.
Burkman, Thomas W.
The History of Anglo-Japanese Relations, 1600-2000, Volume II: The Political-Diplomatic Dimension, 1931-2000 (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Hosoya, Chihiro, 1920-, ed. History of Anglo-Japanese relations.
Nish, Ian Hill, ed.
Kibata, Yoichi, 1946-, ed.
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Japan.
Hasebe, Yasuo, 1956-
From Imperial Myth to Democracy: Japan's Two Constitutions, 1889-2002 (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Beer, Lawrence Ward, 1932- From imperial myth to democracy: Japan's two constitutions, 1889-2002.
Maki, John M. (John McGilvrey), 1909-
Constitutional history -- Japan.
Tilton, Mark, 1956-
Antitrust in Germany and Japan: The First Fifty Years, 1947-1998 (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Haley, John Owen. Antitrust in Germany and Japan: the first fifty years, 1947-1998.